X-linked Ichthyosis (X-link + ichthyosi)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

An Xp; Yq Translocation Causing a Novel Contiguous Gene Syndrome in Brothers with Generalized Epilepsy, Ichthyosis, and Attention Deficits

EPILEPSIA, Issue 12 2003
Michael J. Doherty
Summary:,Purpose: We describe two brothers with generalized epilepsy, attention deficits, congenital ichthyosis, and Leri,Weill dyschondrosteosis who harbor an unusual Xp; Yq translocation chromosome, resulting in a novel contiguous gene syndrome because of deletion of genes from the distal short arm of the X chromosome. Methods: Physical examination, neuropsychologic testing, EEG, and neuroimaging studies were performed. Because of their unusual phenotype, karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and further molecular analyses were carried out to refine the break points of the underlying unbalanced sex chromosome rearrangement. Results: The subjects had generalized epilepsy, X-linked ichthyosis, Madelung deformities, mesomelia, normal intelligence, and attention deficits. The brothers' karyotype was unbalanced; they inherited a maternal derivative X chromosome. Deleted distal Xp genes included short-stature homeobox on the X chromosome (SHOX), aryl sulfatase E (ARSE), variably charged X-chromosome mRNA gene A (VCX-A), and steroid sulfatase (STS). The final karyotype was 46,Y,der(X)t(X; Y)(p22.3; q11.2).ish der(X) (DXZ1+, KAL+, STS-, SHOX-) mat. Conclusions: Loss of distal contiguous Xp genes resulted in a syndrome comprising bony deformities, ichthyosis, attention problems, and generalized epilepsy. Candidate epilepsy genes within the deleted segment, such as ASMT, a gene involved in the final synthesis of melatonin, are discussed. Cytogenetic analyses should be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with generalized epilepsy and complex phenotypes. [source]

Atypical X-linked ichthyosis in a patient with a large deletion involving the steroid sulfatase (STS) gene

Luz Gonzalez-Huerta MD
A 70-year-old male presented with very large, thick, tightly adherent, dark-brown scales on the front of his lower extremities. His face, neck, back, abdomen, upper extremities, flexural areas, palms and soles as well as hair and nails were not involved. Family history was negative for similar lesions. Otherwise, the patient had a normal development. Onset of symptoms occurred during childhood with scales on lower extremities with no more additional features. Treatment included emollients exclusively with partial and temporary remission of cutaneous lesions. Recently, the patient had not received topical or systemic medical treatment. Laboratory investigations were within normal limits. The patient had undetectable levels of STS activity when compared with normal control (0.00 pmol mg -1 protein h -1) which confirmed the diagnosis of X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) . PCR analysis showed deletion of the STS gene, markers DXS1139 and DXF22S1and the 5, end of the VCX3A gene. The patient had scales present on lower extremities only with no medical treatment that corresponded to an unusual clinical manifestation of XLI. Clinical manifestations of XLI are due to a great variety of environmental, genetic and individual factors that should be considered in XLI diagnosis. [source]

Analysis of the VCX3A, VCX2 and VCX3B genes shows that VCX3A gene deletion is not sufficient to result in mental retardation in X-linked ichthyosis

S.A. Cuevas-Covarrubias
Summary Background, X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), an inborn error of metabolism, is due to steroid sulphatase (STS) deficiency. Most patients with XLI harbour complete deletion of the STS gene and flanking sequences. The presence of low copy number repeats on either side of the STS gene seems to have a major role in the high frequency of these deletions. Some patients with XLI with terminal deletions of Xp22.3 involving marker DXS1139 and the STS gene show mental retardation (MR); VCX3A is the only gene located on this critical region. Objectives, To analyse the VCX3A, VCX, VCX2 and VCX3B genes in 80 unrelated Mexican patients with XLI with normal intelligence. Methods, STS activity was measured in the leucocytes using 7-[3H]-dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate as a substrate. Amplification of the regions from telomeric DXS89 to centromeric DXS1134 including both extremes of the STS and the VCX3A, VCX, VCX2 and VCX3B genes was performed using polymerase chain reaction. Results, No STS activity was detected in the patients with XLI (000 pmol mg,1 protein h,1). We observed two different deletion patterns: the first group included 62 patients with deletion of VCX3A and VCX genes. The second group included 18 patients with breakpoints at several regions on either side of the STS gene not including the VCX3A gene. Conclusions, These data indicate that more complex mechanisms, apart from possible VCX3A gene participation, are occurring in the genesis of MR in XLI, at least in the sample of Mexican patients analysed. [source]