Von Recklinghausen Disease (von + recklinghausen_disease)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Surgical Treatment of a Left Ventricular Neurofibroma

Kenji Iino M.D.
We describe a case of left ventricular neurofibroma in a 56-year-old woman with Von Recklinghausen disease. Resection of the tumor with concomitant mitral valve replacement yielded a satisfactory clinical result, and histological examination of the resected tissue confirmed benign neurofibroma. The anatomic distribution of the vagus nerve plexus, which penetrates the epicardium and myocardium and courses over the left ventricular subendocardial surface, provides a tissue source from which this neurogenic tumor may arise. [source]

Microsatellite instability and its relevance to cutaneous tumorigenesis

Mahmoud R. Hussein
Increasing evidence suggests that human tumors sequentially accumulate multiple mutations that cannot be explained by the low rates of spontaneous mutations in normal cells (2,3 mutations/cell). The mathematical models estimate that for the solid tumors to develop, as many as 6,12 mutations are required in each tumor cell. Therefore, to account for such high mutation rates, it is proposed that tumor cells are genetically unstable, i.e. they have genome-wide mutations at short repetitive DNA sequences called microsatellites. Microsatellite repeats are scattered throughout the human genome, primarily in the non-coding regions, and can give rise to variants with increased or reduced lengths, i.e. microsatellite instability (MSI). This instability has been reported in an increasing number of cutaneous tumors including: melanocytic tumors, basal cell carcinomas and primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. Moreover, MSI has been observed in skin tumors arising in the context of some hereditary disorders such as Muir,Torre syndrome, Von Recklinghausen's disease and disseminated superficial porokeratosis. While MSI in some of these disorders reflects underlying DNA replication errors, the mechanism of instability in others is still unknown. Thus far, MSI is considered to be a distinct tumorigenic pathway that reveals surprising versatility. The ramifications for cutaneous neoplasms warrant further investigation. [source]

Inherited pancreatic endocrine tumor syndromes: Advances in molecular pathogenesis, diagnosis, management, and controversies,

CANCER, Issue S7 2008
Robert T. Jensen MD
Abstract Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs) can occur as part of 4 inherited disorders, including Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL), neurofibromatosis 1 (NF-1) (von Recklinghausen disease), and the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). The relative frequency with which patients who have these disorders develop PETs is MEN1>VHL>NF-1>TSC. Over the last few years, there have been major advances in the understanding of the genetics and molecular pathogenesis of these disorders as well in the localization and the medical and surgical treatment of PETs in such patients. The study of PETs in these disorders not only has provided insights into the possible pathogenesis of sporadic PETs but also has presented several unique management and treatment issues, some of which are applicable to patients with sporadic PETs. Therefore, the study of PETs in these uncommon disorders has provided valuable insights that, in many cases, are applicable to the general group of patients with sporadic PETs. In this article, these areas are reviewed briefly along with the current state of knowledge of the PETs in these disorders, and the controversies that exist in their management are summarized briefly and discussed. Cancer 2008;113(7 suppl):1807,43. Published 2008 American Cancer Society. [source]

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the head and neck: Management of 10 cases and literature review,

Amir Minovi MD
Abstract Background. This study analyzes the management and outcomes of a series of 10 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) of the head and neck. Methods. From 1984 to 2004, 10 patients underwent surgical treatment of a MPNST. We retrospectively reviewed presenting symptoms, radiological findings, surgical management, and follow-up status and performed a literature review. Results. Eight tumors were located at the lateral skull base; 2 involved the vagus nerve in isolation. Two lesions were growing within the sinonasal tract. The most common presenting symptom was a rapidly enlarging cervical mass. Seventy percent of the tumors could be resected completely. Long-term follow-up showed a 2-year disease-specific survival rate of 50% and 5-year survival rate of 20%. Negative prognostic indicators were advanced tumor stage, early recurrence, and presumably also the presence of von Recklinghausen's disease. Postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy was found to make no difference in outcome. Conclusions. Although rare, MPNST is one of the most aggressive tumors in the head and neck area. Complete tumor removal is the mainstay of treatment and most important prognostic factor of MPNST. Adjuvant radiotherapy should be used to assist surgical excision in local control. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial. 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2007. [source]