Voltammetric Study (voltammetric + study)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Voltammetric Study of Nitro Radical Anion Generated from Some Nitrofuran Compounds of Pharmacological Significance

ELECTROANALYSIS, Issue 1 2003
S. Bollo
Abstract The electrochemical behavior of 2-(5-amino- 1,3,4-oxadiazolyl)-5-nitrofuran (NF359) and its comparison with well-known drugs such as nifurtimox (NFX) and nitrofurazone (NFZ) in protic, mixed and aprotic media by cyclic voltammetry, tast and differential pulse polarography was studied. All the compounds were electrochemically reducible in all media being the reduction of the nitrofuran group the main voltammetric signal. The one-electron reduction couple due to the nitro radical anion formation was visualized in mixed (for NF359 and NFZ) and aprotic media (for all compounds). By applying a cyclic voltammetric methodology we have calculated the decay constants (k2) of the corresponding nitro radical anions in mixed and aprotic media. In mixed medium data fit well with a disproportionation reaction of the nitro radical anion but in aprotic medium fit better with a dimerization reaction. Also, considering cyclic voltammetric measurements in aprotic media we have estimated the reduction potential of the RNO2/RNO2., couple in aqueous medium, pH 7 (E17 values) finding very good correlation with E17 values obtained by pulse radiolysis. Furthermore we have calculated the equilibrium constants from the electron transfer from nitro radical anion to oxygen (kO2) finding that nitro radical anion from NF359 is thermodynamically favored to react with oxygen in respect to both NFZ and NFX. [source]


Electrochemical Oxidation of Benzoic Acid Derivatives on Boron Doped Diamond: Voltammetric Study and Galvanostatic Electrolyses

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (CET), Issue 8 2006
B. Louhichi
Abstract The electrochemical oxidation of aqueous wastes polluted with benzoic and salicylic acids and phthalic anhydride on boron-doped diamond electrodes has been studied. The complete mineralization of the organic waste has been obtained in each case regardless of the nature of the compound, composition of the solution, and current density. Different voltammetric behaviors between benzoic acid, salicylic acid, and phthalic anhydride were obtained in the voltammetric study, but no differences in the electrochemical oxidation of the three compounds seems to exist in the bulk electrolyses study. The total mineralization of the three compounds at different current densities confirms that the oxidation must occur directly on the electrode surface and/or by hydroxyl radicals generated by decomposition of water and/or by other oxidants electro-generated from the sulfate oxidation. [source]


Voltammetric Studies of the Interactions Between Ferrocene-Labeled Glutathione and Proteins in Solution or Immobilized onto Surface

ELECTROANALYSIS, Issue 16 2009
Yong Peng
Abstract Glutathione (GSH) tagged with a ferrocene (Fc) label at its C-terminal was synthesized via coupling ferrocenyl amine to glutathione using o -(benzotriazol-1-yl)- N,N,N,,N, -tetramethyluronium (HBTU)/1-hydroxybenzotrizole (HOBt). The presence of Fc yielded well defined voltammetric signals, rendering the Fc-tagged GSH (GSH-Fc) suitable for electrochemical studies of GSH binding to other biological species. The interaction of GSH-Fc with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated, and a binding ratio of 1.410.06 (GSH-Fc/BSA) and an affinity constant Ka of 6.532.01106,M,1 were determined. These results compare well with those measured by fluorescence using untagged GSH, suggesting that the attachment of Fc to GSH does not significantly perturb the GSH structure and binding behavior. By contrasting the binding behavior to several compounds that are known to conjugate to different domains of BSA, the voltammetric study confirmed that GSH-Fc binds at subdomain IIA of BSA with high affinity. The versatility of GSH-Fc for studying GSH binding to surface-confined proteins was also demonstrated with the GSH binding to electroinactive Zn-metallothionein (Zn7 -MT) through hydrogen binding at the region between the Zn7 -MT , and , domains. [source]


Electrochemical Oxidation of Benzoic Acid Derivatives on Boron Doped Diamond: Voltammetric Study and Galvanostatic Electrolyses

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY (CET), Issue 8 2006
B. Louhichi
Abstract The electrochemical oxidation of aqueous wastes polluted with benzoic and salicylic acids and phthalic anhydride on boron-doped diamond electrodes has been studied. The complete mineralization of the organic waste has been obtained in each case regardless of the nature of the compound, composition of the solution, and current density. Different voltammetric behaviors between benzoic acid, salicylic acid, and phthalic anhydride were obtained in the voltammetric study, but no differences in the electrochemical oxidation of the three compounds seems to exist in the bulk electrolyses study. The total mineralization of the three compounds at different current densities confirms that the oxidation must occur directly on the electrode surface and/or by hydroxyl radicals generated by decomposition of water and/or by other oxidants electro-generated from the sulfate oxidation. [source]


Monitoring of Anti Cancer Drug Letrozole by Fast Fourier Transform Continuous Cyclic Voltammetry at Gold Microelectrode

CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, Issue 7 2010
Parviz Norouzi
Abstract A continuous cyclic voltammetric study of letrozole at gold microelectrode was carried out. The drug in phosphate buffer (pH 2.0) is adsorbed at ,200 mV, giving rise to change in the current of well-defined oxidation peak of gold in the flow injection system. The proposed detection method has some of advantages, the greatest of which are as follows: first, it is no more necessary to remove oxygen from the analyte solution and second, this is a very fast and appropriate technique for determination of the drug compound in a wide variety of chromatographic analysis methods. Signal-to-noise ratio has significantly increased by application of discrete Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) method, background subtraction and two-dimensional integration of the electrode response over a selected potential range and time window. Also in this work some parameters such as sweep rate, eluent pH, and accumulation time and potential were optimized. The linear concentration range was of 1.010,7,1.010,10 mol/L (r=0.9975) with a limit of detection and quantitation 0.08 nmol/L and 0.15 nmol/L, respectively. The method has the requisite accuracy, sensitivity, precision and selectivity to assay letrozol in tablets. The influences of pH of eluent, accumulation potential, sweep rate, and accumulation time on the determination of the letrozol were considered. [source]