Various Isomers (various + isomer)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Electronic structure and reactivity of guanylthiourea: A quantum chemical study

Ahmed Mehdi
Abstract Electronic structure analysis of guanylthiourea (GTU) and its isomers has been carried out using quantum chemical methods. Two major tautomeric classes (thione and thiol) have been identified on the potential energy (PE) surface. In both the cases conjugation of pi-electrons and intramolecular H-bonds have been found to play a stabilizing role. Various isomers of GTU on its PE surface have been analyzed in two different groups (thione and thiol). The interconversion from the most stable thione conformer (GTU-1) to the most stable thiol conformer (GTU-t1) was found to take place via bimolecular process which involves protonation at sulfur atom of GTU-1 followed by subsequent CN bond rotation and deprotonation. The detailed analysis of the protonation has been carried out in gas phase and aqueous phase (using CPMC model). Sulfur atom (S1) was found to be the preferred protonation site (over N4) in GTU-1 in gas phase whereas N4 was found to be the preferred site of protonation in aqueous medium. The mechanism of S-alkylation reaction in GTU has also been studied. The formation of alkylated analogs of thiol isomers (alkylated guanylthiourea) is believed to take place via bimolecular process which involves alkyl cation attack at S atom followed by CN bond rotation and deprotonation. The reactive intermediate RS(NH2)CNC(NH2)2+ belongs to the newly identified ,N(,L)2 class of species and provides the necessary dynamism for easy conversion of thione to thiol. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2010 [source]

Chiral discrimination in hydrogen-bonded complexes of 2-methylol oxirane with hydrogen peroxide

Guiqiu Zhang
Abstract A systematic quantum chemical study reveals the effects of chirality on the intermolecular interactions between two chiral molecules bound by hydrogen bonds. The methods used are second-order Møller,Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) with the 6-311++g(d,p) basis set. Complexes via the OH···O hydrogen bond formed between the chiral 2-methylol oxirane (S) and chiral HOOH (P and M) molecules have been investigated, which lead to four diastereomeric complexes. The nomenclature of the complexes used in this article is enantiomeric configuration sign corresponding to English letters. Such as: sm, sp. The relative positions of the methylol group and the hydrogen peroxide are designated as syn (same side) and anti (opposite side). The largest chirodiastaltic energy was ,Echir = ,1.329 kcal mol,1 [9% of the counterpoise correct average binding energy De(corr)] between the sm-syn and sp-anti in favor of sm-syn. The largest diastereofacial energy was ,1.428 kcal mol,1 between sm-syn and sm-anti in favor of sm-syn. To take into account solvents effect, the polarizable continuum model (PCM) method has been used to evaluate the chirodiastaltic energies, and diastereofacial energies of the 2-methylol oxirane···HOOH complexes. The chiral 2,3-dimethylol oxirane (S, S) is C2 symmetry which offers two identical faces. Hence, the chirodiastaltic energy is identical to the diastereomeric energy, and is ,Echir = 0.563 kcal mol,1 or 5.3% of the De(corr) in favor of s,s-p. The optimized structures, interaction energies, and chirodiastaltic energies for various isomers were estimated. The harmonic frequencies, IR intensities, rotational constants, and dipole moments were also reported. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2009 [source]

Theoretical characterizations of HAsXH (X = N, P, As, Sb, and Bi) isomers in the singlet and triplet states

Chin-Hung Lai
Abstract The lowest singlet and triplet potential energy surfaces for all group 15 HAsXH (X = N, P, As, Sb, and Bi) systems have been explored through ab initio calculations. The geometries of the various isomers were determined at the QCISD/LANL2DZdp level and confirmed to be minima by vibrational analysis. In the case of nitrogen, the global minimum is found to be a triplet H2NAs structure. For the phosphorus case, singlet trans -HAsPH is found to be global minima surrounded by large activation barriers, so that it should be observable. For arsenic, theoretical investigations demonstrate that the stability of HAsAsH isomers decreases in the order singlet trans -HAsAsH > triplet H2AsAs > singlet cis -HAsAsH > triplet HAsAsH > singlet H2AsAs. For antimony and bismuth, the theoretical findings suggest that the stability of HAsXH (X = Sb and Bi) systems decreases in the order triplet H2AsX , singlet trans -HAsXH > singlet cis -HAsXH > triplet HAsXH > triplet H2XAs > singlet H2AsX > singlet H2XAs. Our model calculations indicate that the relativistic effect on heavier group 15 elements should play an important role in determining the geometries as well as the stability of HAsXH molecules. The results obtained are in good agreement with the available experimental data and allow a number of predictions to be made. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2008 [source]

Structure, magnetizability, and nuclear magnetic shielding tensors of bis-heteropentalenes.


Abstract The geometry of the heteropentalenes formed by two phosphole units has been determined at the DFT level. The magnetic susceptibility and the nuclear magnetic shielding at the nuclei of these systems have also been calculated using gauge-including atomic orbitals and a large Gaussian basis set to achieve near Hartree,Fock estimates. A comparative study of the various isomers, of their flattened analogs, and of the parent phosphole molecule, shows that the [3,4-c] isomer is the most aromatic system in the set considered, assuming diatropicity and degree of planarity as indicators, even if it is the less stable in terms of total molecular energy. Plots of magnetic field-induced current densities confirm diatropicity of P-containing bis-heteropentalenenes, showing, however, significant differences from the analogous systems with distinct heteroatoms. The maps give evidence of spiral flow nearby CC bonds, compatible with prevalent distortive behavior of , electrons exalted by pyramidalization at P, and competing against the , electron compression, which would favor planar structure. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem 27: 344,351, 2006 [source]

Electrophilic Attack on Sulfur,Sulfur Bonds: Coordination of Lithium Cations to Sulfur-Rich Molecules Studied by Ab Initio MO Methods

Yana Steudel Dr.
Abstract Complex formation between gaseous Li+ ions and sulfur-containing neutral ligands, such as H2S, Me2Sn (n = 1,5; Me = CH3) and various isomers of hexasulfur (S6), has been studied by ab initio MO calculations at the G3X(MP2) level of theory. Generally, the formation of LiSn heterocycles and clusters is preferred in these reactions. The binding energies of the cation in the 29 complexes investigated range from ,88 kJ,mol,1 for [H2SLi]+ to ,189 kJ,mol,1 for the most stable isomer of [Me2S5Li]+ which contains three-coordinate Li+. Of the various S6 ligands (chair, boat, prism, branched ring, and triplet chain structures), two isomeric complexes containing the S5S ligand have the highest binding energies (,163±1 kJ,mol,1). However, the global minimum structure of [LiS6]+ is of C3v symmetry with the six-membered S6 homocycle in the well-known chair conformation and three LiS bonds with a length of 256 pm (binding energy: ,134 kJ,mol,1). Relatively unstable isomers of S6 are stabilized by complex formation with Li+. The interaction between the cation and the S6 ligands is mainly attributed to ion,dipole attraction with a little charge transfer, except in cations containing the six sulfur atoms in the form of separated neutral S2, S3, or S4 units, as in [Li(S3)2]+ and [Li(S2)(S4)]+. In the two most stable isomers of the [LiS6]+ complexes, the number of SS bonds is at maximum and the coordination number of Li+ is either 3 or 4. A topological analysis of all investigated complexes revealed that the LiS bonds of lengths below 280 pm are characterized by a maximum electron-density path and closed-shell interaction. [source]