Unknown Primary Site (unknown + primary_site)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of metastatic malignant melanoma resembling a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor

Svetoslav Bardarov M.D.
Abstract We report a case of metastatic malignant melanoma resembling a malignant peripheral sheath tumor, which posed a significant diagnostic challenge. The patient is a 76-year-old male, who presented in the emergency room with bilateral chest pain exacerbated by inspiration. The pain was present for 3 week and was not exacerbated by physical exercise. The diagnostic workup revealed bilateral parenchymal pulmonary infiltrates. The CT-scan guided fine-needle aspiration and the core biopsies of the largest pulmonary lesion revealed high-grade spindle cell neoplasm with individual cell apoptosis and necrosis. The immunohistochemical profile on the cell block showed that the cells are positive for Vimentin. The S-100 stain showed only focal positivity. The immunohistochemical stains for HMB45, Melan A, pancytokeratin, and smooth muscle actin were negative. Five years ago the patient was diagnosed with melanoma on the back with Clark level of IV. The melanoma was excised with clear margins and sentinel lymph nodes were negative. Careful examination of patient's previous slides revealed an area of spindle cell melanoma adjacent to a nodular type melanoma. Based on the patient's previous history, current clinico-pathologic presentation and immunohistochemical profile, the diagnosis of metastatic malignant melanoma resembling peripheral nerve sheath tumor was favored over the diagnosis of metastatic malignant spindle cell neoplasm of unknown primary site, which by itself is very rare clinical scenario. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2008;36:754,757. 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Neuroblastoma of unknown primary site with periorbital bone metastasis in a child,

Darren Salmi MS
Abstract Neuroblastoma is the second most common solid tumor in children. Most tumors arise in the adrenal glands or paravertebral region. Rarely, patients present with metastatic disease but no primary site can be found despite extensive imaging. We report here a patient with a large periorbital bone metastasis and bone marrow involvement but with no known primary site. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Metastasizing malignant pleomorphic adenoma in a young man,

APMIS, Issue 7 2007
Case report
We present the case of a younger man with metastasizing carcinoma of unknown primary site, where autopsy revealed a malignant pleomorphic adenoma (MPA) of the submandibular gland. MPA is very rare in young persons. [source]

The role of cytokeratins 20 and 7 and estrogen receptor analysis in separation of metastatic lobular carcinoma of the breast and metastatic signet ring cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract

APMIS, Issue 7-8 2000
Metastatic signet ring cell carcinomas of unknown primary site can represent a clinical problem. Gastrointestinal signet ring cell carcinomas and invasive lobular carcinomas of the breast are the most common sources of these metastases. Immunohistochemical algorithms have been successfully used in the search for the unknown primary adenocarcinomas. In the present study a series of primary invasive lobular breast carcinomas (79 cases) and their metastases and a series of gastrointestinal signet ring cell carcinomas (22 primary and 13 metastases) were stained with monoclonal antibodies for cytokeratin (CK) 20 and CK7 and for estrogen receptors (ER). The staining was evaluated as negative (no staining), focally (less than 10% of the tumor cells stained) or diffusely positive. All the primary and metastatic gastrointestinal signet ring cell carcinomas proved to be CK20 positive, while only 2/79 (3%) of the primary and 1/21 metastatic lobulr carcinomas (5%) stained positively for this CK. None of the gastrointestinal carcinomas and the majority of the lobular carcinomas expressed ER. The majority of the tumors were CK7+. Using CK20 alone, 33 of 34 metastases could be properly classified as gastrointestinal (CK20+) or mammary (CK20-). ER identified 31/34 of breast cancer metastases. By combining the results of CK20 and ER staining all the metastases could be properly classified as the CK20+/ER- pattern identified all the gastrointestinal tumors. [source]

Metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma with an unknown primary tumour presenting as lichenoid dermatitis

Kenneth Kien Siang Wong
ABSTRACT Metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma uncommonly presents with an unidentified primary tumour. We report a patient who first presented with lichenoid dermatitis and was found to have Merkel cell carcinoma involving lymph nodes with an unknown primary site. With the rising incidence of Merkel cell carcinoma, it is important to recognize unusual manifestations of this disease as they may become more common in the future. [source]

Exploring the epidemiological characteristics of cancers of unknown primary site in an Australian population: implications for research and clinical care

Colin Luke
Abstract Objectives: To investigate incidence, mortality and case survival trends for cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) and consider clinical implications. Method: South Australian Cancer Registry data were used to calculate age-standardised incidence and mortality rates from 1977 to 2004. Disease-specific survivals, socio-demographic, histological and secular predictors of CUP, compared with cancers of known primary site, and of CUP histological types, using multivariable logistic regression were investigated. Results: Incidence and mortality rates increased approximately 60% between 1977-80 and 1981-84. Rates peaked in 1993-96. Male to female incidence and mortality rate ratios approximated 1.3:1. Incidence and mortality rates increased with age. The odds of unspecified histological type, compared with the more common adenocarcinomas, were higher for males than females, non-metropolitan residents, low socio-economic areas, and for 1977-88 than subsequent diagnostic periods. CUP represented a higher proportion of cancers in Indigenous patients. Case survival was 7% at 10 years from diagnosis. Factors predictive of lower case survival included older age, male sex, Indigenous status, lower socio-economic status, and unspecified histology type. Conclusion: Results point to poor CUP outcomes, but with a modest improvement in survival. The study identifies socio-demographic groups at elevated risk of CUP and of worse treatment outcomes where increased research and clinical attention are required. [source]

Oxaliplatin and capecitabine in the treatment of patients with recurrent or refractory carcinoma of unknown primary site

CANCER, Issue 10 2010
A phase 2 trial of the Sarah Cannon Oncology Research Consortium
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use of oxaliplatin-based regimens for colorectal and other gastrointestinal cancers, there is surprisingly little information regarding their empiric use for the treatment of carcinoma of unknown primary site (CUP). In the current study, the combination of oxaliplatin and capecitabine in patients with recurrent and refractory CUP was examined. METHODS: Patients with CUP who had received at least 1 previous chemotherapy regimen were treated with oxaliplatin (130 mg/m2 intravenously on Day 1) and capecitabine (1000 mg/m2 orally twice daily on Days 1-14). Treatment cycles were repeated every 21 days. Patients with objective response or stable disease after 2 cycles continued treatment for 6 cycles or until disease progression. RESULTS: Nine of 48 patients (19%) had objective responses to treatment; an additional 22 patients had stable disease at the time of first re,evaluation. After a median follow-up of 17 months, the median progression-free and overall survivals were 3.7 months and 9.7 months, respectively. This regimen was reasonably well tolerated by most patients. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of oxaliplatin and capecitabine was found to have activity as a salvage treatment for patients with CUP. This regimen should be considered in patients with clinical and pathologic features suggesting a primary site in the gastrointestinal tract. Further development of the regimen as a first-line therapy, or with bevacizumab added, is indicated. Cancer 2010. 2010 American Cancer Society. [source]

Metastatic melanoma to lymph nodes in patients with unknown primary sites

CANCER, Issue 9 2006
Janice N. Cormier M.D., M.P.H.
Abstract BACKGROUND The natural history of metastatic melanoma in lymph nodes in the absence of a known primary site (MUP) has been defined poorly; thus, treatment guidelines for patients with MUP are not clear-cut. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with melanoma (from 1990 to 2001) who underwent surgical resection for melanoma metastatic to regional lymph nodes. Among those patients, 71 patients with MUP and 466 control patients who had regional lymph node metastases of similar stage with a known primary site were identified. Associations between clinicopathologic factors and survival were estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS After they underwent lymph node dissection, patients with MUP were classified with N1b disease (47%), N2b disease (14%), or N3 disease (39%). With a median follow-up of 7.7 years, the 5-year and 10-year overall survival rates were 55% and 44%, respectively, for patients with MUP, compared with 42% and 32%, respectively, for the control group (P = .04). In multivariate analyses, age 50 years or older, male gender, and N2b or N3 disease status were identified as adverse prognostic factors, and MUP was identified as a favorable prognostic factor (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.42,0.86; P = .006) for overall survival. CONCLUSIONS The relatively favorable long-term survival of patients with MUP in the current study suggested that patients with MUP have a natural history that is similar to (if not better than) the survival of many patients with Stage III disease. Therefore, patients with MUP should be treated with an aggressive surgical approach with curative intent and should be considered for Stage III adjuvant therapy protocols. Cancer 2006. 2006 American Cancer Society. [source]