Ultraviolet B Phototherapy (ultraviolet + b_phototherapy)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Ultraviolet B Phototherapy

  • narrowband ultraviolet b phototherapy

  • Selected Abstracts

    Vitiligo: the historical curse of depigmentation

    George W. M. Millington BSC
    Vitiligo has been mentioned in the tomes of every major religion, with its first description dating back more than 3000 years, to the earliest Vedic and Egyptian texts. Despite this ancient recognition, confusion with disorders such as leprosy has been a problem throughout the ages. This has lead to the stigmatization of vitiligo sufferers. This is a social problem that is still widespread in some, but not all, parts of the world. The ancients also practiced phototherapy for vitiligo. This practice only became common in the Western world with development of psoralen plus ultraviolet A and later ultraviolet B phototherapy in the latter half of the 20th century. In this article, the history of vitiligo up until the end of the 20th century is outlined, covering medical, scientific, and social aspects. [source]

    Willan's itch and other causes of pruritus in the elderly

    Jon R. Ward MD
    Itch in the elderly presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A thorough history, review of systems, and physical examination are critical to determining its cause. Examination of the skin may be misleading. There are frequently only secondary lesions, eczematous changes, lichenification, and excoriation, which may be misdiagnosed as a primary dermatitis. Xerosis may be the cause, but it is sometimes merely coincidental. If primary lesions are present, a skin biopsy can enable a diagnosis to be made. Systemic causes of itch, such as cholestasis, uremia, hyperthyroidism, medications, or lymphoma, must be considered. If the cause remains elusive, idiopathic itching of the elderly or so-called "senile pruritus" may be considered. However, we propose to discard the term "senile pruritus", which can be offensive and frightening. We propose to replace it with "Willan's itch". Robert Willan (1757,1812) is honored as one of the founders of modern dermatology thanks to his book, On Cutaneous Diseases, and its morphological approach to skin disease. He was probably the first to give a good clinical description of itching in the elderly. The diagnosis of Willan's itch should be reserved for generalized pruritus in the absence of xerosis or other recognizable cause. The pathophysiology of this form of pruritus is poorly understood, but it is likely that age-related changes of the skin, cutaneous nerves, and other parts of the nervous system play a role. Anecdotal and limited data suggest that gabapentin, cutaneous field stimulation, serotonin antagonists, and ultraviolet B phototherapy may attenuate itch in some of these patients. [source]

    Vitamin D production in psoriasis patients increases less with narrowband than with broadband ultraviolet B phototherapy

    Amra Osmancevic
    Background: Phototherapy of psoriasis is an effective treatment. In addition to standard broadband ultraviolet radiation B (UVB), (280,320 nm), narrowband phototherapy (NBUVB) (monochromatic UV between 311 and 312 nm) has become an important treatment for psoriasis. The same wavelength range of UVB (290,315 nm) induces synthesis of vitamin D. The aim was to compare the effect of broadband with NBUVB therapy on vitamin D synthesis in patients with psoriasis. Methods: Sixty-eight Caucasian patients (17 women and 51 men) mean age 54.1 ± 16.0 years, with active plaque psoriasis, were treated with broadband UVB (n=26) or NBUVB (n=42) two to three times/week for 8,12 weeks. The serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D3), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3), intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and creatinine were measured before the first exposure and after the last dose of radiation. Results: In broadband UVB treated patients, 25(OH)D3 increased from 37.9 ± 16.9 to 69.4 ± 19.7 ng/ml (P<0.0001) and in patients treated with NBUVB from 34.8 ± 11.9 to 55.3 ± 17.6 ng/ml (P<0.0001) and P=0.008 between the treatment groups. PTH decreased on broadband UVB (P<0.05). The serum concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D3, calcium or creatinine remained unaltered. Conclusion: Serum 25(OH)D3 in psoriasis patients increased less with NBUVB than with broadband UVB phototherapy. Psoriasis improved on both regimens. [source]

    Broad-band ultraviolet B phototherapy in zoster patients may reduce the incidence and severity of postherpetic neuralgia

    Mir Hadi Aziz Jalali
    Background: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is one of the common complications of herpes zoster infection, particularly in the elderly. Current therapeutic measures are only partially effective in the affected patients. As inflammatory mediators released by different cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of this neuropathic pain and with regard to the immunomodulatory effects of ultraviolet B (UVB) spectrum, we presumed that UVB phototherapy might be effective in the prevention of PHN. Method: This study was performed in two phases. Phase I was a prospective open controlled trial. Twenty-five patients with severe pain in the first 7 days of zoster rash were divided into two groups: the prevention group (n=12) received oral acyclovir (800 mg five times a day for 10 days) plus broad-band UVB to the affected dermatomes, starting with 20 mJ/cm2 and gradually increasing the dose by 10 mJ/cm2 each session to a maximum dose of 100 mJ/cm2. Treatment sessions were repeated three times a week until pain relief or to a maximum of 15 sessions. The control group (n=13), who had disease characteristics similar to the prevention group, received only oral acyclovir with the same dose. All patients reported their severity of pain on a verbal rating scale (VRS, score 0,4) before treatment and at 1 and 3 months' follow-up. In phase II of the study, five patients with established PHN (more than 3 months after rash onset) received UVB with the above-mentioned protocol. Results: A total of 17 patients older than 40 (10 females, seven males; mean age, 65.5 years; range: 47,82 years) who had intractable pain due to zoster infection received UVB in two phases of the study. In patients who received phototherapy in the first 7 days of rash, 58.33% and 83.33% were completely pain free at 1-and 3-month follow-up, respectively. The corresponding figure in the control group was significantly lower (38.46% at 1 month and 53.85% at 3 months). The severity of pain was also lower in the phototherapy group than the control group (mean VRS 2.50 vs. 3.28 at 3 months). None of the patients who were treated more than 3 months after rash onset (established PHN) experienced significant (more than 50%) pain relief. Conclusion: UVB phototherapy in the acute stage of zoster rash might reduce the incidence and severity of PHN. Treatment after 3 months does not seem to have a significant beneficial effect. [source]

    Acquired reactive perforating collagenosis: Current status

    Anthony KARPOUZIS
    Abstract Acquired reactive perforating collagenosis is a unique perforating dermatosis, characterized clinically by umbilicated hyperkeratotic papules or nodules and histologically by a focal hyperkeratosis in direct contact with transepidermal perforating dermal collagen. Several inflammatory or malignant systemic diseases may coexist with acquired reactive perforating collagenosis. The possible biochemical or immunological mechanisms of the systemic diseases, potentially responsible for the development and appearance of acquired reactive perforating collagenosis, are still under investigation. Several topical treatments, ultraviolet B phototherapy and allopurinol p.o. administration may be effective. [source]

    Narrow-band ultraviolet B phototherapy in patients with recalcitrant nodular prurigo

    ABSTRACT Management of nodular prurigo has been less than satisfactory. Conventional therapies such as systemic antihistamines and topical steroids have not been particularly successful. The effects of narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy in the treatment of various inflammatory dermatoses have been proven, however, no data exist on the efficacy and the duration of remission in NB-UVB monotherapy for nodular prurigo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of NB-UVB phototherapy on recalcitrant nodular prurigo. NB-UVB phototherapy was performed once a week on 10 patients with recalcitrant nodular prurigo. The initial dose was 0.4 J/cm2, and the dose was increased by 0.1 J/cm2 for each treatment. The treatment was performed until the eruption was almost clear. In each patient, a mean cumulative dose of 23.88 J/cm2 was applied over a mean of 24.3 irradiations. The mean maximum daily dose of ultraviolet B was 1.2 ± 0.4 J/cm2. NB-UVB phototherapy notably improved the eruption of nodular prurigo in all patients. Follow up at 1 year revealed that only one patient had relapsed. The remaining nine patients continued to derive long-term benefits. NB-UVB phototherapy appears to be an effective treatment for recalcitrant nodular prurigo, offering long-term benefits in the majority of those treated. [source]

    Scleredema adultorum treated with narrow-band ultraviolet B phototherapy

    Ting XIAO
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    The challenge of follow-up in narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy

    B.L. Diffey
    Summary Background, The use of narrowband ultraviolet (UV) B phototherapy to treat psoriasis and other disorders has increased markedly since the TL-01 lamps were introduced in the 1980s. While broadband UVB phototherapy has generally been considered to be a relatively safe treatment, some concern has been raised about the potential increased skin cancer risk with narrowband UVB. Objectives, The likelihood of a patient who is free of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) at the start of phototherapy developing a malignancy after a certain follow-up period will be dependent not only on the carcinogenic potential of the treatment but also on the age-conditional probability of natural occurrence. We were interested to explore the potential difficulty of designing studies to separate these two events. Methods, Mathematical models were developed that combined age-conditional probabilities of developing NMSC due to natural causes with the risk of inducing these cancers from narrowband UVB phototherapy in order to estimate the excess number of cancers resulting from this therapeutic intervention in a cohort of patients. Results, Within-department studies will be most unlikely to demonstrate that the number of NMSCs observed in follow-up studies is significantly different from that expected in an untreated population, even for a follow-up period of 20 years. Conclusions, Determination of the carcinogenic potential associated with narrowband UVB will require large multicentre studies typically involving several thousand new patients per year and followed up for 10 years or more. [source]

    Factors affecting the choice of a ceiling on the number of exposures with TL01 ultraviolet B phototherapy

    B.L. Diffey
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Successful treatment of lichen amyloidosus associated with atopic dermatitis using a combination of narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy, topical corticosteroids and an antihistamine

    N. Oiso
    Summary Lichen amyloidosus (LA) is a type of primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis characterized by multiple pruritic discrete hyperkeratotic papules with amyloid deposition in the papillary dermis. Clinical regression is usually difficult to achieve, even after treatment. In this study, we report a case of an adult man with LA associated with atopic dermatitis (AD) which was successfully treated with narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy, topical corticosteroids and an oral antihistamine. This case suggests that NB-UVB phototherapy may be a useful adjuvant for LA associated with AD. [source]

    Narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy for inflammatory vitiligo with raised borders associated with Sjögren's syndrome

    M. Tanioka
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Antioxidants and narrow band-UVB in the treatment of vitiligo: a double-blind placebo controlled trial

    M. L. Dell'Anna
    Summary Background., Vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting disease with uncertain aetiopathogenesis, possibly associated with oxidative stress. Narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy (NB-UVB) is the most widely used and effective treatment. Aim., To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of NB-UVB and the repairing of oxidative stress-induced damage, using oral supplementation with an antioxidant pool (AP). Methods., Patients (n = 35) with nonsegmental vitiligo were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trial. The treatment group received, for 2 months before and for 6 months during the NB-UVB treatment, a balanced AP containing ,-lipoic acid, vitamins C and E, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The area and number of lesions, as well as some parameters of the oxidation,reduction (redox) status of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were estimated at the beginning, after 2 months, and at the end of the trial. Results., In total, 28 patients completed the study. After 2 months of AP supplementation, the catalase activity and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were 121% and 57% of the basal values (P < 0.05 and P < 0.02 vs. placebo, respectively). The AP increased the therapeutic success of NB-UVB, with 47% of the patients obtaining >,75% repigmentation vs. 18% in the placebo group (P < 0.05). An increase in catalase activity to 114% (P < 0.05 vs. placebo) and decrease in ROS level of up to 60% (P < 0.02 vs. placebo) of the basal value was observed in PBMCs. Finally, the AP intake maintained the membrane lipid ratio (saturated : unsaturated fatty acids 1.8 : 3.1; P < 0.05), counteracting phototherapy-induced saturation. Conclusions., Oral supplementation with AP containing ,-lipoic acid before and during NB-UVB significantly improves the clinical effectiveness of NB-UVB, reducing vitiligo-associated oxidative stress. [source]