Treatment Management (treatment + management)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Schizophrenia treatment: content versus delivery

J. Van Os
Objective:, To review the evidence supporting the importance of ensuring that patients with psychiatric disorders receive an optimal and appropriate level of non-pharmacological treatment, and how Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) may be able to contribute to this aim. Method:, Analysis of data from selected individual published studies on ACT, in addition to reviews from the Cochrane Library, and other study groups. Results:, Treatment management using ACT appears to offer benefits in terms of reduction in hospitalisation, although there is some debate as to whether this is the most representative outcome measure. Preliminary indications using remission as an outcome measure have also shown promising results in favour of ACT. Conclusion:, While further investigation and validation are necessary, current data indicate that ACT may be an appropriate strategy to facilitate the delivery of treatment to patients with psychotic disorders. [source]

Surgical repositioning of a traumatically intruded permanent incisor in a patient with rheumatic fever: case report

Rosana Sales Dias
However, it is one of the most severe types of dentoalveolar trauma. By definition, intrusive luxation consists of the axial displacement of the tooth into the alveolar bone, accompanied by comminution or fracture of the alveolar bone. Here we report the treatment management of a traumatically intruded immature permanent central incisor by surgical repositioning undertaken in a 10-year-old child with rheumatic fever 10 days after sustaining a severe dentoalveolar trauma. The intraoral examination showed the complete intrusion of the permanent maxillary right central incisor and the radiographic examination revealed incomplete root formation. Prophylactic antibiotic therapy was prescribed and the intruded tooth was surgically repositioned and endodontically treated thereafter. The postoperative course was uneventful, with both clinically and radiographically sound conditions of the repositioned tooth up to 3 years and 2 months of follow-up. These outcomes suggest that surgical repositioning combined with proper antibiotic prophylaxis and adequate root canal therapy may be an effective treatment option in cases of severe intrusive luxations of permanent teeth with systemic involvement. [source]

Connecting patient needs with treatment management

R. Kerwin
Objective:, To propose ideas for the development of a core strategy for monitoring patients with schizophrenia to ensure physical health and optimal treatment provision. Method:, A panel of European experts in the field of schizophrenia met in Bordeaux in June 2006 to discuss, ,Patient management optimisation through improved treatment monitoring.' Results:, Key consensus from the discussion deemed that weight gain, oral health and ECG parameters were core baseline parameters to be monitored in all patients with schizophrenia. Further, an identification of a patient's own barriers to treatment alongside local health service strategies might comprise elements of an individualised management strategy which would contribute to optimisation of treatment. Any monitoring strategy should be kept simple to encourage physician compliance. Conclusion:, A practical solution to the difficulties of providing holistic patient care would be to suggest a limited set of physical parameters to be monitored by physicians on a regular basis. [source]

Effective management of adverse effects while on oral chemotherapy: implications for nursing practice

K. HARROLD rn, bsc ( hons ), chemotherapy, iv access clinical nurse specialist
HARROLD K. (2010) European Journal of Cancer Care19, 12,20 Effective management of adverse effects while on oral chemotherapy: implications for nursing practice The publication of guidelines by the United Kingdom National Patient Safety Agency and the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death which looked into deaths within 30 days of systemic anticancer therapy and the more recent position statement from the United Kingdom Oncology Nursing Society have all highlighted the need for an improvement in the care and management of patients receiving oral chemotherapy. While it is essential that patients are aware of the rationale behind dose interruption and modification if they are to effectively deal with toxicities and complications that may arise, they also require access to a clear line of communication in order to facilitate early intervention. The value of pre treatment patient education and ongoing support for these patients has already been extensively documented and while a multidisciplinary team approach in this is vital, nurses are ideally placed to take a leading role in these two aspects of treatment management. This article aims to detail and review current best management practices for the most commonly reported toxicities associated with capecitabine, an oral chemotherapeutic agent used in the management of patients with colorectal cancer. Only if both the patient and the health care professional supporting them are aware of best management practices will the impact of toxicities be minimised and treatment outcomes optimised. [source]

Medical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: physician and patient preferences and satisfaction

M. Emberton
Summary Practice guidelines acknowledge the importance of patient preferences in determining the appropriate treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Recent literature suggests that patient and physician perspectives and satisfaction with BPH treatment management may differ; this may have an impact on clinical outcomes and patient compliance. This review evaluates patients' and physicians' preferred treatment options for managing BPH and patient satisfaction with therapy. A Medline-based systematic review using the terms ,Benign prostatic hyperplasia' + ,Patient preference/perception/satisfaction' or ,Physician/urologist preference/perception' was performed. Patients prefer therapies affecting long-term disease progression over those that provide short-term symptom improvement, which contrasts with the beliefs of their physicians. The prescribing behaviour of urologists and primary care physicians can be very varied. Studies of patient satisfaction with specific treatments generally show a high level of overall satisfaction, but cross-study comparisons are limited because of heterogeneity in study design. The evidence to date suggests that patients' views and beliefs and those of their physician may not always be in agreement. Improved physician,patient communication will help determine the best treatment option for patients with BPH and may ensure greater compliance and treatment success. [source]