Treatment Field (treatment + field)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Cold Air Analgesia in Photodynamic Therapy of Basal Cell Carcinomas and Bowen's Disease: An Effective Addition to Treatment: A Pilot Study

FACD, John Pagliaro MB
Background. There is considerable interpatient variability in pain tolerance during and after treatment of skin cancer with photodynamic therapy (PDT). Additionally, erythema and edema are common, with mild crusting and healing over 1 to 2 weeks. Objective. To determine whether concurrent cold air analgesia improves the tolerability of PDT. Method. Twenty-six patients with two similar superficial skin cancers were treated with PDT. One lesion was treated with cold air analgesia and the other without. Patients rated their pain during treatment using the Wong Baker Faces Pain Scale and detailed duration of posttreatment pain. At week 2, the inflammatory response was assessed. Result. A statistically significant difference in the analgesia group was shown with respect to the mean duration of pain and the level of erythema after the first treatment as well as pain scores during the second treatment. Conclusion. Patient acceptance of PDT for treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer is improved with lessened morbidity assessed with concurrent use of cold air analgesia to the treatment field. [source]

Noninvasive Imaging, Treatment, and Microscopic Confirmation of Clearance of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Mark Goldgeier MD
BACKGROUND. The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is generally established by skin biopsy followed by tissue preparation and microscopic analysis. Treatment of BCC is often accomplished by surgical excision. Objective. To confirm the presence of BCC with a noninvasive imaging technique, to treat the patient with a topical immune response modifier, and to confirm the clearance of BCC noninvasively. METHODS. Confocal microscopy (CM) is a noninvasive technique for real-time imaging of skin in vivo. Imiquimod, an immune response modifier, is applied topically by the patient to the skin lesion. RESULTS. The presence of BCC was confirmed with CM. Posttreatment CM imaging confirmed the clearance of BCC from the entire treatment field. Both the pretreatment and the posttreatment CM findings were confirmed by invasive biopsy. CONCLUSION. The ability to use CM to image in real time without discomfort to the patient makes it a powerful tool to assist in the diagnosis of skin disease. [source]

Influence of omental biopsy on adjuvant treatment field in clinical Stage I endometrial carcinoma

Jose J. Nieto
In this study to assess the role of omental biopsy in the diagnosis of extrapelvic disease, data from 100 consecutive women with clinical Stage I endometrial cancer undergoing primary surgical treatment in our institution were analysed: 80 women had an omental biopsy, 20 did not, and six had adenocarcinoma in the omentum. No obvious morbidity attributable to this rapid and easily performed surgical procedure was recorded. We conclude that visual inspection and palpation of the omentum at the time of abdominal surgery for endometrial carcinoma is worthwhile and advisable. In addition, adopting a protocol of histological assessment upstaged a further two cases of this series. These data suggest that this technique might influence the prescription of adjuvant pelvic radiation in approximately one in 10 women currently considered for such therapy, as disease can be easily documented as having extended beyond the conventional radiotherapy field. [source]

Mantle planning: Report of the Australasian Radiation Oncology Lymphoma Group film survey and consensus guidelines

Michael B Barton
SUMMARY The purpose of the present paper was to measure the variation in mantle planning in Australia and New Zealand. A chest X-ray (CXR) of a patient in the supine position with a neck node marked by wire was sent to every radiation oncologist in Australia and New Zealand. They were to mark on the CXR the lung blocks that they would use to treat this patient, assuming that the patient had stage IA Hodgkin's disease. These marks were compared with a small sample of radiologists who were asked to define the mediastinum on the same CXR. Radiation oncologists were also asked to complete a short questionnaire about other modifications to their treatment fields and their experience with this technique. One hundred and six films were sent out and 44 radiation oncologists replied. There was a maximum variation in the placement of their lung blocks of 6 cm. Half of the lung blocks were within a 2-cm range. One respondent said they would not use a mantle field to treat this patient. Mediastinal coverage was inadequate in at least 50% of cases. There was a very large variation in mantle field planning practices within Australia and New Zealand. For this reason Australasian Radiation Oncology Lymphoma Group has produced consensus guidelines for mantle block design. These are appended to the present paper. [source]