Treatment Details (treatment + detail)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Development of a clinical chart audit programme

Y Zissiadis
Summary Radiation oncology charts containing medical information and treatment details are the major methods of communication between the various personnel involved in delivering radiation therapy to the patient. It is paramount to good patient care for this communication to be clear, precise and accurate in detail. A regular chart audit should be a part of the quality assurance programme of every radiation oncology department. The primary aim of this study was to develop and assess an objective and quantitative programme for reviewing radiation oncology charts, thereby improving the quality of communication and hence patient management. A secondary aim was to compare the charts of radically treated patients with those treated palliatively. A pilot study using a new chart review tool, developed at the Perth Radiation Oncology Centre, was carried out over an 8-month period. A sample of charts, representing 25% of our treatment group, were assessed using the tool on a monthly basis. A total of 156 charts were reviewed during this time period. Fifty-six per cent were radical treatments and 44% were palliative. The overall mean chart scores significantly improved over the time of this study (P < 0.001). The individual radiation oncologists' scores were also seen to improve during the study period. The alpha coefficients for intra-rater and inter-rater reliability were 0.99 and 0.88, respectively. The chart review programme was found to be an easy-to-use and a reliable tool by both medical and non-medical reviewers. It appeared to have a positive influence on the standard of radiation oncology charts in our department. [source]

Update of radiosurgery at the Royal Adelaide Hospital

DE Roos
Summary This is an update of the Royal Adelaide Hospital radiosurgery experience between November 1993 and December 2004 comprising 165 patients with 168 intracranial lesions. Including re-treatment, there were 175 treatment episodes (163 radiosurgery and 12 stereotactic radiotherapy) at an average of 1.3 per month. The commonest lesions were acoustic neuroma (65), arteriovenous malformation (58), solitary brain metastasis (23) and meningioma (14). The clinical features, treatment details and outcome are described. Our results continue to be well within the range reported in the published work. Radiosurgery provides an elegant, non-invasive alternative to neurosurgery and conventional external beam radiotherapy for many benign and malignant brain tumours. [source]

Retinoblastoma: Review of 30 years' experience with external beam radiotherapy

Claire Phillips
Summary A review of the experience at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre (Peter Mac), Melbourne, Australia in treating retinoblastoma with external beam radiotherapy was conducted. Outcomes of particular interest were tumour control, vision preservation and treatment late effects. The review was restricted to patients that had intact eyes treated at Peter Mac from 1965 until 1997 with at least 2 years of follow up. Histories were reviewed regarding patient and tumour characteristics and treatment details. Thirty-five patients were identified in whom 47 eyes were treated. Of the tumours, 47% were Reese,Ellsworth stage IV or V and the majority of others were at high risk for vision loss because of tumour location. The radiation treatment technique became increasingly sophisticated during the study period. Radiation dose and fraction size have similarly evolved but most patients received 30,50 Gy. Since 1989, a highly accurate contact lens immobilization technique has been used to deliver 40 Gy in 20 fractions. Thirteen eyes required additional local therapy. Of the treated eyes, 34 (72%) remain intact and 74% of these have useful vision. One patient died from retinoblastoma and three from second malignant neoplasms. With modern radiotherapy, late toxicities other than growth arrest and non-progressive cataract did not occur during the study period. Tumour control was high and a very acceptable rate of organ and vision preservation was achieved in a relatively high-risk population. Modern radiotherapy continues to develop in an attempt to improve treatment accuracy and minimize late radiation toxicity. [source]

Problem-Solving Treatment for Complicated Depression in Late Life: A Case Study in Primary Care

Rita Haverkamp MSN
TOPIC Treatment of depression in primary care. PURPOSE To describe the application of problem-solving treatment for a person with complicated depression. SOURCES Specific treatment details from audiotaped therapy sessions; published literature. CONCLUSION This case demonstrates how an older person benefited from problem-solving treatment. [source]


G. D. Watts
Purpose With an incidence rate of 300 cases per 100000 population per year, Australia has the highest incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the world. Metastatic cutaneous SCC in parotid lymph nodes are aggressive tumours with poor outcomes both in terms of local control and survival. Methodology This study reports a prospective series of 41 consecutive patients with metastatic SCC to the parotid gland in a major teaching hospital in Western Australia over a six-year period from January 2000 to December 2005. Epidemiological, clinical, histopathological and treatment details along with patterns of failure were extracted from the database. The survival and failure curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed using Cox regression method. Results The five-year absolute survival is 34.2% and the cancer specific survival 39.5%. Local failure was observed in 11 patients for an actuarial rate of local disease free survival of 65.8% at 6 years. Distant failure occurred in two patients for an actuarial distant disease free survival of 89.5% at 6 years. Both univariate and multivariate analysis failed to find any predictors of local or distant failure with statistical significance. Conclusions Multimodality treatment will still fail to locally control or cure at least a third of patients. Previously identified risk factors were not substantiated in this study and may relate to patient numbers. Parotidectomy and post-operative radiotherapy remain the gold standard. Unlike their cutaneous counter parts metastatic SCC to the parotid gland remains an aggressive tumour with current treatment regimes. [source]

Metachronous bilateral primary low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue non-Hodgkins lymphoma of the breast

Abstract We report the rare occurrence of bilateral low-grade MALT lymphoma of the breast in a 73 year old female. The clinical, pathological and treatment details are discussed, with a review of the literature. [source]

Inpatient management of psoriasis: a multicentre service review to establish national admission standards

A.L. Woods
Summary Background, Some patients with psoriasis may require hospital admission to stabilize their condition, although the role of inpatient management is changing given recent advances in therapeutic options, emphasis on community-based care for chronic conditions and limited healthcare resources. There is a need for evidence-based national standards for inpatient management of psoriasis taking account of factors that predict length of stay. Objectives, To determine which factors predict length of stay for patients with psoriasis requiring inpatient hospital care with a view to setting evidence-based standards for inpatient psoriasis management. Methods, A multicentre service review was conducted on all psoriasis admissions over a 9-month period in four dermatology centres in the U.K. We collected data on admission, at discharge and, where possible, at 3 months following discharge. Psoriasis severity was assessed using four validated scoring systems, including Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and Dermatology Life Quality Index. We also recorded length of stay and treatment details. Results, Length of stay varied widely between the four centres, but was similar in the two centres which received a high proportion of tertiary referrals for severe psoriasis (mean 197 days, range 1,78, analysis of variance P = 0002). Disease severity, measured by PASI, on admission (mean 157, interquartile range 83,208) was significantly higher in the tertiary centres (P < 00001). However, there was no significant difference in PASI between centres on discharge. The admission PASI was significantly associated with length of stay (r = 02, P = 002). There was no significant correlation between other measures of disease severity and length of stay. Conclusions, Disease severity on admission for patients with psoriasis is greater in tertiary referral centres for psoriasis and is directly associated with length of stay. Length of stay should be used in conjunction with clinical measures such as PASI improvement to set national standards for quality in secondary care. [source]

Urinary and rectal complications of contemporary permanent transperineal brachytherapy for prostate carcinoma with or without external beam radiation therapy,

CANCER, Issue 4 2004
Michael F. Sarosdy M.D.
Abstract BACKGROUND Prostate brachytherapy is increasingly used to treat prostate carcinoma, alone or combined (combination therapy) with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). This report cites the frequency and nature of urinary and rectal complications requiring unplanned interventions after contemporary brachytherapy with or without EBRT. METHODS A total of 177 consecutive patients underwent either brachytherapy (100 patients [56.5%]) or combination therapy (77 patients [43.5%]) for clinical T1-2 prostate carcinoma between July 1998 and July 2000. All the patients were analyzed with regard to disease characteristics, treatment details, and complications requiring unplanned interventions in up to 48 months of follow-up. RESULTS Catheter drainage for urinary retention was required for a median of 55 days (range, 3,330 days) in 36 patients (20%), including 24% after brachytherapy and 16% after combination therapy. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was performed at a median of 12 months (range, 8,18 months) after implantation in 5% of patients after brachytherapy and 14.5% of patients after combination therapy (P = 0.029). Colonoscopy with or without fulguration for rectal bleeding was performed in 37 of 158 patients (97 in the brachytherapy group and 61 in the combination therapy group) (23.4%) at a median of 17 months (range, 4,45 months), including 15 patients (15.5%) after brachytherapy and 22 patients (36%) after combination therapy (P = 0.002). Combination therapy resulted in fecal diversion in 6.6% of patients (P = 0.021), urinary diversion in 3.2% of patients (P = 0.148), and clean intermittent self-catheterization for recurrent stricture after multiple TURPs in 4.9% of patients (P = 0.055), none of which occurred after brachytherapy. Overall, 20.6% of patients underwent TURP or colonoscopy after brachytherapy, whereas 44.2% underwent those or more extensive unplanned procedures after combination therapy (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Complications requiring unplanned procedures may occur after brachytherapy, and may be increased significantly after brachytherapy combined with EBRT. These data reinforce the concept that quality assurance and technique are important in prostate brachytherapy, but, even when these are in place, complications can occur, especially when EBRT is added to brachytherapy. Cancer 2004. 2004 American Cancer Society. [source]