Between July (between + july)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Selective Application of the Pediatric Ross Procedure Minimizes Autograft Failure

David L.S. Morales MD
ABSTRACT Objective., Pulmonary autograft aortic root replacement (Ross' operation) is now associated with low operative risk. Recent series suggest that patients with primary aortic insufficiency have diminished autograft durability and that patients with large discrepancies between pulmonary and aortic valve sizes have a low but consistent rate of mortality. Therefore, Ross' operation in these patients has been avoided when possible at Texas Children's Hospital. Our objective was to report outcomes of Ross' operation when selectively employed in pediatric patients with aortic valve disease. Methods., Between July 1996 and February 2006, 55 patients (mean age 6.8 5.5 years) underwent Ross' procedure. Forty-seven patients (85%) had a primary diagnosis of aortic stenosis, three (5%) patients had congenital aortic insufficiency, and five (9%) patients had endocarditis. Forty-two (76%) patients had undergone prior aortic valve intervention (23 [55%] percutaneous balloon aortic valvotomies, 12 [29%] surgical aortic valvotomies, 12 [29%] aortic valve replacements, 2 [5%] aortic valve repairs). Fourteen (25%) patients had ,2 prior aortic valve interventions. Thirty-two patients (58%) had bicuspid aortic valves. Follow-up was 100% at a mean of 3 2.5 years. Results., Hospital and 5-year survival were 100% and 98%, respectively. Morbidity included one reoperation (2%) for bleeding. Median length of hospital stay was 6 days (3 days,3 months). Six (11%) patients needed a right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit exchange at a median time of 2.3 years. Freedom from moderate or severe neoaortic insufficiency at 6 years is 97%. Autograft reoperation rate secondary to aortic insufficiency or root dilation was 0%. Conclusions., By selectively employing Ross' procedure, outcomes of the Ross procedure in the pediatric population are associated with minimal autograft failure and mortality at mid-term follow-up. [source]

Comparison of transperitoneal and retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: A single-center experience of 100 cases

Takatsugu Okegawa
Objectives: To report our experience with the retroperitoneal and transperitoneal approaches of laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: Between July 2001 and December 2007, 100 patients with RCC underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy at our institution for clinically localized RCC. Fifty-three patients received a retroperitoneal procedure and 47 received a transperitoneal procedure. The perioperative and oncological outcomes of these groups were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Mean follow up was 34 months. No statistically significant difference was found between the two approaches in terms of pathological stage, operative time, need for additional procedures such as adrenalectomy and/or lymph node sampling, estimated blood loss, need for blood transfusions, analgesic requirement, length of hospital stay, or the incidence of minor or major complications. The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 90% for both the retroperitoneal and transperitoneal procedures. The 5-year overall survival rates were 98% and 96%, respectively. Therefore, no significant difference was observed in the long-term oncological outcome between the two groups. Conclusions: Tumor control and surgical morbidity in laparoscopic radical nephrectomy seem not to be significantly influenced by the approach. [source]

Pre-operative fasting: a nationwide survey of German anaesthesia departments

Background: Shorter pre-operative fasting improves clinical outcome without an increased risk. Since October 2004, German Anaesthesiology Societies have officially recommended a fast of 2 h for clear fluids and 6 h for solid food before elective surgery. We conducted a nationwide survey to evaluate the current clinical practice in Germany. Methods: Between July 2006 and January 2007, standardized questionnaires were mailed to 3751 Anaesthesiology Society members in leading positions requesting anonymous response. Results: The overall response rate was 66% (n=2418). Of those, 2148 (92%) claimed familiarity with the new guidelines. About a third (n=806, 34%) reported full adherence to the new recommendations, whereas 1043 (45%) reported an eased fasting practice. Traditional Nil per os after midnight was still recommended by 157 (7%). Commonest reasons reported for adopting the new guidelines were: ,improved pre-operative comfort' (84%), and ,increased patient satisfaction' (83%); reasons against were: ,low flexibility in operation room management' (19%), and ,increased risk of aspiration' (13%). Conclusion: Despite the apparent understanding of the benefits from reduced pre-operative fasting, full implementation of the guidelines remains poor in German anaesthesiology departments. [source]

Experience with over 1000 Implanted Ventricular Assist Devices

Evgenij V. Potapov M.D.
We present our experience since 1987. Subjects and Methods: Between July 1987 and December 2006, 1026 VADs were implanted in 970 patients. Most of them were men (81.9%). The indications were: cardiomyopathy (n = 708), postcardiotomy heart failure (n = 173), acute myocardial infarction (n = 36), acute graft failure (n = 45), a VAD problem (n = 6), and others (n = 2). Mean age was 46.1 (range 3 days to 78) years. In 50.5% of the patients the VAD implanted was left ventricular, in 47.9% biventricular, and in 1.5% right ventricular. There were 14 different types of VAD. A total artificial heart was implanted in 14 patients. Results: Survival analysis showed higher early mortality (p < 0.05) in the postcardiotomy group (50.9%) than in patients with preoperative profound cardiogenic shock (31.1%) and patients with preoperative end-stage heart failure without severe shock (28.9%). A total of 270 patients were successfully bridged to heart transplantation (HTx). There were no significant differences in long-term survival after HTx among patients with and without previous VAD. In 76 patients the device could be explanted after myocardial recovery. In 72 patients the aim of implantation was permanent support. During the study period 114 patients were discharged home. Currently, 54 patients are on a device. Conclusions: VAD implantation may lead to recovery from secondary organ failure. Patients should be considered for VAD implantation before profound, possibly irreversible, cardiogenic shock occurs. In patients with postcardiotomy heart failure, a more efficient algorithm should be developed to improve survival. With increased experience, more VAD patients can participate in out-patient programs. [source]

Early Hemodynamic Results of the Shelhigh SuperStentless Aortic Bioprostheses

Paolo Cattaneo M.D.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the early hemodynamic performance of the Shelhigh SuperStentless aortic valve (AV). Methods: Between July 2003 and June 2005, 35 patients (18 females; age 70.8 11.7 years, range: 22-85) underwent AV replacement with the Shelhigh SuperStentless bioprostheses. Most recurrent etiology was senile degeneration in 25 (71%) patients and 24 (69%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV. Concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in nine patients (25.7%) and mitral valve surgery in two patients (5.7%). Doppler echocardiography was performed before surgery, at six-month and one-year follow-up. Results: There were no hospital deaths and no valve-related perioperative complications. During one-year follow-up, no endocarditis or thromboembolic events were registered, no cases of structural dysfunction or valve thrombosis were noted. Mean and peak transvalvular gradients significantly decrease after AV replacement, with an evident reduction to approximately 50% of the preoperative values at six months. A 20% reduction was also observed for left ventricular mass (LVM) index at six months, with a further regression at one year. Correspondingly, significant increases in effective orifice area (EOA) and indexed EOA were determined after surgery (0.87 0.14 versus 1.84 0.29 cm2 and 0.54 0.19 versus 1.05 0.20 cm2/m2, respectively). Valve prosthesis-patient mismatch was moderate in five patients and severe in one case. Conclusions: Shelhigh SuperStentless AV provided good and encouraging hemodynamic results. Long-term follow-up is necessary to evaluate late hemodynamic performance and durability of this stentless bioprosthesis. [source]

Contemporary Results of Total Aortic Arch Replacement

Thoralf M. Sundt M.D.
The results of surgical intervention reported from large centers are improving; however, the degree to which these results are reproducible by other surgeons is less clear. We therefore reviewed our recent experience with total aortic arch replacement. Methods: Between July 1, 1997 and July 1, 2001 19 patients underwent complete aortic arch replacement, with or without concomitant procedures. We retrospectively reviewed perioperative results retrieved from the computerized database and clinical records. Results: The mean age of the study population was 68 8.3 years (range 52 to 82), with women predominating (11 women, 8 men). All patients had hypertension. Patient history indicated active or past tobacco abuse in 16 patients (80%); cerebrovascular disease in 3, and peripheral vascular disease in 7 patients. Associated procedures included an elephant trunk in 12 (63%), replacement of the upper descending thoracic aorta in 5 (26%), concomitant coronary artery bypass in 5 (26%), and aortic root replacement in 3 (16%). One patient underwent replacement of the entire aorta from sinotubular ridge to iliac bifurcation in a single procedure. Brachiocephalic reconstruction with a "Y-graft" permitting early antegrade cerebral perfusion was performed in 12 patients. Retrograde cerebral perfusion was performed in ten patients (53%). Perioperatively, death occurred in two patients (11%) and stroke in two (11%). Conclusions: With cautious application, techniques developed in high-volume centers can also achieve satisfactory results when used at centers with a more modest case volume. (J Card Surg 2004;19:235-239) [source]

Laparoscopic surgery in neonates and infants weighing less than 5 kg

Tadashi Iwanaka
Background: Laparoscopic surgery in small infants is still an uncommon procedure in Japan. The present study was conducted to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic surgery in neonates and infants weighing less than 5 kg. Methods: Between July 1997 and November 1999, 54 infants underwent laparoscopic surgery. They were evaluated for length of operation, intra- and postoperative complications, changes in intra-operative body temperature, time to postoperative feeding, length of hospital stay and changes in serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) and interleukin (IL)-6 on days 0, 1 and 4. These parameters in the laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP) and laparoscopic fundoplication groups were compared with those in the open pyloromyotomy (OP) and open fundoplication groups, respectively, which were performed during the same period. Results: Three laparoscopy cases were converted to open procedures. One case of fundoplication had panperitonitis due to failed gastrostomy and required long-term parenteral nutrition. Time to postoperative feeding and length of hospital stay in the LP group were significantly shorter than in the OP group. In LP group, intra-operative body temperature did not markedly decrease during CO2 pneumoperitoneum. Although serum levels of CRP, CPK and IL-6 were elevated in all groups on postoperative day 1, there were no significant differences between the groups. Conclusions: Better quality of life after laparoscopy is a significant advantage over conventional surgical procedures. This advantage not only outweighs the incidence of intra- and postoperative complications in small infants, but further emphasizes the need to improve laparoscopic techniques to avoid complications. [source]

Marital status and non-small cell lung cancer survival: the Lung Cancer Database Project in Japan

Kumi Saito-Nakaya
Abstract Objective: Previous studies have suggested that marital status is associated with survival from lung cancer; however, its association is not conclusive. The association between marital status and survival in Japanese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was prospectively investigated. Methods: Between July 1999 and July 2004, a total of 1230 NSCLC patients were enrolled. The baseline survey consisted of the collection of clinical information and various demographic data, including marital status. A Cox regression model was used to estimate the hazards ratio (HR) of all-cause mortality adjustments for age, BMI, education level, performance status, histology type, clinical stage, smoking status, choice of definitive treatment, and depression. Results: The multivariable adjusted HR of male widowed patients versus male married patients was 1.7 (95% confidence interval=1.2,2.5, p=0.005). However, no significant increased risk of death in female widowed patients compared with female married patients was observed (HR=0.7, 95% confidence interval=0.5,1.1, p=0.15). With regard to separated/divorced and single patients no significant increased risk of death in male and/or female compared with married patients was observed. Conclusions: The present data suggest that male widowed patients with NSCLC have a higher mortality rate than male married patients with NSCLC, after controlling for various factors. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Patients' Knowledge about Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction is Poor

Martin K. Baumgartner MD
ABSTRACT Introduction., Well informed and educated patients ideally manage to prevent or delay the onset of severe chronic diseases. With respect to erectile dysfunction (ED) this is of importance because ED is considered to herald debilitating cardiovascular diseases like coronary artery disease. Aim., This survey aimed to assess patient's knowledge about risk factors (RF) for ED and to identify their preferred source of information. Main Outcome Measures., Knowledge of RF for ED and sources used to gather information about ED as reported by patients with ED. Methods., Between July 2004 and June 2006, 126 patients who presented at our outpatient clinic for an assessment of their ED were prospectively evaluated. The patients received a questionnaire about their demographic and socioeconomic circumstances, their strategies to gather information about ED, and their knowledge of specific RF for this disease. The questionnaire was completed by 81 patients (64%). Results., Forty-one patients (51%) could not name one single RF for ED. Three men knew more than three RF. The two most popular sources of information were the Internet and general practitioners. Well-educated patients were significantly better informed than others. Patients using the Internet as source for health information were significantly younger and had a better knowledge about RF for ED compared to those not using the Internet. Conclusions., Patients' knowledge about RF for ED is poor. The Internet seems to be the most useful information source for patients with ED and is predominantly used by younger and better educated patients. Given that ED is considered to be a precursor lesion of severe cardiovascular diseases, patient information and education deserves more attention. Baumgartner MK, Hermanns T, Cohen A, Schmid DM, Seifert B, Sulser T, and Strebel RT. Patients' knowledge about risk factors for erectile dysfunction is poor. J Sex Med 2008;5:2399,2404. [source]


Antonio Chiappa
Background: A consecutive series of 47 patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) were resected and prospectively followed. Method: Between July 1994 and March 2005, 47 patients (24 men, 23 women; mean age, 56 years; range, 17,82 years) were evaluated. Results: A total of 23 patients had primary RPS and 24 patients had recurrent RPS. A total of 30 out of 47 patients (64%) underwent removal of contiguous intra-abdominal organs. The peroperative mortality was nil and significant preoperative complications occurred in eight cases only (17%). High tumour grade and incomplete resection were significant variables for a worse survival in all 47 patients, both in the univariate and multivariate analyses (P = 0.008 and P = 0.016, respectively). Among 28 radically resected patients, only histological grade affected overall survival (90% 5-year survival for low-grade tumour vs 26% 5-year survival for high-grade tumour; P = 0.006) with a similar effect noted for disease-free survival. Conclusions: Histological grade was the only factor that affected overall and disease-free survival for RPS tumours. An aggressive surgical approach in both primary and recurrent RPS is associated with long-term survival. [source]

Simultaneous sodium lauryl sulphate testing improves the diagnostic validity of allergic patch tests.

Results from a prospective multicentre study of the German Contact Dermatitis Research Group (Deutsche Kontaktallergie-Gruppe
Summary Background, There is evidence that a higher skin susceptibility may induce nonspecific erythematous or weak positive reactions to contact allergens in patch testing. Objectives, To evaluate whether simultaneous application of sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) along with diagnostic patch tests with contact allergens can provide information regarding skin irritability which may help to discriminate allergic from nonspecific irritant reactions to contact allergens. Methods, Between July 2001 and June 2003, this prospective study collected patch test data of 5971 patients from 19 centres in Germany and Austria in the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology (IVDK). In addition to contact allergens (standard series and eight known ,problematic' allergens with a low reaction index and a high positivity ratio: 1,3-diphenylguanidine, amerchol L-101, benzalkonium chloride, benzoyl peroxide, cocamidopropyl betaine, octyl gallate, phenyl mercuric acetate and propylene glycol), patches with SLS 05% and 025% aq. were applied. Reactions to the allergens and to SLS were analysed at the IVDK data centre. The association between an erythematous or positive reaction to a certain allergen and an irritant reaction to SLS was assessed with logistic regression analysis, at the same time controlling for the influence of age and sex. Results, Of the 29 allergens of the standard series, 23 and 21 gave a higher percentage of nonspecific erythematous reactions in patients with an irritant reaction to 025% and 05% SLS, respectively, in comparison with SLS-negative patients. All eight ,problematic' allergens gave an increased percentage of nonspecific erythematous reactions. Similarly, 22 and 21 allergens of the standard series gave a higher percentage of positive allergic reactions in patients with an irritant reaction to 025% and 05% SLS, respectively, and seven of the eight ,problematic' allergens gave a higher percentage of positive allergic rections (exception: octyl gallate). For most allergens, the markers of skin reaction (reaction index and positivity ratio) were worse in SLS-positive patients. Differences were more pronounced when testing with SLS 025% than with SLS 05%. Conclusions, Because there is a convincing association between skin irritability (evaluated by SLS test) and the degree of skin reaction to contact allergens, the SLS test may help in deciding whether a doubtful erythematous or weakly ,positive' skin reaction should be interpreted as allergic or irritant. [source]

Informed Consent for Research: Current Practices in Academic Emergency Medicine

Edward Monico MD
Abstract Background:, The emergency department (ED) environment presents unique barriers to the process of obtaining informed consent for research. Objectives:, The objective was to identify commonalities and differences in informed consent practices for research employed in academic EDs. Methods:, Between July 1, 2006, and June 30, 2007, an online survey was sent to the research directors of 142 academic emergency medicine (EM) residency training programs identified through the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Results:, Seventy-one (50%) responded. The average number of simultaneous clinical ED-based research projects reported was 7.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.53 to 9.07). Almost half (49.3%) of respondents reported that EM residents are responsible for obtaining consent. Twenty-nine (41.4%) participating institutions do not require documentation of an individual resident's knowledge of the specific research protocol and consent procedure before he or she is allowed to obtain consent from research subjects. Conclusions:, It is common practice in academic EDs for clinical investigators to rely on on-duty health care personnel to obtain research informed consent from potential research subjects. This practice raises questions regarding the sufficiency of the information received by research subjects, and further study is needed to determine the compliance of this consent process with federal guidelines. [source]

Mortality among persons with a history of Kawasaki disease in Japan: Can paediatricians safely discontinue follow-up of children with a history of the disease but without cardiac sequelae?

Yosikazu Nakamura
Abstract Aim: To clarify the question of whether patients with Kawasaki disease suffer a higher mortality rate after the incidence of the disease in comparison with age-matched healthy individuals. Methods: Between July 1982 and December 1992, 52 collaborating hospitals collected data on all patients having a new, definite diagnosis of Kawasaki disease. Patients were followed up until 31 December 2001 or their death. The expected number of deaths was calculated from Japanese vital statistics data and compared with the observed number. Results: Of 6576 patients enrolled, 29 (20 males and 9 females) died. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR: the observed number of deaths divided by the expected number of deaths based on the vital statistics in Japan) was 1.15 (95% CI: 0.77,1.66). In spite of the high SMRs during the acute phase, the mortality rate was not high after the acute phase for the entire group of patients. Although the SMR after the acute phase was 0.75 for those without cardiac sequelae, six males (but none of the females) with cardiac sequelae died during this period; and the SMR for the male group with cardiac sequelae was 1.95 (95% CI: 0.71,4.25). The mortality from congenital anomalies of the circulatory system was elevated, but no increase in cancer deaths was observed. Conclusion: Although it was not statistically significant, the mortality rate among males with cardiac sequelae due to Kawasaki disease appeared to be higher than in the general population. On the other hand, the mortality rates for females with the sequelae and both males and females without sequelae were not elevated. [source]