Basic Structural Unit (basic + structural_unit)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Novel Cyclic 1,2-Diacetals Derived from (2R,3R)-(+)-Tartaric Acid: Synthesis and Application as N,O Ligands for the Enantioselective Alkylation of Benzaldehyde by Diethylzinc

M. Teresa Barros
Abstract A chiral cyclic 1,2-diacetal derived from tartaric acid was used as the basic structural unit for novel ligands. Monooxazoline carbinols in which the degree of substitution of the alcohol and the nature of the stereocentre in the oxazoline ring were varied were synthesized in moderate to good yields. The influence of these structural factors on asymmetric induction was examined in the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. Up to 60% ee was observed with a secondary or a tertiary alcohol as the metal-chelating group. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2004) [source]

Structural investigation of GeSb6Te10 and GeBi6Te10 intermetallic compounds in the chalcogenide homologous series

Toshiyuki Matsunaga
The crystal structures of GeSb6Te10 and GeBi6Te10 were scrutinized using an X-ray powder diffraction method, which revealed that these compounds crystallize in trigonally distorted cubic close-packed structures with a 51-layer period (). Each layer consists of a triangular atomic net; Te atoms occupy their own specific layers, whereas Ge, Sb and Bi atoms are located in the other layers. In these pseudobinary compounds, random atomic occupations of Ge and Sb/Bi are observed and the layers form two kinds of elemental structural blocks by their successive stacking along the c axis. These compounds can be presumed to be isostructural. It is known that the chemical formula of the chalcogenide compounds with the homologous structures found in these pseudobinary systems can be written as (GeTe)n(Sb2Te3)m or (GeTe)n(Bi2Te3)m (n, m: integer); the GeSb6Te10 and GeBi6Te10 investigated in this study, which correspond to the case in which n = 1 and m = 3, naturally have 3,×,l = 51-layer structures according to a formation rule l = 2n + 5m commonly found in the compounds of these chalcogenide systems (l represents the number of layers in the basic structural unit). Calculations based on the density functional theory revealed that these materials are compound semiconductors with very narrow band gaps. [source]

High Pressure Response of Rutile Polymorphs and Its Significance for Indicating the Subduction Depth of Continental Crust

MENG Dawei
Abstract: ,-PbO2 -type TiO2 (TiO2 -II) is an important index mineral for ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. After the discovery of a natural high-pressure phase of titanium oxide with ,-PbO2 -structure in omphacite from coesite-bearing eclogite at Shima in the Dabie Mountains, China, a nano-scale (<2 nm) ,-PbO2 -type TiO2 has been identified through electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy in coesite-bearing jadeite quartzite at Shuanghe in the Dabie Mountains. The crystal structure is orthorhombic with lattice parameters a = 4.58times10,1 nm, b = 5.42times10,1 nm, c = 4.96times10,1 nm and space group Pbcn. The analysis results reveal that rutile {011}R twin interface is a basic structural unit of ,-PbO2 -type TiO2. Nucleation of ,-PbO2 -type TiO2 lamellae is caused by the displacement of one half of the titanium cations within the {011}R twin slab. This displacement reduces the Ti-O-Ti distance and is favored by high pressure. The identification of ,-PbO2 -type TiO2 in coesite-bearing jadeite quartzite from Shuanghe, Dabie Mountains, provides a new and powerful evidence of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism at 4,7 GPa, 850°C-900°C, and implies a burial of continental crustal rocks to 130,200 kilometers depth or deeper. The ,-PbO2 -type TiO2 may be a useful indicator of the pressure and temperature in the diamond stability field. [source]

Molecular-feature domains with posterodorsal,anteroventral polarity in the symmetrical sensory maps of the mouse olfactory bulb: mapping of odourant-induced Zif268 expression

Koichiro Inaki
Abstract Individual glomeruli in the mammalian olfactory bulb presumably represent a single type of odourant receptor. Thus, the glomerular sheet provides odourant receptor maps at the surface of the olfactory bulb. To understand the basic spatial organization of the olfactory sensory maps, we first compared the spatial distribution of odourant-induced responses measured by the optical imaging of intrinsic signals with that detected immunohistochemically by expressions of Zif268, one of the immediate early gene products in juxtaglomerular cells. In the dorsal surface of the bulb, we detected a clear correlation in the spatial pattern between these responses. In addition, the molecular-feature domains and their polarities (spatial shifts of responses with an increase in carbon chain length) that were defined by the optical imaging method could be also detected by the Zif268 mapping method. We then mapped the Zif268 signals over the entire olfactory bulb using a homologous series of fatty acids and aliphatic alcohols as stimulus odourants. We superimposed the Zif268 signals onto the standard unrolled map with the help of cell adhesion molecule compartments. Each odourant typically elicited two pairs of clusters of dense Zif268 signals. The results showed that molecular-feature domains and their polarities were arranged symmetrically at stereotypical positions in a mirror-image fashion between the lateral and the medial sensory maps. The polarity of each domain was roughly in parallel with the posterodorsal,anteroventral axis that was defined by the cell adhesion molecule compartments. These results suggest that the molecular-feature domain with its fixed polarity is one of the basic structural units in the spatial organization of the odourant receptor maps in the olfactory bulb. [source]

A new rubidium beryllium borate, RbBe4(BO3)3

Xiao-Hong Wen
Single crystals of a new rubdidium beryllium borate, RbBe4(BO3)3, have been obtained by spontaneous nucleation from a high-temperature melt. This new ortho­rhom­bic (Pnma) structure type contains [Be2BO4], rings, made of two BeO4 tetra­hedra and one BO3 triangle, which constitute the basic structural units. The m plane runs through the B and one of the O atoms and intersects the ring. These rings form chains in the a direction, which are connected in the b and c directions to form zeolite-type cages in which the Rb+ cations are located, at sites of m symmetry. [source]