Thermal Conductivity Measurements (thermal + conductivity_measurement)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The Uncertainty in SCHF-DT Thermal Conductivity Measurements of Lotus-Type Porous Copper

Hiroshi Chiba
Abstract Lotus-type porous metals with many straight pores are attractive for use as heat-sinks because a large heat-transfer capacity can be obtained, due to the small diameter of the pores. In order to use lotus-type porous copper effectively as a heat sink, it is important to know the effective thermal conductivity considering the effect of pores on heat conduction in the material. Since these metals have anisotropic pores, a steady-state comparative longitudinal heat-flow method for measuring thermal conductivity, referring to an ASTM standard, is better than other methods. So far, the effective thermal conductivity of lotus-type porous copper has been measured by using specimens of different thickness (the SCHF-DT method). In this paper, the uncertainty in the effective thermal conductivity of a specimen measured using this method was evaluated by comparison between numerical analysis and current experimental data. The following conclusions were drawn: 1) The uncertainty showed good agreement with the uncertainty analysis; 2) The contribution of the thermal grease thickness was large, based on a combined standard uncertainty analysis; and, 3) The effective thermal conductivity perpendicular to the pores of lotus copper can be measured within 10% uncertainty by this method. [source]

Determination of in-plane thermal conductivity of Nax Co2O4 single crystals via a parallel thermal conductance (PTC) technique

Xiaofeng Tang
Abstract A novel parallel thermal conductance ("PTC") system was specifically developed to conduct the steady state thermal conductivity measurement on small size samples such as single crystals of Nax Co2O4 as reported here. The accuracy and reproducibility of the PTC system has been confirmed by measuring several standard reference materials. The in-plane thermal conductivity , of Nax Co2O4 single crystals grown by a NaCl flux method was measured from 10 K to 300 K and , was found to be ,5 W m,1 K,1 at 300 K. The phonon mean free path (MFP) is estimated to be lph , 9 at 300 K, which is comparable to the lattice constant but much smaller than the reported MFP of conducting carriers. ( 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

Microstructure,Property Correlations in Industrial Thermal Barrier Coatings

Anand A. Kulkarni
This paper describes the results from multidisciplinary characterization/scattering techniques used for the quantitative characterization of industrial thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems used in advanced gas turbines. While past requirements for TBCs primarily addressed the function of insulation/life extension of the metallic components, new demands necessitate a requirement for spallation resistance/strain tolerance, i.e., prime reliance, on the part of the TBC. In an extensive effort to incorporate these TBCs, a design-of-experiment approach was undertaken to develop tailored coating properties by processing under varied conditions. Efforts focusing on achieving durable/high-performance coatings led to dense vertically cracked (DVC) TBCs, exhibiting quasi-columnar microstructures approximating electron-beam physical-vapor-deposited (EB-PVD) coatings. Quantitative representation of the microstructural features in these vastly different coatings is obtained, in terms of porosity, opening dimensions, orientation, morphologies, and pore size distribution, by means of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) studies. Such comprehensive characterization, coupled with elastic modulus and thermal conductivity measurements of the coatings, help establish relationships between microstructure and properties in a systematic manner. [source]

Measurement and prediction of thermal conductivity for hemp fiber reinforced composites

T. Behzad
The thermal conductivity of hemp fiber reinforced polymer composites were studied from the steady state temperature drop across samples exposed to a known heat flux. The transverse and in-plane thermal conductivities for oriented and randomly oriented composites for different volume fractions of fiber were investigated. Experimental results showed that the orientation of fibers has a significant effect on the thermal conductivity of composites. To validate the experimental results, the heating tests for the thermal conductivity measurements were simulated by a finite element model using the thermal conductivity values obtained from the experiments. Predicted temperatures show close agreement with measured temperatures. Moreover, the experimental results of thermal conductivities of composites at different directions were compared with two theoretical models and illustrated good agreement between the obtained results and models. POLYM. ENG. SCI. 47:977,983, 2007. 2007 Society of Plastics Engineers [source]