Therapeutic Radiology (therapeutic + radiology)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma treatment results according to treatment modalities

Suzy Kim MD
Abstract Background The purpose of this retrospective study is to compare the treatment results of locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma according to treatment modalities. Methods Seventy-three patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, between August 1979 and July 1997 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-three patients were treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone, 18 patients were treated with surgery and postoperative RT, and 32 patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CTx) and RT. Median follow-up period was 28 months. Results The overall 5-year survival rates were 15.7% for the RT alone group, 46.8% for surgery and postoperative RT group, and 43.0% for neoadjuvant CTx and RT group. The 5-year disease-free survival rates were 13.9%, 47.4%, and 30.7%, respectively. Surgery and postoperative RT or neoadjuvant CTx and RT showed superiority over RT alone in terms of both overall survival and disease-free survival rates. No significant differences were found in overall and disease-free survival rates between the surgery and postoperative RT group and neoadjuvant CTx and RT group (p = .15, p = .13). In the neoadjuvant CTx and RT group, 12 patients (38%) retained their larynx more than 5 years. Conclusion Neoadjuvant CTx and RT is an effective strategy to achieve organ preservation without compromising the survival of patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma. 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Head Neck 23: 713,717, 2001. [source]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Use of 3D imaging and awareness of GEC-ESTRO recommendations for cervix cancer brachytherapy throughout Australia and New Zealand

S Van Dyk
Abstract Introduction:, A 2005 survey of practices indicated limited use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities and planning methods in cervix cancer brachytherapy in Australia and New Zealand. However, advancing technologies and published recommendations are influencing change. This survey aims to identify both changes in practice and awareness and uptake of Groupe European de Curietherapie of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (GEC-ESTRO) recommendations. Methods:, A survey was emailed to all radiotherapy departments with brachytherapy facilities. Twenty departments practise brachytherapy for cancer of the cervix. The survey consisted of five questions enquiring about use and type of 3D imaging; rate of reimaging and replanning; and contouring, prescribing and reporting practices. Results:, A 100% response rate was obtained. Sixty-five per cent of departments use 3D CT imaging to plan brachytherapy insertions. Thirty per cent of departments use two-dimensional (2D) x-rays. Four departments (20%) use a combination of imaging modalities including CT, ultrasound and MRI. Sixty-five per cent of departments reimage and replan for each insertion. Four departments (20%) contour, prescribe dose and report treatment according to GEC-ESTRO recommendations. Conclusions:, There has been a marked increase in the use of 3D imaging and awareness of GEC-ESTRO recommendations. Implementation and reporting of image-based gynaecological brachytherapy is strongly dependent on local resources and infrastructure. [source]

A comprehensive and novel predictive modeling technique using detailed pathology factors in men with localized prostate carcinoma

CANCER, Issue 7 2002
Louis Potters M.D.
Abstract BACKGROUND The purpose of the current study was to evaluate modeling strategies using sextant core prostate biopsy specimen data that would best predict biochemical control in patients with localized prostate carcinoma treated with permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB). METHODS One thousand four hundred seventy,seven patients underwent PPB between 1992 and 2000. The authors restricted analysis to those patients who had sextant biopsies (n = 1073). A central pathology review was undertaken on all specimens. Treatment consisted of PPB with either I-125 or Pd-103 prescribed to 144 Gy or 140 Gy, respectively. Two hundred twenty,eight patients (21%) received PPB in combination with external radiotherapy and 333 patients (31%) received neoadjuvant hormones. In addition to clinical stage, biopsy Gleason sum, and pretreatment prostate specific antigen (pretx-PSA), the following detailed biopsy variables were considered: mean percentage of cancer in an involved core; maximum percentage of cancer; mean primary and secondary Gleason grades; maximum Gleason grade (primary or secondary); percentage of cancer in the apex, mid, and base; percent of cores positive; maximum primary and secondary Gleason grades in apex, mid, and base; maximum percent cancer in apex, mid, and base; maximum Gleason grade in apex, mid, and base; maximum primary Gleason grade; and maximum secondary Gleason grade. In all, 23 biopsy variables were considered. Four modeling strategies were compared. As a base model, the authors considered the pretx-PSA, clinical stage, and biopsy Gleason sum as predictors. For the second model, the authors added percent of cores positive. The third modeling strategy was to use stepwise variable selection to select only those variables (from the total pool of 26) that were statistically significant. The fourth strategy was to apply principal components analysis, which has theoretical advantages over the other strategies. Principal components analysis creates component scores that account for maximum variance in the predictors. RESULTS The median followup of the study cohort was 36 months (range, 6,92), and the Kattan modification of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) definition was used to define PSA freedom from recurrence (PSA-FFR). The four models were compared in their ability to predict PSA-FFR as measured by the Somers D rank correlation coefficient. The Somers D rank correlation coefficients were then corrected for optimism with use of bootstrapping. The results for the four models were 0.32, 0.34, 0.37, and 0.39, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The current study shows that the use of principal components analysis with additional pathology data is a more discriminating model in predicting outcome in prostate carcinoma than other conventional methods and can also be used to model outcome predictions for patients treated with radical prostatectomy and external beam. Cancer 2002;95:1451,6. 2002 American Cancer Society. DOI 10.1002/cncr.10869 [source]

Hepatectomy for pyogenic liver abscess

HPB, Issue 2 2003
RW Strong
Background Commensurate with the advances in diagnostic and therapeutic radiology in the past two decades, percutaneous needle aspiration and catheter drainage have replaced open operation as the first choice of treatment for both single and multiple pyogenic liver abscesses. There has been little written on the place of surgical resection in the treatment of pyogenic liver abscess due to underlying hepatobiliary pathology or after failure of non-operative management. Methods The medical records of patients who underwent resection for pyogenic liver abscess over a 15-year period were retrospectively reviewed. The demographics, time from onset of symptoms to medical treatment and operation, site of abscess, organisms cultured, aetiology, reason for operation, type of resection and outcome were analysed. There were 49 patients in whom the abscesses were either single (19), single but multiloculated (11) or multiple (19). The median time from onset of symptoms to medical treatment was 21 days and from treatment to operation was 12 days. The indications for operation were underlying hepatobiliary pathology in 20% and failed non-operative treatment in 76%. Two patients presented with peritonitis from a ruptured abscess. Results The resections performed were anatomic (44) and non-anatomic (5). No patient suffered a recurrent abscess or required surgical or radiological intervention for any abdominal collection. Antibiotics were ceased within 5 days of operation in all but one patient. The median postoperative stay was 10 days. There were two deaths (4%), both following rupture of the abscess. Discussion Except for an initial presentation with intraperitoneal rupture and, possibly, cases of hepatobiliary pathology causing multiple abscesses above an obstructed duct system that cannot be negotiated non-operatively, primary surgical treatment of pyogenic liver abscess is not indicated. Non-operative management with antibiotics and percutaneous aspiration/drainage will be successful in most patients. If non-operative treatment fails, different physical characteristics of the abscesses are likely to be present and partial hepatectomy of the involved portion of liver is good treatment when performed by an experienced surgeon. [source]