Therapeutic Chemical (therapeutic + chemical)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Therapeutic Chemical

  • anatomical therapeutic chemical

  • Selected Abstracts

    Agreement between self-reported and pharmacy data on medication use in the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort

    Marianne Haapea
    Abstract Objective: To compare self-reported (SR) medication use and pharmacy data for major psychoactive medications and three classes of medications used for different indications, and to determine the socio-economic factors associated with the congruence. Methods: Postal questionnaire data collected in 1997 were compared with the register of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland on the reimbursed prescriptions purchased during 1997. Altogether 7625 subjects were included in this study. Drugs were categorized according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) system. Results: Kappa values were 0.77, 0.68, 0.84, 0.92 and 0.55 for antipsychotics, antidepressants, antiepileptics, antidiabetics and beta-blocking agents, respectively. Prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted kappa values were almost perfect (0.98,1.00). Reliability of antipsychotics use was better for married subjects than for those who were not married; and of antidepressants use for highly educated and married subjects than for those who were less educated and were not married. Altogether 414 (5.4%) responders and 285 (7.1%) non-responders had used at least one of the selected medications. Conclusion: Agreement between the SR and pharmacy data was moderate for psychoactive medication use. Even though data collected by postal questionnaire may underestimate the prevalence of medication use due to non-participation it can be assumed accurate enough for study purposes. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Estimation of psycholeptic and psychoanaleptic medicine use in an adult general population sample using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification

    U. John
    Abstract Little is known about psycholeptic and psychoanaleptic medicine (PM) use in the general population. This study presents prevalence data about PM use. The sample included 4310 individuals aged 20,79 from a general population health examination in a northern German area (participation proportion: 68.8%; Study of Health in Pomerania, SHIP). Medicines taken during the past seven days were assessed from the medicine packages or self-reports and classified according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification developed by the World Health Organization. In total, 6.3% of the sample reported PM intake, 8.7% of the women and 4.7% of the men. During the past 12 months prior to the health examination, 49.2% of the individuals with PM use consulted a general practitioner but not a neurologist or a psychiatrist. Among the study participants with PM use, 88.8% had one or more mental disorders during lifetime according to a screening questionnaire. It is concluded that considerable proportions of individuals with current PM use exist although lower than may be expected on the basis of the number of individuals with mental disorder in the general population. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Is there an association between referral population deprivation and antibiotic prescribing in primary and secondary care?

    Christopher Curtis head of pharmaceutical services
    Objective The study was designed to explore the presence of any relationship between NHS secondary care antibiotic prescribing rates or primary care antibiotic prescribing rates and the levels of deprivation experienced within the referred primary care population. The study also aimed to determine whether the antibiotic prescribing rates for each care sector were correlated. Method The study was conducted in 12 English hospital trusts of mixed size and case-mix. Antibiotic usage data (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) category J01) for the financial year, ending March 2001/2002 were used to calculate hospital trust prescribing rates (using the defined daily dose/finished consultant episode indicator). Primary care antibiotic prescribing data were obtained from the Prescription Pricing Authority (antibiotic items prescribed per 1000 residents) for the year 2001/2002. Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2000 deprivation data were obtained from the regional public health observatory websites for each of the primary care trusts within the relevant study areas. Key findings No correlation could be established between the weighted index of multiple deprivation of the treated population and antibiotic prescribing rates at each hospital trust. Primary care antibiotic prescribing rates were not found to correlate with antibiotic prescribing rates in the geographically associated hospital trust. Data from all 12 sites showed that the IMD 2000 measures and primary care prescribing rates were weakly correlated, with higher antibiotic prescribing rates being generally observed in areas of primary care exhibiting the worst levels of deprivation Conclusions The likely explanations for the present findings are that deprivation-related illnesses are principally treated within primary care, whereas hospital antibiotic prescribing principally results from procedures isolated within secondary care or through the additional influence of nosocomial infection. Therefore, medicines management measures geared to controlling antibiotic prescribing in secondary care should not focus upon the levels of deprivation in the referred population, whereas those in primary care should. [source]

    What happened to the prescribing of other COX-2 inhibitors, paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs when rofecoxib was withdrawn in Australia?,

    Nadia Barozzi
    Abstract Objectives To analyse how the prescribing of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ns-NSAIDs) and paracetamol (acetaminophen) changed when rofecoxib was withdrawn in 2004. Method COX-2 inhibitors, paracetamol and ns-NSAID's use was measured using dispensing data for concession beneficiaries subsidized by the Australian Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme (PBS) for the period of 1997,2005. Data were downloaded from the Medicare Australia website and converted, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC)/Defined Daily Dose (DDD) (2005), to DDD/1000 concession beneficiaries/day. Results In the period 2000,2004, the use of COX-2 inhibitors was progressively increased. Overall NSAID's use changed from approximately 80 to 105,DDD/1000 concession beneficiaries/day while a decrease of ns-NSAIDs from about 70 to 40,DDD/1000 concession beneficiaries/day was observed. Following rofecoxib withdrawal, the overall NSAIDs use declined. In 2005, celecoxib prescription declined (23%) while prescription of meloxicam increased by 62%. Use of paracetamol was steady over the period 1997,2004 (around 40,DDD/1000 concession beneficiaries/day). In April 2005, a slight increase in paracetamol use was observed. Conclusion Our analysis showed that COX-2 inhibitors prescribing markedly influenced the overall NSAIDs prescribing in Australia. When COX-2 inhibitors were introduced their uptake was rapid and extensive. Following rofecoxib withdrawal, the total overall dispensing of NSAIDs returned to a similar value as before COX-2 inhibitors' introduction. The decrease was due both to rofecoxib withdrawal and to a reduction in celecoxib prescribing. However, meloxicam use increased. Paracetamol prescribing was steady, between 1997 and 2005 and was not affected when the COX-2 inhibitors were introduced on to the market and after rofecoxib withdrawal, rather than increasing as might have been anticipated after rofecoxib withdrawal. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]