Their Children (their + child)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Parents Don't (Always) Know Their Children Have Been Bullied: Child-Parent Discrepancy on Bullying and Family-Level Profile of Communication Standards

Masaki Matsunaga
Discrepancy between bullied victims' experience and their parents' understanding indicates underutilization of family support system, and thus presents an important risk factor. An online survey (N = 300 child-father-mother triads) was conducted to establish a framework that helps distinguish families with different child-parent discrepancy levels. This family-level variability was modeled by profiling child-father-mother triad's family communication standard (FCS) orientations. This "FCS profile" indeed distinguished families with different levels of discrepancies. Further, SEM analyses revealed that those discrepancies presented a distinct risk factor vis-à-vis effects of bullying reports per se. Finally, FCS profile had an indirect association with victims' well-being via mediation by child-parent discrepancy. These findings are discussed with regard to the role of family communication in bullied individuals' coping processes. Résumé Les parents ne savent pas (toujours) que leurs enfants ont été victimes d'intimidation : L,écart parent-enfant à propos de l'intimidation et le profil familial des normes de communication L,écart entre l'expérience des victimes d,intimidation et la compréhension qu'en ont leurs parents signale une sous-utilisation du système de soutien familial et constitue donc un important facteur de risque. Une enquête en ligne (N= 300 triades enfant-père-mère) fut menée afin d,établir un cadre aidant à distinguer les familles présentant différents niveaux d'écart. La variabilité dans les niveaux familiaux fut modelée en décrivant les orientations des normes de communication familiale (NCF) des triades enfant-père-mère. Ce « profil NCF » a effectivement distingué les familles présentant différents niveaux d,écart. De plus, des analyses de l'erreur-type ont révélé que ces écarts présentaient un facteur de risque distinct des répercussions des signalements d,intimidation. Finalement, le profil NCF était indirectement associé au bien-être des victimes par la médiation de l'écart enfant-parent. Ces résultats sont commentés relativement au rôle de la communication familiale dans le processus d,adaptation des victimes d'intimidation. Abstract Eltern wissen nicht (immer), dass ihre Kinder gehänselt wurden: Unstimmigkeiten zwischen Eltern und Kindern beim Thema Hänseleien und ein Profil der Kommunikationsstandards auf Familienebene Wenn die Erfahrungen von Kindern, die Opfer von Hänseleien geworden sind, auf Unverständnis seitens der Eltern stoßen, deutet dies auf fehlende Unterstützung innerhalb der Familie hin, und stellt somit einen erheblichen Risikofaktor dar. Mittels einer Onlinebefragung (N=300, Kind-Mutter-Vater-Triaden) sollten Familientypen extrahiert werden, die sich hinsichtlich der Ausprägung dieses Unverständnisses unterscheiden. Eine Analyse der Ausrichtung der Familienkommunikation innerhalb dieser Kind-Mutter-Vater-Triaden diente der Modellierung der Unterschiede auf Familienebene. Diese Familienkommunikationsprofile erfüllen tatsächlich ihren Zweck und differenzierten zwischen Familien mit unterschiedlichen Graden des Unverständnisses. Darüber hinaus zeigten Strukturgleichungsmodelle, dass diese Familienkommunikationsprofile einen unabhängigen Risikofaktor darstellen, und zwar über den Effekt der Aussage über Hänseleien hinaus. Die Familienkommunikationsprofile hingen indirekt mit dem Wohlbefinden des Opfers zusammen und wurden lediglich über das Ausmaß der Kind-Eltern-Unstimmigkeit vermittelt. Wir diskutieren diese Ergebnisse im Hinblick auf die Rolle der Familienkommunikation im Bewältigungsprozess bei Hänseleien. Resumen Los Padres no (Siempre) Saben que sus Hijos han Sido Víctimas de Matonismo: La Discrepancia entre los Hijos y los Padres sobre el Matonismo y los Perfiles Familiares de los Estándares de Comunicación La discrepancia entre las experiencias de las víctimas de matonismo y el entendimiento de sus padres indican la sub-utilización del sistema de apoyo familiar, y así, presenta un factor de riesgo importante. Encuestas online (N= 300 tríadas hijo-padre-madre) fueron conducidas para establecer un marco que ayude a las familias a distinguir entre los niveles de discrepancia entre el hijo-padres. La variabilidad de nivel familiar fue modelada a través del perfil de las orientaciones del estándar de comunicación familiar de la tríada hijo-padre-madre (FCS). Este "perfil FCS" en verdad distinguió a las familias con distintos niveles de discrepancia. Más aún, los análisis SEM revelaron que esas discrepancias presentaron un factor de riesgo distintivo en relación a los efectos de los reportes de matonismo en sí mismos. Finalmente, el perfil de FCS tuvo una asociación indirecta con el bienestar de las víctimas mediante mediación en la discrepancia hijo-padres. Estos hallazgos son discutidos en relación al rol de la comunicación familiar en los procesos de recuperación de las personas víctimas del matonismo. ZhaiYao Yo yak [source]

Preeclampsia: Exposing Future Cardiovascular Risk in Mothers and Their Children

Cindy M. Anderson
There is an increased risk for future cardiovascular disease in women who have had preeclampsia. In infants born to mothers with preeclampsia, there is growing evidence of increased risk for both cardiovascular disease and preeclampsia. Epidemiologic and experimental data provide a strong link between intrauterine exposure to preeclampsia and subsequent risk for the development of cardiovascular disease in women. JOGNN, 36, 3-8; 2007. DOI: 10.1111/J.1552-6909.2006.00115.x [source]

Prevalence of Psychopathology Across a Service Population of Parents With Intellectual Disabilities and Their Children

Sue McGaw
Abstract, This study identified and investigated the incidence of childhood trauma and psychopathology across a population of parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) known to a parenting service in the United Kingdom over a 5-year period and examined the emotional and physical welfare of their children. Data were gathered from 49 parents with ID and 58 children currently living with their families. Four measures were used to identify risk and level of need at referral, the prevalence of childhood abuse reported by parents, and any associations with current levels of psychopathology in the parents or their children. Symptoms of psychopathology were prevalent among 45% of parents with ID, although the association with parent childhood trauma was weak. Significant associations were found between the presence of parent psychopathology and mental and cognitive problems in the children, such as attention deficits, anxiety disorders, and autism. Also, a significant relationship was identified between parents who reported childhood trauma and registration of their children on the Child Protection Register for risk of neglect and/or maltreatment. Sexual abuse and emotional abuse were the most prevalent risk categories under which these children were registered, the latter category significantly associating with parents' self-reports of emotional abuse as children. These findings were significantly different from that identified for children of parents without reported childhood trauma (p < 0.01). [source]

Effects of an Urban High School-Based Child Care Center on Self-Selected Adolescent Parents and Their Children

Elizabeth Gillis Williams
ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of an urban high school-based child care center on parenting teens and their children enrolled during 1995-1998. Retrospective record review of 52 low-income, urban adolescent parents enrolled at the Celotto Child Care Center (CCCC) during the period of study was conducted from the CCCC and the high school records. Mean age of the student parents was 17 years (s.d. = 1.3) and mean grade level was 11.2 (s.d. = l). Most parents were female (98%) and African American (62%). Children enrolled at CCCC had a mean age of 10 months (s.d. = 10.8). Students using the services of CCCC showed improvement in overall grade point averages, and 100% were educationally successful as defined by promotion to the next grade or graduating from high school. None of the students experienced a repeat childbirth during the period of CCCC enrollment. Ninety percent of children were up-to-date with pediatric health visits and immunizations. These results lend strong support to the importance of extending child care and social support services to teen parents, and for the implementation of high school-based child care centers as alternative sites for these critically important services. (J Sch Health. 2001;71(2):47,52) [source]

Seeking Help a Second Time: Parents'/Caregivers' Characterizations of Previous Experiences With Mental Health Services for Their Children and Perceptions of Barriers to Future Use

Dara Kerkorian PhD
This study examines the relationship between urban parents'/caregivers' previous experiences obtaining mental health care for their children and their perceptions of barriers to their children's use of services in the future. Assessments of prior treatment outcome and aspects of relationships with former providers were linked to endorsements of doubt about the utility of treatment as a potential barrier to the children's use of services in the future and the number of barriers parents endorsed. Implications for urban child mental health service delivery are drawn. [source]

Mothers' Decision-Making Processes Regarding Health Care for Their Children

Gloria Jean Gross Ph.D.
This research study explored mothers' decision-making processes regarding health care for their children. Identifying how decisions are made by mothers about health care for their children will assist health care professionals to be appropriate advocates for mothers, to improve quality of life, and to contain costs of health care for children. A sample of 114 rural mothers (51 with one child, 63 with more than one child) completed questionnaires identifying demographics, social support, client and professional interaction elements, self-determinism, competence in problem-solving skills, and relationships to responses to health care scenarios. Qualitative data were also gathered by structured in-depth interviews of 7 subjects. ANOVA, correlations, and factor analysis were completed to analyze data. Most of the mothers' decisions were based on the perceived degree of seriousness, mother's degree of fear of the child's condition, attitude of the health care provider, previous experience with the situation, and social support for the mother. There were no significant differences in decision-making processes by first time mothers and by mothers with more than one child. Implications include teaching mothers assessment skills to identify serious versus nonserious situations and to utilize other social supports. [source]