Thai Children (thai + child)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Understanding AIDS: A Comparison of Children in the United States and Thailand,

Margaret H. Young
Replicating a prior U.S. study, data were gathered from preschool and school-age children in Thailand (n= 80). Taking a developmental perspective, Thai children's knowledge and understanding of AIDS was assessed, and results were compared with those of the U.S. sample. The findings show that Thai children in each of four designated age groups have higher levels of accurate knowledge of AIDS compared with their U.S. counterparts. The findings of these early studies are discussed in terms of current AIDS infection rates and educational prevention efforts in both cultures. [source]

Influenza-associated hospitalization in urban Thai children

Piyarat Suntarattiwong
Background, Studies in North America and Europe have shown that young children are at increased risk of serious complications and hospitalization from influenza infection. In Thailand, however, influenza is commonly considered a mild infection that rarely requires hospitalization. An improved understanding of the burden of serious complications from influenza infection in young children is needed to inform clinical treatment and vaccination guidelines. Methods, We conducted a prospective study of children 0,5 years of age with lower respiratory tract infection or influenza-like illness admitted to a pediatric tertiary-care hospital in Bangkok, Thailand during July 2004 to July 2005. All respiratory specimens were tested for influenza using a rapid antigen test and tissue cell culture. Results, Thirty-nine of 456 (8.6%) hospitalized children had culture-positive influenza. Eighty percent of hospitalized influenza patients had no underlying chronic illnesses. Nineteen (49%) influenza patients required hospital stays of 5 days or more and two patients required mechanical ventilation. Influenza activity demonstrated bimodal seasonal variation with peak activity from August to October and January to April. Cough was present in 38 (97%) cases and fever >38.5C was significantly associated with influenza. Conclusion, Influenza is an important cause of hospitalization in children <5 years of age in Thailand. Children <5 years should be considered as a target group when establishing clinical guidelines for antiviral treatment and influenza vaccination. [source]

Comparison of attitudes towards school lunch by elementary school children in Japan, Korea and Thailand

Kohji Hori
Abstract The attitudes of elementary school children towards school lunch among three Asian countries, namely Japan, Korea and Thailand, were compared. More school children in Japan felt that their teachers gave them advice during the school lunch programme. Japanese and Korean teachers advised their children to eat as much as possible of the lunch. Korean children may be a little more obedient with regard to heeding the advice. However, few teachers in Thailand gave the children advice over eating lunch, and the Thai children looked forward to and enjoyed the school lunch. The different responses between Thailand and other two countries may be attributed in part to the differences in the teachers' instruction in the programme. Elementary school teachers, especially in Thailand and Korea, have to take more classes in food and nutrition in universities or colleges, and positively take part in the school lunch programme. [source]

Is a repeat urine culture useful during antibiotic therapy for febrile urinary tract infection?

NEPHROLOGY, Issue 7 2009
SUMMARY: Aim: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a repeat urine culture after a few days of antibiotic therapy in childhood urinary tract infection (UTI) in southern Thailand. Methods: A retrospective review of the medical record of children diagnosed with UTI aged less than 15 years in Songklanagarind Hospital from January 1995 to December 2004 was performed. Patient demographics were collected. The results of repeat urine culture after starting antibiotic were evaluated. The risk factors that indicated positive repeat urine culture were determined. Results: Four hundred and forty-nine patients (245 boys and 204 girls) with 533 UTI episodes were analyzed, of which 49 (9.2%) had a repeat urine culture with significant growth. Multivariate analysis showed that age less than 1 year, aetiological agents Enterococci spp., fever of more than 72 h, inappropriate antibiotics and kidney, ureter and bladder anomalies were the most significant risk factors for a positive repeat culture, while sex, vesicoureteral reflux and recurrent UTI episodes were not significant risk factors. If the treatment protocol during the study period had indicated that children with at least one of the above risk factors should receive a repeat urine culture, then only 356 cases (66.8% 2.0%) would have received a repeat test and $US 655 would have been saved, while five positive repeat urine cultures would have been missed. Conclusion: The present study in a group of Thai children indicates that a repeat urine culture during antibiotic therapy should still be recommended. [source]