Tension Recording (tension + recording)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Tension Recording

  • isometric tension recording

  • Selected Abstracts

    Abstract no.: 2 The influence of clozapine on tone of isolated bovine retinal arteries

    Koen Boussery
    Aims:, It has been suggested that the atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine might be helpful in the development of new antiglaucoma agents, since it combines lowering of the intra-ocular pressure after topical instillation with vasodilation. However, the vasoactive influence of clozapine on ocular blood vessels has never been analysed. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether clozapine has direct vasodilatory effects in isolated bovine retinal arteries (BRA) and to characterise pharmacologically the mechanisms involved. Methods:, Retinal arteries were isolated from bovine eyes and mounted in a wire-myograph for isometric tension recording. Concentration-response curves were generated by cumulative addition of clozapine (1 nM to 10 ,M) to the organ bath. Results:, Clozapine elicited a concentration-dependent relaxation of the BRA. Removal of the endothelium of the BRA, inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with N, -nitro-L-arginine and inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase with ODQ (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one) significantly attenuated the clozapine-response, whereas cyclo-oxygenase inhibition with indomethacin had no influence. The Ca2+ channel activator Bay k8644, the nonselective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist methiothepin and the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-(p-sulfophenyl) theophylline also failed in affecting the clozapine-induced relaxations. Conclusion:, Clozapine clearly relaxes bovine retinal arteries in a direct way. Endothelium-derived NO is involved in this response. However, prostanoids, calcium entry blockade, 5-HT7 receptor stimulation and adenosine receptor stimulation all seem to be not involved. [source]

    Influence of progesterone on myometrial contractility in pregnant mice treated with lipopolysaccharide

    Hiroshi Anbe
    Abstract Aim:, To evaluate the effect of progesterone on interleukin (IL)-6, prostaglandin (PG) E2 and nitric oxide (NO) metabolite (NOx) production and contractile activity by NO in pregnant mice treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods:, Pregnant C57BL mice on day 14 of gestation were killed 6 h after i.p. injection of LPS (400 ,g/kg) or vehicle. Progesterone (2 mg) was subcutaneously injected 2 h before LPS treatment. Uterine rings were equilibrated in Krebs-Henseleit solution (37°C) bubbled with 20% O2 and 5% CO2 (pH 7.4) for sampling and isometric tension recording. IL-6, PGE2 and NOx productions were measured from the bathing solution. Changes in spontaneous contractile activity in response to cumulative concentrations of l -arginine, diethylamine/nitric oxide (DEA/NO, the NO donor), and 8-bromo-cGMP (8-br-cGMP) were compared. Integral contractile activity over 10 min after each concentration was calculated and expressed as percentage change from basal activity. Statistical analyses were performed using one-way anova followed by Dunnett's test (significance was defined as P < 0.05). Results:, Interleukin-6 (34.7 ± 6.0 pg/g tissue), PGE2 (66.8 ± 6.7 pg/g tissue) and NOx (51.0 ± 5.4 pmol/2 mL/g wet tissue) production were significantly stimulated by LPS treatment (138.2 ± 23.2, 147.0 ± 29.0, 98.6 ± 16.2, respectively; P < 0.05). l -arginine, DEA/NO and 8-br-cGMP concentration-dependently inhibited spontaneous contractions in uterine rings both in LPS-treated and -untreated animals. Treatment with LPS significantly attenuated the maximal inhibition induced by l -arginine, DEA/NO and 8-br-cGMP in uterine rings from pregnant mice. Progesterone significantly decreased the levels of IL-6 production (74.9 ± 12.1, P < 0.05), but not PGE2 and NOx production, and contractile responses by l -arginine, DEA/NO and 8-br-cGMP. Conclusions:, The administration of LPS is associated with increases in IL-6, PGE2 and NO, and these increases may or may not have a role to play in LPS-induced preterm labor. Progesterone reduced the LPS-induced increase in IL-6 production and this may be one of the ways that progesterone reduces the risk of preterm labor. [source]

    Effect of ropivacaine on endothelium-dependent phenylephrine-induced contraction in guinea pig aorta

    P. L. Lin
    Background:, Previous studies have shown that ropivacaine has biphasic vascular effects, causing vasoconstriction at low concentrations and vasorelaxation at high concentrations. This study was designed to examine the role of the endothelium during accidental intravascular absorption of ropivacaine, and to elucidate the mechanisms responsible. Methods:, Isolated guinea pig aortic rings were suspended for isometric tension recording. The effects of ropivacaine on endothelium-intact and endothelium-denuded aortic rings were assessed. Endothelium-intact aortic rings were pre-contracted with phenylephrine before being exposed to ropivacaine and acetylcholine, in order to generate and compare concentration,response curves. In the absence and presence of yohimbine, propranolol, atropine, indometacin, NG -nitro- l -arginine methyl ester (l -NAME), 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) or methylene blue, the contractile response induced by ropivacaine was assessed on endothelium-intact aortic rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine. Results:, Ropivacaine (3 × 10,4 to 10,2 mol/l) produced vasoconstriction in endothelium-denuded aortic rings, whereas no such response was observed in aortic rings with intact endothelium. In phenylephrine pre-contracted intact aortic rings, ropivacaine induced a greater degree of vasorelaxation than did acetylcholine. Yohimbine, propranolol and atropine all failed to affect the relaxation responses induced by ropivacaine. However, pre-treatment with indometacin (cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor), l -NAME (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), methylene blue (soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor) or ODQ (soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor), significantly decreased the ropivacaine-induced relaxation of endothelium-intact aortic rings (3 × 10,4 to 10,2 mol/l). Conclusions:, Ropivacaine elicits an endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in phenylephrine pre-contracted aortic rings via the nitric oxide,cyclic guanosine 3,,5,-monophosphate pathway and the prostaglandin system. [source]

    Preconditioning protects the guinea-pig urinary bladder against ischaemic conditions in vitro

    Bruno Lorenzi
    Abstract Aims To investigate the ability of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) to protect guinea-pig detrusor from damage caused by a subsequent more prolonged exposure to ischaemic conditions. Materials and Methods Smooth muscle strips were mounted for tension recording in small organ baths continuously superfused with Krebs' solution at 37°C. Ischaemia was mimicked by removing oxygen and glucose from the superfusing solution. Contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) and carbachol were monitored. Three regimes of preconditioning were examined: 15, 10, and 5 min of ischaemic conditions followed by 15, 10, and 5 min of normal conditions, respectively. Results Without preconditioning, nerve-mediated responses were significantly and proportionally reduced by periods of ischaemic conditions lasting for 45, 60, and 90 min, but recovered fully after exposure to ischaemic conditions for 30 min. The recovery of the responses to EFS was significantly improved in preconditioned strips when the period of ischaemic conditions was 45 or 60 min. However, no significant differences were seen with preconditioning when the period of ischaemic conditions was 90 min. The recovery of responses to carbachol was much greater than for the responses to EFS, and no significant differences were found between control and preconditioned strips. Conclusions It is suggested that in vivo short periods of transient ischaemia may be able to protect the guinea-pig bladder from the impairment associated with longer periods of ischaemia and reperfusion, which might happen in obstructed micturition. Our results also indicate that the phenomenon affects mainly the intrinsic nerves, which are more susceptible to ischaemic damage than the smooth muscle. Neurourol. Urodynam. 22:687,692, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Beta-3 versus beta-2 adrenergic agonists and preterm labour: in vitro uterine relaxation effects

    Michael C. Dennedy
    Objective 1. To investigate the effects of the selective beta-3 adrenoreceptor agonist, BRL 37344, on human pregnant myometrial contractility in vitro. 2. to compare these effects with those of the beta-2 adrenoreceptor agonist, ritodrine. Methods Isometric tension recording was performed under physiological conditions in isolated myometrial strips from biopsies obtained at elective caesarean section. Following pre-incubation with oxytocin (10 -9 M), the effects of cumulative additions of BRL 37344 or ritodrine (10 -8,10 -3.5 M) on myometrial contractility were investigated. Results were expressed as -log EC50 (pD2) and mean maximal inhibition achieved for both drug compounds. Results BRL 37344 exerted a concentration dependant relaxant effect on myometrial contractions in all strips exposed [pD2, 7.26 (0.48) (SEM); mean maximal inhibition 61.98 (4.89%); n= 6]. Similarly, ritodrine exerted a concentration dependant inhibition of myometrial contractility in all strips exposed [pD2= 7.40 (0.28); mean maximal inhibition 59.49 (3.97%); n= 6]. There was no significant difference between calculated pD2 values (P= 0.65) or mean maximal inhibition achieved (P= 0.79). Conclusions The beta-3 adrenoreceptor agonist BRL 37344 induced relaxation of human myometrial contractions with similar potency to that of the most commonly used tocolytic agent ritodrine. This raises the possibility that the novel beta-3 adrenoreceptor agonists may have potential as therapeutic agents for human preterm labour. In view of their reported reduced cardiovascular side effects their potential clinical use requires further evaluation. [source]


    Juliana M Raimundo
    SUMMARY 1The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of tramadol on vascular reactivity in aortic rings from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). 2Aortic rings, with or without endothelium, were obtained from male WKY rats and SHR (15,20 weeks old) and prepared for isometric tension recording. Aortic rings were precontracted with phenylephrine (10 µmol/L) or 40 mmol/L KCl and then exposed to cumulative concentrations of tramadol (0.1,1 mmol/L). 3Tramadol produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of precontracted aortic rings from WKY rats and SHR, which was not dependent on functional endothelium. Vascular relaxation was significantly greater in rings from SHR than WKY rats. 4The concentration of tramadol necessary to produce a 50% reduction of the maximal contraction to phenylephrine (IC50) in rings with and without endothelium from SHR was 0.47 ± 0.08 and 0.44 ± 0.03 mmol/L, respectively (P = 0.76). 5Tramadol attenuated the contracture elicited by Ca2+ in depolarized tissue, suggesting that it may inhibit L-type Ca2+ channels. However, pretreatment with nicardipine (1 µmol/L) prevented the relaxation induced by tramadol in aortic rings from WKY rats and partially reduced its inhibitory effect in aortic rings from SHR. 6Pretreatment of endothelium-denuded aorta with glybenclamide (3 µmol/L), 4-aminopyridine (3 mmol/L), tetraethylammonium (3 mmol/L) and naloxone (100 µmol/L) did not affect tramadol-induced vasodilation of aortic rings from either WKY rats or SHR. 7Intravenous administration of tramadol (10 mg/kg) to conscious SHR significantly reduced both systolic and diastolic blood pressure from 171.4 ± 5.3 to 129.3 ± 5.3 (P = 0.002) and from 125.0 ± 6.5 to 57.8 ± 8.9 mmHg (P = 0.003), respectively. [source]