Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Life Sciences

Kinds of Band

  • absorption band
  • alpha band
  • amide i band
  • broad band
  • broad emission band
  • charge transfer band
  • chromosomal band
  • chromosome band
  • conduction band
  • confidence band
  • diagonal band
  • dna band
  • emission band
  • energy band
  • fluorescence band
  • frequency band
  • gamma band
  • ghz band
  • ghz frequency band
  • green emission band
  • hz band
  • i band
  • ism band
  • k band
  • kda band
  • kev band
  • luminescence band
  • mhz band
  • narrow band
  • new band
  • nm band
  • operating band
  • protein band
  • rejection band
  • shear band
  • single band
  • soret band
  • specific band
  • stop band
  • stretching band
  • transfer band
  • v band
  • valence band
  • wide band
  • wimax band
  • x-ray band

  • Terms modified by Band

  • band alignment
  • band area
  • band bending
  • band broadening
  • band characteristic
  • band corresponding
  • band data
  • band diagram
  • band dispersion
  • band edge
  • band electron
  • band formation
  • band frequency
  • band gap
  • band gap energy
  • band gap material
  • band gap value
  • band imaging
  • band intensity
  • band ligation
  • band maximum
  • band offset
  • band pass filter
  • band pattern
  • band photometry
  • band position
  • band profile
  • band shape
  • band shift
  • band structure
  • band structure calculation
  • band syndrome
  • band width

  • Selected Abstracts


    Introduction: , The Wesley Private Hospital has been a world leading centre for bariatric surgery in Brisbane, Australia. We have been involved with laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery since 1996. Since that time we have performed over 3000 primary lap band procedures. In this study we hoped to ascertain the long term durability of the procedure over an eight year follow up period. Methods and Materials: , We have conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent LAGB surgery at our institute from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2000. The end points were related to the outcomes in terms of weight loss and complications. Results: , 158 patients underwent LAGB surgery during the above period. There were 135 females and 23 males in this study. The age ranged from 13,69 years. Mean age of 41 years. The mean weight on presentation was 127 kg. The current mean weight is 104 kg. 80% follow-up rate over eight years. There was no mortality in our series. Conclusion: , LAGB surgery has proven durability over an eight year period in our series with a minimum of morbidity and no mortality. [source]


    Xingzhong Xu
    Summary We consider confidence bands for continuous distribution functions. Following a review of the literature we find that previously considered confidence bands, which have exact coverage, are all step-functions jumping only at the sample points. We find that the step-function bands can be constructed through rectangular tolerance regions for an ordered sample from the uniform distribution R(0, 1). We then construct a set of new bands. Two criteria for assessing confidence bands are presented. One is the power criterion, and the other is the average-width criterion that we propose. Numerical comparisons between our new bands and the old bands are carried out, and show that our new bands perform much better than the old ones. [source]

    2-DE using hemi-fluorinated surfactants

    ELECTROPHORESIS, Issue 14 2007
    Mireille Starita-Geribaldi Dr.
    Abstract The synthesis of hemi-fluorinated zwitterionic surfactants was realized and assessed for 2-DE, a powerful separation method for proteomic analysis. These new fluorinated amidosulfobetaine (FASB- p,m) were compared to their hydrocarbon counterparts amidosulfobetaine (ASB- n) characterized by a hydrophilic polar head, a hydrophobic and lipophilic tail, and an amido group as connector. The tail of these FASB surfactants was in part fluorinated resulting in the modulation of its lipophilicity (or oleophobicity). Their effect on the red blood cell (RBC) membrane showed a specific solubilization depending on the length of the hydrophobic part. A large number of polypeptide spots appeared in the 2-DE patterns by using FASB- p,m. The oleophobic character of these surfactants was confirmed by the fact that Band 3, a highly hydrophobic transmembrane protein, was not solubilized by these fluorinated structures. The corresponding pellet was very rich in Band 3 and could then be solubilized by using a strong detergent such as amidosulfobetaine with an alkyl tail containing 14 carbon atoms (ASB-14). Thus, these hemi-fluorinated surfactants appeared as powerful tools when used at the first step of a two-step solubilization strategy using a hydrocarbon homologous surfactant in the second step. [source]

    A pyrene-degrading consortium from deep-sea sediment of the West Pacific and its key member Cycloclasticus sp.


    Summary A pyrene-degrading bacterial consortium was obtained from deep-sea sediments of the Pacific Ocean. The consortium degraded many kinds of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene, acenaphthene, fluorene, anthracene, fluoranthene, 2-methylnaphthalene and 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene, but it did not grow with chrysene and benzo[,]pyrene. With methods of plate cultivation and polymerase chain reaction,denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), 72 bacteria belonging to 22 genera were detected from this consortium. Among the detected bacteria, the following genera frequently occurred: Flavobacterium, Cycloclasticus, Novosphingobium, Halomonas, Achromobacter, Roseovarius and Alcanivorax. The first two genera showed the strongest bands in denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles and appeared in all PAH treatments. By now, only one isolate designated P1 was confirmed to be a pyrene degrader. It was identified to be Cycloclasticus spirillensus (100%). Although P1 can degrade pyrene independently, other bacteria, such as Novosphingobium sp. (Band 14), Halomonas sp. (Band 16) and an unidentified bacterium (Band 35), were involved in pyrene degradation in some way; they persist in the consortium in the test of dilution to extinction if only the consortium was motivated with pyrene. However, the secondary most important member Flavobacterium sp. evaded from the community at high dilutions. As a key member of the consortium, P1 distinguished itself by both cell morphology and carbon source range among the isolates of this genus. Based on intermediate analyses of pyrene degradation, P1 was supposed to take an upper pathway different from that previously reported. Together with the results of obtained genes from P1 homology with those responsible for naphthalene degradation, its degradation to pyrene is supposed to adopt another set of genes unique to presently detected. Summarily, an efficient pyrene-degrading consortium was obtained from the Pacific Ocean sediment, in which Cycloclasticus bacterium played a key role. This is the first report to exploit the diversity of pyrene-degrading bacteria in oceanic environments. [source]

    Register der wissenschaftlichen botanischen Gattungsnamen, Band 117 (2006)

    FEDDES REPERTORIUM, Issue 7-8 2006
    Article first published online: 12 DEC 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Gesamtinhaltsverzeichnis Feddes Repertorium Band I (1905/06) , Band 116 (2005)

    FEDDES REPERTORIUM, Issue 7-8 2005
    Article first published online: 19 DEC 200
    First page of article [source]

    Register der wissenschaftlichen botanischen Gattungsnamen, Band 116 (2005)

    FEDDES REPERTORIUM, Issue 7-8 2005
    Article first published online: 19 DEC 200
    First page of article [source]

    Insight into the Role of Oxidation in the Thermally Induced Green Band in Fluorene-Based Systems,

    R. Grisorio
    Abstract The causes of the spectral instability of poly[9,9-dioctylfluoren-2,7-diyl-co-2,,7,-spiro(cyclohexane-1,9,-fluorene)] during thermal annealing in air, which leads to a green photoluminescence (PL) emission band, are investigated. The Igreen/Iblue ratio evolution (I,=,intensity) is found to be independent of the amount of monoalkylfluorene defects, despite the fact that their presence might be regarded as a trigger for the radical process leading to polymer degradation in the presence of a trace amount of metal catalyst. Furthermore, the absence of a correlation between the degree of oxidation of the material and the Igreen/Iblue ratio indicates that the spatial disposition of fluorenones formed during the thermal degradation of the material, rather than their amount, is to be strictly related to the Igreen/Iblue ratio. The evidenced formation of fluorenone agglomerates, which could be considered the cause for the consistent increase in the Igreen/Iblue ratio during a thermal oxidation of a polyfluorene, confirms that the radical mechanism can also involve dialkylfluorene systems. Finally, the higher resistance to thermal degradation shown by spirocyclohexane fluorene units with respect to dioctylfluorene ones allows the synthesis of new, spectrally stable, fluorene-based copolymers. [source]

    Understanding the Origin of the 535,nm Emission Band in Oxidized Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene): The Essential Role of Inter-Chain/Inter-Segment Interactions (Adv. Funct.

    To view the original paper use">. [source]

    High isolation microstrip GaN-HEMT Single-FET Switch

    Walter Ciccognani
    Abstract In this contribution an analytical approach to the design of high-isolation microwave transmission line-resonated switches is presented. Simulated and measured performance of a GaN HEMT single-FET switch cell topology and the one of a complete SPDT using the proposed approach are presented to demonstrate the approach feasibility and effectiveness. The resulting SPDT, operating at X Band, is featured by 1 dB insertion loss, isolation better than 37 dB all over the operating bandwidth and a power handling capability higher than 39 dBm. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE, 2010. [source]

    Geology of the summit limestone of Mount Qomolangma (Everest) and cooling history of the Yellow Band under the Qomolangma detachment

    ISLAND ARC, Issue 4 2005
    Harutaka Sakai
    Abstract Newly discovered peloidal limestone from the summit of Mount Qomolangma (Mount Everest) contains skeletal fragments of trilobites, ostracods and crinoids. They are small pebble-sized debris interbedded in micritic bedded limestone of the Qomolangma Formation, and are interpreted to have been derived from a bank margin and redeposited in peri-platform environments. An exposure of the Qomolangma detachment at the base of the first step (8520 m), on the northern slope of Mount Qomolangma was also found. Non-metamorphosed, strongly fractured Ordovician limestone is separated from underlying metamorphosed Yellow Band by a sharp fault with a breccia zone. The 40Ar,39Ar ages of muscovite from the Yellow Band show two-phase metamorphic events of approximately 33.3 and 24.5 Ma. The older age represents the peak of a Barrovian-type Eo-Himalayan metamorphic event and the younger age records a decompressional high-temperature Neo-Himalayan metamorphic event. A muscovite whole-rock 87Rb,86Sr isochron of the Yellow Band yielded 40.06 ± 0.81 Ma, which suggests a Pre-Himalayan metamorphism, probably caused by tectonic stacking of the Tibetan Tethys sediments in the leading margin of the Indian subcontinent. Zircon and apatite grains, separated from the Yellow Band, gave pooled fission-track ages of 14.4 ± 0.9 and 14.4 ± 1.4 Ma, respectively. These new chronologic data indicate rapid cooling of the hanging wall of the Qomolangma detachment from approximately 350°C to 130°C during a short period (15.5,14.4 Ma). [source]

    Hunter-Schreger Band patterns in human tooth enamel

    JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, Issue 2 2010
    Christopher D. Lynch
    Abstract Using light microscopy, we examined Hunter-Schreger Band (HSB) patterns on the axial and occlusal/incisal surfaces of 160 human teeth, sectioned in both the buccolingual and mesiodistal planes. We found regional variations in HSB packing densities (number of HSBs per mm of amelodentinal junction length) and patterns throughout the crown of each class of tooth (maxillary and mandibular: incisor, canine, premolar, and molar) examined. HSB packing densities were greatest in areas where functional and occlusal loads are greatest, such as the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth and the incisal regions of incisors and canines. From this it is possible to infer that the behaviour of ameloblasts forming enamel prisms during amelogenesis is guided by genetic/evolutionary controls that act to increase the fracture and wear resistance of human tooth enamel. It is suggested that HSB packing densities and patterns are important in modern clinical dental treatments, such as the bonding of adhesive restorations to enamel, and in the development of conditions, such as abfraction and cracked tooth syndrome. [source]

    A novel method for enzyme design

    Xiaolei Zhu
    Abstract Rational design of enzymes is a stringent test of our understanding of protein structure and function relationship, which also has numerous potential applications. We present a novel method for enzyme design that can find good candidate protein scaffolds in a protein-ligand database based on vector matching of key residues. Residues in the vicinity of the active site were also compared according to a similarity score between the scaffold protein and the target enzyme. Suitable scaffold proteins were selected, and the side chains of residues around the active sites were rebuilt using a previously developed side-chain packing program. Triose phosphate isomerase (TIM) was used as a validation test for enzyme design. Selected scaffold proteins were found to accommodate the enzyme active sites and successfully form a good transition state complex. This method overcomes the limitations of the current enzyme design methods that use limited number of protein scaffold and based on the position of ligands. As there are a large number of protein scaffolds available in the Protein Data Band, this method should be widely applicable for various types of enzyme design. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2009 [source]

    Band 4.1 proteins are expressed in the retina and interact with both isoforms of the metabotropic glutamate receptor type 8

    Melanie Rose
    Abstract The function of the CNS depends on the correct regulation of neurotransmitter receptors by interacting proteins. Here, we screened a retinal cDNA library for proteins interacting with the intracellular C-terminus of the metabotropic glutamate receptor isoform 8a (mGluR8a). The band 4.1B protein binds to the C-termini of mGluR8a and mGluR8b, co-localizes with these glutamate receptors in transfected mammalian cells, facilitates their cell surface expression and inhibits the mGluR8 mediated reduction of intracellular cAMP concentrations. In contrast, no interaction with 4.1B was observed for other mGluRs tested. Amino acids encoded by exons 19 and 20 of 4.1B and a stretch of four basic amino acids present in the mGluR8 C-termini mediate the protein interaction. Besides binding to 4.1B, mGluR8 isoforms interact with 4.1G, 4.1N, and 4.1R. Because band 4.1 transcripts undergo extensive alternative splicing, we analyzed the splicing pattern of interacting regions and detected a 4.1B isoform expressed specifically in the retina. Within this tissue, mGluR8 and 4.1B, 4.1G, 4.1N, and 4.1R show a comparable distribution, being expressed in both synaptic layers and in somata of the ganglion cell layer. In summary, our studies identified band 4.1 proteins as new players for the mGluR8 mediated signal transduction. [source]

    Lesions of the Diagonal Band of Broca Enhance Drinking in the Rat

    M. J. Sullivan
    Abstract This study examined the role of the diagonal band of Broca (DBB) in drinking behaviour and vasopressin release. Adult male rats were anaesthetized (pentobarbital 50 mg/kg) and received DBB injections of either ibotenic acid (0.5 µl of 5 µg/µl) or vehicle (0.5 µl of phosphate-buffered saline). Although baseline drinking and urine output were not affected, drinking to 30% polyethylene glycol (MW 8000; 1 ml/100 g s.c.) and angiotensin II (0, 1.5 and 3.0 mg/kg s.c.) were significantly increased in ibotenic acid in phosphate-buffered saline (DBBX) rats. Drinking to hypertonic saline (0.9, 4 and 6%; 1 ml/100 g), and water deprivation were not significantly affected. DBBX rats had significantly lower basal heart rates than controls but the cardiovascular responses to infusions of angiotensin II (100 ng/kg/min i.v. for 45 min) were not affected. DBBX rats had significantly higher basal vasopressin, but angiotensin-stimulated vasopressin release was not significantly different. Although the DBB is not involved in basal water intake, it is involved in dipsogenic responses to hypovolemic stimuli and possibly basal autonomic function and basal vasopressin release. [source]

    The Effect of Decreasing Temperature up to Chilling Values on the in vivo F685/F735 Chlorophyll Fluorescence Ratio in Phaseolus vulgaris and Pisum sativum: The Role of the Photosystem I Contribution to the 735 nm Fluorescence Band ,

    Giovanni Agati
    ABSTRACT The effect of leaf temperature (T), between 23 and 4°C, on the chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence spectral shape was investigated under moderate (200 ,E m,2 s,1) and low (30,35 ,E m,2 s,1) light intensities in Phaseolus vulgaris and Pisum sativum. With decreasing temperature, an increase in the fluorescence yield at both 685 and 735 nm was observed. A marked change occurred at the longer emission band resulting in a decrease in the Chl fluorescence ratio, F685/F735, with reducing T. Our fluorescence analysis suggests that this effect is due to a temperature-induced state 1,state 2 transition that decreases and increases photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI) fluorescence, respectively. Time-resolved fluorescence lifetime measurements support this interpretation. At a critical temperature (about 6°C) and low light intensity a sudden decrease in fluorescence intensity was observed, with a larger effect at 685 than at 735 nm. This is probably linked to a modification of the thylakoid membranes, induced by chilling temperatures, which can alter the spillover from PSII to PSI. The contribution of photosystem I to the long-wavelength Chl fluorescence band (735 nm) at room temperature was estimated by both time-resolved fluorescence lifetime and fluorescence yield measurements at 685 and 735 nm. We found that PSI contributes to the 735 nm fluorescence for about 40, 10 and 35% at the minimal (F0), maximal (Fm) and steady-state (Fs) levels, respectively. Therefore, PSI must be taken into account in the analysis of Chl fluorescence parameters that include the 735 nm band and to interpret the changes in the Chl fluorescence ratio that can be induced by different agents. [source]

    The effects of 28 hours of sleep deprivation on respiratory sinus arrhythmia during tasks with low and high controlled attention demands

    PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, Issue 1 2009
    Alexander D. Walker
    Abstract Task performance while sleep deprived may be moderated by the controlled attention required by the task (Pilcher, Band, Odle-Dusseau, & Muth, 2007). This study examined the effects of 28 h of sleep deprivation on respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) during tasks with low and high controlled attention demands. The results showed that RSA increased throughout the night for both task types, but was consistently reduced during the low compared to high controlled attention tasks. The increase in RSA was linear for the high controlled attention tasks but curvilinear for the low ones. Hence, RSA followed a circadian pattern during the low controlled attention tasks but not the high ones. These results suggest that the effects of sleep deprivation on task performance may be moderated by parasympathetic activity and task type, and this has implications for task assignment during sustained operations that cause sleep deprivation. [source]

    A Large-sample Confidence Band for a Multi-response Ridge Path

    Rui Ding
    Abstract Ridge analysis in response surface methodology has received extensive discussion in the literature, while little is known for ridge analysis in the multi-response case. In this paper, the ridge path is investigated for multi-response surfaces and a large-sample simultaneous confidence interval (confidence band) for the ridge path is developed. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Metallic Nanomaterials.Nanomaterials for the Life Sciences, Band 1.

    ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE, Issue 40 2009
    Herausgegeben von Challa S.
    Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2008. 571,S., geb., 149.00,,.,ISBN 978-3527321513 [source]

    Green Catalysis.Handbook of Green Catalysis, Band 1,3.

    ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE, Issue 39 2009
    Herausgegeben von Robert
    Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2009. 1082,S., geb., 499.00,,.,ISBN 978-3527315772 [source]

    Inhaltsübersicht zu Band 26: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 4/2003

    Article first published online: 10 DEC 200
    First page of article [source]

    «Land of East Wind»: mise en forme d'une mémoire mi'gmaq,

    P.D. Clarke
    This essay follows from an historical study of Heron Island (Baie des Chaleurs), and in particular, the relationship between the island and the members, past and present, of the Eel River Bar Band, from the reserve of the same name. It aims to explore elements brought to light through my observation of members of the band, and notably the processes by which the latter strive to fashion a renewed connection with Heron Island; that is, to Self and to the world. Purposefully multidisciplinary, this study focusses on the representation/construction of space and on the manner in which it acts upon its derivatives in the form of collective memory and identity. Situated at the intersection of the symbolic and material realms, this essay endeavours to shed light on the formation of the narratives that, in this instance, constitute the production (mise en scene) of a perspective space of symbolization and social objectification,a process articulated on the enunciation of goals related to socio-economic development and autonomy. At the same time, it is an attempt to account for a number of correlates to discourse, particularly practices related to social reconfiguration and the exercise of power, in a context marked by a quest for self-determination and revitalism. In short, it is an examination of a case of resistance and accommodation by a small indigenous group seeking a new world-vision. Le présent essai découle d'une étude historique portant sur l'île au Héron (Baie-des-Chaleurs) et en particulier sur les liens qui s'éta-blissent entre celle-ci et les membres, passés et présents, de la bande Eel River Bar, de la réserve du même nom. Il vise à explorer les éléments mis en relief par des observations faites dans le cadre de mes relations avec des membres de la bande, notamment les processus de l'élaboration d'un rapport renouveléà l'île au Héron, c'est-à-dire au Soi et au monde. Résolument multidisciplinaire, c'est une étude de cas qui porte sur la représentation/construction de l'espace et sur la façon dont celle-ci influe sur la mémoire collective et sur l'identité qui en dérive. Sis à l'intersection de l'univers symbolique et de l'univers matériel, cet essai cherche à mettre au jour la formation des récits qui, dans ce cas, constituent la mise en scène d'un espace perspectif de symbolisation et d'objectivation sociale, un processus articulé sur l'énonciation de desseins de développement socio-économique et d'autonomie. Parallèlement, il s'attache àéclairer les pratiques corrélatives au discursif, qui se nomment reconfiguration sociale et déploiement du pouvoir, dans un contexte de prise en main et de velléités revitalistes. En somme, il s'agit d'examiner un cas de résistance et d'accommodement de la part d'un groupe autochtone de petite taille, en mal de vision-monde. [source]

    Buchbesprechung: Makromoleküle, Band 4: Anwendungen von Polymeren.

    Von H.-G.
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Chemie Ingenieur Technik: Band 75

    B. Böck
    Abstract No abstracts. [source]

    Cell Adhesion onto Highly Curved Surfaces: One-Step Immobilization of Human Erythrocyte Membranes on Silica Beads

    CHEMPHYSCHEM, Issue 7 2003
    Stefan Kaufmann
    Abstract This paper deals with single-step, orientation-selective immobilization of human erythrocyte membranes on bare silica beads with different topographies: 1) solid (nonporous) silica beads with a diameter of 3 ,m and 2) porous silica beads with a diameter of 5 ,m. Erythrocyte membranes were immobilized onto beads simply by incubation, without sonication or osmotic lysis. Membrane orientation before and after immobilization was identified with two immunofluorescence labels: 1) the extracellular part of glycophorin can be labeled with a first monoclonal antibody and a second polyclonal antibody with fluorescence dyes (outside label), while 2) the cytoplasmic domain of Band 3 can be recognized with a first monoclonal antibody and a second fluorescent polyclonal antibody (inside label). Adherent erythrocytes on the beads all ruptured, inverted the asymmetric orientation of the membrane, and selectively exposed their cytoplasmic domain. The surface topography did not influence the orientation or the amount of immobilized membrane. On the other hand, the fact that no adsorption or rupture of erythrocytes could be observed on planar quartz substrates suggests a significant influence of contact curvature on adhesion energy. [source]

    NMR and the uncertainty principle: How to and how not to interpret homogeneous line broadening and pulse nonselectivity.

    IV. (Un?)certainty
    Abstract Following the treatments presented in Parts I, II, and III, I herein address the popular notion that the frequency of a monochromatic RF pulse as well as that of a monochromatic FID is "in effect" uncertain due to the (Heisenberg) Uncertainty Principle, which also manifests itself in the fact that the FT-spectrum of these temporal entities is spread over a nonzero frequency band. I will show that the frequency spread should not be interpreted as "in effect" meaning a range of physical driving RF fields in the former, and "spin frequencies" in the latter case. The fact that a shorter pulse or a more quickly decaying FID has a wider FT-spectrum is in fact solely due to the Fourier Uncertainty Principle, which is a less well known and easily misunderstood concept. A proper understanding of the Fourier Uncertainty Principle tells us that the FT-spectrum of a monochromatic pulse is not "broad" because of any "uncertainty" in the RF frequency, but because the spectrum profile carries all of the pulse's features (frequency, phase, amplitude, length, temporal location) coded into the complex amplitudes of the FT-spectrum's constituent eternal basis harmonic waves. A monochromatic RF pulse's capability to excite nonresonant magnetizations is in fact a purely classical off-resonance effect that has nothing to do with "uncertainty". Analogously, "Lorentzian lineshape" means exactly the same thing physically as "exponential decay," and all inferences as to the physical reasons for that decay must be based on independent assumptions or observations. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Concepts Magn Reson Part A 32A: 373,404, 2008. [source]

    NMR and the uncertainty principle: How to and how not to interpret homogeneous line broadening and pulse nonselectivity.


    Abstract Following the treatments presented in Parts I and II, I herein discuss in more detail the popular notion that the frequency of a monochromatic RF pulse as well as that of a monochromatic FID is "in effect" uncertain due to the (Heisenberg) Uncertainty Principle, which also manifests itself in the fact that the FT-spectrum of these temporal entities is spread over a nonzero frequency band. In Part III, I continue my preliminary review of some further fundamental concepts, such as the Heisenberg and Fourier Uncertainty Principles, that are needed to understand whether or not the NMR linewidth and the RF excitation bandwidth have anything to do with "uncertainty". The article then culminates in re-addressing our Two NMR Problems in a more conscientious frame of mind by using a more refined formalism. The correct interpretation of these problems will be discussed in Part IV. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Concepts Magn Reson Part A 32A: 302,325, 2008. [source]

    Cor Triatriatum Sinister with and without Left Ventricular Inflow Obstruction: Visualization of the Entire Supravalvular Membrane by Real-time Three-dimensional Echocardiography.

    Impact on Clinical Management of Individual Patient
    ABSTRACT We present 4 cases of cor triatriatum in whom the diagnosis was correctly made by 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, which showed the supravalvular left atrial membrane that divides the left atrium into 2 chambers. The pulmonary veins were connected normally to the proximal left atrial chamber and the left atrial appendage was connected to the distal left atrial chamber. In 1 patient there was evidence of severe pulmonary venous obstruction to the mitral valve by Doppler examination, while in the other three, there was no venous obstruction. Patients were then examined by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE, using ×4 matrix array transducer connected to Sonos 7500 echocardiographic system Phillips, Andover, Mass, USA). This showed the exact morphology of the membrane and led to cancellation of planed surgical intervention in 1 case in which the membrane was only a broad band crossing the left atrial cavity. In addition to delineating the exact morphology of the intracavitary anomaly, this novel echocardiographic imaging modality should be an additive tool to better understand the natural history of these nonobstructive left atrial membranes via longitudinal follow-up of these patients. [source]

    The Dual Mode Microwave Afterglow Apparatus for Measuring the Electron Temperature Dependence of the Electron-Ion Recombination

    O. Miku
    Abstract Three dual mode microwave apparatus (one using S -band and two using X -band) have been developed to determine ambipolar diffusion and electron-ion recombination rates under conditions such that Tgas = 300K and Te is varied from 300 K to 6300 K, in the afterglow period of the dc glow discharge. TheTM010 cylindrical cavity (in S -band) and TM011 open cylindrical cavity (X -band) are used to determine the electron density during the afterglow period and a non-resonant waveguide mode is used to apply a constant microwave heating field to the electrons. To test the properties of the apparatus the neon afterglow plasma has been investigated. At Te = 300 K a value of , (Ne+2) = (1.7± 0.2) × 10,7cm3/s is obtained which is in good agreement with values of other investigators. Also similar variations of , as T,0.4e (S -band) and as T,0.42e (X -band) obeyed over the range 300 , Te , 6300K are in good agreement with some other previous measurements. The simplicity of the X-band microwave apparatus also allows the measurements of the gas temperature dependency and the study of electron attachment and may be used simultaneously with optical or mass spectrometry investigations. (© 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

    Preparation, structure and photoluminescence properties of SiO2,coated ZnS nanowires

    Changhyun Jin
    Abstract It is essential to passivate one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures with insulating materials to avoid crosstalking as well as to protect them from contamination and oxidation. The structure and influence of thermal annealing on the photoluminescence properties of ZnS-core/SiO2 -shell nanowires synthesized by the thermal evaporation of ZnS powders followed by the sputter deposition of SiO2 were investigated. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the cores and shells of the core-shell nanowires were single crystal zinc blende-type ZnO and amorphous SiO2, respectively. Photoluminescence (PL) measurement showed that the core-shell nanowires had a green emission band centered at around 525 nm with a shoulder at around 385 nm. The PL emission of the core-shell nanowires was enhanced in intensity by annealing in an oxidative atmosphere and further enhanced by subsequently annealing in a reducing atmosphere. Also the origin of the enhancement of the green emission by annealing is discussed based on the energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis results. (© 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]