Supramolecular Materials (supramolecular + material)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Polymers and Materials Science

Selected Abstracts

Tuning the Amphiphilicity of Building Blocks: Controlled Self-Assembly and Disassembly for Functional Supramolecular Materials,

Yapei Wang
Abstract Amphiphilicity is one of the molecular bases for self-assembly. By tuning the amphiphilicity of building blocks, controllable self-assembly can be realized. This article reviews different routes for tuning amphiphilicity and discusses different possibilities for self-assembly and disassembly in a controlled manner. In general, this includes irreversible and reversible routes. The irreversible routes concern irreversible reactions taking place on the building blocks and changing their molecular amphiphilicity. The building blocks are then able to self-assemble to form different supramolecular structures, but cannot remain stable upon loss of amphiphilicity. Compared to the irreversible routes, the reversible routes are more attractive due to the good control over the assembly and disassembly of the supramolecular structure formed via tuning of the amphiphilicity. These routes involve reversible chemical reactions and supramolecular approaches, and different external stimuli can be used to trigger reversible changes of amphiphilicity, including light, redox, pH, and enzymes. It is anticipated that this line of research can lead to the fabrication of new functional supramolecular assemblies and materials. [source]

Rich Phase Behavior in a Supramolecular Conducting Material Derived from an Organogelator

Josep Puigmartí-Luis
Abstract Organic conducting fiber-like materials hold great promise for the development of nanowires that can act as connections in miniature electronic devices, as an alternative to inorganic nanometer scale structures. This article presents a conducting organic tetrathiafulvalene-based supramolecular material which possesses a rich phase behavior with different packing of the molecules in the different forms, evidenced by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The distinct phases of conducting nanofibers can be easily fabricated through the temperature control of their preparation process from a xerogel by doping with iodine vapors. A total of four conducting phases have been identified conclusively using ESR spectroscopy as the key analytical tool. Three of the phases show a good long-term stability and areas in which the I,V curves have ohmic behavior when studied by current sensing (conducting) AFM. They offer promise for applications where electrical nanometer scale connections are required. [source]

Formation and applications of stable 10 nm to 500 nm supramolecular porphyrinic materials

Charles Michael Drain
Nanoscaled materials of organic dyes are of interest for a variety of potential applications because of the rich photonic properties that this class of molecules can impart. One mode to form such nanoscaled materials is via self-organization and self-assembly, using reasonably well understood methods in supramolecular chemistry. But there are inherent complexities that arise from the use of organic-based supramolecular materials, including stability toward dioxygen, structural stability, and nanoarchitectures that may change with environmental conditions. Porphyrinoids have rich photonic properties yet are remarkably stable, have a rigid core, are readily functionalized, and metalation of the macrocycle can impart a plethora of optical, electronic, and magnetic properties. While there are many <10 nm porphyrinic assemblies, which may or may not self-organize into crystals, there is a paucity of 10,500 nm porphyrinic materials that can be isolated and stored. A variety of strategies towards the latter nanoscopic porphyrinic materials are discussed in terms of design, construction, and nanoarchitecture. The hierarchical structures include colloids, nanorods, nanotubes, nanorings, and nano-crystalline materials. This prolegomenon emphasizes the supramolecular chemistry, structure-stability, and structure-function relationships. The goal herein is to examine general trends and delineate general principles. [source]

Effect of stoichiometry on liquid crystalline supramolecular polymers formed with complementary nucleobase pair interactions

Kelly A. Burke
Abstract We report herein studies on the liquid crystalline behavior of a series of supramolecular materials that contain different ratios of two complementary symmetrically-substituted alkoxy-bis(phenylethynyl)benzene AA- and BB-type monomers. One monomer has thymine units placed at either end of the rigid mesogenic core, while the other has N6 -(4-methoxybenzoyl)-adenine units placed on the ends. Differential scanning calorimetric and polarized optical microscopy studies have been carried out on these systems. These studies show that the material's behavior is strongly dependent on its thermal history. As a result, the materials can exhibit, on heating, either a liquid crystalline phase, a crystalline phase, or the coexistence of crystalline and liquid crystalline regions. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 44: 5049,5059, 2006 [source]

Metal,Ligand-Containing Polymers: Terpyridine as the Supramolecular Unit

Raja Shunmugam
Abstract New and interesting properties can be obtained from macromolecular architectures functionalized with supramolecular moieties, particularly metal,ligand complexes. Self-assembly, based on the selective control of noncovalent interactions, guides the creation of hierarchically ordered materials providing access to novel structures and new properties. This field has expanded significantly in the last two decades, and one of the most ubiquitous functionalities is terpyridine. Despite its wide-spread use, much basic knowledge regarding the binding of terpyridine with metal ions remains unknown. Here, the binding constants of PEG-substituted terpyridine in relation to other literature reports are studied and a few examples of supramolecular materials from our laboratory are summarized. [source]

Constitutional Self-Organization of Adenine,Uracil-Derived Hybrid Materials

Carole Arnal-Hérault Dr.
Abstract The alkoxysilane nucleobase adenine (A) and uracil (U) precursors described in this paper generate in solution a complex library of hydrogen-bonded aggregates, which can be expressed in the solid state as discrete higher oligomers. The different interconverting outputs that nucleobases may form by oligomerization define a dynamic polyfunctional diversity that may be "extracted selectively" in solid state by sol,gel transcription, under the intrinsic stability of the system. After the sol,gel process, unique constitutional preference for specific geometries in hybrid materials is consistent with a preferential arrangement of nucleobase systems, favoring the self-assembly by the Hoogsteen geometry. FTIR and NMR spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction experiments demonstrate the formation of self-organized hybrid supramolecular materials. Electron microscopy reveals the micrometric platelike morphology of the hybrid materials. The MA,U hybrid material is nanostructured in ordered circular domains of 5,nm in diameter of alternative light and dark rows with an one-dimensional periodicity of 3.5,Å. [source]