Basal-like Phenotype (basal-like + phenotype)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Centrally necrotizing carcinoma of the breast: clinicopathological analysis of 33 cases indicating its basal-like phenotype and poor prognosis

Lin Yu
Yu L, Yang W, Cai X, Shi D, Fan Y & Lu H (2010) Histopathology,57, 193,201 Centrally necrotizing carcinoma of the breast: clinicopathological analysis of 33 cases indicating its basal-like phenotype and poor prognosis Aims:, To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunophenotype of centrally necrotizing carcinoma (CNC) of the breast to ascertain its relationship to basal-like phenotype and its prognosis. Methods and results:, The clinical and pathological characteristics of 33 CNCs were reviewed. Immunohis-tochemical study of oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2, cytokeratin (CK) 8/18, high-molecular-weight CK (34,E12), CK5/6, CK14, CK17, smooth muscle antigen, p63, vimentin and epidermal growth factor receptor was performed. The striking feature of CNC was a central, necrotic or acellular zone surrounded by a ring-like area of viable tumour cells. The central zone showed three morphological types: predominance of coagulative necrosis (21 cases), predominance of fibrosis and scar tissue (nine cases) and infarction (three cases). Tumour cells displayed invasive ductal carcinoma of high grade. The expression rate of basal-like markers was higher than that of myoepithelial markers (87.9% versus 46.2%). Basal-like subtype was shown by 63.6% of cases. The expression rate of CK5/6 (90.5%) was highest among basal-like markers. Follow-up data of 19 patients were available. Median progression-free survival was 15.5 months. In 12 patients (63.2%), local recurrence and/or distant metastasis developed (median time to recurrence and/or metastasis, 14.0 months). Conclusions:, CNC has distinctive morphological features, which mostly exhibit a basal-like immunophenotype and poor prognosis. CNC is a typical representative of basal-like breast cancer. [source]

Metaplastic breast carcinomas are basal-like tumours

J S Reis-Filho
Aims :,Recently, an immunohistochemical panel comprising antibodies against HER2, oestrogen receptor (ER), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cytokeratin (CK) 5/6 was reported to identify basal-like breast carcinomas, as defined by cDNA microarrays. Our aim was to analyse a series of metaplastic breast carcinomas (MBCs) using this panel plus two other basal markers (CK14 and p63) and progesterone receptor (PR), to define how frequently MBCs show a basal-like immunophenotype. Methods and results :,Sixty-five cases were retrieved from the pathology archives of the authors' institutions and reviewed by three of the authors. Immunohistochemistry with antibodies for HER2, ER, EGFR, CK5/6, CK14 and p63 was performed according to standard methods. All but six cases (91%) showed the typical immunoprofile of basal-like tumours (ER, and HER2,, EGFR+ and/or CK5/6+). When CK14 and p63 were added to the panel, two additional cases could be classified as basal-like. The majority of MBCs lacked PR, except 4/19 (21%) carcinomas with squamous metaplasia. Conclusions :,Our results demonstrate that MBCs show a basal-like phenotype, regardless of the type of metaplastic elements. Moreover, as these neoplasms frequently overexpress EGFR (57%), patients with MBC may benefit from treatment with anti-EGFR drugs. [source]

Frequency of the basal-like phenotype in African breast cancer,

APMIS, Issue 12 2007
Basal-like breast carcinoma has been recognized as a subtype with specific prognostic implications. However, there is a lack of reports about this category of breast tumors in African women. The aim of this study was to explore the basal-like phenotype in breast cancer patients in an African population, and a registry-based series was included from the well-defined Kyadondo County in Uganda (1.7 millions). We studied a total of 65 archival paraffin blocks of invasive breast cancer using antibodies against cytokeratin 5/6 and P-cadherin, and these markers were expressed in 34% of all cases and in 52% of ER (estrogen receptor)-negative tumors. All basal-like tumors were ER negative (p<0.0005) and PR (progesterone receptor) negative (p=0.002). Basal-like breast carcinomas were of a higher histologic grade (p=0.001), had high mitotic counts (p=0.002), and marked nuclear pleomorphism (p=0.002). P-cadherin-positive tumors had a high Ki-67 proliferative rate (p=0.039). In conclusion, the basal-like phenotype is frequent in this African series of breast cancer and is strongly associated with poor prognostic factors. Our findings might be significant in relation to clinical management of these patients, including novel targeted therapy. [source]