B-cell Antigen Receptor (b-cell + antigen_receptor)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Enhanced B-cell activation mediated by TLR4 and BCR crosstalk,

Susana Minguet
Abstract Despite the important role of B lymphocytes as a bridge between the innate and the adaptive immune system, little is known regarding lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition, activation of signalling networks or conceivable cooperation between LPS and the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR). Here, we show that primary B cells can efficiently discriminate between different LPS chemotypes, responding with at least 100-fold higher sensitivity to rough-form LPS compared with smooth-form LPS. Using genetically modified mice, we demonstrate that B lymphocytes recognize all LPS chemotypes via Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). In addition, we dissect the signalling pathways that lead to CD69 upregulation upon TLR4 and BCR activation in primary B cells. Our data suggest that TLR4 and BCR induce CD69 transcription via two distinct sets of signalling molecules, exerting quantitative and qualitative differences in B-cell activation. Finally, we show that simultaneous stimulation of TLR4 and BCR additively elevates B-cell activation. In contrast, co-engagement of TLR4 and BCR by antigen-coupled LPS synergistically enhances activation of B cells, pointing out attractive targets for signalling crosstalk in B lymphocytes. [source]

Models of signal transduction through the B-cell antigen receptor

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 4 2003
Roland Geisberger
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

B-cell antigen-receptor signalling in lymphocyte development

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 4 2003
Leo D. Wang
Summary Signalling through the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) is required throughout B-cell development and peripheral maturation. Targeted disruption of BCR components or downstream effectors indicates that specific signalling mechanisms are preferentially required for central B-cell development, peripheral maturation and repertoire selection. Additionally, the avidity and the context in which antigen is encountered determine both cell fate and differentiation in the periphery. Although the signalling and receptor components required at each stage have been largely elucidated, the molecular mechanisms through which specific signalling are evoked at each stage are still obscure. In particular, it is not known how the pre-BCR initiates the signals required for normal development or how immature B cells regulate the signalling pathways that determine cell fate. In this review, we will summarize the recent studies that have defined the molecules required for B-cell development and maturation as well as the theories on how signals may be regulated at each stage. [source]

Lower antibody response to Porphyromonas gingivalis associated with immunoglobulin G Fc, receptor IIB polymorphism

Y. Honma
Background and Objective:, Human Fc,RIIB is one of the receptors for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and suppresses the activation of B lymphocytes through cross-linking with the B cell receptor via immune complexes. This function of Fc,RIIB is essential for the negative regulation of antibody production. Our previous study has demonstrated the gene polymorphism Fc,RIIB-I232T to be associated with periodontitis. The polymorphism Fc,RIIB-232T has been reported to inhibit B-cell antigen receptor signaling more effectively compared to Fc,RIIB-232I, while other groups concluded that Fc,RIIB-232T had no ability to inhibit activatory receptors. In this study, we examined whether Fc,RIIB-I232T polymorphism would change the IgG antibody response to the periodontopathic bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis. Material and Methods:, Forty-seven patients with periodontitis were genotyped with the direct sequencing of genome DNA. Serum IgG and specific IgG subclass levels for the sonicate of P. gingivalis and the recombinant 40 kDa outer membrane protein (OMP) were determined. Results:, No significant difference in the total IgG level and IgG response to P. gingivalis sonicate were observed between sera from Fc,RIIB-232T carriers and non-carriers. The Fc,RIIB-232T carriers revealed a significantly lower IgG2 response to P. gingivalis 40 kDa OMP compared to non-carriers (p = 0.04, Mann,Whitney U -test). Lower responses of Fc,RIIB-232T carriers were also observed in specific IgG and IgG1 levels. The Fc,RIIB-232T carriers revealed a low level of IgG2 response to P. gingivalis 40 kDa OMP, even with a high average probing pocket depth. Conclusion:, These results suggest that association of the Fc,RIIB-232T allele with periodontitis might be related to the lower levels of antibody response to P. gingivalis. [source]

The role of the preBCR, the interleukin-7 receptor, and homotypic interactions during B-cell development

Angela Stoddart
Summary: Considerable progress has been made in defining intermediate stages in the process leading from stem cells to mature B cells. Cell-bound and secreted molecules direct the progression through these stages and regulate the selection of clones from which the immune repertoire emerges. In fact, a myriad of signals derived from B-cell progenitors themselves and the microenvironment in which they develop direct the differentiation process. These signals are provided by B-cell antigen receptors (BCR) and their surrogates, and by adhesion and cytokine receptors. The co-operation of these receptors to control survival, expansion, and differentiation of early B-cell progenitors is the topic of this review. Specifically, we will summarize recent findings from our laboratory demonstrating that preBCR expression lowers the threshold for interleukin (IL)-7 responsiveness. How signals initiated by these receptors may intersect at this critical point of B-cell selection will be discussed. At the stage following IL-7 responsiveness we have shown that interactions between B-cell progenitors themselves promote their differentiation to immunoglobulin-secreting B cells. We propose that one function of stromal cells, known to be central to B lymphopoiesis, is to promote critical preB,preB homotypic interactions and ensuing signals. [source]