B Substrates (b + substrate)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Large area lateral overgrowth of mismatched InGaP on GaAs(111)B substrates

CRYSTAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, Issue 12 2005
S. Uematsu
Abstract Application of InGaAs/InGaP double-heterostructure (DH) lasers increases the band offset between the cladding layer and the active layer more than the use of conventional 1.3 m InGaAsP/InP lasers. As a first step in realizing 1.3 m InGaP/InGaAs/InGaP DH lasers, we proposed InGaP lattice-mismatched epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) technique and successfully carried out the InGaP growth on both GaAs (100), (111)B and InP (100) substrates by liquid phase epitaxy. In this work, we grew the InGaP crystal on GaAs (111)B substrate by adjusting Ga and P composition in In solution, to obtain In0.79Ga0.21P (, = 820 nm) virtual substrate for 1.3 m InGaAs/InGaP DH lasers. To grow the InGaP all over the lateral surface of the substrate, the growth time was extended to 6 hours. The amount of InGaP lateral growth up to 2 hours was gradually increased, but the lateral growth was saturated. The InGaP lateral width was about 250 m at the growth time of 6 hours. We report the result that optical microscope observation, CL and X-ray rocking curve measurements and reciprocal lattice space mapping were carried out to evaluate the crystal quality of the grown InGaP layers. ( 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]


Structural and Room-Temperature Transport Properties of Zinc Blende and Wurtzite InAs Nanowires

ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, Issue 13 2009
Shadi A. Dayeh
Abstract Here, direct correlation between the microstructure of InAs nanowires (NWs) and their electronic transport behavior at room temperature is reported. Pure zinc blende (ZB) InAs NWs grown on SiO2/Si substrates are characterized by a rotational twin along their growth-direction axis while wurtzite (WZ) InAs NWs grown on InAs (111)B substrates have numerous stacking faults perpendicular to their growth-direction axis with small ZB segments. In transport measurements on back-gate field-effect transistors (FETs) fabricated from both types of NWs, significantly distinct subthreshold characteristics are observed (Ion/Ioff,,,2 for ZB NWs and ,104 for WZ NWs) despite only a slight difference in their transport coefficients. This difference is attributed to spontaneous polarization charges at the WZ/ZB interfaces, which suppress carrier accumulation at the NW surface, thus enabling full depletion of the WZ NW FET channel. 2D Silvaco-Atlas simulations are used for ZB and WZ channels to analyze subthreshold current flow, and it is found that a polarization charge density of ,1013,cm,2 leads to good agreement with experimentally observed subthreshold characteristics for a WZ InAs NW given surface-state densities in the 5,,1011,5,,1012,cm,2 range. [source]


Laplace DLTS of molecular beam epitaxy GaAs grown on (100) and (211)B substrates

PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (C) - CURRENT TOPICS IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 12 2009
R. H. Mari
Abstract Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS) and Laplace DLTS (LDLTS) techniques have been employed to study defects in n-type GaAs grown by MBE on (100) and (211)B GaAs planes. The DLTS spectra were different for the two GaAs substrate orientations. Five and four defect states are found in samples grown on (100) and (211)B GaAs planes, respectively with activation energies ranging from 0.054 eV to 0.570 eV. For all of the traps observed in our samples we obtained small activation energies as compared to the previous data published in literature on n-GaAs samples grown by MBE. This can be explained by the fact that the emission of the carriers depends on the applied electric field and temperature dependence of the carrier concentration. These two phenomena seem to explain the small trap energies seen in our samples. ( 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]


Deterministic self-organization: Ordered positioning of InAs quantum dots by self-organized anisotropic strain engineering on patterned GaAs (311)B

PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (C) - CURRENT TOPICS IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 6 2009
E. Seluk
Abstract Laterally ordered InGaAs quantum dot (QD) arrays, InAs QD molecules, and single InAs QDs in a spot-like periodic arrangement are created by self-organized anisotropic strain engineering of InGaAs/GaAs superlattice (SL) templates on planar GaAs (311)B substrates in molecular beam epitaxy. On shallow- and deep-patterned substrates the respectively generated steps and facets guide the self-organization process during SL template formation to create more complex ordering such as periodic stripes, depending on pattern design. Here we demonstrate for patterns such as shallow- and deepetched round holes and deep-etched zigzag mesas that the self-organized periodic arrangement of QD molecules and single QDs is spatially locked to the pattern sidewalls and corners. This extends the concept of guided self-organization to deterministic self-organization. Absolute position control of the QDs is achieved without one-to-one pattern definition. This guarantees the excellent arrangement control of the ordered QD molecules and single QDs with strong photoluminescence emission up to room temperature, which is required for future quantum functional devices. ( 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]


Characterization of MBE grown ZnO on GaAs(111) substrates

PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (C) - CURRENT TOPICS IN SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 4 2006
Takashi Matsumoto
Abstract ZnO epitaxial layers grown on GaAs(111)B substrates by plasma assisted MBE with different O/Zn flux ratios are characterized by photoluminescence (PL), X-ray diffraction (XRD) , ,2, scan, , scan, and reciprocal lattice mapping. Low temperature PL spectra are dominated by bound exciton bands at 3.360 eV and 3.330 eV. The 3.360 eV band is strong in samples grown under Zn-rich cindition and the 3.330 eV band is strong in samples grown under O-rich condition. The epitaxial orientation relationship is ZnO(0001)//GaAs(111) and ZnO[11-20]//GaAs [01-1] irrespective of the O/Zn flux ratio. The ZnO c-axis tilts by 0.2 , 0.3 from the GaAs [111] axis toward ,1-10, or ,2-1-1, direction. ( 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]