B Lymphoma Cells (b + lymphoma_cell)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Role of DNA polymerase , in tolerance of endogenous and exogenous DNA damage in mouse B cells

GENES TO CELLS, Issue 2 2006
Akiko Ukai
DNA polymerase , (Pol,) is a family A polymerase that contains an intrinsic helicase domain. To investigate the function of Pol, in mammalian cells, we have inactivated its polymerase activity in CH12 mouse B lymphoma cells by targeted deletion of the polymerase core domain that contains the catalytic aspartic acid residue. Compared to parental CH12 cells, mutant cells devoid of Pol, polymerase activity exhibited a slightly reduced growth rate, accompanied by increased spontaneous cell death. In addition, mutant cells showed elevated sensitivity to mitomycin C, cisplatin, etoposide, ,-irradiation and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Interestingly, mutant cells were more sensitive to the alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) than parental cells. This elevated MMS sensitivity relative to WT cells persisted in the presence of methoxyamine, an inhibitor of the major base excision repair (BER) pathway, suggesting that Pol, is involved in tolerance of MMS through a mechanism that appears to be different from BER. These results reveal an important role for Pol, in preventing spontaneous cell death and in tolerance of not only DNA interstrand cross-links and double strand breaks but also UV adducts and alkylation damage in mammalian lymphocytes. [source]

Rapid induction of apoptosis in B-cell lymphoma by functionally isolated human antibodies

Johan Fransson
Abstract Novel panning and screening methodology was devised to isolate high affinity human recombinant scFv antibody fragments with functionally associated properties in B lymphoma cells. The approach was used to generate a panel of apoptosis-inducing antibodies specific for antigens differentially expressed in B lymphoma vs. T leukaemia cells. The selections resulted in an antibody pool with near perfect selectivity (>99%) for the B lymphoma target cells. Randomly picked clones (72) revealed 7 unique antibody genotypes. Six of these rapidly induced apoptosis in target cells. Following the conversion to full IgGs, the antibodies were shown to be specific for HLA-DR/DP, the B-cell receptor , chain and for CD54/ICAM-1. The latter receptor was not previously associated with apoptotic properties in B-cell lymphomas. Anti-ICAM-1 IgG induced apoptosis in a broad range of B lymphoma cell lines and were shown by immunohistochemistry to bind strongly to B lymphoma tissue obtained from 5 different B lymphoma patients. The recombinant IgG antibodies had affinities in the subnanomolar (0.3 nM) to nanomolar (3 nM) range. The described technology is generally applicable for the rapid isolation of high affinity human antibodies with specificity for differentially expressed cell surface receptors with intrinsic negative or positive signalling properties from nave phage libraries. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

c-Jun NH2 -terminal kinase (JNK)-dependent nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) following engagement of membrane immunoglobulin on WEHI-231 B lymphoma cells

Eiko Takada
Abstract WEHI-231 B lymphoma cells have been employed for analysis of antigen-induced B cell unresponsiveness because these cells undergo cell cycle arrest in G1, accompanied by induction of apoptosis. In the present study, we examined the requirement for toxic small molecules apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and cytochrome c, and subsequent caspase activation in apoptotic cell death in WEHI-231 and CH31 B lymphoma cells following engagement of membrane immunoglobulin (mIg). Pan-caspase inhibitor BD-fmk blocked mIg-mediated increase in cells with sub-G1 DNA content, whereas it did not affect mIg-mediated loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and phosphatidylserine exposure on B cell membrane. Dominant-negative form of c-Jun NH2 -terminal kinase1 (JNK1) blocked the translocation of AIF into the nuclei and cytosol from the mitochondria in the WEHI-231 and CH31 cells following mIg engagement, whereas constitutively active form of JNK1 enhanced it. This AIF translocation was also blocked by Bcl-xL, but not by BD-fmk. Moreover, AIF-deficient clones via small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated method showed small increase in loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. After mIg engagement, the AIF-deficient clones displayed an enhanced sensitivity to mIg-mediated apoptosis, concomitant with translocation of a residual AIF into the nuclei, compared with control clone. Our findings are compatible with the notion that AIF has dual role, with a proapoptotic function in the nuclei and a distinct anti-apoptotic function in the mitochondria. These observations would be valuable for analysis of B cell unresponsiveness and hopefully for treatment of diseases involving B cell dysfunction. J. Cell. Biochem. 104: 1927,1936, 2008. 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Enhanced killing of B lymphoma cells by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-primed effector cells and Hu1D10 , a humanized human leucocyte antigen DR antibody

Bernhard Stockmeyer
Summary. Antibody-based approaches have become a novel treatment modality for lymphoma patients. Humanized 1D10 (Hu1D10; Remitogen) is among the antibodies that are currently under evaluation in phase II clinical trials in lymphoma patients. The 1D10 antibody is directed against a polymorphic epitope on the ,-chain of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II. We found expression of the 1D10 epitope on B cells and monocytes from approximately 50% of healthy donors. Analyses of 1D10 expression on malignant cells revealed that approximately half of the HLA class II-positive haematological malignancies expressed the 1D10 epitope. In whole blood antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) assays, Hu1D10 was more effective than rituxan in killing malignant ARH-77 B cells. Interestingly, Hu1D10-mediated lymphoma cell lysis was significantly enhanced when blood from granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-treated patients was compared with blood from healthy controls. Analyses of the relevant effector cell populations revealed that Fc,RI (CD64)-positive polymorphonuclear cells were critical for enhanced Hu1D10-mediated lymphoma killing during G-CSF therapy, while the same effector cell population induced only marginal lysis with rituxan. Furthermore, Hu1D10 was highly effective in inducing apoptosis in primary lymphoma cells from B chronic lymphocytic leukaemia patients. These preclinical results form the basis for a phase I/II clinical trial of Hu1D10 in combination with G-CSF. [source]