Service Providers (service + provider)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Service Providers

  • by service provider
  • community service provider
  • health service provider
  • internet service provider
  • other service provider

  • Selected Abstracts

    Roaming and service management in public wireless networks using an innovative policy management architecture

    Idir Fodil
    Nowadays, public wireless local area networks (WLANs), commonly called hotspots, are being largely deployed by WISPs (Wireless Internet Service Providers) as a means of offering ubiquitous Internet access to their customers. Although a substantial number of solutions have been proposed to improve security, mobility and quality of service on the wireless area, access network management which is mandatory remains a very significant concern. This paper describes RSM-WISP, a new management architecture designed for WISPs to facilitate the implementation and management of the services they offer at the access side of the WLAN, and to manage roaming contracts between WISPs. Our architecture is based upon the policy-based management principles as introduced by the IETF, combined with more intelligence at the network edge. RSM-WISP adopts an architecture that is composed of two elements: a WISP management center (MC) that deploys policies and monitors all the WLANs, and a programmable access router (CPE) located in each WLAN. The CPE ensures service enforcement, service differentiation (access to different service levels) and guarantee, user access management, and dynamic WLAN adaptation according to the user's SLA (service level agreement). It also permits automatic service updates according to the user's requirements. Concerning roaming management, this is achieved on the CPE through multiple service provider support capabilities. This approach provides WISPs with a simple, flexible and scalable solution that allows easy service deployment and management at the access. This management architecture has been implemented, tested and validated on the 6WINDGate routers.,Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Networking lessons in delivering ,Software as a Service',Part II

    David Greschler
    In part I of this paper, we described the origins and evolution of Software as a Service (SaaS) and its value proposition to Corporate IT, Service Providers, Independent Software Vendors and End Users. SaaS is a model in which software applications are deployed, managed, updated and supported on demand,like a utility,and are served to users centrally using servers that are internal or external to the enterprise. Applications are no longer installed locally on a user's desktop PC; instead, upgrades, licensing and version control, metering, support and provisioning are all managed at the server level. In part we examine the lessons learned in researching, building and running an SaaS service. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Analyzing the Trade-off Between Investing in Service Channels and Satisfying the Targeted User Service for Brazilian Internet Service Providers

    Gisele C. Fontanella
    The computer connection to the Internet is provided by firms known as internet service providers (ISPs). The simplest mode of physical connection is when the user connects to an ISP's service channel by an ordinary telephone line (dial-up). Finding an available channel may not be an easy task, especially during the peak hours of many Brazilian ISPs. This results in a problem for the ISPs, which is how to achieve the most appropriate trade-off between investing in capacity and satisfying the target user service level. This paper analyzes this trade-off based on a three-step approach: (i) determine user arrival and service processes in chosen periods, (ii) select an appropriate queueing model using some simplifying assumptions, and (iii) generate trade-off curves between system performance measures. To illustrate the application of this approach, some results derived from a case study performed at an ISP in Sao Paulo state are given. [source]

    Optimization of Network Topologies for Service Providers in the Telecommunications Market

    Dieter B. Pressmar
    Following the deregulation of communications services, a growing number of commercial providers are offering global voice and data communications services via rented infrastructures. These service providers are faced with the challenge to determine cost-effective network-topologies, considering both the variety of contractual arrangements with national and international network providers, and the communication profiles of their customers. This paper introduces a planning model for solving the optimization problem outlined above. The model is evaluated on the basis of mixed-integer optimization. Practical deployment of this approach is discussed with respect to the run-time characteristics of the MIP solvers. Subsequently, a genetic algorithm is applied to the model and the results are compared to those of the mixed-integer optimization. [source]

    Black-White Differences in Tipping of Various Service Providers,

    Michael Lynn
    Data from a national telephone survey revealed 4 general patterns in the tipping behaviors of Blacks and Whites. First, Blacks appear more likely than Whites to stiff commonly encountered service providers, but not less commonly encountered ones. Second, Blacks appear more likely than Whites to leave flat tip amounts to service providers who are commonly tipped a percentage of the bill, but not to service providers who are more rarely tipped a percentage of the bill. Third, Black percentage tippers leave a smaller average percentage of the bill than do White percentage tippers across many service contexts. Finally, Black flat tippers leave larger average dollar tips than do White flat tippers across many service contexts. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed briefly. [source]

    Understanding Inner City Child Mental Health Need and Trauma Exposure: Implications for Preparing Urban Service Providers

    Mary M. McKay PhD
    This article presents the results of a study documenting the complex mental health needs of 95 inner city youth consecutively referred for mental health care. An ecological perspective of mental health need guides the presentation of issues and stressors that occur at the level of the individual child; within the family, school, and community; and within the larger service system context. Findings related to the intersection between child mental health needs and trauma exposure are described. In addition, the level of service involvement of these children is presented. Results reveal low rates of ongoing service involvement despite multiple, complex presenting mental health issues and significant levels of trauma exposure. Implications for urban service delivery and recommendations to prepare service providers are drawn. [source]

    A Theoretical Model of the Effects of Public Funding on Saving Decisions by Charitable Nonprofit Service Providers

    by Femida Handy
    Why do charitable nonprofit, service-providing organizations save? What are the tradeoffs between using income to build up cash reserves and serving more clients? Saving may generate income, protect the organization against a drop in donations, and increase the organization's chances of survival. Saving, though, may affect the likelihood that nonprofits receive private and public funding. We model the relationship among private and public income, economic conditions, and nonprofit savings. We find that anticipation of government help during difficult times tends to reduce the amount of saving done by the nonprofit. This effect is strengthened if government officials view unspent donations as indicative of a lack of need. Both these effects provide a strong incentive for nonprofits to spend on current consumption rather than to save for the future, and thus to increase the burden on the public purse. [source]

    Providing and verifying advanced IP services in hierarchical DiffServ networks-the case of GEANT

    Athanassios Liakopoulos
    Abstract The differentiated services (DiffServ) framework is widely proposed as an efficient method for providing advanced IP services to large-scale networks, with QoS requirements. However, the provisioning of such services in production networks has proved to be more difficult than initially expected, in defining, setting and verifying appropriate Service Level Agreements (SLAs). GEANT, the Gigabit core pan-European research network, on a pilot basis introduced ,Premium IP' service, offering bounded delay and negligible packet loss to the European National Research & Education Networks (NRENs) that it interconnects. However, large scale provisioning of this new service requires the definition of efficient interaction procedures between administrative domains involved and methods for SLA monitoring. This paper focuses on these issues and presents the experience acquired from the early experiments in GEANT, as an example of hierarchical Gigabit multi-domain environment, enabled with QoS provisioning to its constituent NRENs. This model scales more efficiently than the common peering Internet Service provider (ISP) commercial paradigm. Finally, we outline other options that promise QoS, such as Layer 2 VPNs in MPLS backbones, with non-standard (yet) mechanisms. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Non-pharmacological approaches for dementia that informal carers might try or access: a systematic review

    Claire Hulme
    Abstract Objective To review non-drug treatments for dementia; to provide a source of evidence for informal carers who want ideas about non-drug approaches for dementia, that they might try or that they could try to access. The systematic review addresses: what non-drug treatments work and what do they work for? What non-drug treatments might work and what for? What non-drug treatments do not work? Methods Literature searches of seven electronic databases (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PSYCINFO, Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews and DARE) were carried out in November 2007 using the following search terms (or derivatives): dementia/Alzheimer's AND Review AND non-drug therapies and aimed at finding systematic reviews. Results Thirty-three reviews were identified; 25 were judged to be high or good quality. Studies within these systematic reviews were characterised by weak study designs with small sample numbers. Three interventions were found to be effective for use with particular symptoms of dementia: music or music therapy, hand massage or gentle touch and physical activity/exercise. Conclusions Whilst informal carers can apply some of the interventions highlighted in the home setting at little or no cost to themselves or to health or social care services, others are likely to require training or instruction. Service providers and commissioners should explore current and future provision of more structured group activities for people with dementia; in particular the provision of group music therapy and group exercise activities that meet the needs of both the person with dementia and their carer. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Recovering from recurrent mental health problems: Giving up and fighting to get better

    Yulia Kartalova-O'Doherty
    ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to present selected findings of a grounded theory study that aims to explore individual processes and desired outcomes of recovery from recurrent health problems in order to build up a theoretical framework of recovery in an Irish context. Volunteers included mental health service users or participants of peer support groups who have experienced recurrent mental health problems for two or more years, consider themselves in improvement, and are willing to participate in individual interviews. The current paper is based on the analysis of 15 audiorecorded and transcribed interviews. We identified two open codes of ,giving up' and ,fighting to get better'. Giving up was associated with accepting a passive identity of a patient with a chronic mental illness and a lack of intrinsic motivation to get better. Fighting had both positive (fighting for) and negative (fighting against) dimensions, as well as internal and external ones. The fight for recovery entailed substantial and sometimes risky effort. Starting such a fight required strong, self-sustained motivation. Service providers might need to discuss internal and external motivators of fighting for recovery with service users, with a view to including such motivators in the care plans. [source]

    Parenting Adults Who Become Homeless: Variations in Stress and Social Support

    Michael F. Polgar PhD
    This article focuses on the stressors of parenting an adult child who experiences homelessness. Parents whose adult children become homeless may provide support to this child, but they may also subsequently experience stress and require social support themselves. Findings from this study support the hypothesis that parents who spend more lime or money helping their homeless adult offspring experience higher levels of stress. Results also show higher levels of stress among parents who helped with activities of daily living and among parents who worked to prevent harm involving their adult homeless offspring. Among 37 respondents, a majority of whom were African American mothers parenting homeless sons, parents who engaged in activities to prevent harm and parents who experienced stress from harm prevention received more extensive social support. Health and social service providers should recognize and respond to the financial, emotional, and temporal burdens of parenting an adult who becomes homeless. Service providers can both support people who become homeless and reinforce larger family systems, particularly in circumstances that involve more extensive parental support or more harmful situations. [source]

    Young people who attend specialist alcohol treatment: who are they and do they need special treatment?

    Devon Indig
    Abstract Objective: Patterns of drinking in adolescence and young adulthood may have major short term impacts and influences on later drinking, yet little is known about the characteristics of young people who seek help for alcohol problems. Here we examine the characteristics of treatment episodes for adolescents and young adults who present to specialist alcohol treatment in New South Wales (NSW). Methods: The NSW Minimum Data Set for Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services was examined for all alcohol-related treatment episodes (N=21,012) reported between July 2004 and June 2005. We compared treatment episodes for adolescents aged 12-19 years, young adults aged 20-29 years and clients aged 30 years or more for their demographics, drug use and service delivery characteristics. Results: Clients aged under 30 years were significantly more likely to be referred into specialist treatment by a police, court or criminal justice diversion program compared with older clients (adolescent: OR=3.7, 95%CI: 3.1-4.4; young adult: OR=2.2, 95%CI: 1.9-2.4). Concern about cannabis use was significantly higher among younger clients (adolescents: OR=2.8 95%CI: 2.3-3.3; young adults: OR=2.1, 95%CI: 2.0-2.4) than those aged 30 years or more. Younger clients were also more likely to be of Indigenous origin or seen in a rural setting. Conclusions: Adolescent and young adult alcohol treatment clients include a higher proportion of clients who are Indigenous, legally coerced, and who have concerns with polydrug use. Service providers should seek to tailor their treatment programs to better meet these unique needs and to better attract young people into voluntary treatment. [source]

    Fast, scalable, and distributed restoration in general mesh optical networks

    Gary P. Austin
    Service providers are demanding transport network solutions that can accommodate exponential traffic growth and, at the same time, provide novel services such as point-and-click provisioning of very high bandwidth circuits, optical bandwidth service management, fast protection and restoration, and bandwidth on demand. It is becoming increasingly clear that the required scalability (terabits/s to petabits/s) and cost structure can only be provided by transparent optical cross connects (OXCs). The challenge, then, is to make the optical network consisting of OXCs, dense wavelength division multiplexers (DWDMs), and optical add/drop multiplexers (OADMs) dynamic and intelligent. A major aspect of this intelligence is fast provisioning and restoration. In this paper, we present a fast, scalable, and distributed solution for optical layer restoration in general mesh-type optical networks, which is being implemented as part of the Optical Navigator System (ONS) residing in Lucent's LambdaRouter product. The key ingredients to our solution are a fast and scalable restoration strategy, a fast and scalable connection setup strategy, a contention-free wavelength assignment strategy, and a fast and reliable data communications network to exchange signaling messages. We also introduce novel concepts of demand bundling and optical virtual paths that ensure that restoration performance scales with network and traffic volumes. Together these components provide an intelligent optical networking solution that not only guarantees restoration times within few hundreds of milliseconds, but also achieves scalability. [source]

    A large-scale monitoring and measurement campaign for web services-based applications

    Riadh Ben Halima
    Abstract Web Services (WS) can be considered as the most influent enabling technology for the next generation of web applications. WS-based application providers will face challenging features related to nonfunctional properties in general and to performance and QoS in particular. Moreover, WS-based developers have to provide solutions to extend such applications with self-healing (SH) mechanisms as required for autonomic computing to face the complexity of interactions and to improve availability. Such solutions should be applicable when the components implementing SH mechanisms are deployed on both or only one platform on the WS providers and requesters sides depending on the deployment constraints. Associating application-specific performance requirements and monitoring-specific constraints will lead to complex configurations where fine tuning is needed to provide SH solutions. To contribute to enhancing the design and the assessment of such solutions for WS technology, we designed and implemented a monitoring and measurement framework, which is part of a larger Self-Healing Architectures (SHA) developed during the European WS-DIAMOND project. We implemented the Conference Management System (CMS), a real WS-based complex application. We achieved a large-scale experimentation campaign by deploying CMS on top of SHA on the French grid Grid5000. We experienced the problem as if we were a service provider who has to tune reconfiguration strategies. Our results are available on the web in a structured database for external use by the WS community. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The legacy of a community mobilisation project to reduce alcohol related harm

    RICHARD MIDFORD Associate Professor
    Abstract The Community Mobilisation for the Prevention of Alcohol Related Injury (COMPARI) project was established to investigate how alcohol related harm could be reduced within the Geraldton community through community action. Twenty-two major component activities were carried out over three years. On completion of the demonstration phase the project was taken over by the community and evolved into the region's main alcohol and drug service provider. This research seeks to identify the legacy of COMPARI from interviews with 23 key informants and from serial measures of alcohol consumption and harm. Key informants indicated that the original community prevention focus of the project has been diluted and there is more emphasis on individual prevention through education and training. A culture of intersectoral collaboration on alcohol issues has endured and this contributes to better use of resources and higher levels of treatment referral. There was also strong acknowledgement that the local committee was crucial in sustaining the project. Since the inception of COMPARI, local alcohol consumption has decreased and a proxy measure of alcohol harm, weekend, night, hospital accident and emergency occasions of service, also indicates better outcomes in Geraldton. The original project initiated cultural and structural change in the way alcohol problems are dealt with in Geraldton and this has produced on-going benefit for the community. [source]

    Simple tariffs based on price multipliers for ATM VBR services

    Costas Courcoubetis
    We present an approach for constructing simple time-based tariffs for variable bit-rate (VBR) connections from constant bit-rate (CBR) prices, using price multipliers that depend on the traffic parameters of the VBR connection and reflect the resource usage of VBR connections relative to CBR connections. Our approach employs an effective bandwidth bound as a proxy for the maximum amount of traffic that conforms to the connection's traffic contract, and thus for the maximum resource usage. We compare the price multipliers computed by our approach with the multipliers published by an actual ATM service provider, and with those computed using a proxy for resource usage that is based on ATM Forum's generic CAC algorithm. Although our approach is presented in the context of ATM VBR services, it can be applied for creating tariffs for service level agreements (SLAs) where the maximum amount of conforming traffic is given by leaky (or token) bucket constraints. Copyright © 2003 AEI. [source]

    Think twice before you book?

    HEALTH ECONOMICS, Issue 6 2010
    Modelling the choice of public vs private dentist in a choice experiment
    Abstract This study concerns the choice of primary dental service provider by consumers. If the health service delivery system allows individuals to choose between public-care providers or if complementary private services are available, it is typically assumed that utilisation is a three-stage decision process. The patient first makes a decision to seek care, and then chooses the service provider. The final stage, involving decisions over the amount and form of treatment, is not considered here. The paper reports a discrete choice experiment (DCE) designed to evaluate attributes affecting individuals' choice of dental-care provider. The feasibility of the DCE approach in modelling consumers' choice in the context of non-acute need for dental care is assessed. The aim is to test whether a separate two-stage logit, a multinomial logit, or a nested logit best fits the choice process of consumers. A nested logit model of indirect utility functions is estimated and inclusive value (IV) constraints are tested for modelling implications. The results show that non-trading behaviour has an impact on the choice of appropriate modelling technique, but is to some extent dependent on the choice of scenarios offered. It is concluded that for traders multinomial logit is appropriate, whereas for non-traders and on average the nested logit is the method supported by the analyses. The consistent finding in all subgroup analyses is that the traditional two-stage decision process is found to be implausible in the context of consumer's choice of dental-care provider. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Supporting long-term workforce planning with a dynamic aging chain model: A case study from the service industry

    Andreas Größler
    Abstract This study demonstrates how a dynamic, aging chain model can support strategic decisions in workforce planning. More specifically, we used a system dynamics model (a modeling and simulation technique originating from supply chain management) to improve the recruiting and training process in a large German service provider in the wider field of logistics. The key findings are that the aging chain of service operators within the company is affected by a variety of delays in, for example, recruiting, training, and promoting employees, and that the structure of the planning process generates cyclic phases of workforce surplus and shortage. The discussion is based on an in-depth case study conducted in the service industry in 2008. Implications are that planning processes must be fine-tuned to account for delays in the aging chain. The dynamic model provides a tool to gain insight into the problem and to improve the actual human resource planning process. The value of the paper lies in the idea of applying a well-known and quantitative method from supply chain management to a human resource management issue. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]

    The Demand Attributes of Assurance Services Providers and the Role of Independent Accountants

    W. Robert Knechel
    This study reports on desirable attributes of assurance services providers for assurance services based on responses from a sample of Dutch senior accounting and financial officers. In general, overall expertise and objectivity are perceived as the most important attributes for selecting an assurance service provider. Cost is perceived as the least important attribute. In general, accountants are perceived as more likely to be the preferred service provider for assurance over information systems and/or when professional reputation and integrity is important for providing a service. These attributes are in line with the projected image of the profession. An accountant is less likely to be the preferred provider when cost and independence are not important. We interpret this result as an indication that independence in the audit is important and, thus, other services are acceptable only when independence is not an issue. [source]

    Quality Audit in Financial Investment Services

    Stanislav Karapetrovic
    This paper discusses the following two questions: What is a ,Quality Audit'? Why and how does it apply to financial investment services? ,Quality' in this important field of service is understood as the perception of the investor about achieving satisfactory returns, under generally accepted risks, within a planned time. The service provider normally assures this quality with due care mostly in information gathering, communication and investment decision-making. Once this quality assurance is adequately formalized and documented, a ,quality audit' can be performed. The ISO 9000 international standards and guidelines describe a quality system that can be applied to provide meaningful quality assurance in investment services. Respective quality audits are described in the ISO 10011 Quality Audit Guideline. The development of quality assurance systems and quality audits for compliance and improved performance presents benefits to both the client and the investment service provider. [source]

    Direct shipping logistic planning for a hub-and-spoke network with given discrete intershipment times

    Libby Chong
    Abstract This paper proposes a heuristic procedure to solve the problem of scheduling and routing shipments in a hybrid hub-and-spoke network, when a given set of feasible discrete intershipment times is given. The heuristic procedure may be used to assist in the cooperative operational planning of a physical goods network between shippers and logistics service provider, or to assist shippers in making logistics outsourcing decisions. The objective is to minimise the transportation and inventory holding costs. It is shown through a set of problem instances that this heuristic procedure provides better solutions than existing economic order quantity-based approaches. Computational results are presented and discussed. [source]

    Network service scheduling and routing

    G. Groves
    Abstract Real-life vehicle routing problems generally have both routing and scheduling aspects to consider. Although this fact is well acknowledged, few heuristic methods exist that address both these complicated aspects simultaneously. We present a graph theoretic heuristic to determine an efficient service route for a single service vehicle through a transportation network that requires a subset of its edges to be serviced, each a specified (potentially different) number of times. The times at which each of these edges are to be serviced should additionally be as evenly spaced over the scheduling time window as possible, thus introducing a scheduling consideration to the problem. Our heuristic is based on the tabu search method, used in conjunction with various well-known graph theoretic algorithms, such as those of Floyd (for determining shortest routes) and Frederickson (for solving the rural postman problem). This heuristic forms the backbone of a decision support system that prompts the user for certain parameters from the physical situation (such as the service frequencies and travel times for each network link as well as bounds in terms of acceptability of results) after which a service routing schedule is suggested as output. The decision support system is applied to a special case study, where a service routing schedule is sought for the South African national railway system by Spoornet (the semi-privatised South African national railways authority and service provider) as part of their rationalisation effort, in order to remain a lucrative company. [source]

    Should service providers be paid for providing pre-registration clinical placements?

    Myfanwy Lloyd Jones MA MPhil Dphil CHSM
    Should service providers be paid for providing pre-registration clinical placements? The authors have argued elsewhere that second- and third-year student nurses and midwives on ward-based clinical placements make a service contribution which is of significant value to the service provider. The value of the service contribution made by students in community-based clinical placements is lower, not least because such placements cannot free staff time in the same way as on the wards, and thus the presence of students appears to form a cost to the service provider. It is clear that there is no case for introducing a system of payments for ward-based placements, but in community-based placements the position is less obvious. The argument hinges upon the perceived value to the service provider of the qualitative benefits associated with the presence of students on placement. Other studies have suggested that these benefits are such as to outweigh the associated costs. Because the presence of students on clinical placement is associated with both costs and benefits, efforts should be made to ensure that both ward-based and community-based placements are distributed as fairly as possible between locations so that no one location is unduly advantaged or disadvantaged by the number of students which it receives. [source]

    Weight Status of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities

    Marian A. Maaskant
    Background, The aim was to study the weight and weight status of the study group in 2002 and 2007, and to study the differences in weight and weight status between 2002 and 2007 and the risk groups for (becoming) overweight/obese. Materials and Methods, The Body Mass Index (BMI) of 336 clients of a Dutch service provider for persons with intellectual disabilities was calculated in 2002 and 2007. Results, The mean increase in BMI between 2002 and 2007 was 0.8 (2.2 kg). In 2002, 36% of the study group was overweight/obese; this was higher in 2007: 45%. The expected relationship between increase in BMI and the change in living circumstances could not be confirmed. Conclusions, Further research into health-control programmes, weight status, food-intake and physical exercise is recommended. [source]

    Reasons for terminating psychotherapy: a general population study

    Robin Westmacott
    Abstract Clients' (N=693) reasons for ending psychotherapy and their associations with demographics, mental disorder caseness, and type of mental health care service provider were examined. The most frequently reported reason for termination was feeling better, however, a substantial minority of individuals reported terminating because of treatment dissatisfaction or wanting to solve problems independently. Lower income was associated with lower odds of termination because of feeling better and higher odds of termination because of a perception that therapy was not helping. Meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder, a mood disorder, or substance dependence decreased the odds of termination because of feeling better. These findings provide important information on the challenges to the successful completion of psychotherapy. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol: 66:1,13, 2010. [source]

    A winning strategy for Chinese e-business

    Wang Zongjun
    What are the winning strategies for emerging Chinese e-business companies? The authors take a look at the number-one-ranked service provider in China. They find that an integrated strategy, combining cost leadership and differentiation,is a better e-business strategy than focusing on cost or differentiation alone. Here's how came out on top. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]

    Experiences and constructions of art: a narrative-discourse analysis

    T. STICKLEY ma dipn dipcouns rmn
    A narrative-discourse analysis was conducted to study the narratives of mental health service users talking about their engagement with art. The sample was drawn from a group of people who had attended arts workshops organized by a mental health service provider. Eleven people were interviewed and were asked to tell the story of their involvement in art and its significance to their lives. The data were analysed using a discourse analysis approach. Art is constructed as therapeutic within an illness repertoire. Emotions are inseparable from creative expression and identity claims are made in relation to being an artist. [source]

    Marketing political soap: a political marketing view of selling candidates like soap, of electioneering as a ritual, and of electoral military analogies

    Alex Marland
    Abstract This paper examines three common political expressions and ideas from a marketing perspective. First, the origins of the ,selling candidates like soap' expression are traced and it is argued that, rather than being ,sold' like a product, candidates are instead ,marketed' like a service provider such as a real estate agent. Traditional campaign rituals have a legitimate marketing function if electors, and not just political actors, are meaningfully incorporated and military analogies in elections have increasing relevance given the classic military strategy used by commercial marketers. Together, these examples suggest that the application of marketing to politics may require the rethinking of ingrained electoral jargon and concepts. Copyright © 2003 Henry Stewart Publications [source]

    Canadian Dentists' Opinions on Publicly Financed Dental Care

    Carlos R. Quiñonez DMD
    Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to inform policy leaders of the opinions of Canada's major dental care service provider regarding publicly financed dental care. Methods: Using provincial/territorial dental regulatory authority listings, a 26-item questionnaire was sent to a representative sample of Canadian dentists (n = 2219, response rate = 45.8 percent). Descriptive statistics were produced, and bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to assess what predicts dentists' responses. Results: Canadian dentists support governmental involvement in dental care, preferring investments in prevention to direct delivery. The majority of dentists have less than 10 percent of their practice represented by publicly insured patients, with a small minority having greater than 50 percent. The majority would accept new publicly insured patients, preferring fee for service remuneration. Dentists generally appear dissatisfied with public forms of third-party financing. Conclusions: Dentists prefer a targeted effort at meeting public needs and are influenced in their opinions largely in relation to ideology. In order to move forward, policy leaders will need to devote some attention to the influence and complexity of public and private tensions in dentistry. At the very least, public and private practitioners must come to appreciate each other's challenges and balance public and private expectations in public programming. [source]

    Capacity expansion under a service-level constraint for uncertain demand with lead times

    Rahul R. Marathe
    Abstract For a service provider facing stochastic demand growth, expansion lead times and economies of scale complicate the expansion timing and sizing decisions. We formulate a model to minimize the infinite horizon expected discounted expansion cost under a service-level constraint. The service level is defined as the proportion of demand over an expansion cycle that is satisfied by available capacity. For demand that follows a geometric Brownian motion process, we impose a stationary policy under which expansions are triggered by a fixed ratio of demand to the capacity position, i.e., the capacity that will be available when any current expansion project is completed, and each expansion increases capacity by the same proportion. The risk of capacity shortage during a cycle is estimated analytically using the value of an up-and-out partial barrier call option. A cutting plane procedure identifies the optimal values of the two expansion policy parameters simultaneously. Numerical instances illustrate that if demand grows slowly with low volatility and the expansion lead times are short, then it is optimal to delay the start of expansion beyond when demand exceeds the capacity position. Delays in initiating expansions are coupled with larger expansion sizes. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Naval Research Logistics, 2009 [source]