Selective Breeding Program (selective + breeding_program)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Correlation Between Two Size Classes of Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and Its Potential Implications for Selective Breeding Programs

Brad J. Argue
Breeders may assume that the largest brood-stock shrimp were also the largest market shrimp. In this study, 120 market shrimp were individually tagged and grown to broodstock in an earthen pond. There was a significant relationship between market and broodstock weight (P < 0.001) but it was not highly correlated (r = 0.42). There was no correlation between market weight and post-market weight gain (P= 0.477; r= 0.08). Of the largest 20 broodstock, only seven were among the top 20 at market weight. If the goal of a breeding program is to select the fastest growing individuals to market, shrimp should be individually selected at market weight and not as broodstock. [source]

MHC haplotype frequencies in a UK breeding colony of Mauritian cynomolgus macaques mirror those found in a distinct population from the same geographic origin

Edward T. Mee
Abstract Background, Mauritian cynomolgus macaques have greatly restricted genetic diversity in the MHC region compared to other non-human primates; however, the frequency of common MHC haplotypes among captive-bred populations has not been reported. Methods, Microsatellite PCR was used to determine MHC haplotype frequencies among captive macaques at a UK breeding facility. Allele-specific PCR and reference strand conformational analysis were used to determine the allele expression profile of a subset of animals. Results, Haplotypes H3 (21%) and H1 (19%) were most common in the captive population of Mauritian cynomolgus macaques. Predicted alleles were detected by allele-specific PCR-SSP in 98% of animals. Allele expression profiles were similar in animals with identical haplotypes. Conclusions, Mauritian cynomolgus macaques in the UK breeding facility have restricted MHC diversity comparable to a previously described population. Microsatellite-derived haplotypes are highly predictive of allele expression. A selective breeding program has been established to produce MHC-identical animals for biomedical research. [source]

Selective breeding for the hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops, Rafinesque ◊M. saxatilis, Walbaum) industry: status and perspectives

Amber F. Garber
Abstract The hybrid striped bass (HSB) farming industry has considerable potential for growth into domestic retail markets, but expansion of this industry is limited by high production costs that dictate high prices for HSB. It is widely recognized within the industry that selective breeding of an improved HSB will be required to increase production efficiency and reduce market prices. A National Program of Genetic Improvement and Selective Breeding for the HSB Industry has been initiated and some progress has been made toward domestication of the parent species of the hybrid. However, uncertainty remains as to which breeding procedures will most rapidly yield sustainable genetic gains in key production traits. This paper consolidates and reviews general information on the biology of temperate basses (genus Morone) relevant to selective breeding of improved HSB. The topics covered include control of reproduction, geographic distribution of stocks and population genetic variation. This is followed by a brief review of the current application of selective breeding techniques, including those based on molecular markers. Finally, we discuss potential avenues for genetic improvement of HSB in a selective breeding program. [source]

No genetic differentiation between geographically isolated populations of Clarias macrocephalus GŁnther in Malaysia revealed by sequences of mtDNA Cytochrome b and D-loop gene regions

A. K. Nazia
Summary In the present study, we assessed the genetic variation of three Clarias macrocephalus GŁnther populations collected from Kedah, Perlis and Kelantan (Peninsular Malaysia) using sequences of partial mitochondrial cytochrome b (Cyt b) and D-loop genes. A total of 57 individuals were sequenced and 1470 bp were obtained (1053 bp Cyt-b; 417 bp D-loop). The analysis revealed 21 haplotypes based on 81 polymorphic sites. Nucleotide diversity (,) was 0.003 in all populations while haplotype diversity ranged from 0.657 to 0.765. No significant genetic differentiation among the three populations was observed. Nevertheless, a number of private haplotypes was discovered, providing valuable information for selective breeding programs. [source]