Se Kg (se + kg)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The effects of dietary organic or inorganic selenium in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under crowding conditions

Abstract In the present study, the effects of different sources of selenium (Se; sodium selenite or selenomethionine) supplementation on the growth and serum concentrations of oxidative stress markers [malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-isoprostane, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity] and muscle Se, MDA and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) levels in rainbow trouts were evaluated. The fish (n = 360; 0 + years old) with initial average weight of 20 ± 0.8 g were randomly assigned to 12 treatment groups consisting of 3 replicates of 10 fish each in a 2 × 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments (stocking densities, Se sources, Se levels). The fish were kept at low (25 kg m,3) or high (100 kg m,3) stocking densities and fed a basal (control) diet or the basal diet supplemented with either 0.15 or 0.30 mg of Se kg,1 of diet from two different forms: sodium selenite or selenomethionine. High stocking density decreased weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) when basal diet was fed (P = 0.001). A linear increase in feed intake and weight gain and improvement in FCR were found in sodium selenite (P = 0.01)- or selenomethionine (P = 0.001)-supplemented fish reared under crowding conditions. Serum and muscle Se levels and serum GSH-Px activity increased (P = 0.001) linearly, whereas serum and muscle MDA concentrations and serum 8-isoprostane decreased linearly as dietary sodium selenite (P = 0.01) or selenomethionine (P = 0.001) supplementation increased. Selenomethionine and sodium selenite supplementation decreased Hsp70 in the muscle of fish reared under crowding conditions (P < 0.05). Supplementation with Se improved growth and antioxidant status of fish and the effects of selenomethionine were relatively greater than sodium selenite in the crowded groups. Results suggest that crowding conditions cause significant detrimental effects in rainbow trout indicated by increased oxidative stress, reduced feed intake and body weight gain. ,t also indicates that dietary Se supplementation offers a feasible way of reducing the losses in performance of rainbow trout reared under crowding conditions. Selenomethionine seems to be more effective than sodium selenite and the higer dose in the present study also seems to be more effective than the lower dose. [source]

Selenium nutrition of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops × M. saxatilis) bioavailability, toxicity and interaction with vitamin E

Abstract Two concurrent 12-week feeding trials were conducted to evaluate the bioavailability of inorganic sodium selenite and organic seleno-DL-methionine and to investigate the potential interaction between selenium and vitamin E in juvenile hybrid striped bass. In experiment 1, purified diets utilizing casein, gelatin and an amino acid premix as protein sources with a basal selenium concentration of 0.11 mg Se kg,1 were supplemented with either Na2SeO3 to provide selenium concentrations of 1.19, 2.00, 5.17 and 21.23 mg Se kg,1 or with seleno-DL-methionine to provide 0.90, 1.26 and 2.55 mg Se kg,1 and fed to juvenile hybrid striped bass in aquaria. A second experiment evaluated potential interactions by feeding these purified diets with or without supplemental vitamin E or sodium selenite, singularly or in combination. No overt selenium deficiency signs were exhibited by fish in either of the experiments; however, signs of selenium toxicity including retarded weight gain (WG), reduced feed intake and feed efficiency ratio (FER) as well as increased mortality, were observed in fish fed the diet containing more than 20 mg Se kg,1. Whole-body selenium and whole-body selenium retention were linearly influenced by sodium selenite and selenomethionine. However, there was no significant effect of dietary selenium, vitamin E or their interaction on WG, FER and survival. Slope-ratio analysis showed that bioavailability of seleno-DL-methionine as a selenium source for juvenile hybrid striped bass was significantly (P < 0.01) higher (3.3-fold) than sodium selenite. [source]

Hyperaccumulation of selenium in hybrid striped bass: a functional food for aquaculture?

Abstract One method of increasing the value of aquacultured product is to produce fillets that are fortified with minerals that are beneficial to human health , that is enhance the functionality of an already healthy product. A good candidate mineral in this regard is selenium (Se) which is of vital importance to normal metabolism in humans. In order to evaluate the dose response and tissue accumulation of supplemental dietary Se, a study was undertaken with hybrid striped bass (HSB). Animals were fed diets supplemented with either organic (0,3.2 mg kg,1 as SelPlex®) or inorganic (0.2 and 0.4 mg kg,1 as sodium selenite) Se for 6 weeks. Because basal fishmeal-based diets contained 1.22 mg Se kg,1, doses of Se delivered equated to 1.22,4.42 mg kg,1. At trial end, greatest weight gain was observed in fish receiving 0.2 mg Se kg,1, irrespective of form (organic/inorganic). Se accumulation in HSB liver and fillet revealed a classical dose-response once a threshold level of 0.2 mg Se kg,1 was surpassed. Greatest tissue accumulation of Se was observed in fish fed the 3.2 mg Se kg,1 level (P > 0.0001). A 100 g portion of Se-enhanced HSB fillet would contain between 33 and 109 ,g Se, amounting to a dietary intake of between 25 and 80 ,g Se; a level that would satisfy present daily intake recommendations. Comparison of tissue Se levels indicated that the muscle provides a more conspicuous gauge of dietary Se dose-response than does liver. Dietary treatments of between 0.4 and 1.6 mg organic Se kg,1 reduced (P < 0.024) plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity. No differences were observed in ceruloplasmin, lysozyme or GSH-Px activities between organic and inorganic Se when delivered at the 0.2 mg Se kg,1 level. Ceruloplasmin, lysozyme and GSH-Px levels were elevated (P , 0.025) in fish fed the diet containing 0.4 mg inorganic Se kg,1. [source]

Dietary selenium requirement for juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum L.

Kang Liu
Abstract A 10-week feeding trial was conducted to estimate the optimum dietary selenium (Se) requirement for juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum L. The basal diet was formulated to contain 50.6% crude protein from vitamin-free casein, gelatin. A control diet (no added seleno- dl -methionine) and five experimental diets containing 0.20, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80 and 1.00 mg seleno- dl -methionine kg,1 were prepared. Each diet was randomly fed to triplicate groups of juvenile cobia with initial weight 6.27±0.03 g in a flow-through system. The Se concentration in rearing water was monitored during the feeding period, and was not detectable. The dietary Se level significantly influenced the survival, specific growth rate (SGR), feed efficiency and the Se concentrations in the whole body and vertebra of cobia. The Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (EC 1.11.119) activity increased with an increase in the dietary Se levels (P<0.05). Hepatic glutathione reductase (EC activity was the highest in fish fed the diet with 0.21 mg Se kg,1, and declined with an increase in the dietary Se levels. Based on broke-line regression of SGR, the Se concentration in the whole body and vertebra, the Se requirements of juvenile cobia were 0.788, 0.811 and 0.793 mg Se kg,1 diet in the form of seleno- dl -methionine respectively. [source]