Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Sarcoma

  • alveolar soft part sarcoma
  • cell sarcoma
  • clear cell sarcoma
  • dendritic cell sarcoma
  • endometrial stromal sarcoma
  • epithelioid sarcoma
  • ewing sarcoma
  • granulocytic sarcoma
  • high-grade sarcoma
  • kaposi sarcoma
  • kaposi's sarcoma
  • metastatic sarcoma
  • myeloid sarcoma
  • osteogenic sarcoma
  • part sarcoma
  • pleomorphic sarcoma
  • primary ewing sarcoma
  • primary sarcoma
  • primary soft tissue sarcoma
  • proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma
  • pseudo-kaposi sarcoma
  • retroperitoneal sarcoma
  • soft part sarcoma
  • soft tissue sarcoma
  • soft-tissue sarcoma
  • spindle cell sarcoma
  • stromal sarcoma
  • synovial sarcoma
  • tissue sarcoma

  • Terms modified by Sarcoma

  • sarcoma cell
  • sarcoma family
  • sarcoma patient

  • Selected Abstracts


    Gyeong-Won Lee
    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare subtype of soft tissue sarcoma that occurs predominantly in young patients. Despite its relatively indolent course, it generally has a poor prognosis with widespread metastases. The common metastatic sites from an ASPS include the lung, brain and bone. However, metastasis of an ASPS to the gastrointestinal tract is extremely rare. Here, we report a rare case of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and jejunal intussusception due to gastrointestinal metastases from an ASPS. [source]


    Mehmet Bektas
    A case of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in a 70-year-old man who was using corticosteroid for the treatment of asthma is presented. KS lesions occurred in the skin, colon, and rectum. Macroscopic appearances of the lesions varied from polypoid, hemorrhagic mucosal nodules and ulcers to red macules in the mucosal plane to plaque-like indurations of the wall. As the case was HIV negative, it is believed that KS developed due to corticosteroid-induced immunosuppression. [source]


    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 6 2006
    Antonio Chiappa
    Background: A consecutive series of 47 patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) were resected and prospectively followed. Method: Between July 1994 and March 2005, 47 patients (24 men, 23 women; mean age, 56 years; range, 17,82 years) were evaluated. Results: A total of 23 patients had primary RPS and 24 patients had recurrent RPS. A total of 30 out of 47 patients (64%) underwent removal of contiguous intra-abdominal organs. The peroperative mortality was nil and significant preoperative complications occurred in eight cases only (17%). High tumour grade and incomplete resection were significant variables for a worse survival in all 47 patients, both in the univariate and multivariate analyses (P = 0.008 and P = 0.016, respectively). Among 28 radically resected patients, only histological grade affected overall survival (90% 5-year survival for low-grade tumour vs 26% 5-year survival for high-grade tumour; P = 0.006) with a similar effect noted for disease-free survival. Conclusions: Histological grade was the only factor that affected overall and disease-free survival for RPS tumours. An aggressive surgical approach in both primary and recurrent RPS is associated with long-term survival. [source]


    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 3 2006
    Peter F. M. Choong
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Subgrouping and grading of soft-tissue sarcomas by fine-needle aspiration cytology: A histopathologic correlation study

    Hal E. Palmer M.D.
    Abstract To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of subgrouping and grading soft-tissue sarcomas by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), a blind review was conducted of 84 FNAB specimens from 77 malignant and 7 benign soft-tissue lesions. Cytomorphologic subgroups included 31 spindle-cell, 24 pleomorphic, 11 myxoid, 7 epithelioid/polygonal, 3 small round cell, and 8 nondiagnostic cases. Malignancies included one lymphoma and 41 primary, 15 recurrent, and 20 metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. Adequacy was defined as a majority of slides with at least 5 clusters of 10 unobscured cells. Five originally false-negative cases were considered nondiagnostic on review. Sarcoma was recognized in 59 of 64 adequate cases (92%) with available histology; however, the specific histopathologic subtype was identified in only 9 cases (14%). Benign myxoid and spindle-cell lesions were difficult to separate from low-grade sarcomas in 4 cases, and a B-cell lymphoma with sclerosis mimicked a low-grade myxoid sarcoma. The assigned cytologic grade accurately reflected the histologic grade in 90% of sarcomas when segregated into high and low grades. Pleomorphic, small round cell, and epithelioid/polygonal subgroups corresponded to high-grade sarcomas in all cases with only minor noncorrelations. Major grading noncorrelations occurred in 50% of myxoid and 9% of spindle-cell sarcomas. Therefore, attention should be given to specimen adequacy, and caution should be exercised when attempting to grade myxoid and spindle-cell sarcomas by FNAB. Diagn. Cytopathol. 24:307,316, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Primary Pulmonary Artery Sarcoma: Surgical Management and Differential Diagnosis with Pulmonary Embolism and Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

    Xiao-Peng Hu M.D.
    We present six cases of primary pulmonary artery sarcomas and discuss clinical features, differential diagnosis, surgical treatment, and outcome of the tumors. Methods: Between January 1994 and July 2008, six patients were identified with the disease during operation. Three patients were initially diagnosed with pulmonary valve stenosis, and two patients had a presumptive diagnosis of chronic pulmonary embolism. Two patients had simple or partial tumor resection. Four patients had radical tumor resection and homograft reconstruction of the pulmonary arteries. Results: Histological examinations showed five malignant mesenchymomas and one fibrosarcoma. One patient died of refractory pulmonary hypertension during operation. Two patients died 4 months postoperatively because of brain metastases. Two patients were alive for 3 and 9 months, respectively after the operation with recurrent tumor. One patient is alive even 2 years after resection with no signs of recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions: Because of similar clinical features, pulmonary artery sarcomas are often confused with other pulmonary vascular obstructive diseases. Computed tomography scanning and gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging could be useful methods for differential diagnosis. The prognosis is very poor. The survival time after resection varies from several months to several years depending on the presence of recurrence or metastasis. Early diagnosis and radical surgical resection presents the only opportunity for a potential cure. [source]

    Aortic Valve Replacement with Simultaneous Chest Wall Reconstruction for Radiation-Induced Sarcoma

    Anand Sachithanandan A.F.R.C.S.I.
    We describe a lady with previous mantle radiotherapy exposure, who developed a radiation-induced chest wall sarcoma. She underwent simultaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) for severe aortic stenosis and excision of the sarcoma. Chest wall reconstruction was achieved with a composite marlex cement plate and a pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap. [source]

    Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue with Cytogenetic and Molecular Analyses

    C. Vejabhuti
    A 7-year-old girl presented with pain and progressive swelling on the left plantar surface. Biopsy of a 2.5 cm mass demonstrated nests of large oval tumor cells with high nuclear-to-cytoplasm ratio, amphophilic to clear cytoplasm, prominent nucleoli, and brisk mitotic activity. Occasional cells showed spindled morphology. Infrequent melanin pigment was present. Melanocytic markers (HMB45, S-100) were diffusely positive. A diagnosis of clear cell sarcoma of soft tissue (CCSS) was made, and the tumor was re-excision with negative margins. 28 months later, a 1.0 cm pulmonary nodule was identified and showed CCSS. Cytogenetics demonstrated a complex karyotype (unbalanced translocation der(12;14)(p10;q10), additional chromosome 22 material of unknown origin). Although the CCSS translocation t(12;22)(q13;q12) was not identified, EWSR1 gene rearrangement was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). RT-PCR demonstrated an EWS-ATF1 fusion transcript, confirmed by direct sequencing. CCSS requires differentiation from malignant melanoma, due to overlapping clinical presentations, sites of involvement, histomorphology, immunocytochemical profiles, and ultrastructure. In many circumstances, definitive diagnosis is only possible with confirmation of the CCSS tumor-defining translocation. [source]

    Primary Cutaneous Ewing's Sarcoma

    K.S. Draft
    A 57-year-old woman presented with a three-week history of an erythematous nodule on her palm. The clinical diagnosis was pyogenic granuloma. Histology revealed a circumscribed dermal nodule of uniform, primitive round cells with numerous mitotic figures and apoptopic cells. The tumor cells showed strong membranous immunoreactivity for CD99 and nuclear immunoreactivity for Fli-1. The tumor cells were negative for S-100 protein, cytokeratin AE1/3, cytokeratin 20, chromogranin, synaptophysin, and actin. The diagnosis of Ewing's sarcoma was made. CT scans showed no evidence of an osseous or deep soft tissue primary tumor or metastatic disease. The tumor was excised with 1 cm margins, and the patient received six courses of adjuvant chemotherapy. One year after diagnosis, the patient is alive without evidence of disease. Extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma (EES) rarely presents as a primary skin tumor and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of small round cell tumors involving the skin. It is important to distinguish primary cutaneous EES from secondary involvement of the skin by ES, as primary cutaneous EES has a more indolent course compared to classic EES or osseous ES. Immunohistochemical stains for CD99 and Fli-1 are useful markers to confirm the diagnosis of cutaneous ES. [source]

    Human Herpesvirus-8: A Useful Marker for Distinguishing Kaposi Sarcoma and Kaposi Sarcoma-like Pyogenic Granuloma

    A. Uzieblo
    Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a vascular neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection. On occasion, KS may histologically mimic pyogenic granulomas (PG), a common benign vascular tumor of the skin. Using immunoperoxidase stains, we examined 28 PG and 4 PG-like KS for HHV-8 to determine the specificity of positive staining in this setting. All PG-like KS demonstrated nuclear staining for HHV-8. No staining was identified in any of the PG. Furthermore, histologic criteria often used to differentiate between these two entities were not helpful in difficult cases. The only distinguishing features were the presence/absence of HHV-8 staining and, in some cases, clinical history. The presence of HHV-8 nuclear staining appears to be a specific marker for KS when comparing PG and PG-like KS. Given the lack of distinguishing morphologic criteria, we suggest performing immunoperoxidase stains for HHV-8 on any PG occurring in a clinically atypical setting. [source]

    Modulation of p-glycoprotein function by caveolin-1 phosphorylation

    Stéphane Barakat
    Abstract p-glycoprotein (p-gp) is an ATP-binding cassette transporter and its overexpression is responsible for the acquisition of the multidrug resistance phenotype in human tumors. p-gp is localized at the blood,brain barrier and is involved in brain cytoprotection. Our previous work used immunoprecipitation to show that caveolin-1 can interact with p-gp. In this study, we provide evidence that caveolin-1 regulates p-gp transport activity in a rat brain endothelial cell line (RBE4). Down-regulation of caveolin-1 by siRNA reduced the interaction between p-gp and caveolin-1, followed by a decrease in [3H]-Taxol and [3H]-Vinblastine accumulation in RBE4 cells. The latter result showed that down-regulation of caveolin-1 enhanced p-gp transport activity. RBE4 cells were also transfected with Sarcoma in order to modulate caveolin-1 phosphorylation. Overexpression of Sarcoma, a protein tyrosine kinase, stimulated caveolin-1 phosphorylation and increased both [3H]-Taxol and [3H]-Vinblastine accumulation as well as Hoechst 33342 accumulation. Transfection of caveolin-1 inhibits p-gp transport activity. Conversely, transfection of the mutant cavY14F decreased the p-gp/caveolin-1 interaction and reduced accumulation of the two p-gp substrates. Thus, our data show that caveolin-1 regulates p-gp function through the phosphorylation state of caveolin-1 in endothelial cells from the blood,brain barrier. [source]

    Antitumour Activity and Side Effects of Combined Treatment with Chitosan and Cisplatin in Sarcoma 180-Bearing Mice

    We examined the possible modulation by chitosan of the antitumour effects and side effects of cisplatin (cis-diaminedichloroplatinum, CDDP). The study showed that CDDP had potent antitumour activity when administered orally as well as intraperitoneally. We also compared the antitumour activity and side effects of orally administered CDDP plus orally administered chitosan versus intraperitoneally administered CDDP plus orally administered chitosan in sarcoma 180-bearing mice. When CDDP (1.25 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1) was intraperitoneally administered to sarcoma 180-bearing mice, myelotoxicity (the reduction of leucocyte and platelet numbers), nephrotoxicity (the increase of blood nitrogen urea level), immunotoxicity (the reduction of spleen and thymus weight) and a reduction in body weight resulted. These intraperitoneally administered CDDP-induced side effects were not prevented by oral administration of chitosan (150 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1 and 750 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1) for 14 consecutive days. On the other hand, the side effects such as the reductions of body and spleen weights induced by orally administered CDDP (1.25 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1) were prevented by the oral administration of chitosan (150 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1 and 750 mg kg,1 × 2 day,1). From these results, we conclude that the orally administered chitosan plus CDDP might be useful for the prevention of body weight reduction and immunotoxicity (the reduction of spleen weight) induced by the orally administered CDDP without diminishing antitumour activity. [source]

    Antemortem Diagnosis of Localized Central Nervous System Histiocytic Sarcoma in 2 Dogs

    L. Tzipory
    First page of article [source]

    Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of Urethral Sarcoma in a Cria

    Nancy R. Gustafson
    First page of article [source]

    MALT lymphoma and Kaposi Sarcoma in an HIV-negative patient,

    Aurora Mirabile
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Pseudo-Kaposi Sarcoma with Arteriovenous Malformation

    Margarita Larralde M.D., Ph.D.
    Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma with vascular malformation (Stewart,Bluefarb syndrome) is an uncommon and important entity characterized by congenital arteriovenous malformation and skin lesions that may resemble Kaposi sarcoma. This is usually seen in the lower limb of young people. We report a case of this syndrome in a 17-year-old boy who had skin lesions on the right leg and foot. [source]

    Unusual Lesions in the Breast , Recurrent Metastasis in the Breast from Uterine Sarcoma

    THE BREAST JOURNAL, Issue 4 2007
    Naveen Pokala MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Synovial Cell Sarcoma: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcomes

    THE LARYNGOSCOPE, Issue 11 2002
    Swapna S. Kartha
    Abstract Objectives/Hypothesis Synovial cell sarcoma is a mesenchymal tumor predominantly of the lower extremities. Three percent of cases arise in the head and neck region. It is thought that head and neck synovial sarcoma has a better prognosis than tumors of the extremities. Our experience has demonstrated aggressive behavior of this neoplasm in the head and neck. This compelled us to compare our experience with other studies. Study Design Retrospective chart review. Methods We obtained the records of patients diagnosed with head and neck synovial sarcoma from the Tumor Registry of the University of Louisville School of Medicine (Louisville, KY) and affiliated hospitals for data compiled between January 1990 and December 2000. Data on patient demographics, clinical findings and symptoms, histological findings, treatment, extent of disease, recurrence, and survival were recorded. The literature was reviewed identifying reports of synovial cell sarcoma. Results Five consecutive patients with synovial cell sarcoma were assessed at our facility. The median patient age was 28.2 years. All of the patients underwent an aggressive primary surgical excision followed by irradiation. All patients received chemotherapy after recurrence. Four of the five patients had local recurrence, and all five of the patients developed distant metastases. Three of the patients have died, and two are alive with evidence of disease. Novel sites are reported including the ethmoid sinus and the parotid gland. This group demonstrated a 40% 5-year overall survival, which was lower than the 60% 5-year survival reported in the literature for all sites. Conclusions Synovial cell sarcoma of the head and neck is a disease of young people and carries a poor prognosis. The aggressive nature of the disease may require modification of accepted treatment modalities and sequence. [source]

    ID2-VEGF-related Pathways in the Pathogenesis of Kaposi's Sarcoma: A Link Disrupted by Rapamycin

    G. Stallone
    The Id-proteins are a family of four related proteins implicated in the control of differentiation and cell-cycle progression. Down-regulation of Id-gene expression is essential for the differentiation of several cell types. In addition, deregulated Id2 activity inhibits the Rb tumor suppressor pathway and promotes the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Several members of VEGF family could be involved in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) development and progression. Lymphatic vascular endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1) is the first marker of lymphatic endothelial competence during development in the mature vasculature, and is also expressed on KS spindle cells. Rapamycin (RAPA), an immunosuppressive drug, has been shown to reverse KS growth and to reduce tumor angiogenesis. We evaluate, in transplantation-associated KS and in cultured KS-cells the RAPA effect on Id2 and on de novo lymphangiogenesis. Markers of lymphatic-endothelial-cells (VEGFR-3, LYVE-1) and Id2, expressed at low levels within the normal skin, were up-regulated in KS and returned to normal levels after RAPA introduction. The association between Id2 and lymphangiogenesis is suggested by co-localization of Id2, VEGFR-3 and LYVE-1. RAPA inhibition on Id2 expression was confirmed in vitro in KS-cells, both in basal conditions and upon stimulation with VEGF. In conclusion, our data would suggest a novel molecular mechanism for the antineoplastic effects of RAPA in posttransplant KS. [source]

    Symptomatic Pulmonary Allograft Kaposi's Sarcoma in Two Lung Transplant Recipients

    S. J. Sathy
    Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is associated with solid-organ transplantation, but is extremely rare after lung transplantation. In this report, we describe two unique cases of lung transplant recipients who developed KS in the lung allograft and were treated with sirolimus and liposomal doxorubicin. One patient survived 12 months after the diagnosis of KS; the other survived 3 months after diagnosis and was found to have concomitant EBV-negative, HHV-8-positive B-cell lymphoma. We demonstrate a partial response of pulmonary KS to reduced immunosuppression and the initiation of sirolimus in one patient, as well as an association between increasing HHV-8 viremia and progression of pulmonary KS. Our report highlights the importance of secondary malignancies in patients with transplant-related KS and supports the association between HHV-8 infection and EBV-negative PTLD. [source]

    Extended Survival by Urgent Liver Retransplantation after Using a First Graft with Metastasis from Initially Unrecognized Donor Sarcoma

    Jorge A. Ortiz
    A 58-year-old man underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for polycystic liver disease. Shortly after the procedure, it was discovered that the donor harbored a sarcoma of the aortic arch that had metastasized to the spleen, and bilateral renal cell carcinomas. The two sole organ recipients, our liver recipient and a lung recipient at another institution, were both listed for urgent retransplantation, which they received from the same second donor. The liver explant contained metastatic sarcoma. Twenty-four months survival following lung retransplantation has been previously reported. We report the 76-month disease-free survival in the liver recipient. [source]

    Studies on the Physicochemical Properties, Structure and Antitumor Activity of Polysaccharide YhPS-1 from the Root of Cordalis yanhusuo Wang

    Yi-Wen Tao
    Abstract A polysaccharide named YhPS-1 was isolated from the root of Cordalis yanhusuo Wang and purified by means of gel-permeation chromatography and ionexchange chromatography. Its physicochemical properties, including monosaccharide composition, carbohydrate content, molecular weight and elemental composition, were determined. The structure of YhPS-1 was elucidated by chemical methods along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy ways, such as including two-dimensional HMQC and HMBC experiments. These results show that YhPS-1 possesses a backbone consisting of terminal , -Glcp -(1,, , -Glcp -(1,6), , -Glcp -(1,4) and , -Glcp -(1,4,6). The bioactive assay showed that it could inhibit the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Lewis pulmonary carcinoma implanted in mice. [source]

    Pediatric Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcomas

    Dr John A Heath
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Intra-abdominal desmoid tumor after successful treatment for Hodgkin disease

    PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER, Issue 5 2005
    Philip M. Rosoff MD
    Abstract The risk of second malignancies after successful treatment for Hodgkin disease can be considerable. The most common malignancies are solid tumors arising in irradiated sites, such as the breast and thyroid gland after mantle field radiation. Sarcomas and other musculoskeletal tumors are also seen. We describe a young woman who developed an intra-abdominal desmoid tumor more than 4 years after completing therapy for Stage IIB Hodgkin disease, treated with combination chemotherapy (ABVD) and mantle irradiation. The tumor did not occur at either a surgical site or within a radiation field. She did not carry a mutation for familial adenomatosis polypoli. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Sarcomas: genetics, signalling, and cellular origins.

    Part 2: TET-independent fusion proteins, receptor tyrosine kinase mutations
    Abstract Although the mechanisms that underlie sarcoma development are still poorly understood, the identification of non-random chromosomal translocations and receptor tyrosine kinase mutations associated with defined sarcoma types has provided new insight into the pathogenesis of these tumours. In Part 1 of the review (J Pathol 2007;213:4,20), we addressed sarcomas that express fusion genes containing TET gene family products. Part 2 of the review summarizes our current understanding of the implications of fusion genes that do not contain TET family members in sarcoma development, as well as that of specific mutations in genes encoding receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). The final section will serve as a summary of both reviews and will attempt to provide a synthesis of some of the emerging principles of sarcomagenesis. Copyright © 2007 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Chondrosarcoma of the Skull Base

    THE LARYNGOSCOPE, Issue 1 2002
    Brian Neff MD
    Abstract Objectives Sarcomas of the skull base are challenging, potentially lethal tumors. Prognosis is considered poor. The present report reviews treatment options and presents a case of treatment with en bloc resection of the temporal bone and adjacent skull base. Study Design Single case report and literature review. Results Extensive skull base resection for chondrosarcoma can be performed successfully and may be curative. Conclusion There is a role for en bloc resection of large areas of the skull base for treatment of chondrosarcoma. It appears that treatment combining surgery and radiation therapy is most likely to be effective. [source]

    Blueberry muffin rash as a presentation of alveolar cell rhabdomyosarcoma in a neonate

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 1 2000
    SV Godambe
    Soft tissue sarcomas of childhood continue to present problems with pathologic diagnosis, staging and treatment. Rhabdomyosarcoma, the most common soft tissue sarcoma, represents 4,8% of all malignant solid tumours in children. We report a case of congenital alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma who presented with "blueberry muffin"-like rash. A full-term female infant was noted at birth to have multiple skin lesions resembling blueberry muffin rash and an abdominal mass in the left iliac fossa, which appeared to be fixed to the posterior abdominal wall. There was no enlargement of liver and spleen, but her para-aortic lymph nodes were enlarged. Biopsy from the mass confirmed the diagnosis of alveolar cell rhabdomyosarcoma. Molecular investigation for the t (2:13) translocation was negative. The infant received chemotherapy but died within 1 mo of diagnosis. [source]

    Cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cell sarcoma: a case report with cytological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural findings

    CYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 3 2009
    J. E. Kwon
    First page of article [source]

    Cytology of epithelioid sarcoma

    CYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2006
    I. Yildiz
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Cytomorphological study of soft tissue neoplasms: role of fluorescent immunocytochemistry in diagnosis

    CYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2005
    B. Rekhi
    Objectives:, Exact categorization of soft tissue tumours (STTs) on smears requires application of various ancillary techniques. This study was aimed at evaluating the role of fluorescent immunocytochemistry (FICC) in cyto-diagnosis of 30 STT cases. Methods:, Thirty cases of soft tissue tumours were included in the present study. All cases were subjected to routine Giemsa and Papanicolaou stain. Extra smears were made and kept for fluorescent immunostaining. A panel of cytoskeletal antibodies, tagged with FITC (Fluorescein isothyocynate), was employed in all these cases. Fluorescent immunostained smears were examined under Zeiss Confocal Laser scanning microscope, using double immunofluorescence (red-green). Finally, all cases were subjected to biopsy and again immunoperoxidase staining. Results:, Among the 30 cases in the present study, unaided cytological diagnoses ranged from ,spindle cell' tumour in four (13.3%) cases, benign and malignant spindle cell tumour in 17 (56.6%) cases, to malignant mesenchymal tumour in nine (30%) cases. FICC helped in further correct categorization of 25/30 (83.3%) cases viz. leiomyoma (three), benign neurogenic tumour (six), schwannoma (one), dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (three), synovial sarcoma (two), rhabdomyosarcoma (two), malignant fibrous histiocytoma (five) and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (three). Aggressive fibromatosis was found to be a missed diagnosis in two cases. Overall concordance between cyto-diagnosis with FICC, and histopathology results was 83.3% (P < 0.05). Conclusion:, Fluorescent immunocytochemistry is a significant ancillary technique for making a rapid and specific diagnosis of STT, as required for their timely management. Incorporation of a wide panel of antibody markers with clinico-cytological correlation is recommended in forming an exact diagnosis in these cases. [source]