Polyester Matrix (polyester + matrix)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Porous Biodegradable Scaffold: Predetermined Porosity by Dissolution of Poly(ester-anhydride) Fibers from Polyester Matrix

Jaana Rich
Abstract A novel selective leaching method for the porogenization of the biodegradable scaffolds was developed. Continuous, predetermined pore structure was prepared by dissolving fast eroding poly(, -caprolactone)-based poly(ester-anhydride) fibers from the photo-crosslinked poly(, -caprolactone) matrix. The porogen fibers dissolved in the phosphate buffer (pH 7.4, 37,C) within a week, resulting in the porosity that replicated exactly the single fiber dimensions and the overall arrangement of the fibers. The amount of the porosity, estimated with micro-CT, corresponded with the initial amount of the fibers. The potential to include bioactive agents in the porogen fibers was demonstrated with the bioactive glass. [source]

Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Teeth Restored with Three Different Prefabricated Esthetic Posts

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of composition of prefabricated esthetic posts in fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth in vitro. Materials and Methods: Thirty human, single-rooted teeth (maxillary central incisors and canines) with similar root dimensions, extracted for therapeutic reasons, were used in this study. The crowns were removed below the cementoenamel junction to obtain a standard root length of 17 mm. The roots were endodontically treated following the conventional manual technique and randomly assigned to three groups (n = 10) according to the post used: Aestheti-Post, Bisco, Schaumberg, Illinois; FibreKor Post, Jeneric/Pentron, Wallingford, Connecticut; and CosmoPost, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein. The root canals were rendered patent, and the root preparations were standardized through flaring with the manufacturers' drills included in the respective kits. The posts were cemented with an adhesive system and a resin cement (All-Bond 2 and C & B, Bisco, respectively), according to the manufacturers' directions. Composite resin (Tetric Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent) crowns were built up using a preformed polyester matrix, and the specimens were mounted in metallic rings with cold-cure acrylic resin and kept in saline solution at 4C for 24 hours. Fracture resistance was then determined using an EMIC DL-2000 universal testing machine. The crosshead speed was 0.5 mm/min with the 45-degree compressing load at the middle third of the crown. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey'stest (p<.001). Results: Mean fracture resistance was as follows: Aestheti-Post, 83.5 kgf; FibreKor Post, 85.7 kgf; and CosmoPost, 36.5 kgf. The fracture strength of CosmoPost was significantly lower than that of the other posts. Teeth restored with CosmoPost had post fractures, and in three specimens, those were associated with root fractures. Teeth restored with the other two posts presented fractures on the composite crowns. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Compared with ceramic posts, carbon-fiber and glass-fiber prefabricated esthetic posts provide endodontically treated teeth higher fracture resistance. [source]

Polyester composites reinforced with noncrimp stitched glass fabrics: Experimental characterization of composites and investigation on the interaction between glass fiber and polyester matrix

Volkan Cecen
The primary purpose of the study was to investigate the anisotropic behavior of different noncrimp stitched fabric reinforced polyester composites. The effects of geometric variables on composite structural integrity and strength are illustrated. Hence, tensile, three-point bending flexural and short beam shear tests were conducted up to failure on specimens strengthened with different layouts of fibrous plies in noncrimp stitched fabric. The remark, based on the observations while tensile testing, is that the stress,strain curves of polyester based composites were linear in the direction of fibers. However, in the matrix dominated orientations nonlinear relation between the stress and the strain was observed. Another aim of the present work was to investigate the interaction between glass fiber and polyester matrix. The experiments, in conjunction with scanning electron photomicrographs of fractured surfaces of composites, were interpreted in an attempt to explain the interaction between glass fiber and polyester and were interpreted in an attempt to explain the instability of polyester resin,glass fiber interfaces. It was concluded that the polymer was either deposited between adjacent fibers or as widely separated islands on the fiber surface. Infrared spectra of the cured polyester and its glass fiber composite were obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. POLYM. COMPOS., 2008. 2007 Society of Plastics Engineers [source]