Polyester Fabric (polyester + fabric)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Dyeability improvement of polyester pretreated with some alkoxides

A. Bendak
Abstract The influence of some alkoxides in alcoholic media, having various dielectric constants, on the physical and mechanical properties was thoroughly studied in a previous work to attain silk-like polyester fibers. In this investigation, the dyeability behavior of this silk-like polyester is tried. Both immersion and padding techniques are applied in the treatment. The dyeability of the pretreated polyester fabric with disperse dyes shows some progressive improvements with lowering the dyeing temperature and/or decreasing the time of dyeing attained. Ethoxide is found to be more effective in enhancing the dyeability of polyester fabric than either methoxide or propoxide. Dyeing of the pretreated polyester fabric at the boil without using carriers or conducting high temperature/high pressure dyeing is also possible. Washing and crocking fastness are relatively enhanced. Physicochemical investigations of the dyeing process and a mathematical analysis for evenness are given. A decrease in the half dyeing time and an increase in the rate of dyeing of the pretreated polyester as compared with the untreated one are noticed. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]

Synthesis and application of novel styryl dyes derived from 1,4-diethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6-methoxyquinoxaline

Vijay Satam
The novel 1,4-diethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-7-methoxyquinoxalin-6-carboxaldehyde was synthesized, characterized, and condensed with suitably substituted active methylene compounds by classical Knoevenagel condensation reaction to obtain novel monostyryl dyes 8a-8e and a bis-styryl dye 8f. These novel styryl dyes have hue varying from orange to violet. The dyes were applied to polyester fibers. The spectral and thermal characteristics of the dyes and fastness properties of the dyed polyester fabric were investigated. J. Heterocyclic Chem., 46, 221 (2009). [source]

A New Biological Matrix for Septal Occlusion

The ideal septal occluder scaffold should promote the healthiest and most complete healing response possible while eventually facilitating the full resorption of the material, leaving "native" tissue behind. An excellent biocompatibility of the scaffold tissue is a prerequisite for quick, complete, and firm ingrowth of the device, optimizing outcomes and minimizing the potential for complications. Intestinal collagen layer (ICL) is a highly purified (acellular) bioengineered type-1 collagen derived from porcine submucosa. It is gradually resorbed by the host organism and subsequently replaced by the host tissue. CardioSEAL® occluders were modified by substituting the conventional polyester fabric for an intestinal collagen layer (ICL). Percutaneous transcatheter closure of interventionally created atrial septal defects was performed in lambs using these modified occluders. A complete pathomorphological investigation including histology was carried out after 2, 4, and 12 weeks follow-up. Standard CardioSEAL implants served as a control group. After 2 weeks in vivo the devices were already covered completely by neo-endothelium. Compared with the conventional synthetic scaffold, ICL devices showed a quicker endothelialization, decreased thrombogenicity, and superior biocompatibility with no significant cellular infiltration observed in the histology of explants with ICL fabrics. After 3 months in vivo the collagen layer remained mechanically intact, but began to show the first histological signs of mild disintegration, gradual resorption, and remodeling. In conclusion, short-term results from preliminary in vivo experiments using a bioengineered collagen matrix as the occluder tissue scaffold showed excellent biocompatibility. This resulted in superior overall results: quicker endothelialization, a decreased thrombogenicity, and decreased immunological host response. (J Interven Cardiol 2003;16:149,152) [source]

Photodegradation of Methanol Under UV,Visible Irradiation by Titania Dispersed on Polyester Cloth

Kaustava Bhattacharyya
Titania supported on polyester fabric (TiO2,PY) with varying titania loadings (2,7 wt%) were prepared via the dip-coating method at room temperature using an aqueous slurry of anatase titania. Structural and morphological characterizations by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the titanium dioxide crystallites deposited on the surface of the polyester fabric were in the micrometer range while their phase remained to be anatase. Photocatalytic activity of TiO2,PY fabric catalysts was evaluated for vapor-phase oxidation of methanol in air as a test reaction in the presence of UV as well as solar radiation under ambient conditions. These catalysts were found to be quite active in both UV and solar irradiation with activity being higher in the former case. CO2 yield from photo-oxidation of methanol depended on titania content and also on its dispersion over polyester fabric support. [source]

Dispersant-free dyeing of polyester with temporarily solubilised azo disperse dyes from 1-substituted-2-hydroxypyrid-6-one derivatives

J J Lee
Four temporarily solubilised azo disperse dyes based on 1-substituted-2-hydroxypyrid-6-one were synthesised and characterised. The dyes showed high extinction coefficients and had a yellow shade on polyester fabric. They were successfully applied to polyester without the use of dispersants and the optimum pH was found to be 5. It was found that the dyes could be alkali-cleared due to ionisation of the dye under mild alkaline conditions. The dyes exhibited good to excellent fastness properties on the polyester fabric. [source]

Qualitative and quantitative responses of Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to cucurbit extracts linked to species, sex, weather and deployment method

G. Cabrera Walsh
Abstract Toxic baits and traps for Diabroticina, based on bitter cucurbit extracts, have been utilized for a number of years with inconsistent results. Four species of bitter Cucurbitaceae were compared in the field for their attractancy to species of Diabroticina in Argentina and the United States. The comparisons were made with polyester fabrics treated with known volumes of different cucurbit extracts, against a standard cucurbit extract of bitter Hawkesbury watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura and Nakai). The factors evaluated were: the attractancy of the different extracts in terms of beetle numbers, species and sex of the Diabroticina caught; influence of different fabrics on such attraction; and influence of several weather variables on the catches. The most attractive species was Cayaponia bonariensis (Miller) Martinez Crovetto, however, practical considerations indicated that Cucumis myriocarpus Naudin and Hawkesbury watermelon may be better choices from the commercial perspective. No single weather factor could explain the catches throughout the sample range, but different temperature and barometric pressure ranges provided some predictive value. Although the susceptibility to weather conditions and a strong male dominance in the catches raise the question of the usefulness of cucurbitacins as the main component in toxic baits or traps, these drawbacks may prove to be less important in widespread bait applications and Diabroticina management in vegetable crops. [source]

Effect of weight reduction process on printing properties of polyester fabrics

Mehmet Kanik
The weight reduction process used to improve the handle and appearance of polyester fabrics is used widely in industry. In this study, polyester fabrics, which had been subjected to this process in varying degrees, were printed using three disperse dyes under controlled printing conditions. The effect of weight reduction on the print paste add-on, colour strength, wash and crock fastness, and levelness and sharpness of the print were evaluated and the results discussed. [source]