Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Physicians

  • academic physician
  • attending physician
  • care physician
  • chest physician
  • critical care physician
  • emergency physician
  • european physician
  • experience physician
  • family physician
  • first physician
  • general physician
  • hospital physician
  • individual physician
  • internal medicine physician
  • local physician
  • many physician
  • medicine physician
  • nuclear medicine physician
  • other physician
  • pain physician
  • participating physician
  • patient physician
  • practicing physician
  • prescribing physician
  • primary care physician
  • primary physician
  • primary-care physician
  • private physician
  • referring physician
  • resident physician
  • respiratory physician
  • rural physician
  • same physician
  • single physician
  • specialist physician
  • staff physician
  • transplant physician
  • treating physician
  • young physician

  • Terms modified by Physicians

  • physician ability
  • physician adherence
  • physician assessment
  • physician assistant
  • physician attitude
  • physician awareness
  • physician behavior
  • physician behaviour
  • physician care
  • physician characteristic
  • physician communication
  • physician communication skill
  • physician compliance
  • physician decision
  • physician desk reference
  • physician diagnosis
  • physician education
  • physician evaluation
  • physician global assessment
  • physician groups
  • physician health study
  • physician income
  • physician interview
  • physician involvement
  • physician judgment
  • physician knowledge
  • physician office
  • physician order
  • physician order entry
  • physician perception
  • physician performance
  • physician perspective
  • physician practice
  • physician practice pattern
  • physician preference
  • physician rating
  • physician recognition
  • physician recommendation
  • physician response
  • physician satisfaction
  • physician services
  • physician shortage
  • physician specialty
  • physician supply
  • physician training
  • physician visit
  • physician workforce

  • Selected Abstracts


    BIOETHICS, Issue 3 2007
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I examine the arguments against physician assisted suicide (PAS). Many of these arguments are consequentialist. Consequentialist arguments rely on empirical claims about the future and thus their strength depends on how likely it is that the predictions will be realized. I discuss these predictions against the backdrop of Oregon's Death with Dignity Act and the practice of PAS in the Netherlands. I then turn to a specific consequentialist argument against PAS , Susan M. Wolf's feminist critique of the practice. Finally, I examine the two most prominent deontological arguments against PAS. Ultimately, I conclude that no anti-PAS argument has merit. Although I do not provide positive arguments for PAS, if none of the arguments against it are strong, we have no reason not to legalize it. [source]


    ADDICTION, Issue 7 2009
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Resource Use and Survival of Patients Hospitalized With Congestive Heart Failure: Differences in Care by Specialty of the Attending Physician

    David Tepper MD Editor
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Adrenaline Storm in the Emergency Physician

    David C. Cone MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Physician and emergency medical technicians' knowledge and experience regarding dental trauma

    Shaul Lin
    Abstract,,, The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge of physicians and emergency medical technicians (EMT) regarding primary treatment for dental trauma and to assess the experience they have in treating dental injuries. The study population consisted of 70 military physicians and EMT during their military service. A questionnaire was distributed relating to demographic data, such as age, gender, position, and type of military service, as well as the following issues: past experience in treating or witnessing dental trauma, former education regarding diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma, assessment of knowledge regarding dental trauma, etc. Of all participants, only 4 (5.9%), all physicians, received education regarding dental trauma. Nevertheless, 42 (61.8%) reported they witnessed such an injury during their military service. Dental injuries were first seen by the EMT in 41.2% of the cases, by the physician in 25%, and by a dentist in only 7.3%. Overall, 58 (85.3%) of the physicians and EMT stated that it was important to educate the primary health care providers regarding diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma. Special emphasis should be given to providing primary caregivers with the relevant education to improve their knowledge and ability of dealing with diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma. [source]

    An Independent Evaluation of Four Quantitative Emergency Department Crowding Scales

    Spencer S. Jones MStat
    Background Emergency department (ED) overcrowding has become a frequent topic of investigation. Despite a significant body of research, there is no standard definition or measurement of ED crowding. Four quantitative scales for ED crowding have been proposed in the literature: the Real-time Emergency Analysis of Demand Indicators (READI), the Emergency Department Work Index (EDWIN), the National Emergency Department Overcrowding Study (NEDOCS) scale, and the Emergency Department Crowding Scale (EDCS). These four scales have yet to be independently evaluated and compared. Objectives The goals of this study were to formally compare four existing quantitative ED crowding scales by measuring their ability to detect instances of perceived ED crowding and to determine whether any of these scales provide a generalizable solution for measuring ED crowding. Methods Data were collected at two-hour intervals over 135 consecutive sampling instances. Physician and nurse agreement was assessed using weighted , statistics. The crowding scales were compared via correlation statistics and their ability to predict perceived instances of ED crowding. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values were calculated at site-specific cut points and at the recommended thresholds. Results All four of the crowding scales were significantly correlated, but their predictive abilities varied widely. NEDOCS had the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AROC) (0.92), while EDCS had the lowest (0.64). The recommended thresholds for the crowding scales were rarely exceeded; therefore, the scales were adjusted to site-specific cut points. At a site-specific cut point of 37.19, NEDOCS had the highest sensitivity (0.81), specificity (0.87), and positive predictive value (0.62). Conclusions At the study site, the suggested thresholds of the published crowding scales did not agree with providers' perceptions of ED crowding. Even after adjusting the scales to site-specific thresholds, a relatively low prevalence of ED crowding resulted in unacceptably low positive predictive values for each scale. These results indicate that these crowding scales lack scalability and do not perform as designed in EDs where crowding is not the norm. However, two of the crowding scales, EDWIN and NEDOCS, and one of the READI subscales, bed ratio, yielded good predictive power (AROC >0.80) of perceived ED crowding, suggesting that they could be used effectively after a period of site-specific calibration at EDs where crowding is a frequent occurrence. [source]

    Patients Spend More Time With the Physician for Excision of a Malignant Skin Lesion Than for Excision of a Benign Skin Lesion

    Steven R. Feldman MD
    Background. Currently, there is a difference in reimbursement between excision of malignant and benign lesions. There is concern that there is not sufficient rationale for differential reimbursement for these two procedures. Objective. To assess whether there is a difference in physician work involved with excision of benign versus malignant skin tumors. Method. We searched National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data for visits at which excision of benign and malignant skin lesions was performed. We compared the time spent with the physician at these two types of visits. To exclude confounding issues unrelated to the excision that would affect the time of visit, we excluded visits at which multiple diagnoses were addressed. Results. The mean time spent with the physician at visits for excision of benign lesions was 22.9±1.0 minutes. The mean time spent with the physician at visits for excision of malignant lesions was 30.0±1.7, 30% longer (p < 0.001). The longer time for excision of malignant lesions remained significant after controlling for age, gender, and race. Conclusion. Excision of malignant lesions involves more physician work than does excision of benign lesions. Elimination of differential compensation for benign versus malignant skin lesion procedures would not enhance the accuracy of reimbursement. In the absence of any compelling rationale to change the existing differential reimbursement, the proposals to do so are not warranted. [source]

    Atrophic and a Mixed Pattern of Acne Scars Improved With a 1320-nm Nd:YAG Laser

    Arlene S. Rogachefsky MD
    Background. Acne scar correction remains a challenge to the dermatologic surgeon. With nonablative laser resurfacing, this correction is imputed to dermal collagen remodeling and acne scar reorganization. Although atrophic acne scars tend to respond to laser treatment, the deeper ice pick and boxcar scars tend to be laser resistant. Objective. To investigate the treatment of atrophic and a mixed pattern of facial acne scars, we evaluated a 1320-nm Nd:YAG laser. Twelve subjects with atrophic facial acne scars (N=6) or a combination of atrophic and pitted, sclerotic, or boxcar scars (N=6) received three laser treatments. Physician and patient acne scar ratings were performed at baseline and at 6 months after the last treatment. Acne scars were rated with a 10-point severity scale. Results. Mean acne scar improvement was 1.5 points on physician assessments (P=0.002) and 2.2 points on patient assessments (P=0.01). Acne scars were rated more severely by patients than by the physician at all intervals. There were no noted complications at 6 months. Conclusion. The 1320-nm Nd:YAG laser is a safe and effective nonablative modality for the improvement of atrophic and a mixed pattern of facial acne scars. [source]

    Emergency Physician,Verified Out-of-hospital Intubation: Miss Rates by Paramedics

    James H. Jones MD
    Abstract Objectives: To prospectively quantify the number of unrecognized missed out-of-hospital intubations by ground paramedics using emergency physician verification as the criterion standard for verification of endotracheal tube placement. Methods:The authors performed an observational, prospective study of consecutive intubated patients arriving by ground emergency medical services to two urban teaching hospitals. Endotracheal tube placement was verified by emergency physicians and evaluated by using a combination of direct visualization, esophageal detector device (EDD), colorimetric end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), and physical examination. Results: During the six-month study period, 208 out-of-hospital intubations by ground paramedics were enrolled, which included 160 (76.9%) medical patients and 48 (23.1%) trauma patients. A total of 12 (5.8%) endotracheal tubes were incorrectly placed outside the trachea. This comprised ten (6.3%) medical patients and two (4.2%) trauma patients. Of the 12 misplaced endotracheal tubes, a verification device (ETCO2 or EDD) was used in three cases (25%) and not used in nine cases (75%). Conclusions: The rate of unrecognized, misplaced out-of-hospital intubations in this urban, midwestern setting was 5.8%. This is more consistent with results of prior out-of-hospital studies that used field verification and is discordant with the only other study to exclusively use emergency physician verification performed on arrival to the emergency department. [source]

    Consent for Emergency Physician,Performed Echocardiography

    Peter J. Mariani MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Evaluation of the Effect of a Consumer-Driven Health Plan on Medical Care Expenditures and Utilization

    Stephen T. Parente§
    Objective. To compare medical care costs and utilization in a consumer-driven health plan (CDHP) to other health insurance plans. Study Design. We examine claims and employee demographic data from one large employer that adopted a CDHP in 2001. A quasi-experimental pre,post design is used to assign employees to three cohorts: (1) enrolled in a health maintenance organization (HMO) from 2000 to 2002, (2) enrolled in a preferred provider organization (PPO) from 2000 to 2002, or (3) enrolled in a CDHP in 2001 and 2002, after previously enrolling in either an HMO or PPO in 2000. Using this approach we estimate a difference-in-difference regression model for expenditure and utilization measures to identify the impact of CDHP. Principal Findings. By 2002, the CDHP cohort experienced lower total expenditures than the PPO cohort but higher expenditures than the HMO cohort. Physician visits and pharmaceutical use and costs were lower in the CDHP cohort compared to the other groups. Hospital costs and admission rates for CDHP enrollees, as well as total physician expenditures, were significantly higher than for enrollees in the HMO and PPO plans. Conclusions. An early evaluation of CDHP expenditures and utilization reveals that the new health plan is a viable alternative to existing health plan designs. Enrollees in the CDHP have lower total expenditures than PPO enrollees, but higher utilization of resource-intensive hospital admissions after an initially favorable selection. [source]

    Physicians "Missing in Action": Family Perspectives on Physician and Staffing Problems in End-of-Life Care in the Nursing Home

    Renée R. Shield PhD
    Objectives: To understand the roles of physicians and staff in nursing homes in relation to end-of-life care through narrative interviews with family members close to a decedent. Design: Qualitative follow-up interviews with 54 respondents who had participated in an earlier national survey of 1,578 informants. Setting: Brown University interviewers conducted telephone interviews with participants throughout the United States. Participants: The 54 participants agreed to a follow-up qualitative interview and were family members or close to the decedent. Measurements: A five-member, multidisciplinary team to identify overarching themes taped, transcribed, and then coded interviews. Results: Respondents report that healthcare professionals often insufficiently address the needs of dying patients in nursing homes and that "missing in action" physicians and insufficient staffing create extra burdens on dying nursing home residents and their families. Conclusion: Sustained efforts to increase the presence of physicians and improve staffing in nursing homes are suggested to improve end-of-life care for dying residents in nursing homes. [source]

    Physician or Clinical Inertia: What Is It?

    Is It Really a Problem?
    First page of article [source]

    Veterans' perceptions of care by nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and physicians: A comparison from satisfaction surveys

    Dorothy Budzi DrPH (Quality Manager/Performance Improvement Coordinator)
    Purpose: To examine the differences in patient satisfaction with care provided by nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), and physicians in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system. Data source: Secondary data was obtained from the VHA's Survey of Healthcare Experience of Patients (SHEP), a monthly survey designed to measure patient satisfaction. Descriptive statistics were calculated and categorical variables were summarized with frequency counts. Conclusions: Of the 2,164,559 surveys mailed to the veterans, 1,601,828 (response rate 64%) were returned. The study found that satisfaction scores increased by 5% when the number of NPs was increased compared to 1.8% when the number of physicians was increased and slightly increased or remained the same when the number of PAs was increased. Physician to PA/NP ratio was 7:3. Implications for practice: The VHA is the largest healthcare system and the single largest employer of NPs and PAs in the country. This study shows that a majority of the primary care clinic patients prefer to see NPs as compared with PAs and physicians. Besides clinical care, NPs focus on health promotion, disease prevention, health education, attentiveness, and counseling. Physicians and PAs should be educated on these characteristics to promote patient satisfaction and expected outcomes. [source]

    Helicobacter pylori and dyspepsia: physicians' attitudes, clinical practice, and prescribing habits

    H. J. O'Connor
    Background: Consensus guidelines have been published on the management of Helicobacter pylori infection and it is assumed that these guidelines are adhered to in clinical practice. Aim: To assess the changing attitudes of medical practitioners to H. pylori, and the impact of H. pylori infection on everyday clinical practice and prescribing patterns. Methods: Data for this review were gathered up to December 2000 from detailed review of medical journals, the biomedical database MEDLINE, and relevant abstracts. Results: Physician surveys show widespread acceptance of H. pylori as a causal agent in peptic ulcer disease. Gastroenterologists adopted H. pylori therapy for peptic ulcer earlier and more comprehensively than primary care physicians. Despite a low level of belief in H. pylori as a causal agent in nonulcer dyspepsia and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), H. pylori therapy is widely prescribed for these conditions. Proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy is the eradication regimen of choice by all physician groups. In routine clinical practice, there appears to be significant under-treatment of peptic ulcer disease with H. pylori therapy, but extensive use for nonulcer indications. Prescription of H. pylori treatment regimens of doubtful efficacy appears commonplace, and are more likely in primary care. Despite the advent of H. pylori therapy, the prescription of antisecretory therapy, particularly of proton pump inhibitors, continues to rise. Conclusions: Publication of consensus guidelines per se is not enough to ensure optimal management of H. pylori infection. Innovative and ongoing educational measures are needed to encourage best practice in relation to H. pylori infection. These measures might be best directed at primary care, where the majority of dyspepsia is managed. [source]

    Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Physician and Lay Models of the Common Cold

    Roberta D. Baer
    We compare physicians and laypeople within and across cultures, focusing on simi-larities and differences across samples, to determine whether cultural differences or lay,professional differences have a greater effect on explanatory models of the common cold. Data on explanatory models for the common cold were collected from physicians and laypeople in South Texas and Guadalajara, Mexico. Structured interview materials were developed on the basis of open-ended interviews with samples of lay informants at each locale. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information from each sample on causes, symptoms, and treatments for the common cold. Consensus analysis was used to estimate the cultural beliefs for each sample. Instead of systematic differences between samples based on nationality or level of professional training, all four samples largely shared a single-explanatory model of the common cold, with some differences on subthemes, such as the role of hot and cold forces in the etiology of the common cold. An evaluation of our findings indicates that, although there has been conjecture about whether cultural or lay,professional differences are of greater importance in understanding variation in explanatory models of disease and illness, systematic data collected on community and professional beliefs indicate that such differences may be a function of the specific illness. Further generalizations about lay,professional differences need to be based on detailed data for a variety of illnesses, to discern patterns that may be present. Finally, a systematic approach indicates that agreement across individual explanatory models is sufficient to allow for a community-level explanatory model of the common cold. [source]

    Patient perceptions of professionalism: implications for residency education

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 1 2009
    Michael N Wiggins
    Objectives, The purpose of this study was three-fold: to identify which behavioural, communicative and personal presentation characteristics most closely represent patients' views of professionalism; to determine whether patients perceive resident doctors as displaying these characteristics, and to explore whether or not resident doctor professional behaviour creates an impression of clinical competence to the degree where patients perceive a decreased need for Attending Physician involvement. Methods, We carried out a descriptive, cross-sectional study at an academic centre. An anonymous, voluntary four-question survey with multiple items was administered to all adult patients or the parents of paediatric patients attending an ophthalmology clinic who were seen by a resident doctor followed by an Attending Physician. Results, A total of 133 of 148 (90%) surveys were returned. All the itemised characteristics of professionalism were reported to be important or very important to the majority of participants. The most important were: ,Pays attention to my concerns' (90%); ,Is compassionate' (83%), and ,Speaks in terms that I can understand' (83%). Although 85% of respondents reported that resident doctors demonstrated all the characteristics of professionalism listed on the survey, 83% of participants stated that it was important or very important that residents have Attending Physician involvement. Conclusions, Patient-centred components of professionalism, such as communication skills and compassion, are more important to patients than social behaviours, such as appearance and acknowledgement of family members. Resident doctors are perceived to display a high level of professionalism during patient care. Patients clearly desire direct resident doctor supervision by an Attending Physician. [source]

    Physician and patient survey of allergic rhinitis in France: perceptions on prevalence, severity of symptoms, care management and specific immunotherapy

    ALLERGY, Issue 8 2008
    P. Demoly
    Background:, Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the only aetiological treatment used in allergic rhinitis (AR). A telephone survey of patients and physicians in France was carried out to understand better the real and perceived advantages and inconveniences of this therapeutic approach. Methods:, A cohort of 453 individuals with AR was selected using the Score For Allergic Rhinitis questionnaire. The survey evaluated the level of understanding of allergic rhinitis and its management, including both pharmacotherapy and SIT. A parallel survey was conducted with 400 general practitioners, allergists and nonallergist specialists. Results:, Approximately 50% of patients had heard about SIT as a therapeutic option. Of these, 56% had a positive view of SIT and 14% a negative image. A majority of patients and physicians with a positive opinion associated SIT with improved well-being and quality of life, while those with a negative opinion considered it to be a long and inconvenient treatment, with uncertain results. Over 50% of patients who had been offered SIT had accepted it and approximately 60% of these were satisfied with it. The future availability of SIT as sublingual tablets was perceived positively by both patients and physicians. Conclusions:, Many patients with AR are unaware of their pathology and few seek help from health professionals. When patients take medication, they are generally satisfied with their treatment, even if it is only symptomatic. Patients and physicians see the notion of definitive recovery as the main benefit of SIT, whereas the main disadvantage is the duration of treatment. [source]

    Physician and patient survey of allergic rhinitis: methodology

    ALLERGY, Issue 2007
    V. Higgins
    Methodology for Disease Specific Programme (DSP©) surveys designed by Adelphi Group Products is used each year to survey patients and physicians on their perceptions of treatment effectiveness, symptoms and impact of diseases. These point-in-time surveys, conducted in the USA and Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and UK), provide useful information on the real-world management and treatment of diseases. This paper describes the methodology for the DSP survey in allergic rhinitis, detailing the preparation of materials, recruitment of physicians, data collection and data management. [source]

    Influence of overweight and obesity on physician costs in adolescents and adults in Ontario, Canada

    OBESITY REVIEWS, Issue 1 2009
    I. Janssen
    Summary The study purpose was to perform an obesity cost-of-illness analysis for individuals living in the province of Ontario, Canada. The participants consisted of a representative sample of 25 038 adults and 2440 adolescents (aged 12,17 years) who participated in the 2000/2001 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). The CCHS data set includes measures of body mass index (BMI) (classified as normal weight, overweight or obese) and relevant covariates (age, income, smoking, alcohol, physical activity). The CCHS data set was linked to the Ontario Health Insurance Plan providers' database to obtain physician costs for 2002,2003. A two-part modelling approach was used to calculate and compare the average annual physician cost according to BMI. After adjusting for the covariates, physician costs were not significantly higher in overweight men and women compared with those with a normal weight. Physician costs were 14.7% higher in obese men and 18.2% higher in obese women than in men and women with a normal weight. Average physician costs were comparable in normal-weight and overweight/obese adolescents ($233 per year in both groups). Because Ontario operates a publicly funded healthcare system, the findings of this study have relevance for other provinces/states and countries that operate similar healthcare systems. [source]

    Interpersonal Issues Between Pain Physician and Patient: Strategies to Reduce Conflict

    PAIN MEDICINE, Issue 8 2008
    Kate Diesfeld BS
    ABSTRACT Objective., This article analyzes scholarship on the interpersonal challenges that pain physicians face, with an emphasis on strategies to reduce conflicts within therapeutic relationships. Results., Scholarship on the dilemmas pain physicians face suggests that 1) there are unique and perhaps unrecognized features of pain medicine that generate stress; 2) interpersonal conflict may contribute to stress; and 3) clinicians' biases may interfere with the doctor,patient relationship and with the best practice of pain medicine. Application of a framework based on clinicians' beliefs and Papadimos' reflections on justice and temperance may reduce such conflicts. Conclusion., The challenges of pain medicine may be complicated by the clinician's undisclosed attitudes regarding their roles and their perceptions of pain sufferers. A strategy for physicians to examine their beliefs within a supportive environment may aid physicians caring for people with chronic pain. Papadimos' reflections upon the virtues of justice and tolerance guide this analysis. [source]

    Periocular Hemangiomas: What Every Physician Should Know

    Emily J. Ceisler M.D.
    Most hemangiomas remain asymptomatic and can be managed by close observation; however, immediate treatment is indicated for hemangiomas that may cause significant complications. Periocular hemangiomas warrant close evaluation and early, active treatment of those with the potential to threaten or permanently compromise vision. Herein we review the clinical features of periocular hemangiomas, differential diagnosis, possible ophthalmologic complications and sequelae, and therapeutic modalities. [source]

    Physician-pharmacist collaborative care for dyslipidemia patients: Knowledge and skills of community pharmacists

    Julie Villeneuve MSc Pharmacist, Study Coordinator
    Abstract Introduction: In a physician-pharmacist collaborative-care (PPCC) intervention, community pharmacists were responsible for initiating lipid-lowering pharmacotherapy and adjusting the medication dosage. They attended a 1-day interactive workshop supported by a treatment protocol and clinical and communication tools. Afterwards, changes in pharmacists' knowledge, their skills, and their satisfaction with the workshop were evaluated. Methods: In a descriptive study nested in a clinical trial, pharmacists assigned to the PPCC intervention (n = 58) completed a knowledge questionnaire before and after the workshop. Their theoretical skills were evaluated with the use of a vignette approach (n = 58) after the workshop and their practical skills were assessed by direct observation with study patients (n = 28). Results: The mean (SD) overall knowledge score was 45.8% (12.1%) before the workshop; it increased significantly to 89.3% (8.3%) afterwards (mean difference: 43.5%; 95% CI: 40.3%,46.7%). All the pharmacists had an overall theoretical-skill score of at least 80%, the minimum required to apply the PPCC in the trial. From 92.9% to 100% of the pharmacists' interventions with study patients complied with the treatment protocol. Discussion: In primary care, a short continuing-education program based on a specific treatment protocol and clinical tools is necessary and probably sufficient to prepare pharmacists to provide advanced pharmaceutical care. [source]

    Treatment disparities in Parkinson's disease,

    ANNALS OF NEUROLOGY, Issue 2 2009
    Nabila Dahodwala MD
    We sought to identify racial disparities in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). We identified 307 incident PD cases using Pennsylvania State Medicaid claims, and extracted claims for medications, physical therapy, and healthcare visits for the 6 months after diagnosis. After controlling for age, sex, and geography, African-Americans were four times less likely than whites to receive any PD treatment (odds ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval, 0.09,0.64), especially indicated medications. In a group with the same healthcare insurance, disparities in PD treatment exist. Physician and community awareness of these racial differences in PD treatment is the first step in addressing healthcare disparities. Ann Neurol 2009;66:142,145 [source]

    Medical Student Learning in the Community: Creation of a Compassionate Physician, Social Activist, or Biological Reductionist?

    Assistant Professor Nancy P. Chin Ph.D.
    First page of article [source]

    Bedside Ultrasound of a Painful Testicle: Before and After Manual Detorsion by an Emergency Physician

    J. Scott Bomann DO
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010: Summary, Analysis, and Opportunities for Advocacy for the Academic Emergency Physician

    Jeffrey A. Kline MD
    ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2010; 17:E69,E74 © 2010 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Bill, commonly referred to as the "Health Care Bill" or the "Health Care Reform Bill," was enacted in March 2010. This article is a review and analysis of the sections of this Act that are relevant to researchers and teachers of emergency care. The purpose of this document is to serve as a citable reference for interested parties and a reference to quickly locate the sections of the Bill relevant to academic emergency physicians. When appropriate, text was copied verbatim from the Bill. The source of the downloaded Act, and the page numbers of the text sections, are provided to help the reader to find the sections described. This review is presented in two parts. Part I presents 11 sections extirpated from the Act, with short interpretations of the significance of each section. Part II presents an analysis of the sections that the authors believe represent opportunities for emergency care researchers and teachers to make the most impact, through active involvement with the various departments and agencies of the federal government that will be charged with interpreting and implementing this Act. The Act contains sections that could lead to new funding opportunities for research in emergency care, especially for comparative clinical trials and clinical studies that focus on integration and efficiency of health care delivery. The Act will establish several new institutes, centers, and committees that will create policies highly relevant to emergency care. The authors conclude that this Act can be expected to have a profound influence on research and training in emergency care. [source]

    Systematic Review of Emergency Physician,performed Ultrasonography for Lower-Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Patrick R. Burnside MD
    Abstract Objectives:, The authors performed a systematic review to evaluate published literature on diagnostic performance of emergency physician,performed ultrasonography (EPPU) for the diagnosis and exclusion of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Methods:, Structured search criteria were used to query MEDLINE and EMBASE, followed by a hand search of published bibliographies. Relevance and inclusion criteria required prospective investigation of emergency department (ED) outpatients with suspected DVT; diagnostic evaluations had to consist of EPPU followed by criterion standard (radiology-performed) imaging. Two authors independently extracted data from included studies; study quality was assessed utilizing a validated tool for quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS). Pooled data were analyzed using an unweighted summary receiver-operating-characteristic (SROC) curve; sensitivity and specificity were estimated using a random effects model. Results:, The initial search yielded 1,162 publications. Relevance screening and selection yielded six articles including 936 patients. Four of the six studies reported adequate blinding but a number of other methodologic flaws were identified. A random effects model yielded an overall sensitivity of 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.87 to 0.99) and specificity of 0.96 (95% CI = 0.87 to 0.99). Conclusions:, Systematic review of six studies suggests that EPPU may be accurate for the diagnosis of DVT compared with radiology-performed ultrasound (US). However, given the methodologic limitations identified among the primary studies, the estimates of diagnostic test performance may be overly optimistic. Further research into EPPU for suspected DVT is needed before it can be adopted into routine clinical practice. [source]

    19 A Novel Approach to Residency Education in EMS: The MD-PM Ambulance

    Angela Fiege
    Challenge:, Indiana University EM residents have actively provided prehospital care as crew members on a hospital-based air ambulance service. This service functions as a secondary responder for high acuity patients who have already had first tier evaluation and care. First response, ground EMS experiences have been observational only as residents have ridden along with a two-paramedic team on an urban ambulance service for 24 hours during their residency careers. Resident understanding of first response care and challenges faced by initial EMS providers has been limited to that gleaned during their observational period. Solution:, Most EM residencies do not provide opportunities for residents to function as first response providers. Therefore, we developed a Physician-Paramedic team to provide first response care within a busy metropolitan area. This two-member team operates within a "geozone" that includes a diverse patient population with both medical and trauma complaints. Unlike other residency ground EMS programs, the MD-PM truck responds primarily to all ambulance requests within their designated geozone and assists outside their designated geozone for multi-patient casualties in which a physician response would benefit patient care (fires, motor vehicle accidents, multiple gunshot victims). Residents on the MD-PM truck not only provide care equivalent to that expected of a nationally certified paramedic (IVs, drug administration, splinting, packaging), but also perform advanced skills such as RSI which is outside the scope of a traditional two-paramedic team. Immersion into the first response ground EMS system will provide valuable insight into the challenges of providing care outside of the hospital. [source]

    Impact of a Triage Liaison Physician on Emergency Department Overcrowding and Throughput: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Brian R. Holroyd MD
    BackgroundTriage liaison physicians (TLPs) have been employed in overcrowded emergency departments (EDs); however, their effectiveness remains unclear. ObjectivesTo evaluate the implementation of TLP shifts at an academic tertiary care adult ED using comprehensive outcome reporting. MethodsA six-week TLP clinical research project was conducted between December 9, 2005, and February 9, 2006. A TLP was deployed for nine hours (11 am to 8 pm) daily to initiate patient management, assist triage nurses, answer all medical consult or transfer calls, and manage ED administrative matters. The study was divided into three two-week blocks; within each block, seven days were randomized to TLP shifts and the other seven to control shifts. Outcomes included patient length of stay, proportion of patients who left without complete assessment, staff satisfaction, and episodes of ambulance diversion. ResultsTLPs assessed a median of 14 patients per shift (interquartile range, 13,17), received 15 telephone calls per shift (interquartile range, 14,20), and spent 17,81 minutes per shift consulting on the telephone. The number of patients and their age, gender, and triage score during the TLP and control shifts were similar. Overall, length of stay was decreased by 36 minutes compared with control days (4:21 vs. 4:57; p = 0.001). Left without complete assessment cases decreased from 6.6% to 5.4% (a 20% relative decrease) during the TLP coverage. The ambulance wait time and number of episodes of ambulance diversion were similar on TLP and control days. ConclusionsA TLP improved important outcomes in an overcrowded ED and could improve delivery of emergency medical care in similar tertiary care EDs. [source]