Organizational Knowledge (organizational + knowledge)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Inter-Organizational Knowledge Transfer: Current Themes and Future Prospects

Mark Easterby-Smith
abstract Many papers have been published recently in the fields of strategy and international business research incorporating the role of organizational knowledge as a basis of firm competitive advantage. While such knowledge is normally developed within the firm, it is important that firms possess the ability to learn from others in order to meet the increasing pace of competition. Knowledge transfer, defined here as an event through which one organization learns from the experience of another, has thus become an important research area within the broader domain of organizational learning and knowledge management. This paper presents a theoretical framework, identifies key themes covered by the six articles included in the Special Issue on Inter-Organizational Knowledge Transfer, and then discusses priorities for future research. [source]

How middle managers integrate knowledge within projects

Sergio Janczak
This qualitative study explores the interwoven strategic and tactical processes that middle management uses to integrate knowledge in multidivisional organizations. I add to the management literature by not only examining the new roles of middle managers but also by explaining the dynamics of these middle managers' roles when pursuing projects. In summary, my research contributes to the process literature by focusing on middle management. These findings indicate that middle managers used three processes (analytic, intuitive and pragmatic) to create and integrate dispersed knowledge into organizational knowledge delivered to their clients. Copyright ę 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Sensemaking, complexity and organizational knowledge

Mark Moss Independent Consultant, WriterArticle first published online: 8 NOV 200

Edith Penrose, organisational economics and business strategy: an assessment and extension

*Article first published online: 7 MAR 200, Christos Pitelis
The aim of this paper is to expound Penrose's contribution to the theory of the firm, and examine the contribution of her thinking to economics and business strategy, as well as to discuss some limitations and provide some generalizations of Penrose's work. We also discuss implications for managerial practice and public policy. We claim that Penrose's contribution was seminal. In recognizing the significance of organization to generate new knowledge she went well beyond the bounds of even her own agenda; from a theory of the growth of firms, to a theory of the generation of organizational knowledge and beyond. Copyright ę 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Developing and Sharing Team Mental Models in a Profession-driven and Value-laden Organization

Jeng-Yi Tzeng
While team mental models have been shown to be effective in facilitating team operations in ordinary transactive organizations, their impact on loosely coupled yet value-laden organizations is relatively under studied. Using qualitative inquiry methodology, this study investigates the three referential frameworks (i.e., theoretical knowledge, practical experiences, and team consciousness) of the team mental models employed in a nonprofit organization which provides therapy for hearing-impaired children in Taiwan. The results indicate that fostering a strong team mental model may be an effective way to ensure that the performance of value-laden practice meets a certain expectation. Moreover, I present arguments that because various cognitive properties of team mental models are formed, shared, and represented in different ways, they should be investigated and understood from a holistic perspective; and that it should also be cultivated by an integrative approach that utilizes theoretical, practical, and organizational knowledge. [source]

Analyzing the determinants of firm's absorptive capacity: beyond R&D

R & D MANAGEMENT, Issue 4 2008
Jaider Vega-Jurado
This article proposes a new model for analyzing the determinants of absorptive capacity in companies. We suggest that absorptive capacity is determined not only by research and development activities, but also by a set of internal factors, which we group into three basic categories: organizational knowledge, formalization, and social integration mechanisms. In addition, we suggest that these factors may influence all components of the firm's absorptive capacity, and that the influence can be positive or negative depending on the applicability of the knowledge being absorbed. This paper thus advances the understanding of absorptive capacity by exploring a largely ignored aspect in the literature: the role of knowledge attributes. We show how the model can be operationalized and empirically tested and provide preliminary evidence supporting most of the propositions in the analytical model. [source]

Introduction: Knowledge Construction and Creation in Organizations,

Haridimos Tsoukas
While adopting a knowledge-based perspective on organizations has been valuable, since, among other things, it enables us to see links between organizational learning and a firm's competitive advantage through the development of idiosyncratic capabilities, it has nonetheless tended to treat organizational knowledge as ,given', exploring how it is related to other ,given' variables. The focus of this special issue is to unpack the notion of organizational knowledge by exploring the processes and practices through which knowledge is constructed and created in organizations. A constructivist perspective assumes that ,knowledge' presupposes work and seeks to explore how what comes to be considered as organizational knowledge is established and validated (or fails to do so). By seeing organizational knowledge as work we can further probe into how knowledge is shaped by organizational strategies and incentives and, more radically, how power and politics influence the struggle between competing bodies of knowledge in organizations. [source]

Structurating Activity Theory: An Integrative Approach to Policy Knowledge

Heather E. Canary
This article presents a theoretical framework for investigating the communicative construction of policy knowledge. Research regarding public policy and organizational knowledge demonstrates the importance of these areas for organizational communication scholars. In light of this research, structurating activity theory is offered as an integration of structuration theory and cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT). Four theoretical constructs are discussed: (a) structuration through activity, (b) mediation of social activity, (c) contradictions as generative mechanisms, and (d) intersections of activity systems. Six propositions offer the explanatory significance of each construct, and then the theory is applied to a case study of the construction of special education policy knowledge. Additional applications of structurating activity theory are proposed and suggestions for future research directions are offered. La th╚orie de l'activit╚ structurante,: une approche int╚grative aux connaissances sur les politiques R╚sum╚ Cet article pr╚sente un cadre th╚orique pour l'╚tude de la construction communicationnelle des connaissances sur les politiques. La recherche au sujet des politiques publiques et des connaissances organisationnelles d╚montre l'importance de ces domaines pour les chercheurs en communication organisationnelle. ┐ la lumi╦re de cette litt╚rature, nous proposons une th╚orie de l'activit╚ structurante qui int╦gre la th╚orie de la structuration et la th╚orie de l'activit╚ historico-culturelle. Quatre concepts sont discut╚s,: 1) la structuration par l'activit╚, 2) la m╚diation de l'activit╚ sociale, 3) les contradictions comme m╚canismes g╚n╚ratifs et 4) les intersections de syst╦mes d'activit╚s. Six propositions sugg╦rent l'importance explicative de chaque concept. La th╚orie est ensuite appliqu╚e , une ╚tude de cas de la construction des connaissances sur les politiques de l'╚ducation sp╚cialis╚e. D'autres applications de la th╚orie de l'activit╚ structurante sont propos╚es et des suggestions d'avenues de recherche sont offertes. Die Strukturation der Aktivitńtstheorie: Ein integrativer Ansatz zu Politikwissen In diesem Artikel legen wir ein theoretisches Bezugssystem zur Untersuchung der kommunikativen Konstruktion von Politikwissen dar. Die aktuellen Forschungsaktivitńten im Bereich von Public Policy und Organisationswissen verdeutlichen die Bedeutung dieser Felder fŘr Organisationskommunikationswissenschaftler. Im Lichte dieser Forschung stellen wir die Strukturation der Aktivitńtstheorie als eine Integration von Strukturationstheorie und kulturhistorischer Aktivitńtstheorie vor. Vier theoretische Konstrukte werden diskutiert: (1) Strukturation durch Aktivitńt; (2) Mediation von sozialer Aktivitńt; (3) WidersprŘche als generative Mechanismen und (4) ▄berschneidungen der Aktivitńtssysteme. Sechs Propositionen erklńren jedes einzelne Konstrukt. Anschlie▀end wird die Theorie anhand eines Fallbeispiels zur Konstruktion von Politikwissen in der F÷rderpńdagogik angewendet. Weitere Anwendungen der Strukturations-Aktivitńtstheorie werden dargelegt, ergńnzt durch Vorschlńge fŘr weiterfŘhrenden Forschung. La TeorÝa de Estructuraciˇn de la Actividad: Una Aproximaciˇn Integradora al Conocimiento sobre las PolÝticas Resumen Este artÝculo presenta un marco teˇrico para la investigaciˇn de la construcciˇn comunicativa del conocimiento sobre las polÝticas. La investigaciˇn sobre las polÝticas p˙blicas y el conocimiento organizacional demuestra la importancia de estas ßreas para los estudiosos de la comunicaciˇn organizacional. A la luz de esta investigaciˇn, la teorÝa de la actividad de estructuraciˇn es ofrecida como una integraciˇn de la teorÝa de estructuraciˇn y la teorÝa de la actividad cultural-histˇrica (CHAT). Cuatro constructos teˇricos son discutidos: (1) la estructuraciˇn a travÚs de la actividad; (2) la mediaciˇn de la actividad social; (3) las contradicciones como mecanismos generativos; y (4) las intersecciones de los sistemas de actividad. Seis proposiciones ofrecen la significancia explicativa de cada constructo y luego la teorÝa es aplicada a un estudio de caso de la construcciˇn de conocimiento de polÝticas sobre la educaciˇn especial. Aplicaciones adicionales de la teorÝa de la actividad de estructuraciˇn son propuestas y sugerencias para las direcciones de la investigaciˇn futuras son ofrecidas. [source]