Organic Mobile Phases (organic + mobile_phase)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Direct injection of 96-well organic extracts onto a hydrophilic interaction chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry system using a silica stationary phase and an aqueous/organic mobile phase

Weng Naidong
First page of article [source]

A highly automated 96-well solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of fentanyl in human plasma

Wilson Z. Shou
A high-throughput bioanalytical method based on automated sample transfer, automated solid phase extraction, and fast liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) analysis, has been developed for the determination of the analgesic fentanyl in human plasma. Samples were transferred into 96-well plates using an automated sample handling system. Automated solid phase extraction (SPE) was carried out using a 96-channel programmable liquid-handling workstation using a mixed-mode sorbent. The extracted samples were then dried down, reconstituted and injected onto a silica column using an aqueous/organic mobile phase with tandem mass spectrometric detection. The method has been validated over the concentration range 0.05,100,ng/mL fentanyl in human plasma, based on a 0.25-mL sample size. The assay is sensitive, specific and robust. More than 2000 samples have been analyzed using this method. The automation of the sample preparation steps not only increased the analysis throughput, but also facilitated the transfer of the method between different bioanalytical laboratories of the same organization. Copyright© 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

pH-Zone-refining centrifugal partition chromatography for preparative isolation and purification of steroidal glycoalkaloids from Solanum xanthocarpum

Anupam Maurya
Abstract pH-Zone-refining centrifugal-partition chromatography (CPC) was successfully applied in the separation of complex polar steroidal glycoalkaloids of close Rf values, directly from a crude extract of Solanum xanthocarpum. The experiment was performed with a two phase solvent system composed of ethyl acetate/butanol/water (1:4:5 by volume) where triethylamine (5 mM) was added to the upper organic mobile phase as an eluter and TFA (10 mM) to the aqueous stationary phase as a retainer. Separation of 1 g of crude extract over CPC resulted in two distinct pH-zones. The fractions collected in pH-zone i afforded 72 mg of solasonine while the fractions collected in pH-zone ii were slightly impure, hence were purified over medium pressure LC, which afforded 30 mg of solasonine and further 15 mg of solamargine (SM). The steroidal glycoalkaloids, SM and solasonine were isolated in 93.3 and 91.6% purity, respectively. The isolated alkaloids were characterized on the basis of their 1H, 13C-NMR, and ESI-MS data. [source]

Preparation and characterization of polymethacrylate monolithic capillary columns with dual hydrophilic interaction reversed-phase retention mechanism for polar compounds

í Urban
Abstract Monolithic columns for capillary hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) were prepared in fused-silica capillaries by radical co-polymerization of [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide and ethylene dimethacrylate in various binary and ternary porogen solvent mixtures with azobisisobutyronitrile as the initiator of the polymerization reaction. Columns showed mixed separation modes: reversed-phase (RP) in water-rich mobile phases and HILIC at high concentrations of acetonitrile (>60,80%) in aqueous,organic mobile phases. A continuous change in retention was observed at increasing concentration of water in acetonitrile, giving rise to characteristic U-turn plots of retention factors versus the concentration of water in the mobile phase, with minima corresponding to the transition between the mechanisms controlling the retention. The selectivity of organic polymer monolithic columns for HILIC separations can be varied by adjusting the concentration of sulfobetaine monomer and the composition of the porogen solvent in the polymerization mixture. Under HILIC conditions, the monolithic capillary sulfobetaine columns show separation selectivities for polar phenolic acids similar to those of a commercial silica-based sulfobetaine ZIC-HILIC column, which, however, has limited selectivity in the RP mode due to lower retention. [source]

Chiral separations on polysaccharide stationary phases using polar organic mobile phases

CHIRALITY, Issue 1 2006
Kenneth G. Lynam
Abstract About 30% of a chemically diverse set of compounds were found to separate on four polysaccharide chiral stationary phases using polar organic mobile phases. No structural features appeared to correlate to successful separations. Titrations between normal and polar organic mobile phases suggested that separation mechanisms do not differ between these mobile phases. Attempts made to control retention met with varying degrees of success. Addition of hexane to alcohols had minor effects on retention although this was occasionally beneficial. Addition of water to alcohols increased retention. Addition of water to acetonitrile decreased retention. Addition of alcohol to acetonitrile also proved beneficial to the separation of some compounds. Loading studies performed to mimic preparative separations indicated that the benefits of polar organic mobile phases are largely due to increased solubility. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Chirality [source]