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## Numerical Results. (numerical + results)
## Selected Abstracts## Analysis and design of ribbon cables for high-speed digital applications INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RF AND MICROWAVE COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING, Issue 2 2002Chun-Wen Paul HuangAbstract Ribbon cables have been widely used as subsystem interconnections in a large number of digital systems, because they can convey numerous bits of a digital signal simultaneously. In this article, finite difference and finite difference time domain (FDTD) methods are used to analyze and optimize the electrostatic analysis design of ribbon cables, and measurements are used to verify the numerical results. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE 12: 148,158, 2002. [source] ## An optimal critical level policy for inventory systems with two demand classes NAVAL RESEARCH LOGISTICS: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, Issue 7 2008Karin T. MölleringAbstract Traditional inventory systems treat all demands of a given item equally. This approach is optimal if the penalty costs of all customers are the same, but it is not optimal if the penalty costs are different for different customer classes. Then, demands of customers with high penalty costs must be filled before demands of customers with low penalty costs. A commonly used inventory policy for dealing with demands with different penalty costs is the critical level inventory policy. Under this policy demands with low penalty costs are filled as long as inventory is above a certain critical level. If the inventory reaches the critical level, only demands with high penalty costs are filled and demands with low penalty costs are backordered. In this article, we consider a critical level policy for a periodic review inventory system with two demand classes. Because traditional approaches cannot be used to find the optimal parameters of the policy, we use a multidimensional Markov chain to model the inventory system. We use a sample path approach to prove several properties of this inventory system. Although the cost function is not convex, we can build on these properties to develop an optimization approach that finds the optimal solution. We also present some numerical results. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Naval Research Logistics, 2008 [source] ## Numerical solution of a minimax ergodic optimal control problem PROCEEDINGS IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS & MECHANICS, Issue 1 2007Aragone Laura S.In this work we consider an L, minimax ergodic optimal control problem with cumulative cost. We approximate the cost function as a limit of evolutions problems. We present the associated Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation and we prove that it has a unique solution in the viscosity sense. As this HJB equation is consistent with a numerical procedure, we use this discretization to obtain a procedure for the primitive problem. For the numerical solution of the ergodic version we need a perturbation of the instantaneous cost function. We give an appropriate selection of the discretization and penalization parameters to obtain discrete solutions that converge to the optimal cost. We present numerical results. (© 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source] ## Coupling 3D and 1D fluid-structure interaction models for blood flow simulations PROCEEDINGS IN APPLIED MATHEMATICS & MECHANICS, Issue 1 2006L. FormaggiaThree-dimensional (3D) simulations of blood flow in medium to large vessels are now a common practice. These models consist of the 3D Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible Newtonian fluids coupled with a model for the vessel wall structure. However, it is still computationally unaffordable to simulate very large sections, let alone the whole, of the human circulatory system with fully 3D fluid-structure interaction models. Thus truncated 3D regions have to be considered. Reduced models, one-dimensional (1D) or zero-dimensional (0D), can be used to approximate the remaining parts of the cardiovascular system at a low computational cost. These models have a lower level of accuracy, since they describe the evolution of averaged quantities, nevertheless they provide useful information which can be fed to the more complex model. More precisely, the 1D models describe the wave propagation nature of blood flow and coupled with the 3D models can act also as absorbing boundary conditions. We consider in this work the coupling of a 3D fluid-structure interaction model with a 1D hyperbolic model. We study the stability of the coupling and present some numerical results. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source] |