New Topology (new + topology)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Molecules with New Topologies Derived from Hydrogen-Bonded Dimers of Tetraurea Calix[4]arenes

Anca Bogdan Dr.
Abstract Tetraurea calix[4]arenes 2 have been synthesized in which two adjacent aryl urea residues are connected to a loop by an aliphatic chain -O-(CH2)n -O-. The remaining urea residues have a bulky 3,5-di- tert -butylphenyl residue and an , -alkenyloxyphenyl residue. Since this bulky residue cannot pass through the loop, only one homodimer (2,2) is formed in apolar solvents, for steric reasons, in which the two alkenyl residues penetrate the two macrocyclic loops. Covalent connection of these alkenyl groups by olefin metathesis followed by hydrogenation creates compounds 3, which consist of molecules with hitherto unknown topology. Their molecular structure was confirmed by 1H,NMR spectroscopy and ESIMS, and for one example by single-crystal X-ray analysis. [source]

Hybrid Magnetic Materials Based on Nitroxide Free Radicals and Extended Oxalato-Bridged Bimetallic Networks

Antonio Alberola
Abstract A series of hybrid organic-inorganic magnets of formula p -rad[MIICr(ox)3] [M = Mn (1), Co (2), Ni (3), Zn (4)] and m -rad[MIICr(ox)3] [M = Mn (5), Co (6)], in which N -methylpyridinium cations bearing a nitronyl nitroxide moiety in positions 3 (m -rad) or 4 (p -rad) of the pyridine ring coexist with the 2D honeycomb-like oxalato-bridged bimetallic lattice, has been prepared and studied by AC and DC magnetic susceptibility measurements and EPR spectroscopy. In general, the physical properties of these magnets are not altered significantly by the insertion of the nitronyl nitroxide radicals although these paramagnetic molecules seem to interact weakly with the inorganic network as demonstrated by EPR spectroscopy. Some differences can also be observed between the p -rad and m -rad series, i.e. m -rad derivatives have smaller values for the critical temperatures and coercive fields. We also report on the X-ray crystal structures and magnetic properties of p -rad[Mn(H2O)Cr(ox)3]2H2O (7) and m -rad[Mn(H2O)2Cr(ox)3]2H2O (8), two extended oxalato-bridged compounds with new topologies. Compound 7 is antiferromagnetic and its structure is a 3D achiral lattice in which zigzag ferromagnetic MnCr chains (J/k = +0.8 K) are interconnected to form hellicoidal hexagonal channels with the cationic free radicals residing in the free space. Compound 8, however, exhibits a ladder-like structural pattern with competing magnetic interactions and paramagnetic behaviour down to low temperatures. ( Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2005) [source]

Adaptive and Feature-Preserving Subdivision for High-Quality Tetrahedral Meshes

D. Burkhart
I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Curve, surface, solid, and object representations Abstract We present an adaptive subdivision scheme for unstructured tetrahedral meshes inspired by the, -subdivision scheme for triangular meshes. Existing tetrahedral subdivision schemes do not support adaptive refinement and have traditionally been driven by the need to generate smooth three-dimensional deformations of solids. These schemes use edge bisections to subdivide tetrahedra, which generates octahedra in addition to tetrahedra. To split octahedra into tetrahedra one routinely chooses a direction for the diagonals for the subdivision step. We propose a new topology-based refinement operator that generates only tetrahedra and supports adaptive refinement. Our tetrahedral subdivision algorithm is motivated by the need to have one representation for the modeling, the simulation and the visualization and so to bridge the gap between CAD and CAE. Our subdivision algorithm design emphasizes on geometric quality of the tetrahedral meshes, local and adaptive refinement operations, and preservation of sharp geometric features on the boundary and in the interior of the physical domain. [source]

Electronically controlled multiphase sinusoidal oscillators using current amplifiers

George Souliotis
Abstract A novel current-mode multiphase oscillator topology is introduced in this letter. This is realized by employing current amplifiers and only grounded capacitors. Attractive characteristics offered by the new topology are the electronic adjustment of the oscillation frequency, the absence of passive resistors, and the requirement of only grounded capacitors. Comparison with the corresponding already published current follower based structure shows that the proposed topology has better performance in terms of the number of required active elements, the employment of passive resistors, and the ability for electronic adjustment of the oscillation frequency. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Comparative innervation of cephalic photophores of the loosejaw dragonfishes (Teleostei: Stomiiformes: Stomiidae): Evidence for parallel evolution of long-wave bioluminescence

Christopher P. Kenaley
Abstract Four genera of the teleost family Stomiidae, the loosejaw dragonfishes, possess accessory cephalic photophores (AOs). Species of three genera, Aristostomias, Malacosteus, and Pachystomias, are capable of producing far-red, long-wave emissions (>650nm) from their AOs, a character unique among vertebrates. Aristostomias and Malacosteus posses a single far-red AO, while Pachystomias possesses anterior and posterior far-red AOs, each with smaller separate photophores positioned in their ventral margins. The purpose of this study was to establish the primary homology of the loosejaw AOs based on topological similarity of cranial nerve innervation, and subject these homology conjectures to tests of congruence under a phylogenetic hypothesis for the loosejaw dragonfishes. On the basis of whole-mount, triple-stained specimens, innervation of the loosejaw AOs is described. The AO of Aristostomias and the anterior AO of Pachystomias are innervated by the profundal ramus of the trigeminal (Tpr), while the far-red AO of Malacosteus and a small ventral AO of Pachystomias are innervated by the maxillary ramus of the trigeminal (Tmx). The largest far-red AO of Pachystomias, positioned directly below the orbit, and the short-wave AO of Photostomias are innervated by a branch of the mandibular ramus of the trigeminal nerve. Conjectures of primary homology drawn from these neuroanatomical similarities were subjected to tests of congruence on a phylogeny of the loosejaws inferred from a reanalysis of a previously published morphological dataset. Optimized for accelerated transformation, the AO innervated by the Tpr appears as a single transformation on the new topology, thereby establishing secondary homology. The AOs innervated by the Tmd found in Pachystomias and Photostomias appear as two transformations in a reconstruction on the new topology, a result that rejects secondary homology of this structure. The secondary homology of AOs innervated by the Tmx found in Malacosteus and Pachystomias is rejected on the same grounds. Two short-wave cephalic photophores present in all four genera, the suborbital (SO) and the postorbital (PO), positioned in the posteroventral margin of the orbit and directly posterior to the orbit, respectively, are innervated by separate divisions of the Tmd. The primary homologies of the loosejaw PO and SO across loosejaw taxa are proposed on the basis of similar innervation patterns. Because of dissimilar innervation of the loosejaw SO and SO of basal stomiiforms, primary homology of these photophores cannot be established. Because of similar function and position, the PO of all other stomiid taxa is likely homologous with the loosejaw PO. Nonhomology of loosejaw long-wave photophores is corroborated by previously published histological evidence. The totality of evidence suggests that the only known far-red bioluminescent system in vertebrates has evolved as many as three times in a closely related group of deep-sea fishes. J. Morphol., 2010. 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Distributed power amplifier/feedback low noise amplifier switch-less front-end

Shaoyong Zheng
Abstract Distributed amplifiers are used as a one-way amplifier, with two ports terminated and unused. A new topology that places a feedback low-noise amplifier at one of these unused ports is presented, which can be used as a TDD/TDMA RF front end, negating the need for a switch. 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microwave Opt Technol Lett 48: 1659,1662, 2006; Published online in Wiley InterScience ( DOI 10.1002/mop.21690 [source]