Native Cattle (native + cattle)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Native Cattle

  • korean native cattle


  • Selected Abstracts


    EFFECT OF STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON MEAT QUALITY OF MUSCLE WITH DIFFERENT FIBER TYPE COMPOSITION FROM KOREAN NATIVE CATTLE (HANWOO)

    JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY, Issue 3 2009
    S.J. HUR
    ABSTRACT Three kinds of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) muscles (Loin, strip loin and inside round) were obtained from a local farm and then divided into two storage temperatures (0 and 5C), respectively. In meat color, redness (a*) was significantly higher in 5C storage samples compared with 0C storage samples in all muscle samples after 7 days of storage. Loin had significantly lower purge loss than other muscle samples, whereas inside round was significantly higher in purge loss. Strip loin showed lower shear force values compared with those of other muscle samples. 5C storage samples had significantly higher thiobarbituric acid reactive substances value than 0C storage samples in all muscle samples. In sensory evaluation, overall acceptability was significantly higher at 14 or 21 days of storage in all muscle samples, and 5C storage samples showed higher overall acceptability compared with 0C storage samples. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS This result will obtain information to help understand the meat quality in Hanwoo for the foreign scientists. The results of the present study showed that meat qualities of Hanwoo were much higher in 5C storage sample compared with 0C samples in all muscle samples until 35 days of storage, and loin sample showed higher sensory score than strip loin and inside round samples. [source]


    Protein profiles of bovine placenta derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer

    PROTEINS: STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND BIOINFORMATICS, Issue 16 2005
    Hong Rye Kim
    Abstract Practical application of animal cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been hampered by an extremely low success rate. To address whether placental dysfunction in SCNT causes fetal loss during pregnancy, we have used a global proteomics approach using 2-DE and MS to analyze the differential protein patterns of three placentae from the afterbirth of cases of postnatal death, derived from SCNT of Korean Native cattle, and three normal placentae obtained from the afterbirth of fetuses derived from artificial insemination. Proteins within a pI range of 4.0,7.0 and 6.0,9.0 were analyzed separately by 2-DE in triplicate. A total of approximately 2000 spots were detected in placental 2-DE gels stained with CBB. In the comparison of normal and SCNT samples, 60 spots were identified as differentially expressed proteins, of which 33 spots were up-regulated proteins in SCNT placentae, while 27 spots were down-regulated proteins. Most of the proteins identified in this analysis appeared to be related with protein repair or protection, cytoskeleton, signal transduction, immune system, metabolism, extracellular matrix and remodeling, transcription regulation, cell structure or differentiation and ion transport. One of up-regulated proteins in SCNT was TIMP-2 protein known to be related to extracellular matrix and remodeling during pregnancy. Western blot analysis showed an increased level of TIMP-2 in SCNT placenta compared to normal. Our results revealed composite profiles of key proteins involved in abnormal placenta derived from SCNT, and suggested expression abnormality of these genes in SCNT placenta, resulting in fetal losses following SCNT. [source]


    EFFECT OF STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON MEAT QUALITY OF MUSCLE WITH DIFFERENT FIBER TYPE COMPOSITION FROM KOREAN NATIVE CATTLE (HANWOO)

    JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY, Issue 3 2009
    S.J. HUR
    ABSTRACT Three kinds of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) muscles (Loin, strip loin and inside round) were obtained from a local farm and then divided into two storage temperatures (0 and 5C), respectively. In meat color, redness (a*) was significantly higher in 5C storage samples compared with 0C storage samples in all muscle samples after 7 days of storage. Loin had significantly lower purge loss than other muscle samples, whereas inside round was significantly higher in purge loss. Strip loin showed lower shear force values compared with those of other muscle samples. 5C storage samples had significantly higher thiobarbituric acid reactive substances value than 0C storage samples in all muscle samples. In sensory evaluation, overall acceptability was significantly higher at 14 or 21 days of storage in all muscle samples, and 5C storage samples showed higher overall acceptability compared with 0C storage samples. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS This result will obtain information to help understand the meat quality in Hanwoo for the foreign scientists. The results of the present study showed that meat qualities of Hanwoo were much higher in 5C storage sample compared with 0C samples in all muscle samples until 35 days of storage, and loin sample showed higher sensory score than strip loin and inside round samples. [source]


    Abnormal Expression of TIMP-2, SOD, Vimentin and PAI Proteins in Cloned Bovine Placentae

    REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS, Issue 4 2009
    H-R Kim
    Contents Cloned mammals suffer from high rates of placental abnormality and foetal loss during pregnancy. We previously used 2-D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry for global proteomic analysis of cloned and normal bovine placentae to identify differential protein expression patterns. Here, we used Western blot analysis to confirm the expression levels of several pregnancy-related proteins putatively identified as being differentially expressed in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) vs normal bovine placentae. The expression levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), its downstream protein, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), superoxide dismutase (SOD), vimentin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI) were analysed in the placentae of SCNT cloned Korean native cattle that died immediately after birth and in normal placentae obtained by AI. Our results revealed that TIMP-2 and SOD were up-regulated in SCNT placenta compared with normal placenta, whereas MMP-2 levels were comparable in cloned and normal placentae, and vimentin and PAI were significantly down-regulated in SCNT compared with normal placentae. Our results suggest that key proteins of placental development are abnormally expressed in SCNT cloned bovine placentae, probably resulting in abnormal placental function and clonal mortality. [source]


    Nucleotide polymorphisms and the 5,-UTR transcriptional analysis of the bovine growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) gene

    ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, Issue 5 2010
    Masanori KOMATSU
    ABSTRACT Growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) mediates the different actions of its endogenous ligand, ghrelin. Ghrelin-GHSR is involved in many important functions that include growth hormone secretion and food intake. We evaluated the haplotype variety and characterized the microsatellite ((TG)n, 5,-UTR) and nucleotide polymorphisms of the bovine GHSR1a gene. The nucleotide sequencing of this gene (,6 kb) revealed 47 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), four indels and the microsatellite ((GTTT)n, Intron 1). The 19 haplotypes were constructed from all nucleotide viability patterns and were divided into three major groups. Four SNPs (L24V, nt456(G>A), D191N and nt667(C>T)) and DelR242 in Exon 1 and a haplotype block of approximately 2.2 kb (nt667(C>T) , nt2884 (A>G)) were found in Bos taurus breeds. Breed differences in allele frequencies of the two microsatellites, nt-7(C>A), L24V, and DelR242 loci were found (P < 0.005). A DelR242 was found in the Japanese Shorthorn (frequency: , 0.44), Japanese Brown, five European cattle breeds, the Philippine native cattle, but none detected in the Japanese Black or the Mishima island cattle. Additionally, 5,-rapid amplification of cDNA ends and RT-PCR analyses revealed that there were two different kinds of transcripts: spliced, without a microsatellite within 5,-UTR (GHSR1a); and non-spliced, with the microsatellite (GHSR1b). [source]