The MS Analysis (morgan + stanley_analysis)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Alterations in Barrett's-related adenocarcinomas: A proteomic approach

DunFa Peng
Abstract In this study, we applied high-resolution, two-dimensional, gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, time-of-flight and tandem mass spectrometry analysis (MALDI TOF MS) to identify novel proteins that are involved in Barrett's tumorigenesis. We analyzed 12 primary tissue samples that included 8 Barrett's-related adenocarcinomas (BA) and 4 normal mucosae samples. Twenty-three spots were consistently altered (,2-fold) in at least half of the tumors when compared with all normal samples and thus subjected to further analysis. The MALDI TOF MS analysis demonstrated biologically interesting upregulated proteins such as ErbB3, Dr5 and Cyclin D1 as well as several members of the zinc finger proteins (Znf146, Znf212 and Znf363). Examples of downregulated proteins included Lgi1 and Klf6. We selected four proteins (ErbB3, Dr5, Znf146 and Lgi1) that are novel for BAs for validation using quantitative real-time reverse-transcription PCR on 39 BA tissue samples when compared with normal samples. We demonstrated mRNA upregulation of ERBB3 (51.3%), DR5 (41%) and ZNF146 (30.7%) and downregulation of LGI1 (100%) in BA. We have further validated the protein overexpression of ErbB3, Dr5 and Znf146, using immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis on a tissue microarray that contained 75 BAs and normal gastric and esophageal mucosae samples. BA tissue samples demonstrated overexpression of ErbB3 (42%), Dr5 (90%) and Znf146 (30%) when compared with normal tissues. In conclusion, we have identified and validated several novel proteins that are involved in Barrett's carcinogenesis. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Seasonal variation of the lipoidal matters and hypolipidaemic activity of the red alga Corallina officinalis L.

N. E. Awad
Abstract The lipoidal matters of Corallina officinalis L. showed a seasonal nonsignificant quantitative variation. However, the fatty acids revealed a relative increase in the summer and winter, while unsaponifiable matter exhibited a slight increase in the spring. The GC/MS analysis of saponifiable and unsaponifiable matter of the algal samples collected in different seasons revealed that samples collected in the spring contained a low cholesterol content and high steroidal compounds as well as high polyunsaturated fatty acids. The alcohol extract, hexane extract and fatty acid fraction of this algal sample exhibited a significant hypolipidaemic activity. Also, two biologically active fractions of hydrocarbons were isolated by CC technique from the hexane fraction of C. officinalis L. and identified by GC/MS. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Phosphorylation of the SSBP2 and ABL proteins by the ZNF198-FGFR1 fusion kinase seen in atypical myeloproliferative disorders as revealed by phosphopeptide-specific MS

Chitta Kasyapa
Abstract The ZNF198-fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) fusion kinase is a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase associated with a specific atypical myeloproliferative disease. The chimeric protein localizes to the cytoplasm, unlike the wild type FGFR1 receptor kinase, and presumably inappropriately phosphorylates specific targets as part of the oncogenic signaling cascade. Other than known targets of the FGFR1 kinase itself, few specific targets of ZNF198-FGFR1 have been identified. Using a genetically engineered HEK 293 cell system, we have identified proteins that are specifically phosphorylated in the presence of the fusion kinase using anti-phosphotyrosine immunoprecipitation and MS. Compared with 293 cells expressing exongenous wild type FGFR1, ZNF198-FGFR1 is associated with phosphorylation of several proteins including SSBP2, ABL, FLJ14235, CALM and TRIM4 proteins. The specificity of the phosphorylation events in the SSBP2 and ABL proteins, which have previously been implicated in leukemogenesis, was further confirmed independently using immunoprecipitation with protein-specific antibodies and Western blotting. The MS analysis also identified the phosphorylation events in the ZNF198 moiety in the chimeric protein that might be related to its function. These studies identify the intersection of several different leukemia-related pathways in the development of this myeloproliferative disorder and provide new insights into the substrates of FGFR1 under defined conditions. [source]

An HPLC-MS method for simultaneous estimation of ,,, -arteether and its metabolite dihydroartemisinin, in rat plasma for application to pharmacokinetic study

M. Rajanikanth
Abstract This manuscript reports, the development and validation of a sensitive and selective assay method for simultaneous determination of ,,, -arteether and its metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA) in rat plasma by liquid chromatography,mass spectrometry. Chromatographic separations were achieved by gradient elution of the analytes with an initial composition of methanol,potassium acetate buffer (pH 4; 73:27, v/v) to 100% methanol in 3 min and maintained for 5 min on a Spheri-10, RP18 (100 4.6 mm i.d.) column following an RP18 (30 4.6 mm i.d.) guard column. The total ef,uent from the column was split so that one-tenth was injected into the electrospray LC/MS interface. ESI-MS analysis was performed using a Micromass Quattro II Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer equipped with an electrospray source. The MS analysis was carried out at cone voltage of 22 V with a scan range of 200,500 Da. The analytes were quanti,ed from the [M+ K]+ ion chromatograms of ,,, -arteether at m/z 352, DHA at m/z 323, artemisinin at m/z 321 and propyl ether analogue of arteether at m/z 365. Liquid,liquid extractions with a combination of n -hexane and hexane,ethyl acetate (8:2) were used to isolate ,,, -arteether and DHA from rat plasma. The method was validated and gave good accuracy and precision for the studied domain. Linearity in serum was observed over the range 4.375,70 ng/mL for a -arteether and 10,160 ng/mL for , -arteether and DHA. Percentage bias (accuracy) and within- and between-assay precision were well within the acceptable range. This method was applied to study the pharmacokinetics following oral administration of ,,, -arteether (30 mg/kg) in rats. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]