Mobile Phase pH (mobile + phase_ph)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The application of novel 1.7 ,m ethylene bridged hybrid particles for hydrophilic interaction chromatography

Eric S. Grumbach
Abstract An un-derivatized 1.7 ,m ethylene bridged hybrid (BEH) particle was evaluated for its utility in retaining polar species in hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC), and was compared to a 3 ,m un-derivatized silica material. Retentivity as a function of mobile phase pH, polar modifier and ACN content was examined. Also, the efficiency of the two particle substrates was compared by plotting HETP vs. linear velocity. Improved chemical resistance of the un-derivatized BEH particle was compared to un-derivatized silica at pH 5, demonstrating no performance deterioration over the course of 2000 injections for the BEH particle, while the silica particle deteriorated rapidly after 800 injections. Lastly, ESI-MS sensitivity as a function of particle size and separation mode was demonstrated. A 2.2 to 4.7-times higher ESI-MS response was observed on the 1.7 ,m particle compared to the 3 ,m particle, whereas a 5.6 to 8.8-times higher ESI-MS response was observed using HILIC as when compared to traditional RP chromatography. [source]

Stability-indicating assay of sodium cromoglicate in ophthalmic solution using mixed-mode hydrophilic interaction chromatography

Mohammed Shahid Ali
Abstract A hydrophilic interaction chromatographic (HILIC) procedure for the quantification of Sodium Cromoglicate (SCG) in ophthalmic solution is developed. Mobile phase consists of ACN and buffer, 86:14 v/v. Atlantis HILIC,Si column, 25 cm×4.6 mm, is used as stationary phase. Detection is carried out using a variable wavelength UV-Vis detector at 326 nm. Linearity range and percent recoveries for SCG were 50,400 ,g/mL and 100.44%, respectively. The SCG HILIC-UV assay was validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The method separates two impurities and degradation products resulting from stress environment. Influence of organic solvent, ionic strength and mobile phase pH on the retention of SCG is studied. The paper provides optimization of polar anionic solute (SCG) on unmodified silica by HILIC. Proposed method can be used as a stability-indicating assay for SGC and can be proved to be beneficial in ESI-MS for enhanced sensitivity. [source]

Effect of temperature on the chromatographic retention of ionizable compounds.


Abstract We propose a general simple equation for accurately predicting the retention factors of ionizable compounds upon simultaneous changes in mobile phase pH and column temperature at a given hydroorganic solvent composition. Only four independent experiments provide the input data: retention factors measured in two pH buffered mobile phases at extreme acidic and basic pH values (e. g., at least ± 2 pH units far from the analyte pKa) and at two column temperatures. The equations, derived from the basic thermodynamics of the acid,base equilibria, additionally require the knowledge of the solute pKa and enthalpies of acid,base dissociation of both the solute and the buffer components in the hydroorganic solvent mixture. The performance of the predictive model is corroborated with the comparison between theoretical and experimental retention factors of several weak acids and bases of important pharmacological activity, in mobile phases containing different buffer solutions prepared in 25% w/w ACN in water and at several temperatures. [source]

A validated HPLC method with electrochemical detection for simultaneous assay of 5-aminosalicylic acid and its metabolite in human plasma

Giancarlo Palumbo
Abstract A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed, validated and applied to the simultaneous determination of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and its acetylated metabolite (acetyl-5-ASA) in human plasma. The method involves liquid,liquid extraction with methanol followed by isocratic reversed-phase chromatography on a Kromasil KR100 C18 column with electrochemical detection. The recovery, selectivity, linearity, precision and accuracy of the method were evaluated from spiked human plasma samples. The effects of mobile phase composition, buffer concentration, mobile phase pH and concentration of organic modi,ers on retention of 5-ASA, acetyl 5-ASA and internal standard were investigated. Limits' of detection were 5 ng/mL for 5-ASA and 10 ng/mL for acetyl-5-ASA, respectively. The method can be used for supporting therapeutical drug monitoring and pharmacokinetic studies. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]