Molecular Prenatal Diagnosis (molecular + prenatal_diagnosis)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Molecular prenatal diagnosis of Hb H Hydrops Fetalis caused by haemoglobin Adana and the implications to antenatal screening for ,-thalassaemia

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 9 2008
S. Henderson
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Prenatal diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism type II and novel mutations in two Chinese families

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 6 2007
Li Hongyi
Abstract Objective The prenatal genetic diagnosis and counseling of oculocutaneous albinism type II (OCA2) by detecting mutations in the OCA2 gene Methods DNA samples were extracted from peripheral whole blood and amniocentesis-derived cells. Polymerase chain reaction and automatic sequence analysis were used to screen the OCA2 gene. Results Case 1: Two novel heterozygous mutations (p.N476D and p.Y827H) in the P gene were detected in the proband. Molecular prenatal diagnosis on fetal DNA revealed N476D. The pregnancy progressed uneventfully to a normal outcome. Case 2: Mutation analysis of the DNA of family 2 revealed compound heterozygosities for two novel P gene mutations (p.N476D and p.G775R). The pregnant female and the fetus each presented with a single P gene mutation (p.V443I and G775R, respectively). The pregnancy was continued. Conclusion This is the first report of prenatal diagnosis performed in families with oculocutaneous albinism type II (OCA2). Also, this report reveals three novel mutations of the P gene. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Molecular prenatal diagnosis for hereditary distal arthrogryposis type 2B

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 5 2007
Miao Jiang
Abstract Autosomal dominant distal arthrogryposes (DAs) are a group of muscle diseases characterized by congenital contractures of the limbs. Currently, prenatal diagnosis of DAs depends upon ultrasound examination during late gestation. Recently, five genes encoding fast switch proteins located at 9p13.2, 11p15.5 and 17q13.1 were identified. These included TPM2, TNNI2/TNNT3, and MYH3/MYH8. Last year, we discovered a novel heterozygous mutation c.523_525delAAG (p.K175del) in the TNNI2 gene, which encodes the isoform of troponinI, in a seven-generation Chinese family affected with distal arthrogryposis type 2B (DA2B). Here, we report the molecular prenatal diagnosis of 3 high-risk fetuses of two women in the family by two-point linkage inferential analysis and deletion detection of the TNNI2 gene with chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis. To our knowledge, this is the first description of molecular prenatal diagnosis for DAs. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Molecular prenatal diagnosis in a case of an X-linked dominant chondrodysplasia punctata

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 9 2003
N. V. Whittock
Abstract X-linked dominant chondrodysplasia punctata, (CDPX2,MIM302960) also known as Conradi,Hünermann,Happle syndrome, is a rare form of skeletal dysplasia that affects the skeleton, skin, hair, and eyes. The disorder is caused by mutations within the emopamil binding protein (Ebp) that functions as a delta(8), delta(7) sterol isomerase in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. To date, over 40 separate mutations have been reported in the Ebp gene, EBP, with no obvious correlation between the molecular defects and the severity of the clinical phenotype. We have studied a 30-year-old woman who presented in adulthood with skin, hair, and mild skeletal defects but no ocular abnormalities and have identified a heterozygous missense mutation within the third transmembrane domain of the protein. In addition, we have performed molecular prenatal testing on her unborn fetus. The results demonstrate inter-familial variability for missense mutations within the emopamil binding protein and add to the molecular data for CDPX2. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Genetic counseling and "molecular" prenatal diagnosis of holoprosencephaly (HPE),

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS, Issue 1 2010
Sandra Mercier
Abstract Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a structural anomaly of the developing brain in which the forebrain fails to divide into two separate hemispheres and ventricles. The poor prognosis in the most severe forms justifies the importance of genetic counseling in affected families. The genetic counseling requires a thorough clinical approach given the extreme variability of phenotype and etiology. The karyotype is an essential diagnostic tool. Since mutations in the four major genes (SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, and TGIF) have been identified in HPE patients, molecular study is performed routinely in nonsyndromic HPE. New molecular tools, such as array-CGH analysis, are now part of the diagnostic process. Prenatal diagnosis is based primarily on fetal imaging, but "molecular" prenatal diagnosis can be performed if a mutation has been previously identified in a proband. Interpretations of molecular diagnosis must be given with caution, given the lack of strict genotype,phenotype correlation, and should be offered in addition to fetal imaging, using ultrasound followed by fetal MRI. We report on our experience of 15 molecular prenatal diagnoses from chorionic villi or amniotic fluid sampling. In eight instances, we were able to reassure the parents after taking into account the absence of the mutation in the fetus, previously identified before in a parent and/or a proband. Fetal RMI was normal later in pregnancy, and no child had medical problems after birth. The mutation was found in the seven other cases: four children were born, either without brain malformation and asymptomatic, or had a less severe form than the index case. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Molecular prenatal diagnosis for hereditary distal arthrogryposis type 2B

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 5 2007
Miao Jiang
Abstract Autosomal dominant distal arthrogryposes (DAs) are a group of muscle diseases characterized by congenital contractures of the limbs. Currently, prenatal diagnosis of DAs depends upon ultrasound examination during late gestation. Recently, five genes encoding fast switch proteins located at 9p13.2, 11p15.5 and 17q13.1 were identified. These included TPM2, TNNI2/TNNT3, and MYH3/MYH8. Last year, we discovered a novel heterozygous mutation c.523_525delAAG (p.K175del) in the TNNI2 gene, which encodes the isoform of troponinI, in a seven-generation Chinese family affected with distal arthrogryposis type 2B (DA2B). Here, we report the molecular prenatal diagnosis of 3 high-risk fetuses of two women in the family by two-point linkage inferential analysis and deletion detection of the TNNI2 gene with chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis. To our knowledge, this is the first description of molecular prenatal diagnosis for DAs. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]