Marrow Origin (marrow + origin)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Marrow Origin

  • bone marrow origin

  • Selected Abstracts

    A molecular analysis of biclonal follicular lymphoma: further evidence for bone marrow origin and clonal selection

    Yuichi Nakamura
    Abstract We report a follicular lymphoma (FL) case presenting the coexistence of two tumor cell subpopulations in lymph node (LN) and bone marrow (BM), which exhibited an inverse pattern of immunoglobulin light (IgL) chain gene rearrangement and expression: Ig,,,+ in LN and Ig,+,, in BM. These tumor clones shared an identical BCL2-IgH recombination, accompanying t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation, and an identical variable, diversity and joining segments joining with clone-specific VH somatic hypermutations on the untranslocated IgH allele. Our study provides further evidence that FL clones, originating from common progenitor cells, can be developed independently at different sites and with different IgL expression after immune selection. [source]

    Bone marrow-derived cells expand memory CD8+ T,cells in response to viral infections of the lung and skin

    Abstract While naive CD8+ T,cells have been shown to require bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DC) to initiate immunity, such a requirement for memory CD8+ T,cells has had limited assessment. By generating bone marrow chimeras that express the appropriate antigen-presenting molecules on either radiation-sensitive bone marrow-derived or radiation-resistant non-bone marrow-derived compartments, we showed that both primary and secondary immune responses to influenza virus infection of the lung were initiated in the draining LN. This required cells of bone marrow origin, most likely DC, for optimal expansion within the secondary lymphoid compartment. This was similarly the case with HSV-1 infection of the skin. As Langerhans cells are radioresistant, unlike other DC populations, these studies also demonstrate that the radiosensitive DC responsible for secondary expansion of HSV-specific memory are not Langerhans cells. [source]

    Interleukin-6 from intrahepatic cells of bone marrow origin is required for normal murine liver regeneration

    HEPATOLOGY, Issue 1 2002
    Xavier Aldeguer
    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is required for normal liver regeneration, but the specific cellular source of this growth factor is unknown. We investigated whether this signal originates from the resident macrophage, the Kupffer cell. Using a murine model of bone marrow transplantation, we replaced recipient bone marrow,derived cells, including Kupffer cells, with cells of donor genetic phenotype. Recipients deficient in IL-6 (IL-6,/,) were lethally irradiated, then rescued with 107 donor bone marrow cells capable of expressing IL-6 (IL-6+/+). Conversely, IL-6+/+ recipients received IL-6,/, marrow. Successful engraftment was measured by the presence of the Y chromosome SRY locus in the livers of female recipients receiving male marrow, in situ IL-6 expression by Kupffer cells, and up-regulation of IL-6 in splenocytes after activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Kupffer cell isolation in IL-6,/, females receiving IL-6+/+ male marrow clearly showed the presence of the SRY locus and IL-6 disrupted allele, whereas males receiving female marrow demonstrated no SRY or IL-6 signals, confirming the extent of replacement. Replacement of these cells in IL-6,/, mice with IL-6+/+ bone marrow successfully restored the regenerative response after partial hepatectomy (PHx) as indicated by signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation and hepatocyte DNA replication. Alternatively, complete replacement of Kupffer cells in IL-6+/+ mice by transplantation with IL-6,/, cells significantly inhibited liver regeneration and was partially restored by administration of IL-6. This investigation demonstrates a paracrine mechanism by which cells of bone marrow origin, most likely Kupffer cells, regulate the regenerative capacity of the hepatocyte through IL-6 expression. [source]