Leaf Curl China Virus (leaf + curl_china_virus)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Molecular Characterization of a Strain of Squash Leaf Curl China Virus from the Philippines

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 10 2003
T. Kon
Abstract The complete nucleotide sequence of infectious cloned DNA components (A and B) of the causal agent of squash leaf curl disease in the Philippines was determined. DNA-A and DNA-B comprise 2739 and 2705 nucleotides, respectively; the common region is 174 bases in length. Five ORFs were found in DNA-A and two in DNA-B. Partial dimeric clones containing DNA-A and DNA-B, constructed in a binary vector and transformed into Agrobacterium tumefaciens, induced systemic infection in agro-inoculated pumpkin plants (Cucurbita moschata). The total DNA-A sequence was most closely related to that of Squash leaf curl China virus (SLCCNV) (88% identity), although the existence of B component of SLCCNV has not been reported. The deduced coat protein was like that of SLCCNV (98% amino acid sequence identity) and the Philippines virus has low sequence identity to Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV) and Squash mild leaf curl virus (SMLCV) (63 and 64% total nucleotide sequence identities, respectively). From these results, we propose that the Philippines virus be designated Squash leaf curl China virus -[Philippines] (SLCCNV-[PH]). [source]


Molecular Characterization of two Distinct Begomoviruses from Ageratum conyzoides and Malvastrum coromandelianum in China

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 11-12 2006
J. F. Huang
Abstract Two weed samples, G52 from Ageratum conyzoides and G87 from Malvastrum coromandelianum, showing leaf curling and vein thickening symptoms were collected in Nanning, Guangxi Province, China. The complete nucleotide sequences of DNA-A-like molecules of G52 and G87 were determined to be 2735 and 2745 nucleotides respectively. Both DNA-A molecules have a genomic organization typical of begomoviruses and share 73.4% sequence identity with each other. Sequence comparisons showed that the DNA-A of G52 and G87 were most closely related to those of Ageratum yellow vein virus (AYVV; 85% sequence identity) and Tobacco leaf curl Yunnanvirus (75.7% sequence identity) respectively. Further sequence comparisons showed that G52 has arisen by recombination among viruses related to AYVV, Papaya leaf curl China virus and an unidentified Begomovirus species. The molecular data suggest that G52 and G87 are two distinct begomoviruses, for which the names Ageratum leaf curl virus for G52 and Malvastrum leaf curl virus for G87 are proposed. The satellite DNA, molecule was only found to be associated with G87. G87 DNA, consists of 1354 nucleotides, and shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (68.9%) with that associated with Sida yellow vein China virus. A defective DNA, molecule was also found to be associated with G87. [source]


Acquisition and Transmission of two Begomoviruses by the B and a non-B Biotype of Bemisia tabaci from Zhejiang, China

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 10 2006
M. Jiu
Abstract Acquisition and transmission was studied of Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) and Tobacco curly shoot virus (TbCSV) by the B and a non-B biotype (China-ZHJ-1) of Bemisia tabaci from Zhejiang, China. The frequency of TYLCCNV and TbCSV detection by PCR in whitefly adults increased with increasing length of feeding on virus-infected plants. The virus DNA was detected by PCR in 40% of the B biotype adults tested after a period of 30 min access to infected plants and in all adults after a 12-h period of access. All ZHJ-1 adults acquired TYLCCNV and TbCSV after a 48-h period of access to the virus-infected plants. Viruliferous B and ZHJ-1 adults retained TYLCCNV DNA for their entire life when placed on healthy cotton plants. Viruliferous ZHJ-1 adults retained TbCSV DNA for their entire life when placed on healthy cotton plants but the B biotype adults did not. Transmission of TYLCCNV was achieved with one B or ZHJ-1 adult per plant, and the probability of transmission reached 100% when the number of adults was increased to 10 per plant. The efficiency for TYLCCNV transmission to healthy plants by adults of both B and ZHJ-1 was much higher than that for TbCSV. [source]


Molecular Characterization of a Strain of Squash Leaf Curl China Virus from the Philippines

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 10 2003
T. Kon
Abstract The complete nucleotide sequence of infectious cloned DNA components (A and B) of the causal agent of squash leaf curl disease in the Philippines was determined. DNA-A and DNA-B comprise 2739 and 2705 nucleotides, respectively; the common region is 174 bases in length. Five ORFs were found in DNA-A and two in DNA-B. Partial dimeric clones containing DNA-A and DNA-B, constructed in a binary vector and transformed into Agrobacterium tumefaciens, induced systemic infection in agro-inoculated pumpkin plants (Cucurbita moschata). The total DNA-A sequence was most closely related to that of Squash leaf curl China virus (SLCCNV) (88% identity), although the existence of B component of SLCCNV has not been reported. The deduced coat protein was like that of SLCCNV (98% amino acid sequence identity) and the Philippines virus has low sequence identity to Squash leaf curl virus (SLCV) and Squash mild leaf curl virus (SMLCV) (63 and 64% total nucleotide sequence identities, respectively). From these results, we propose that the Philippines virus be designated Squash leaf curl China virus -[Philippines] (SLCCNV-[PH]). [source]


Yellow leaf curl disease of pumpkin in Thailand is associated with Squash leaf curl China virus

PLANT PATHOLOGY, Issue 4 2008
T. Ito
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Low frequency of horizontal and vertical transmission of two begomoviruses through whiteflies exhibits little relevance to the vector infectivity

ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY, Issue 1 2010
J. Wang
Transmissions of plant viruses between individuals of their vector insects through mating are rare events. Recently, three begomoviruses were found to be transmitted between males and females of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci through mating, and two viruses were shown to be transmitted transovarially to progeny. However, results between reports were not consistent. Here we examined the horizontal and vertical transmission of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) and Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) by the B and Q biotypes of B. tabaci, using virus isolates and whitefly colonies established recently in China. Both TYLCV DNA and TYLCCNV DNA were shown to be transmitted horizontally and vertically by each of the two biotypes of the whitefly, but frequency of transmission was usually low. In transovarial transmission, virus DNA was detected in eggs and nymphs but not in the adults of the first generation progeny, except in the combination of TYLCV and Q biotype whitefly where 2,3% of the offspring adults contained the virus DNA. We also showed that the first generation adults, which developed from eggs of viruliferous whiteflies, were not infective to plants. These results demonstrated that for the viruses and whiteflies tested here low frequency of horizontal and vertical transmission can be expected but these two modes of transmission are unlikely to have much epidemiological relevance in the field. [source]


Differential indirect effects of two plant viruses on an invasive and an indigenous whitefly vector: implications for competitive displacement

ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY, Issue 3 2009
J. Liu
Abstract The role of vector,begomovirus,plant interactions in the widespread invasion by some members of the whitefly species complex Bemisia tabaci is poorly understood. The invasive B biotype of B. tabaci entered China in the late 1990s and had become the predominant or only biotype of the whitefly in many regions of the country by 2005,2006. Meanwhile epidemics of begomoviruses have been observed in many crops including tomato for which Tomato yellow leaf curl China virus (TYLCCNV) and Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) have been identified as two major disease-causing agents. Here, we conducted laboratory experiments to compare the performance of the invasive B and indigenous ZHJ1 whitefly biotypes on uninfected, TYLCCNV-infected and TYLCV-infected plants of tomato cv. Hezuo903, a cultivar that has been widely cultivated in many regions of China. The infection of tomato plants by either of the viruses had no or only marginal effects on the development, survival and fecundity of the B biotype. In contrast, survival and fecundity of the ZHJ1 biotype were significantly reduced on virus-infected plants compared to those on uninfected plants. Populations of the B biotype on uninfected and TYLCCNV-infected plants increased at similar rates, whereas population increase of the ZHJ1 biotype on TYLCCNV-infected plants was affected adversely. These asymmetric responses to virus infection of tomato plants between the B and ZHJ1 biotypes are likely to offer advantages to the B biotype in its invasion and displacement of the indigenous biotype. [source]