Labelling Index (labelling + index)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Labelling Index

  • ki-67 labelling index

  • Selected Abstracts

    Nephroblastoma is a success of paediatric oncologic therapy.

    How further can we go?: Results of a cyto-histologic correlation study
    Abstract Nephroblastoma is a success of paediatric oncologic therapy, yet, there are still some cases where favourable response to preoperative chemotherapy is not achieved. Fine needle biopsy has the role of diagnostic confirmation and, idyllically of predicting a response to preoperative chemotherapy. To advance in this aim, we retrieved a total of 14 nephroblastomas, (seven male patients and seven female with a mean age of 44.4 months), diagnosed in our department by fine needle biopsy and submitted afterward to chemotherapy and nephrectomy, in the last 10 years. Correlation between cytologic features, (morphology, cell death, and proliferation (Ki-67 labelling index), and post chemotherapy tumour evaluation was done. Cytologic pattern per se was not predictive of histologic tumour classification (P = 0.6061). We did not find any correlation between the percentage of necrosis and apoptosis (P = 0.682) in cytologic smears and histologic regressive changes but when both these two criteria coexisted in cytologic blastemal component of nephroblastomas, this fact seemed to lead to a favourable response of the tumour to chemotherapy. When evaluation of Ki-67 labelling index was done in the blastematous component present in the smears, divergent results were obtained. The small number of cases prevented any firm conclusions. By summing up, our results support the idea that there are probably two types of blastema in nephroblastoma with different "suicide" potential and chemotherapeutic response. Further studies should be performed to stratify the influence of necrosis, apoptosis, and proliferation in chemosensivity of nephroblastomas. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2010. 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Expression of c-MET, low-molecular-weight cytokeratin, matrix metalloproteinases-1 and -2 in spinal chordoma

    HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2009
    Takahiko Naka
    Aims:, In skull base chordoma, c-MET expression has been reported to correlate with younger patient age and favourable prognosis; however, it also contributes to tumour invasiveness, especially in recurrent lesions, suggesting variable roles for c-MET according to clinical status. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of c-MET expression in spinal chordoma, which affects patients who are 10,20 years older than those with skull base chordoma. Methods and results:, Using immunohistochemical techniques, the expression of c-MET and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was investigated in 34 primary spinal chordomas and compared with other clinicopathological parameters. Expression of c-MET and HGF was observed in 85.3 and 21.7% of lesions, respectively. c-MET expression correlated with the expression of an epithelial marker, low-molecular-weight cytokeratin (CAM5.2). Lesions with higher c-MET expression showed significantly stronger expression of proteinases, including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-2. However, c-MET expression was not associated with patient age, proliferative ability estimated by MIB-1 labelling index, or prognosis. Conclusions:, c-MET expression was observed in most spinal chordomas and correlated with the expression of CAM5.2, suggesting a relationship to an epithelial phenotype. [source]

    Overexpression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and accumulation of 8-OHdG in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 2 2008
    Y Segawa
    Aims:, Nitric oxide (NO), produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS), has been suggested to cause oxidative stress, leading to 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) accumulation and subsequent transversion mutation of DNA. The aim was to evaluate iNOS expression and the status of oxidative stress in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods and results:, Seventy-three cases of NPC were investigated to examine the immunohistochemical expression of iNOS, 8-OHdG and latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) and Epstein,Barr virus-encoded small RNA (EBER) expression using in situ hybridization. iNOS mRNA expression and p53 gene mutations were also assessed. Overexpression of iNOS, LMP-1 and EBER was observed in 62 (84.9%), 28 (38.4%) and 53 (72.6%) cases respectively. p53 gene mutation was found in 10 of 73 (13.7%) cases. Immunohistochemical iNOS expression was associated with the 8-OHdG labelling index, iNOS mRNA expression and p53 gene alteration (P < 0.0001, P = 0.016 and 0.0082 respectively). Conclusions:, Our present findings suggest that the expression of iNOS induces oxidative stress in NPC. Although the presence of p53 mutation was associated with iNOS overexpression, the type of acid,base change of p53 was transition, but not transversion, which suggests that the p53 gene is not the direct target of DNA damage by 8-OHdG accumulation. [source]

    Sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemical antibodies used to distinguish between benign and malignant pleural disease: a systematic review of published reports

    HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 6 2006
    J King
    Aims:, A systematic review of published reports that have evaluated the ability of immunohistochemistry and argyrophil nucleolar organizing region (AgNOR) staining to distinguish between benign and malignant pleural disease. Methods:, Nineteen relevant papers published during the period 1979,2005 were identified. Individual results of immunohistochemistry for five diagnostic antibodies were extracted to calculate diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Results from five of these studies that had evaluated proliferation markers or AgNOR staining techniques were also summarized. Results:, Most antibodies demonstrated poor to moderate diagnostic ability. Desmin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) were the most useful, with sensitivity and specificity both above 74%. The combination of EMA and AgNOR was reported as having 95% diagnostic sensitivity. A high MCM2 labelling index also differentiated between benign and malignant pleural disease. Conclusions:, Immunohistochemistry is of limited value, but newer diagnostic methods may be useful additions in this area of pathology. The diagnostic importance of histological features seen on plain tissue sections is emphasized as vital for correctly differentiating between benign pleural disease and malignant pleural mesothelioma. [source]

    Skull base chordomas: correlation of tumour doubling time with age, mitosis and Ki67 proliferation index

    J. L. Holton
    The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between the rate of clinical tumour growth and various histological features, including Ki67 labelling index, in skull base chordoma. Cases of skull base chordoma from 19 patients (six female, 13 male; age range 8,63 years) were reviewed and the diagnosis confirmed based on histological and immunohistochemical features. In each biopsy cellularity, pleomorphism, mitotic activity, apoptotic bodies, necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltrate were graded and Ki67 labelling index (LI) calculated as a measure of proliferation. Tumour doubling time was assessed by quantitative analysis of tumour volumes in post-operative magnetic resonance images and correlated with age, sex, histological parameters and Ki67 LI. It was shown that increasing patient age, the presence of mitotic figures or a Ki67 LI in excess of 6% were associated with faster growing tumours. [source]

    Vascular endothelial growth factor expression in oligodendrogliomas: a correlative study withSainte-Anne malignancy grade, growth fractionand patient survival

    P. Varlet
    Microangiogenesis is a delayed but crucial event in the malignant progression of oligodendrogliomas. Accord-ingly, in the new Sainte-Anne grading system of oligodendrogliomas, endothelial hyperplasia and contrast enhancement, both being indicators of microangiogenesis, are key criteria for the distinction of grade A from grade B tumours. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic factor: a strong correlation between VEGF expression, Sainte-Anne malignancy grade and patient outcome might thus be expected. In order to assess this hypothesis, VEGF immunostaining was performed in a series of 34 oligodendrogliomas that included 11 grade B and 23 grade A, of which nine became grade B during the study period (mean clinical and imaging follow-up: 41 months). VEGF expression correlated strongly with Sainte-Anne tumour grade (P < 0.001), and inversely with patient survival (P < 0.001) and recurrence-free survival (P = 0.002). One hundred per cent of grade B but only 17% of grade A were VEGF-positive. By contrast, the MIB-1 labelling index did not correlate with VEGF expression, total survival or recurrence-free survival. In accordance with the grading system, this study showed that, in oligodendrogliomas, VEGF expression and microangiogenesis are progression-related phenomena that confer on these tumours a growth advantage by presumably reducing hypoxia-induced apoptotic cell death. These findings might have important implications in the future for the indication and timing of anti-angiogenic therapies. [source]

    Oxidative stress and DNA hypermethylation status in renal cell carcinoma arising in patients on dialysis,

    Y Hori
    Abstract Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is more frequently observed in patients on dialysis than in patients with normal renal function. However, the mechanism underlying carcinogenesis in RCC patients on dialysis is still unclear. We hypothesized that oxidative stress affects patients on dialysis and generates new neoplasms, and therefore analysed the correlation between the influences of various markers of oxidative stress and carcinogenesis in those patients. We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of oxidative stress markers, such as iNOS, 8-OHdG, and COX-2 in 42 cases on dialysis and 51 cases with normal renal function as a control. The methylation status of p16INK4a, p14ARF, VHL, and RASSF1A was analysed together with clinicopathological factors. Histologically, the papillary type was observed more frequently in dialysis RCC than in sporadic RCC. Immunohistochemically, overexpression of iNOS (p < 0.0001) and COX-2 (p = 0.0002) was more frequently observed in dialysis RCC. Furthermore, the 8-OHdG labelling index was significantly higher in dialysis RCC than in sporadic RCC. Hypermethylation of p16INK4a was more frequently found in dialysis RCC (p < 0.05). However, no significant correlations between oxidative stress markers and DNA hypermethylation status were observed. The overexpression of iNOS, COX-2, and 8-OHdG in dialysis RCC suggests that patients on dialysis are affected by oxidative stress and that this effect plays an important role in the genesis of dialysis RCC. Copyright 2007 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) as an independent prognostic marker in patients after prostatectomy: a comparison of PCNA and Ki-67

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 4 2005
    Reza Taftachi
    OBJECTIVE To investigate the prognostic value of prostatic tumour cell proliferation, as measured by Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and to compare these measures in men at low and high risk for progression of tumour. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two groups of patients with prostate cancer, i.e. ,metastatic' (M, 22) who had pT3b-4aN0M0 and pTanyN1M0, and ,nonmetastatic' (NM, 18), who had ,pT3aN0M0 disease, were selected from a well-examined and mapped group of 114 treated by radical prostatectomy. Patients in the NM group were selected by the criteria of having a Gleason score of ,,7. To assess proliferation, 1000 cells were counted at ,400 magnification by two observers and the percentage of tumour cells positively stained with Ki-67 and PCNA defined as the Ki-67 and PCNA labelling index (LI), respectively. The two LI were compared in the NM and M groups, and the correlation of the LIs with pathological stage, progression and prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-free survival evaluated. Prognostic values of the LI were analysed using multivariate analysis. RESULTS The mean (range) follow-up was 33 (4,78) months. The mean LIs were higher in the M than the NM group for both PCNA and Ki-67 (P = 0.02 and 0.019, respectively). Both LIs were markedly different between the groups when stratified by progression, with both significantly higher in men with progression in the NM group. Both LIs had a significant association with Gleason score, pathological stage, progression and PSA-free survival. In multivariate analysis the PCNA LI, surgical margin status and pathological stage were independent factors for progression. CONCLUSION Tumour cell proliferation as assessed by Ki-67 or PCNA correlate significantly with progression. The PCNA LI was an independent predictor of progression, especially in patients with a low risk of progression according to predefined criteria. [source]

    Prognostic value of the expression of Ki-67, CD44 and vascular endothelial growth factor, and microvessel invasion, in renal cell carcinoma

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 7 2004
    E. Yildiz
    OBJECTIVE To determine if use of cell proliferation, cell adhesion, level of angiogenesis-related factors and presence of microscopic vascular invasion (MVI) could better predict the biological behaviour of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which has a widely variable clinical outcome despite the use of conventional prognostic factors (staging and grading). MATERIALS AND METHODS The expression of Ki-67, CD44H and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were assessed immunohistochemically in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from 48 RCCs, using a Ki-67 labelling index (LI), CD44 LI and level of VEGF expression, respectively. In addition all the pathological slides were reviewed retrospectively for the presence and absence of MVI. The prognostic value of all the variables assessed was then evaluated, and correlated with the usual prognostic variables and cancer-specific survival. RESULTS Univariate analysis of cancer-specific survival showed that tumour stage (P < 0.001), tumour size (P = 0.005), metastasis, MVI, Ki-67 LI, CD44H LI and VEGF expression (all P < 0.001) were predictors of tumour-related death. There was a statistical correlation between CD44H LI and each of Ki-67 LI (r = 0.61), expression level of VEGF (r = 0.72) and presence of MVI (r = 0.71). Independent predictors of cancer-specific survival in a multivariate analysis were: in all patients with RCC, the MVI (P = 0.003) and VEGF expression (P = 0.01); in those with no metastases, MVI (P = 0.01); in patients with no MVI, VEGF (P = 0.04); and in patients with MVI, Ki-67 LI (P = 0.003). No independent predictor was identified in patient with metastases. CONCLUSION This study suggests that cell proliferation, cell adhesion, the level of VEGF expression and the presence of MVI represent a complex tumour-host interaction that may favour the progression of RCC. Cell proliferation, CD44H and VEGF expression appear to be powerful markers for identifying patients with an adverse prognosis. [source]

    Effects of hepatic blood inflow occlusion on liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy in an experimental model of cirrhosis

    X. -Y.
    Background Hepatic blood inflow occlusion during hepatectomy may influence postoperative liver regeneration. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hepatic blood inflow occlusion on liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy in thioacetamide-induced cirrhotic rats. Methods Forty-three cirrhotic Wistar,Furth rats were randomly assigned to three groups. Rats in group 1 underwent 64 per cent hepatectomy alone, those in group 2 were subjected to 15 min hepatic blood inflow occlusion followed by 64 per cent hepatectomy, and animals in group 3 were subjected to 30 min inflow occlusion followed by 64 per cent hepatectomy. Liver function, 5-bromo-2,-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labelling index and percentage of initial liver weight on days 1, 2 and 7 posthepatectomy were assessed. Results Rats in groups 1 and 2 had a significantly higher serum albumin level and a markedly lower alanine aminotransferase level than animals in group 3 on day 1 posthepatectomy (P < 005). There was no significant difference in the serum level of total bilirubin of the three groups on days 1, 2 and 7. The BrdU labelling index was significantly higher in groups 1 and 2 than in group 3 animals on day 1 posthepatectomy (P < 001 and P < 005 respectively). Percentages of initial liver weight were similar in groups 1, 2 and 3 on days 1, 2 and 7 after hepatectomy. Conclusion Hepatic blood inflow occlusion for up to 30 min suppressed DNA synthesis and hepatocyte proliferation at an early posthepatectomy stage and consequently delayed recovery of liver function in cirrhotic rats. However, it did not affect restoration of liver mass or survival after 64 per cent hepatectomy. 2000 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd [source]

    Progression of astrocytomas and meningiomas: an evaluation in vitro

    CELL PROLIFERATION, Issue 1 2007
    L. Maes
    By verifying the proliferation capacity, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression and in vitro invasion, in a group of highly malignant glioblastomas, benign meningiomas and astrocytomas, at the initial stage of progression, we have analysed putative progression in vitro for proliferation and telomerase expression. Materials and Methods: The relative proliferation status (visualized with Ki-67 antibodies) and presence of hTERT protein was analysed in 27 intracranial tumours (6 astrocytomas, 8 glioblastomas and 13 meningiomas) by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded biopsy tissue, as well as on primary tumour-derived cell cultures. A confrontation model was used to analyse invasiveness in vitro. Results: The mean proliferation indices were 22.3 (SD = 18.1) for glioblastomas and 2.1 (SD = 1.9) for low-grade (LG) astrocytomas. The group of benign meningiomas had a labelling index of 2.2 (SD = 2.7). Mean percentages of staining for hTERT varied between 36.5 (SD = 28.4) for glioblastomas and 10.2 (SD = 8.6) for LG astrocytomas. The group of benign meningiomas had a labelling index of 12.4 (SD = 19.2) for hTERT. A significant difference was seen for Ki-67 (P < 0.05) and hTERT (P < 0.001) in vivo versus in vitro. No difference was seen between the group of invasive and non-invasive tumour-derived cell cultures for the histopathological markers Ki-67 and hTERT (P > 0.05) in vitro. Conclusions: The elevated expression of hTERT and Ki-67 in vitro provides a potential prognostic tool for early detection of the progression of brain tumours. As tumour cells require telomerase for continued proliferation, the expression of hTERT may mark immortality, leading to indefinite life span. On the other hand, hTERT expression and cell proliferation are not linked directly to invasion in vitro. [source]

    Hepatic proliferation in Gunn rats transplanted with hepatocytes: effect of retrorsine and tri-iodothyronine

    CELL PROLIFERATION, Issue 3 2005
    F. J. Cubero
    However, a major problem in most transplantation studies to date has been the limited growth of transplanted cells in the recipient organ. We performed a strategy for selective proliferation of transplanted cells by interfering with the proliferative capacity of resident hepatocytes, using the pyrrolizidine alkaloid retrorsine and then transplanting liver cells in conjunction with repeated administration of triiodothyronine, an inducer of hepatocyte proliferation in rats. In the present study, foetal and adult syngeneic hepatocyte transplantation into spleen was performed in retrorsine-treated hyperbilirubinemic Gunn rats. In parallel, repeated injections of triiodothyronine were given to recipients. Rats were sacrificed at 1, 7, 30 and 90 days after transplantation and blood and bile samples were taken to assess the functionality of transplanted cells. The proliferative activity of transplanted hepatocytes was evaluated using proliferating cell nuclear antigen labelling index. In summary, both adult and foetal hepatocyte transplantation were effective in correcting a metabolic abnormality in Gunn rats for as long as 3 months. The RS/T3 model, as a measure to increase graft function, could represent an important advance to future clinical application of hepatocyte transplantation. [source]

    The hTERT-protein and Ki-67 labelling index in recurrent and non-recurrent meningiomas

    CELL PROLIFERATION, Issue 1 2005
    L. Maes
    However, a number of these tumours recur even after total resection. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic significance for recurrence of the human telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) in the cells of meningiomas. The expression of hTERT-protein can be evaluated by immunohistochemical staining using a monoclonal antibody against hTERT (clone 44F42, NCL-L-hTERT). The interdependence between tumour recurrence and cell proliferation in this study is analysed by Ki-67 immunoreactivity (clone MIB-1). Archival material from 29 non-recurrent and 32 recurrent tumours has been evaluated, including specimens from World Health Organization (WHO) stages I (n = 73), II (n = 2) and III (n = 12). Although the tumours were categorized as benign meningiomas following the WHO classification, recurrence in 22 of 50 cases did not correlate with the tumour stage. For hTERT staining, the following results were found for nucleolar and total nuclear staining, respectively: non-recurrent meningiomas, 2.9% ( 7.7) and 3.0% ( 8.0); recurrent meningiomas at first resection, 16.8% ( 19.7) and 31.6% ( 30.2). Concerning the Ki-67 labelling index (LI): for the group of non-recurrent meningiomas, results were 2.1% ( 1.7) and for the recurrent group at first resection, 1.7% ( 2.0). A significant difference was seen for the hTERT staining (P < 0.001) between the non-recurrent and recurrent meningiomas, whereas no statistical significance was found for Ki-67. In conclusion hTERT-positive meningiomas had a high incidence for recurrence. Ki-67 was a good marker of cell proliferation status of the tumours, but did not correlate with recurrence; thus, hTERT alone seemed to be a potential predictor for recurrence. [source]

    Cell kinetic studies in the murine ventral tongue epithelium: thymidine metabolism studies and circadian rhythm determination

    C. S. Potten
    Abstract. ,The oral mucosa is a rapidly replacing body tissue that has received relatively little attention in terms of defining its cell kinetics and cellular organization. The tissue is sensitive to the effects of cytotoxic agents, the consequence of which can be stem cell death with the subsequent development of ulcers and the symptoms of oral mucositis. There is considerable interest in designing strategies to protect oral stem cells and, hence, reduce the mucositis side-effects in cancer therapy patients. Here we present details of a new histometric approach designed to investigate the changing patterns in cellularity in the ventral tongue mucosa. This initial paper in a series of four papers presents observations on the changing patterns in the labelling index following tritiated thymidine administration, which suggest a delayed uptake of tritiated thymidine from a long-term intracellular thymidine pool, a phenomenon that will complicate cell kinetic interpretations in a variety of experimental situations. We also provide data on the changing pattern of mitotic activity through a 24-h period (circadian rhythms). Using vincristine-induced stathmokinesis, the data indicate that 54% of the basal cells divide each day and that there is a high degree of synchrony in mitotic activity with a mitotic peak occurring around 13.00 h. The mitotic circadian peak occurs 9-12 h after the circadian peak in DNA synthesis. The data presented here and in the subsequent papers could be interpreted to indicate that basal cells of BDF1 mice have an average turnover time of about 26-44 h with some cells cycling once a day and others with a 2- or 3-day cell cycle time. [source]

    Comparison between differentcell kinetic variables in human breast cancer

    CELL PROLIFERATION, Issue 2 2000
    F. Barzanti
    Cell kinetics holds a prominent role among biological factors in predicting clinical outcome and response to treatment in neoplastic patients. Different cell kinetic variables are often considered as valid alternatives to each other, but the limited size of case series analysed in several studies and the lack of simultaneous determinations of all the variables on the same tumours do not justify this conclusion. In the present study, the correlation between [3H]thymidine labelling index ([3H]dT LI), flow cytometric S phase cell fraction (FCM-S) and Ki-67 immunoreactivity (Ki-67/MIB-1) was verified and the type of correlation with the most important clinical, pathological and biological patient and tumour characteristics was investigated in a very large series of breast cancer patients. Ki-67/MIB-1, FCM-S and [3H]dT LI were determined in 609, 526 and 485 patients, respectively, and all three cell proliferation indices were evaluated in parallel on the same tumour in a series of 330 breast cancer patients. All the cell kinetic determinations were performed within the context of National Quality Control Programmes. Very poor correlation coefficients (ranging from 0.37 to 0.18) were observed between the different cell kinetic variables determined in parallel on the same series of breast cancers. Moreover, Ki-67/MIB-1 and FCM-S showed a significant relationship with histological type, grade and tumour size, whereas statistically significant correlations were not observed for [3H]dT LI. In conclusion, the results show that the different cell kinetic variables provide different biological information and cannot be considered as alternatives to each other. [source]

    G1 cyclins in oral epithelial dysplasia

    R. J. Oliver
    Abstract: The G1 cyclins, D1, D3 and E, were investigated in 38 lesions of oral epithelial dysplasia from the floor of the mouth or the lateral border of the tongue. Their immunohistochemical expression was observed and compared with that of Ki-67 and with the degree of dysplasia assessed by the semi-objective technique of Smith & Pindborg. Antibody labelled cells were quantified and expressed as a percentage (LI%) of the total nucleated cell population and per mm basement membrane length (LI/mm). The labelling indices of all of the antibodies were high and quantitatively similar. There were no significant correlations with the degree of dysplasia assessed by the atypia scores. There was a correlation between labelling indices for the various antibodies expressed as LI/mm but little correlation between the indices expressed as LI%. The distribution of the D cyclins was similar to that of Ki-67 with relatively few of the basal cells demonstrating immunoreactivity. The reasons for this are discussed in the paper. Some cross-reactivity was observed with the cyclin antibodies. We conclude that the antibodies against the cyclins used in the present study are not a useful adjunct in the study of the cell kinetics of oral epithelial dysplasia. [source]

    Comparison of BrdU and cyclin A as markers of the S-phase in oral precancerous lesions

    Richard J. Oliver
    Abstract: A study comparing bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and cyclin A as markers of cells in the S-phase in oral precancerous lesions was performed. These were also compared with the growth fraction (GF) as assessed by Ki-67. Biopsies of 15 lesions were obtained, presenting clinically as leukoplakia or erythroplakia of the lateral tongue or floor of mouth. Half of each biopsy was incubated in BrdU and routinely fixed and processed. Sequential sections from each block were cut and stained immunohistochemically with antibodies against the following proteins: BrdU, Ki-67 and cyclin A. Stained sections were quantified and the labelling indices (LI) expressed per 100 of the total nucleated cell population (%) and per millimetre basement length (/mm). The mean LI% for BrdU was 11.24% (SD 2.83), for cyclin A it was 12.76% (SD 3.88) and the GF% was 29.25% (SD 11.88). The mean LI/mm for BrdU was 40.93/mm (SD 11.88), for cyclin A it was 47.59/mm (SD 18.28) and the GF/mm was 110.72/mm (SD 49.30). The BrdU and cyclin A indices were significantly correlated with each other. In the more dysplastic cases, the cyclin A LI was quantitatively much larger than that for BrdU, suggesting that the protein was being overexpressed. It was concluded that as a tool to study the kinetic aspects of the cell cycle in dysplastic lesions cyclin A was limited by the fact that it is overexpressed. In minimally dysplastic lesions and normal epithelia, however, cyclin A may be a viable alternative to BrdU for the study of the S-phase. [source]

    Cell kinetic studies in murine ventral tongue epithelium: cell cycle progression studies using double labelling techniques

    C. S. Potten
    Abstract. The dorsal and ventral epithelia on the murine tongue exhibit very pronounced circadian rhythms in terms of the cell cycle. These rhythms are such that three injections of tritiated thymidine 3 h apart spanning the circadian peak in S phase cells labelled between 40 and 50% of the basal cells. Injection of bromodeoxyuridine generally gave slightly lower labelling indices. Approximately the same proportion (54% of the basal cells) could be accumulated in metaphase over a 24-h period using vincristine as a stathmokinetic agent. The experiments reported here using mouse ventral tongue epithelium use double-labelling approaches to address the question: what proportion of the approximately 50% of the basal cells that are proliferating have a 24-h cell cycle and can therefore be labelled by a similar labelling protocol the following day? The results suggest a heterogeneity amongst the proliferating basal cells, similar to the heterogeneity proposed for the dorsal tongue epithelium. Although not all the basal component has been accounted for, the data presented here suggest that about 20% of the basal cells may have a cell cycle time of 24 h, about 30% appear to have a longer cell cycle time (48 or 72 h), while about 20% of the basal cells appear to be postmitotic maturing G1 cells, awaiting the appropriate signals for migration into the suprabasal layer. [source]

    Epithelial cell proliferative activity and oral cancer progression

    P. J. Thomson
    Abstract. Accurate, predictive assessment of the behaviour and progression of oral cancers and precancers remains elusive in clinical practice. Archival tissue specimens from 10 previously treated patients with oral lesions of known clinical outcome (3 years post-treatment) were re-examined histopathologically, and proliferative cell labelling indices (LIs) determined for Ki67, cyclin A and histone mRNA cell cycle markers. While histone mRNA labelling ultimately proved unreliable, both Ki67 and cyclin A LIs demonstrated a clear trend for enhanced labelling to occur in increasingly dysplastic and neoplastic tissue, with particular emphasis on suprabasal labelling in abnormal tissue. Perhaps of greatest significance was the observation of increased LIs and suprabasal labelling in lesions with poor clinical outcome, such as patients developing recurrent disease or cervical lymph node metastasis. Measurement of cell proliferative activity in individual oral epithelial dysplastic lesions or invasive squamous cell carcinomas may thus provide unique, predictive information on clinical outcome. [source]