Korean Children (korean + child)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


cag Pathogenicity Island of Helicobacter pylori in Korean Children

HELICOBACTER, Issue 4 2002
Jae Sung Ko
Abstract Background.cag pathogenicity island is reported to be a major virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of cag pathogenicity island genes and gastric histology in Korean children with H. pylori gastritis. Methods.Helicobacter pylori DNA was extracted from antral biopsy specimens from 25 children with H. pylori gastritis. Specific polymerase chain reaction assays were used for four genes of cag pathogenicity island. The features of gastritis were scored in accordance with the updated Sydney System. Results.cagA was present in 23 (92%) of 25 children, and cagE in 24 (96%). Twenty-two (88%) children were cagT positive and 19 (76%) virD4 positive. All of the selected genes of the cag pathogenicity island were present in 17 (68%) children and completely deleted in one child. There were no differences in neutrophil activity and chronic inflammation between children infected with intact cag pathogenicity island strains and those with partially or totally deleted- cag pathogenicity island strains. Conclusion.cag pathogenicity island is not a uniform, conserved entity in Korea. Completeness of cag pathogenicity island may not be the major factor to determine the severity of H. pylori gastritis in children. [source]


Honourable Sacrifice: A Visual Ethnography of the Family Lives of Korean Children with Autistic Siblings

CHILDREN & SOCIETY, Issue 6 2010
Se Kwang Hwang
Literature on the siblings of disabled children has been dominated by western psychosocial theories that focus on stresses associated with being a ,young carer' or on children as active agents realising their ,rights' rather than as the victims of familial expectations. This article presents the findings of a visual ethnographic study exploring the lives of nine children living with an autistic sibling in South Korea (hereafter Korea). Despite personal challenges and family tensions, experiences of ,being' a sibling were strongly influenced by Confucian familist cultural values in which sacrifice plays a central role in achieving honourable and harmonious family life. [source]


Can the Broselow Tape Be Used to Estimate Weight and Endotracheal Tube Size in Korean Children?

ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, Issue 5 2007
Hye Young Jang MD
BackgroundThe Broselow pediatric emergency tape (BT) was developed to provide a length-based estimate of body weight and equipment size during resuscitation. ObjectivesTo conduct a validation study on the use of the BT in Korean children. MethodsAnesthesia records from children were retrospectively reviewed. The measured weights of the subjects were compared with the BT weight estimates by using Bland-Altman analysis. The accuracy of the BT and age-based formula in predicting the endotracheal tube (ETT) size were also compared. The authors drew a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve to evaluate the cutoff height that would be acceptable for the application of BT without error in Korean children. ResultsA total of 665 children (mean [ SD] age, 5.1 [ 3.3] years, 61.8% male) were enrolled. The average measured weight of the Korean children was 1.54 kg heavier than the BT estimates (95% CI = 1.24 to 1.85 kg). The BT estimates showed better agreement with the actually used ETT sizes than did the age-based formula estimates (86.9% vs. 34.9%, p < 0.001). The cutoff height of the ROC curve was 127.15 cm. When the BT was used in children who were shorter than the cutoff height, 98.8% of the enrolled children's estimated weights were within the limits of agreement. ConclusionsThe BT can be used in Korean children as a helpful adjunct during resuscitation to estimate the weight and ETT size. [source]


cag Pathogenicity Island of Helicobacter pylori in Korean Children

HELICOBACTER, Issue 4 2002
Jae Sung Ko
Abstract Background.cag pathogenicity island is reported to be a major virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of cag pathogenicity island genes and gastric histology in Korean children with H. pylori gastritis. Methods.Helicobacter pylori DNA was extracted from antral biopsy specimens from 25 children with H. pylori gastritis. Specific polymerase chain reaction assays were used for four genes of cag pathogenicity island. The features of gastritis were scored in accordance with the updated Sydney System. Results.cagA was present in 23 (92%) of 25 children, and cagE in 24 (96%). Twenty-two (88%) children were cagT positive and 19 (76%) virD4 positive. All of the selected genes of the cag pathogenicity island were present in 17 (68%) children and completely deleted in one child. There were no differences in neutrophil activity and chronic inflammation between children infected with intact cag pathogenicity island strains and those with partially or totally deleted- cag pathogenicity island strains. Conclusion.cag pathogenicity island is not a uniform, conserved entity in Korea. Completeness of cag pathogenicity island may not be the major factor to determine the severity of H. pylori gastritis in children. [source]


Comparison of attitudes towards school lunch by elementary school children in Japan, Korea and Thailand

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSUMER STUDIES, Issue 1 2001
Kohji Hori
Abstract The attitudes of elementary school children towards school lunch among three Asian countries, namely Japan, Korea and Thailand, were compared. More school children in Japan felt that their teachers gave them advice during the school lunch programme. Japanese and Korean teachers advised their children to eat as much as possible of the lunch. Korean children may be a little more obedient with regard to heeding the advice. However, few teachers in Thailand gave the children advice over eating lunch, and the Thai children looked forward to and enjoyed the school lunch. The different responses between Thailand and other two countries may be attributed in part to the differences in the teachers' instruction in the programme. Elementary school teachers, especially in Thailand and Korea, have to take more classes in food and nutrition in universities or colleges, and positively take part in the school lunch programme. [source]


The application of client-centred occupational therapy for Korean children with developmental disabilities,

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY INTERNATIONAL, Issue 4 2008
Dae Hyuk Kang
Abstract The aim of this paper was to investigate the effectiveness of client-centred occupational therapy using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Eight girls and 23 boys from Korea, with developmental disabilities and from 3 to 10 years of age participated in this study. Each child participated in 20 to 24 sessions of client-centred occupational therapy. Both the COPM and the AMPS change scores demonstrated statistically significant improvement (p < 0.01) in occupational performance. Significant correlations were found between COPM , Performance and AMPS , Motor skills (rs = 0.64, p < 0.05), and COPM , Satisfaction and AMPS , Process skills (rs = 0.62, p < 0.05) in a group positive towards client-centred occupational therapy. The COPM was a valuable tool in guiding and measuring the client-centred occupational therapy for children with developmental disabilities. The small sample size of 31 children limits the generalizability of the study's results. Future research needs to use a larger and more diverse sample of children to further validate the effectiveness of client-centred occupational therapy. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


A cross-cultural comparison of student social attributions

PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SCHOOLS, Issue 1 2002
Robin C. Armbrister
One hundred sixty American and 397 Korean fourth- and fifth-graders were administered the Student Social Attribution Scale (SSAS), designed to assess students' explanations for social successes and failures. A Korean version of the SSAS was developed for the study. The American and Korean instruments' internal consistency reliability were determined (rs ranged from .56 to .86 for the Korean instrument and .62 to .88 for the American instrument). The means from both the American and Korean SSAS versions on the 8 scales and global scores (e.g., internal, external) were compared. Based on the literature, Korean children should have had higher scores for effort attributions in failure situations than the American children and Americans should have shown higher scores for ability attributions in successful situations. In fact, Korean children did show significantly higher ( p < .005) Failure Effort scores and American children showed significantly higher ( p < .005) Success Ability scores. Findings indicate that Korean children are potentially more willing to accept responsibility for social failure than American students. 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [source]


Normative dual energy X-ray absorptiometry data in Swedish children and adolescents

ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 7 2010
Gayani Alwis
Abstract Aim:, To present normative dual energy X-ray absorptiometry data in healthy young Swedes. Methods:, Included were 710 girls and 759 boys aged 6,30 years from southern Sweden. Bone mineral content, bone mineral density, bone size, lean body and fat mass were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in total body, lumbar spine, hip, arms and legs. Results:, Swedish children had similar bone mass to children in the Netherlands but higher than children in Canada and Korea. Height, weight, bone mass, bone size and lean mass increased at a constant rate from age 6 until the rapid increase in all traits at puberty. The pubertal growth spurt started earlier in girls than in boys, while the spurt in boys was larger in magnitude and occurred for a longer period. Around one-quarter of the adult total body and lumbar spine peak bone mineral content was gained during the 2 years with the fastest gain in both genders. Conclusion:, This study presents normative bone mass data in Swedish children, data that are similar to that in Dutch children but higher than in Canadian and Korean children. The gain in Swedish children seems to mimic the gain seen in children in other settings. [source]


Can the Broselow Tape Be Used to Estimate Weight and Endotracheal Tube Size in Korean Children?

ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, Issue 5 2007
Hye Young Jang MD
BackgroundThe Broselow pediatric emergency tape (BT) was developed to provide a length-based estimate of body weight and equipment size during resuscitation. ObjectivesTo conduct a validation study on the use of the BT in Korean children. MethodsAnesthesia records from children were retrospectively reviewed. The measured weights of the subjects were compared with the BT weight estimates by using Bland-Altman analysis. The accuracy of the BT and age-based formula in predicting the endotracheal tube (ETT) size were also compared. The authors drew a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve to evaluate the cutoff height that would be acceptable for the application of BT without error in Korean children. ResultsA total of 665 children (mean [ SD] age, 5.1 [ 3.3] years, 61.8% male) were enrolled. The average measured weight of the Korean children was 1.54 kg heavier than the BT estimates (95% CI = 1.24 to 1.85 kg). The BT estimates showed better agreement with the actually used ETT sizes than did the age-based formula estimates (86.9% vs. 34.9%, p < 0.001). The cutoff height of the ROC curve was 127.15 cm. When the BT was used in children who were shorter than the cutoff height, 98.8% of the enrolled children's estimated weights were within the limits of agreement. ConclusionsThe BT can be used in Korean children as a helpful adjunct during resuscitation to estimate the weight and ETT size. [source]


Color distribution of maxillary primary incisors in Korean children

COLOR RESEARCH & APPLICATION, Issue 2 2010
Hong-Keun Hyun
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the color distribution of maxillary primary incisors measured with a colorimeter. The subjects were 100 Korean children aged 2,5 with total number of 400 teeth. A spot measurement intraoral colorimeter was used to determine the color of maxillary primary central and lateral incisors at labial central area. The CIE L*, a*, b* value of each tooth and color difference (,E) among each other were calculated and analyzed. The range of L*, a*, and b* values, regardless of the type of teeth, was 72.7,84.9, ,0.6 to 4.9, and 4.7,15.0, respectively. Mean value (SD) of L*, a*, and b* for maxillary primary incisors was 78.6 (2.3), 1.2 (0.9), and 9.6 (1.8), respectively. Boys showed more red (higher a* value) and less yellow (lower b* value) hue than girls in the central incisors (P < 0.05). Mean color difference (,E) (SD) between two values which selected from overall 400 L*, a*, b* values measured (n = 400C2) was 3.9 (1.8) with 95% confidence interval range of 3.86,3.89, and most of them were found to be present around the previously reported clinical acceptability thresholds (,E = 2.7,6.8). Because mean intraperson ,E (SD) was 3.0 (1.6) with 95% confidence interval range of 2.86,3.12, most colors among primary incisors in the same person were presumably difficult to discern by naked eye (,E < 3.7). Age influenced L* and b* values significantly, but the correlation coefficients were not high (r = ,0.182 for L* of central incisors, P < 0.01; r = 0.188 for b* of central incisors, P < 0.01; and r = 0.143 for b* of lateral incisors, P < 0.05). The present study showed somewhat higher color coordinates than the previous reports which based on primary anterior teeth in other ethnic groups. The results of this study could be used for the color modification of esthetic materials for primary teeth. 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., Col Res Appl, 2010. [source]