Kidney Graft Function (kidney + graft_function)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

High Weight Differences between Donor and Recipient Affect Early Kidney Graft Function,A Role for Enhanced IL-6 Signaling

W. Gong
The frequency of delayed function of kidney transplants varies greatly and is associated with quality of graft, donor age and the duration of cold ischemia time. Furthermore, body weight differences between donor and recipient can affect primary graft function, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. We transplanted kidney grafts from commensurate body weight (L-WD) or reduced body weight (H-WD) donor rats into syngeneic or allogeneic recipients. Twenty-four hours posttransplantation, serum creatinine levels in H-WD recipients were significantly higher compared to L-WD recipients indicating impaired primary graft function. This was accompanied by upregulation of IL-6 transcription and increased tubular destruction in grafts from H-WD recipients. Using DNA microarray analysis, we detected decreased expression of genes associated with kidney function and an upregulation of other genes such as Cyp3a13, FosL and Trib3. A single application of IL-6 into L-WD recipients is sufficient to impair primary graft function and cause tubular damage, whereas immediate neutralization of IL-6 receptor signaling in H-WD recipients rescued primary graft function with well-preserved kidney graft architecture and a normalized gene expression profile. These findings have strong clinical implication as anti-IL6R treatment of patients receiving grafts from lower-weight donors could be used to improve primary graft function. [source]

G protein ,3 subunit 825T genotype is not associated with differing outcome in pediatric renal transplant recipients

Berthold Hocher
Recent studies have identified a novel polymorphism (C825T) of the gene encoding the ,3 subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins (GNB3), associated with enhanced activation of G proteins, which appears to be more common in hypertensive patients. The donor GNB3 825TT genotype was associated with reduced kidney allograft survival in adults. We examined (in 100 Caucasian pediatric renal transplant recipients) whether the GNB3 (C825T) polymorphism was associated with disease progression and outcome after renal transplantation. The slope of 1/creatinine was determined by linear regression analysis of a median of 12 points before and after renal transplantation, and the population was divided into two groups of equal size, before and after transplantation, according to the slope. The observed frequencies were 57 for the CC, 33 for the CT, and 10 for the TT haplotype. For comparison, 738 consecutive newborn babies with the same ethnic background were typed in the same hospital. Allele frequencies were statistically not significantly different (chi-square test, p =,0.1327). When dividing the pediatric renal transplant recipients into two groups with regard to the slope of 1/creatinine, both before and after renal transplantation, the observed proportions were CC 26, CT 17, and TT 7 in the group with the poorer slope and CC 31, CT 16, and TT 3 in the group with the better slope before renal transplantation (not significant [NS], chi-square test, p =,0.1777). The observed proportions after renal transplantation were CC 26, CT 16, and TT 8 in the group with the poorer slope and CC 31, CT 15, and TT 4 in the group with the better slope, respectively (NS, chi-square test, p =,0.167). Allograft survival was not associated with the T allele. In conclusion, in a sizeable number of pediatric renal transplant recipients the GNB3 C825T polymorphism was found not to be a genetic risk factor for end-stage kidney disease. In addition, kidney graft function and survival was also found not to be associated with a recipient GNB3 C825T polymorphism. [source]

Pancreas after living donor kidney transplants in diabetic patients: impact on long-term kidney graft function

Francois Kleinclauss
Abstract:, In this single-institution study, we compared outcomes in diabetic recipients of living donor (LD) kidney transplants that did vs. did not undergo a subsequent pancreas transplant. Of 307 diabetic recipients who underwent LD kidney transplants from January 1, 1995, through December 31, 2003, a total of 175 underwent a subsequent pancreas after kidney (PAK) transplant; 75 were deemed eligible (E) for, but did not receive (for personal or financial reasons), a PAK, and thus had a kidney transplant alone (KTA); and 57 deemed ineligible (I) for a PAK because of comorbidity also had just a KTA. We analyzed the three groups (PAK, KTA-E, KTA-I) for differences in patient characteristics, glycemic control, renal function, patient and kidney graft survival rates, and causes of death. Kidney graft survival rates (actuarial) were similar in the PAK vs. KTA-E groups at one, five, and 10 yr post-transplant: 98%, 82%, and 67% (PAK) vs. 100%, 84%, and 62% (KTA-E) (p = 0.9). The long-term (greater than four yr post-transplant) estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was higher in the PAK than in the KTA-E group: 53 20 mL/min (PAK) vs. 43 16 mL/min (KTA-E) (p = 0.016). The patient survival rates were also similar for the PAK and KTA-E groups. We conclude that the subsequent transplant of a pancreas after an LD kidney transplant does not adversely affect patient or kidney graft survival rates; in fact, it is associated with better long-term kidney graft function. [source]

Case Report: Combined Pancreas and En Bloc Kidney Transplantation Using a Bladder Patch Technique From Very Small Pediatric Donors

J. Sageshima
Very small pediatric donors are underutilized for pancreas and kidney transplantation for the fear of inadequate islet mass and higher incidence of technical complications, and the lower age limit for such donors is not well defined. We present here two cases of combined pancreas and en bloc kidney transplantation from very small pediatric donors (14 and 18 months old) to adult type 1 diabetic and uremic patients. The conventional surgical procedure for simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation with systemic venous and bladder exocrine drainage was successfully applied to very small organs. For both, we utilized the recently described bladder patch technique for ureteral reconstruction. One patient developed venous thrombosis (partial thrombosis of the splenic and mesenteric veins) and the other urine leak (from a midportion of the medial ureter without compromising the bladder patch) after the transplants; both were successfully managed and the patients demonstrated immediate and sustained pancreas and kidney graft functions for 12 and 2 months posttransplantation. These cases illustrate the feasibility of combined pancreas and en bloc kidney transplantation from very small pediatric donors using a bladder patch technique to avoid small ureteral anastomosis. [source]