Key Phases (key + phase)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Long-term cancer survivors: Research issues and care needs in a key phase of the survivorship spectrum,

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY, Issue 12 2009
Noreen M. Aziz
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Development and implementation of a noise reduction intervention programme: a pre- and postaudit of three hospital wards

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, Issue 23 2009
Annette Richardson
Aims., By developing, implementing and delivering a noise reduction intervention programme, we aimed to attempt to reduce the high noise levels on inpatient wards. Background., Sleep is essential for human survival and sleep deprivation is detrimental to health and well being. Exposure to noise has been found to disrupt sleep in hospitalised patients which is to be expected as noise levels have been measured and reported as high. Design., A primarily nursing focused, multi-method approach, involving development of clinical guidelines, ward environment review and a staff noise awareness and education programme, was used to target mainly nursing staff plus other healthcare staff on three wards within one hospital. Methods., This practice development initiative was carried out in three key phases (1) Preaudit of ward noise levels, (2) The development, implementation and delivery of a noise reduction intervention programme, (3) Postaudit of ward noise levels. Results., Preintervention average peak decibel levels over 24 hours were found to be 9648 dB(A) and postintervention average peak decibel levels were measured at 7752 dB(A), representing an overall significant reduction in noise levels (p < 0001). Conclusions., This study describes one way to reduce peak noise levels on inpatient hospital wards. Relevance to clinical practice., Sleep deprivation is detrimental to patients with acute illness, so any developments to improve patients' sleep are important. Nurses have a key role in leading, developing and implementing changes to reduce peak noise levels on inpatient wards in hospitals. This nurse-led practice development programme has demonstrated how improvements can be achieved by significantly reducing peak noise levels using simple multi-method change strategies. [source]


Induction of Phenolic Compounds in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Inoculated by Rhizobium leguminosarum and Infected with Orobanche crenata

JOURNAL OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 11-12 2007
Y. Mabrouk
Abstract Parasitic plants are among the most important problematic weeds, they are responsible of major losses of many crops. Early growth stages, such as seed germination stimulated by host root exudates and tubercle development, are key phases for these parasites development. Inhibition of these early phases could be a general strategic option for parasitic plants management. In our previous study, we have demonstrated that some Rhizobium leguminosarum strains decrease pea infection by Orobanche crenata and germinated seeds enhanced browning symptoms. These observations suggested the probability of toxic compounds accumulation such as gallic acid and naringenin used as a defence strategy by inoculated pea plants. In this study, we demonstrate that these two phenolic compounds cause severe physiological disorder of germination broomrape seeds. They inhibited germination of O. crenata seeds induced by strigol analogue GR24, and caused a browning reaction in germinated seeds. [source]


THE DEVELOPMENT OF ACCOUNTING REGULATION, EDUCATION, AND LITERATURE IN AUSTRALIA, 1788,2005

AUSTRALIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, Issue 3 2009
Garry D. Carnegie
accounting history; Australia; education; literature; regulation Accounting involves the recording of events, the preparation and reporting of results and is a key medium in discharging accountability. It pervades organisations and institutions in every country and is a key element of the business fabric and economic development of any nation. This study examines the development of accounting regulation, education, and literature in Australia across five key phases of European settlement from 1788 to 2005 and presents an overview of the major historical trends in each of these periods. The development of accounting and the profession is intimately linked with significant economic development in Australia over 200 years. [source]