kDa Outer Membrane Protein (kda + outer_membrane_protein)

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Selected Abstracts

Lower antibody response to Porphyromonas gingivalis associated with immunoglobulin G Fc, receptor IIB polymorphism

Y. Honma
Background and Objective:, Human Fc,RIIB is one of the receptors for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and suppresses the activation of B lymphocytes through cross-linking with the B cell receptor via immune complexes. This function of Fc,RIIB is essential for the negative regulation of antibody production. Our previous study has demonstrated the gene polymorphism Fc,RIIB-I232T to be associated with periodontitis. The polymorphism Fc,RIIB-232T has been reported to inhibit B-cell antigen receptor signaling more effectively compared to Fc,RIIB-232I, while other groups concluded that Fc,RIIB-232T had no ability to inhibit activatory receptors. In this study, we examined whether Fc,RIIB-I232T polymorphism would change the IgG antibody response to the periodontopathic bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis. Material and Methods:, Forty-seven patients with periodontitis were genotyped with the direct sequencing of genome DNA. Serum IgG and specific IgG subclass levels for the sonicate of P. gingivalis and the recombinant 40 kDa outer membrane protein (OMP) were determined. Results:, No significant difference in the total IgG level and IgG response to P. gingivalis sonicate were observed between sera from Fc,RIIB-232T carriers and non-carriers. The Fc,RIIB-232T carriers revealed a significantly lower IgG2 response to P. gingivalis 40 kDa OMP compared to non-carriers (p = 0.04, Mann,Whitney U -test). Lower responses of Fc,RIIB-232T carriers were also observed in specific IgG and IgG1 levels. The Fc,RIIB-232T carriers revealed a low level of IgG2 response to P. gingivalis 40 kDa OMP, even with a high average probing pocket depth. Conclusion:, These results suggest that association of the Fc,RIIB-232T allele with periodontitis might be related to the lower levels of antibody response to P. gingivalis. [source]

Oral immunization with Porphyromonas gingivalis outer membrane protein and CpG oligodeoxynucleotides elicits T helper 1 and 2 cytokines for enhanced protective immunity

C. Liu
Summary The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an oral vaccine containing the 40-kDa outer membrane protein of Porphyromonas gingivalis (40K-OMP) and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides containing unmethylated CpG dinucleotides (CpG ODN) to control oral infection by P. gingivalis. Oral immunization with 40K-OMP plus CpG ODN induced significant 40K-OMP-specific serum immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA, and saliva IgA antibody responses. The 40K-OMP-specific CD4+ T cells induced by oral 40K-OMP plus CpG ODN produced both T helper type 1 (Th1; interferon-,) and Th2 (interleukin-4) cytokines. Furthermore, increased frequencies of CD11c+ B220+ dendritic cells (DCs) and CD11c+ CD11b+ DCs with upregulated expression of CD80, CD86, CD40, and major histocompatibility complex class II molecules were noted in spleen, Peyer's patches, and cervical lymph nodes. Immunized mice were then infected orally with P. gingivalis to determine whether the immune responses induced by oral 40K-OMP plus CpG ODN were capable of suppressing the bone resorption caused by P. gingivalis infection. Mice given 40K-OMP plus CpG ODN showed significantly reduced bone loss associated with oral infection by P. gingivalis. Oral administration of 40K-OMP together with CpG ODN induces Th1-type and Th2-type cells, which provide help for protective immunity against P. gingivalis infection. This may be an important tool for the prevention of chronic periodontitis. [source]

Characterization and expression of a novel Porphyromonas gingivalis outer membrane protein, Omp28

N. Slakeski
We report the characterization of a Porphyromonas gingivalis gene, designated omp28, encoding a protein that we have previously purified and characterized as a 28-kDa outer membrane protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of the omp28 open reading frame displayed an outer membrane leader sequence and lipoprotein attachment site but did not exhibit any significant overall sequence identity with protein sequences in the databases. A small stretch of amino acids (19 residues) exhibits 50% sequence identity with a segment of a fimbrial protein from Dichelobacter nodosus involved in adhesion, suggesting that Omp28 may be a surface adhesin/receptor of P. gingivalis. Using the pET-24 vector we expressed recombinant Omp28 (rOmp28) in Escherichia coli. Western blot analyses of purified rOmp28 with rabbit antisera to a P. gingivalis outer membrane preparation, protective rat anti-whole P. gingivalis antisera and pooled human sera from chronic periodontitis patients showed that the recombinant was recognized by all antisera. Further, anti-rOmp28 antisera exhibited strong reactivity with a panel of four laboratory strains and 10 clinical isolates of P. gingivalis from the United States, Sudan, Romania and Norway. These results suggest that Omp28 is expressed by a wide distribution of P. gingivalis strains. [source]

Identification and characterization of B-cell epitopes of a 53-kDa outer membrane protein from Porphyromonas gingivalis

K. Oyaizu
We have previously reported that Porphyromonas gingivalis FDC 381 possesses a 53-kDa protein antigen (Ag53) on its outer membrane that evokes a strong humoral immune response in many patients with periodontal disease and that the humoral immune responses to Ag53 differ greatly among patients. To understand how the individual humoral immune system against Ag53 was determined, the regions of Ag53 recognized by specific antibody (B-cell epitopes) and dominant subclasses of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) against major B-cell epitopes were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This study used sera from six patients with periodontitis, which all reacted strongly with sonic extracts of P. gingivalis 381 and with purified Ag53, and sera from six periodontally healthy children, which did not react with either sonic extracts of P. gingivalis 381 or Ag53. The epitopes were identified using synthetic 5-residue overlapping decapeptides covering the entire Ag53. Thirteen of 89 synthetic decapeptides showed a strong reaction with sera from the periodontal patients, but no reaction with those from the healthy children. Four peptides of 13 exerted different immune responses among patients. Furthermore, restriction analyses of the highly antigenic regions revealed that three sequences, RAAIRAS, YYLQ and MSPARR, were identified as major B-cell epitopes. Additionally, these epitopes were recognized mainly by the IgG2 isotype. These data suggest that the difference of B-cell epitopes might influence individual differences in antibody titer against Ag53 and also that the epitopes recognized commonly by multiple antibodies are quite valuable for peptide vaccine development against P. gingivalis infection. [source]

Antibody responses to Porphyromonas gingivalis outer membrane protein in the first trimester

Background:,Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) is one of the most harmful periodontal pathogens and it has been reported that Pg is associated with preterm birth (PTB), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), discovered by animal experiments and clinical research. The relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal antibody response to Pg is controversial. On the other hand, the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) has been recognised as a reliable serum marker of periodontal disease. Aims:, To determine the significance of antibody responses to Pg affecting pregnancy outcomes in the first trimester. Methods:, A case,control study was carried out on women with PTB (n = 58), IUGR (n = 91), PIH (n = 32) and without any complications (control, n = 98). The serum level of the CRP and IgG1 against 40-kDa outer membrane protein of Pg (anti-40-kDa OMP Pg -IgG1) in the first trimester was measured. Results:, The IUGR group, and PTB patients whose placentas were diagnosed as chorioamnionitis or whose vaginal flora included Lactobacilli, showed a lower level of anti-40-kDa OMP Pg -IgG1 than the control group. There was no difference in the serum CRP level between each case group and control group. Conclusions:, These results suggest that a lack of humoral immunity against Pg in early pregnancy is associated with IUGR and some PTB. [source]