Intestinal-type Gastric Cancer (intestinal-type + gastric_cancer)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Gastritis OLGA-staging and gastric cancer risk: a twelve-year clinico-pathological follow-up study

Aliment Pharmacol Ther,31, 1104,1111 Summary Background, Intestinal-type gastric cancer (GC) still ranks among the high-incidence, highly lethal malignancies. Atrophic gastritis is the cancerization field in which GC develops. The current histological reporting formats for gastritis do not include any (atrophy-based) ranking of GC risk. Aim, To test the gastritis OLGA-staging (Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment) in prognosticating neoplastic progression. Methods, Ninety-three Italian patients were followed up for more than 12 years (range: 144,204 months). Clinical examinations, pepsinogen serology, endoscopy and histology (also assessing Helicobacter pylori status) were performed both at enrolment (T1) and at the end of the follow-up (T2). Results, All invasive or intra-epithelial gastric neoplasia were consistently associated with high-risk (III/IV) OLGA stages. There was a significant inverse correlation between the mean pepsinogen ratio and the OLGA stage (test for trend; P < 0.001). OLGA-staging at T1 predicted both the OLGA stage (Kaplan,Maier log-rank test, P = 0.001) and the neoplasia at T2 (Kaplan,Maier log-rank test, P = 0.001). Conclusions, This long-term follow-up study provides the first evidence that gastritis OLGA-staging conveys relevant information on the clinico-pathological outcome of gastritis and therefore for patient management. According to OLGA-staging and H. pylori- status, gastritis patients could be confidently stratified and managed according to their different cancer risks. [source]

Review article: should we kill or should we save Helicobacter pylori?

R.H. Hunt
Results from epidemiological studies and therapeutic clinical trials have shown that Helicobacter pylori infection causes acute and chronic active gastritis and is the initiating factor for the majority of peptic ulcer disease. Eradication of the infection with antibiotics resolves gastritis and restores normal gastric physiology, accelerates healing of peptic ulcer disease, and virtually eliminates recurrence of duodenal ulcer disease. The infection also plays an important role in the initiation and/or progression of gastric atrophy and intestinal metaplasia, which may eventually lead to the development of distal gastric cancer. Furthermore, almost all patients with gastric MALT lymphoma are infected with H. pylori and cure of the infection leads to histological regression of the tumor and maintains the regression in over 80% of patients during long-term follow-up. Preliminary uncontrolled data from Japan show that eradication of the infection significantly reduced metachronous intestinal-type gastric cancer following initial endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer and might also prevent the progression of gastric adenoma to gastric dysplasia or gastric cancer. Although this overwhelming evidence has demonstrated that H. pylori infection is bad for humans, some have questioned the wisdom of eradicating the infection in all those infected. Their arguments are largely based on hypothesis and circumstantial evidence: 1) Less than 20% of all H. pylori infected persons will develop significant clinical consequences in their lifetime. 2) H. pylori strains are highly diverse at a genetic level and are of different virulence. 3) The antiquity of H. pylori infection in humans and their co-evolution suggests that H. pylori may be a commensal to humans. Eradication of H. pylori may remove some beneficial bacterial strains and may provoke esophageal disease or gastric cancer at the cardia. However, careful review of the literature confirms that H. pylori infection is a serious pathogen albeit in a minority of those infected. It remains for carefully designed prospective studies, rather than hypothesis to make changes in the current consensus position. [source]

A nonsynonymous polymorphism in IL23R gene is associated with risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population,

Jianjian Chen
Abstract Interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) is a key element in T helper (Th)17 cell-mediated inflammatory process, which plays an important role in pathogenesis of gastric cancer. Genetic variants of IL-23R have been identified as the predisposing factors for immunopathologic process. In this study, we hypothesized that the functional genetic variants of IL-23R gene may modify the risk of gastric cancer. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a case,control study including 1043 gastric cancer patients and 1089 controls in a Chinese population to assess the association between two potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs6682925 T>C and rs1884444 T>G of IL-23R and risk of gastric cancer. We found that the variant allele (G) of rs1884444 T>G, with amino acid His substituted by Gln at codon 3, was significantly associated with a decreased risk of gastric cancer [adjusted allelic odds ratio (OR),=,0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI),=,0.68,0.88]. In the stratified analysis, we found that this protective effect of rs1884444 G allele was mainly evident in intestinal-type gastric cancer (adjusted allelic OR,=,0.75, 95% CI,=,0.65,0.87) other than in diffuse-type gastric cancer (adjusted allelic OR,=,0.96, 95% CI,=,0.76,1.22). However, we did not find any significant association of rs6682925 T>C with gastric cancer risk. These findings indicate, for the first time, that the nonsynonymous variant rs1884444 T>G of IL-23R may contribute to gastric cancer susceptibility, especially in intestinal-type gastric cancer, in Chinese population. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

SERPINE1 intron polymorphisms affecting gene expression are associated with diffuse-type gastric cancer susceptibility

CANCER, Issue 18 2010
Hyoungseok Ju PhD
Abstract BACKGROUND: A primary inhibitor of plasminogen activators, SERPINE1 (serpin peptidase inhibitor 1, clade E, member 1, also known as plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1), is an important regulator in tumorigenesis and is highly expressed in many cancers. METHODS: Five tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 1 insertion polymorphism within SERPINE1 were genotyped in 1101 unrelated Korean individuals (a case group of 612 patients with gastric cancer and a control group of 489 healthy individuals). Associations with susceptibility to diffuse-type gastric cancer (DGC) and intestinal-type gastric cancer were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for age and sex. Allelic differences in the contribution to gene expression were measured using luciferase assays. RESULTS: SNP c.1162+162C>T (rs2227692) in intron 7 was associated with susceptibility to DGC but not with susceptibility to intestinal-type gastric cancer. The minor allele-carrying genotypes C/T and T/T had 1.6-fold greater odds of DGC than the C/C genotype (P = .00084). This SNP was linked to a repeat-number variation c.1162+604AAAG(11_17), a deletion (del) variation c.1162+664_1162+673del, and another SNP c.1162+859T>A (rs2070683) in intron 7 based on the sequencing of 5 patients and 5 controls. The risk haplotype of the 4 variations exhibited a 30% greater gene expression level than the nonrisk haplotype in luciferase reporter assays (P = .025). In contrast, DGC susceptibility was not associated with the c.,1969_,1968insG polymorphism (rs1799768) in the promoter, commonly known as 4G/5G, in which the minor 5G allele is less active in transcription than the major 4G allele. CONCLUSIONS: An association between SERPINE1 and DGC susceptibility was observed with 4 correlated polymorphisms in intron 7 rather than the 4G/5G polymorphism in the promoter, although all polymorphisms affected gene expression. Cancer 2010. 2010 American Cancer Society. [source]