Intimate Relation (intimate + relation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Versions of an ,Intimate Relation'.

Difficulty, Lightness in the Thirties Auden
W. H. Auden's poetry of the thirties is often described in terms of its distinctive variety - from the difficult work of his earliest period to the preoccupation with clarity, and the growing centrality of light verse to his poetic identity later in the decade. Similarly the arc of this development can be explained according to the particular critical flashpoints of the literary milieu of the thirties, featuring Auden himself as a crucial actor. Rather than focusing predominantly on the figure of Auden to recount this development, however, this article places the reader's engagement with the variety of his work as paramount. I suggest that contextualising the reader's spoken interaction with the page , as a crucible in which the ,singular' force of Auden's work is fully revealed , can lead to fresh formulations of a well-established critical narrative, and can qualify recent claims for Auden's proto-postmodernism. [source]

How ideology shapes the evidence and the policy: what do we know about cannabis use and what should we do?

ADDICTION, Issue 8 2010
John Macleod
ABSTRACT In the United Kingdom, as in many places, cannabis use is considered substantially within a criminal justice rather than a public health paradigm with prevention policy embodied in the Misuse of Drugs Act. In 2002 the maximum custodial sentence tariff for cannabis possession under the Act was reduced from 5 to 2 years. Vigorous and vociferous public debate followed this decision, centred principally on the question of whether cannabis use caused schizophrenia. It was suggested that new and compelling evidence supporting this hypothesis had emerged since the re-classification decision was made, meaning that the decision should be reconsidered. The re-classification decision was reversed in 2008. We consider whether the strength of evidence on the psychological harms of cannabis has changed substantially and discuss the factors that may have influenced recent public discourse and policy decisions. We also consider evidence for other harms of cannabis use and public health implications of preventing cannabis use. We conclude that the strongest evidence of a possible causal relation between cannabis use and schizophrenia emerged more than 20 years ago and that the strength of more recent evidence may have been overstated,for a number of possible reasons. We also conclude that cannabis use is almost certainly harmful, mainly because of its intimate relation to tobacco use. The most rational policy on cannabis from a public health perspective would seem to be one able to achieve the benefit of reduced use in the population while minimizing social and other costs of the policy itself. Prohibition, whatever the sentence tariff associated with it, seems unlikely to fulfil these criteria. [source]

The murine allantois: emerging paradigms in development of the mammalian umbilical cord and its relation to the fetus

Kimberly E. Inman
Abstract The fertilized egg of the mammal gives rise to the embryo and its extraembryonic structures, all of which develop in intimate relation with each other. Yet, whilst the past several decades have witnessed a vast number of studies on the embryonic component of the conceptus, study of the extraembryonic tissues and their relation to the fetus have been largely ignored. The allantois, precursor tissue of the mature umbilical cord, is a universal feature of all placental mammals that establishes the vital vascular bridge between the fetus and its mother. The allantois differentiates into the umbilical blood vessels, which become secured onto the chorionic component of the placenta at one end and onto the fetus at the other. In this way, fetal blood is channeled through the umbilical cord for exchange with the mother. Despite the importance of this vascular bridge, little is known about how it is made. The aim of this review is to address current understanding of the biology of the allantois in the mouse and genetic control of its features and functions, and to highlight new paradigms concerning the developmental relationship between the fetus and its umbilical cord. genesis 45: 237,258, 2007. Published 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

The effects of alcohol expectancies on drinking behaviour in peer groups: observations in a naturalistic setting

ADDICTION, Issue 9 2005
Sander M. Bot
ABSTRACT Aims To study the functionality of alcohol expectancies in predicting drinking behaviour in existing peer groups of young adults in a ,naturalistic' setting. Design and setting Young adults were invited to join an experiment with their peer group in a bar annex laboratory. During a ,break' of 50 minutes in this experiment, their activities, social behaviour and drinking behaviour were observed with digital video and audio equipment. Participants Twenty-eight peer groups were involved in this study. A peer group consisted of seven to nine people, with relationships ranging from intimate relations and close friendships to being acquaintances. A total of 238 participants were involved. Measurements Information of the drinking behaviour from observations and questionnaire data on alcohol expectancies provide the opportunity to look at how and which expectancies are related to actual drinking patterns. Multiple regression and multi-level analyses were applied. Findings Expectancies on the positive and arousing effects of alcohol consumption were related to alcohol consumption in a naturalistic, social drinking situation, in addition to group effects of drinking. Expectancies on the negative and sedative effects of drinking, however, were not related to drinking. Conclusions The findings indicate that among young adults observed in a peer group and naturalistic drinking setting, positive expectancies about the effects of alcohol and expectancies about the effects of alcohol on arousal are related positively to drinking level. [source]

Civility, Male Friendship, and Masonic Sociability in Nineteenth-Century Germany

GENDER & HISTORY, Issue 2 2001
Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann
Largely neglected by historians who assume that its heyday passed in Europe with the demise of the Old Regime, Freemasonry in fact became a mass phenomenon among German (and French as well as American) middle-class men in the nineteenth century. Masonic secrecy made possible a form of sociability which allowed men to experience intimate relations with each other. Within the lodge, men could experience the emotional drama of the rituals while, both in public and in the family, men increasingly sought to comply with the ideal of a man ruled by reason. Masonic rituals entailed the implicit message that the most important presupposition for civility, moral improvement and a ,brotherhood of all men' was male friendship. [source]