Indian Reservation (indian + reservation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Heterogeneity in informal sector mitigation of micro-enterprise credit rationing

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, Issue 5 2007
David W. Mushinski
Abstract Economists have observed that informal credit markets may mitigate micro-entrepreneurial rationing in formal credit markets. While informal credit markets may have that effect, the uniformity and magnitude of the mitigation is not apparent. We analyse micro-enterprise credit rationing on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the United States. We find that micro-entrepreneurs have virtually no access to formal credit markets and that informal credit markets have differential impacts on micro-entrepreneurs' rationing in formal credit markets. Informal markets appear to ease credit rationing the most for the mid-size micro-enterprises in our sample, with the smallest and largest micro-enterprises still facing severe rationing constraints. We also find that micro-enterprises of all sizes face a positive probability of credit rationing. Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Lessons learned from a small native American community

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION & DEVELOPMENT, Issue 5 2002
Wendy Nelson Espeland
The decision not to build Orme Dam was a great political victory for residents of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation in central Arizona. This article examines the conditions that gave rise to what most considered an unlikely outcome, and the lessons it suggests for understanding the politics of large water projects. These lessons include the importance of understanding that rationality takes multiple forms; that how value is expressed can be as significant as what, and how much, something is valued; that identity politics which elaborates and celebrates cultural differences can be an effective means for challenging even powerful bureaucracies; and that law can be an important mediating structure in the politics of bureaucratic decision-making. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Legislating Development through Welfare Reform: Indiscernible Jobs, Insurmountable Barriers, and Invisible Agendas on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations

POLAR: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANTHROPOLOGY REVIEW, Issue 1 2001
Kathleen Pickering
First page of article [source]


Allotment of Mineral and Timber Lands on Indian Reservations and the Public Domain

THE HISTORIAN, Issue 4 2005
Henry E. Fritz
First page of article [source]


Traumatic events and alcohol use disorders among American Indian adolescents and young adults

JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS, Issue 6 2006
Alison J. Boyd-Ball
This study examined the relationship between severe traumatic events and alcohol use disorders in American Indian adolescents and young adults. Interviews of 432 adolescents and young adults who were enrolled tribal members living on or near two closely related American Indian reservations were used. Results indicated that severe trauma increased the odds of alcohol use disorders (p <.001), with the number of traumas having a dose-dependent effect. The authors conclude that trauma is associated with alcohol use disorders in this population. This study's findings yield important insights into the risks in American Indian adolescents and young adults that may result from early trauma, as well as implications for the timing and possible settings for intervention. [source]


Telepsychiatry with rural American Indians: issues in civil commitments

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES & THE LAW, Issue 3 2008
Jay H. Shore M.D., M.P.H.
The use of live interactive videoconferencing to provide psychiatric care, telepsychiatry, has particular relevance for improving mental health treatment to rural American Indian reservations. There is little literature on civil commitments in telepsychiatry and none specifically addressing this topic among American Indians. This article reviews telepsychiatry in the mental health care of American Indians, civil commitments and telepsychiatry in general, and the current state of civil commitments in American Indian communities. We conclude by considering commitment through telepsychiatry in rural reservations and offering guidelines to assist practitioners in navigating this challenging landscape. Civil commitments of American Indian patients residing in rural reservations can be successfully accomplished through videoconferencing by thoughtful and informed clinicians. However, much more work is needed in this area, including research into the cultural attitudes and perspectives towards commitments and further inquiry regarding potential legal precedents, as well as case reports and examples of this work. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]