Increasing Momentum (increasing + momentum)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Multiprofessional clinical supervision: challenges for mental health nurses

K. Mullarkey ma bsc(hons) rn cpncert rnt
Recent reform and developments in mental health care provision have increasingly espoused the value of multiprofessional teamwork in order to ensure that clients are offered co-ordinated packages of care that draw on the full range of appropriate services available (DoH 1999a; DoH 2000). Supervision in some form is seen as a key part of all professional practice to provide support to practitioners, enhance ongoing learning, and, to a greater or lesser degree, offer some protection to the public (Brown & Bourne 1996, UKCC 1996). Clinical supervision has gained increasing momentum within the nursing profession, but to a large extent this has been within a uni-professional framework , nurses supervising other nurses. This paper seeks to explore the ways in which multiprofessional working and clinical supervision interlink, and whether supervision across professional boundaries might be desirable, possible, and/or justifiable. Whilst our own view is that multiprofessional supervision is both possible and desirable, we seek to open up a debate, from our perspective as mental health nurses, about some of the issues related to the concept. Our motivation to explore this topic area emanates from our experiences as supervisors to colleagues within multiprofessional teams, as well as the experiences of those attending supervisor training courses. Following a brief overview of the development of clinical supervision in mental health care and recent policy guidelines, some models of clinical supervision are reviewed in terms of their suitability and applicability for multiprofessional working. [source]

Circulation of Books in the Medieval Franciscan Order: Attitude, Methods, and Critics

Neslihan Senocak
One of the significant advantages that the Franciscan friars had over their secular colleagues in the medieval intellectual domain was easy access to books. Not only did the order establish well-endowed libraries, but also facilitated the circulation of books among the friars who were involved in preaching and studying. The notes on Franciscan manuscripts indicating a loan or a borrower, the library inventories, together with the constitutional evidence reveal some interesting practices in this respect. Although it was the nature of scholastic teaching that necessitated private use, and hence the assignment of books, the practice nevertheless remained unpopular with the faction in the order known as the Spirituals. They saw it as the cause of the multiplication of books, thereby a serious breach in the order's creed of evangelical poverty. The circulation of books nevertheless continued with increasing momentum and was one of the issues responsible for the schism in the order. [source]

Many body effects seen in the positron annihilation experiment

G. Kontrym-Sznajd
Abstract The electron-positron (e-p) momentum density in p -space for copper, magnesium, cadmium and yttrium, calculated by using various theoretical approaches, are compared with corresponding densities reconstructed from two-dimensional angular correlation of annihilation radiation (2D ACAR) experimental spectra. We demonstrate that (at least for positrons in metals) strong electron-electron (e-e) correlations are clearly visible not only in the Compton scattering but also in positron annihilation experiments. Moreover, a proper description of e-p correlations needs to include the lattice-periodical crystal potential. In case of strong lattice effects, the increase of the e-p enhancement with increasing momentum - the so-called Kahana-like enhancement, is vanishing. (© 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

Periodontal disease and systemic health: current status

MP Cullinan
Abstract The relationship between poor oral health and systemic diseases has been increasingly recognized over the past two decades. Indeed, the clichés "You cannot have good general health without good oral health", "The mouth is part of the body" and "Floss or die", are gaining an increasing momentum. A large number of epidemiological studies have now linked poor oral health with cardiovascular diseases, poor glycaemic control in diabetics, low birthweight preterm babies and a variety of other conditions. The majority have shown an association, although not always strong. As a result, a number of meta-analyses have been conducted and have confirmed the associations and at the same time cautioned that further studies are required, particularly with regard to the effect of periodontal treatment in reducing risk. A number of biologically plausible mechanisms have been put forward to explain the association and there is accumulating evidence in support of them, although at this stage, insufficient to establish causality. Nevertheless, the relationship between poor oral health and systemic diseases has become a significant issue, such that adult oral health can no longer be ignored in overall health strategies. This review provides an update on current understanding of the contribution of poor oral health to systemic diseases, the possible mechanisms involved and the relevance of this for general dental practitioners. [source]