Increasing Likelihood (increasing + likelihood)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Increasing likelihood of further live births in HIV-infected women in recent years

European Collaborative Study
Objective To examine how the subsequent childbearing of HIV-infected mothers enrolled in the European Collaborative Study (ECS) has changed over time and identify factors predictive of further childbearing. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Centres in nine European countries included in the ECS, enrolled between end 1986 and November 2003. Population HIV-infected women (3911): 3693 with only one and 218 with subsequent live births. Methods Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses to obtain odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Kaplan,Meier (KM) analyses to estimate cumulative proportions of women having a subsequent live birth. Main outcome measures Subsequent live birth. Results In multivariable analysis adjusting for time period, ethnicity, maternal age and parity, black women were more likely [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 2.45; 95% CI, 1.75,3.43], and women >30 years less likely (AOR 0.54, 0.37,0.80), to have a subsequent live birth. Time to subsequent live birth significantly shortened over time, with an estimated 2% of women having a subsequent live birth within 24 months of enrolment pre-1989 versus 14% in 2000,2003 (P < 0.001). Estimated time to subsequent live birth was shorter for black than for white women (P < 0.001). Conclusions The likelihood of subsequent live births substantially increased after 1995 and birth intervals were shorter in women on HAART and among black women. Numbers are currently too small to address the issue of advantages and disadvantages in the management of subsequent deliveries. [source]

The development of "roughness" in the play fighting of rats: A Laban Movement Analysis perspective

Afra Foroud
Abstract With increasing age, rats, when play fighting, become rougher. In part, this change can be accounted for by the increasing likelihood of using adult-typical fighting tactics. However, even when using the same tactics, adults appear rougher than juveniles in their play. In this study, videotaped sequences of play fighting in rats from the juvenile (30 days) to the post-pubertal (70 days) period were analyzed using Laban Movement Analysis (LMA). Movement qualities called Effort Factors in LMA captured the character of some of this change. Juveniles tended to use Indulging Efforts, whereas older rats tended to use Condensing Efforts. The latter are related to performing movements that are more controlled. This greater level of control was also evident in the way older rats maintained postural support during play fights. When standing over supine partners, juveniles are more likely to stand on the partner with all four paws, reducing their postural stability, and hence ability to control their partner's movements. Older rats are more likely to place their hind paws on the ground, thus providing a firmer anchor for movements with their upper bodies and forepaws. These age-related changes in behavior were found for both males and females. The findings lend support to a growing body of evidence that play fighting in the juvenile phase of rats is not just a more frequently occurring version of that present in adults, but rather, has unique organizational properties. 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 42: 35,43, 2003. [source]

The relationship between self-reported health status and the increasing likelihood of South Australians seeking Internet health information

Nova Reinfeld-Kirkman
Abstract Objective: To determine the proportion of South Australians seeking health information on the Internet and the relationship between searches for health information and self-reported health status. Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 3,034 South Australians in 2008 using a clustered, multi-stage, self-weighting area sample. Results: Compared to 2001, rates of Internet usage were 48% higher and Internet health seeking increased by 57%. All participant categories, except those in school or younger than 25, showed an increase in use of the Internet and online health information seeking. In multiple logistic regression, poorer self-reported physical and mental health were associated with greater likelihood of Internet health information searches but also less use of the Internet. Conclusions: South Australians' use of the Internet as a source of health information has risen between 2001 and 2008, even among groups that historically made little use of the Internet to search for health information. In Australia, health information on the Internet may be appropriately targeted towards groups who have previously been under-serviced in this medium. [source]

Infantile-onset cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

A. Tsianakas
Summary Background, Mycosis fungoides (MF), the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), is mainly a disease of the elderly. Objectives, To review paediatric CTCL cases reported in the literature, with a focus on the time between onset of symptoms and establishment of a correct diagnosis. Methods, A review of the literature was carried out and a case reported. Results, A total of 254 cases of CTCL have been reported in children aged < 16 years, 13 cases (< 1% of all reported cases) in children below the age of 2 years, and only seven cases (including ours) during the first year of life. CTCL was most prevalent in children aged 10,12 years. The delay between age of onset and establishment of diagnosis was largest in the youngest age group (0,3 years), and declined steadily thereafter, thus reflecting the increasing likelihood that CTCL is considered in the differential diagnosis of skin disorders with increasing age of the patient. Conclusions, The diagnosis of CTCL is frequently delayed in young children. It needs to be considered in chronic ,eczematous' skin lesions irrespective of the patient's age, and including infants. [source]